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Carl Westerlund :: Romans 4:9-12 - Faith, Not Religious Ritual

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Romans in Outline No. 44

1.1  QUESTIONS ABOUT CIRCUMCISION AND RIGHTEOUSNESS

Romans 4:9-10

2.1  Question #1:

Romans 4:9a

3.1  IF A GENTILE WANTED TO CONVERT TO JUDAISM, HE HAD TO DO THREE THINGS

4.1  Be baptized

4.2  Offer a sacrifice

4.3  Be circumcised.

3.2  CIRCUMCISION SIGNIFICANCE:

Everything to be cut off that interfered in a relationship with God

Illustrated:

4.1  The heart

Deuteronomy 10:16; 30:6

4.2  The ear

Jeremiah 6:9-10

4.3  The lips

Exodus 6:12; 6:30

Conclusion:

Romans 4:9b

2.2  Question #2 (phrased in two parts)

Romans 4:10a

2.3  Conclusion:

Romans 4:10b

Abraham circumcised 14 years after he was pronounced righteous

Genesis 15 Genesis 17
Declared righteous Circumcised
85 years old 99 years old

2.4  GOD’s PURPOSES FOR ABRAHAM’S CIRCUMCISION

Romans 4:11-12

2.5  To grant him a sign as a seal

Romans 4:11a

CIRCUMCISION WAS THE SEAL NOT THE MEANS

3.1  CIRCUMCISION IS A SIGN

4.1  The sign is a symbol

4.2  The sign is a pointer

4.3  The other covenant sign:

The Sabbath

Exodus 31:13-18

3.2  CIRCUMCISION IS A SEAL

4.1  A seal authenticates

4.2  A seal guarantees permanence

3.3  RELIGIOUS RITES ARE SYMBOLS NOT REALITY

4.1  Baptism

4.2  Communion

4.3  Church Membership

2.6  To make him a father of all believers

Romans 4:11b-12

3.1  BELIEVING UNCIRCUMCISED (GENTILES)

Romans 4:11b

3.2  BELIEVING CIRCUMCISED (JEWS)

Romans 4:12

3.3  CONCLUSION

Romans 4:9-12

9 Does this blessedness then come upon the circumcised only, or upon the uncircumcised also? For we say that faith was accounted to Abraham for righteousness. 10 How then was it accounted? While he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised. 11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while still uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all those who believe, though they are uncircumcised, that righteousness might be imputed to them also, 12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of the faith which our father Abraham had while still uncircumcised. (NKJV)

Romans 4:6-8 - David Also ← Prior Section
Romans 4:11-12 - Father Abraham Next Section →
CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

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