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Carl Westerlund :: Romans 9:14-18 - How God’s Mercy Hardens

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Romans in Outline No. 94

1.1  A QUESTION OF GOD’S GOODNESS

Romans 9:14

2.1  The question

Romans 9:14a

2.2  The emotional response

Romans 9:14b

1.2  AN ANSWER TO MOSES

Romans 9:15-16

2.1  “…mercy…compassion…”

Romans 9:15

2.2  Not of human

Romans 9:16

1.3  THE EXAMPLE OF PHARAOH

Romans 9:17

2.1  How Pharaoh’s hardness took place

3.1  GOD PREDICTS PHARAOH WOULD HARDEN HIS HEART

Exodus 3:19-21

3.2  GOD SAYS HE WILL HARDEN PHARAOH’S HEART BY SENDING SIGNS AND WONDERS

Exodus 7:3

3.3  PHARAOH HARDENED HIS HEART

Exodus 7:13-14

Exodus 7:22

Exodus 8:15

Exodus 8:19

Exodus 8:32

Exodus 9:7

Exodus 9:34-35

In the first five plagues, and in the seventh, Pharaoh hardened his own heart

3.4  GOD HARDENS PHARAOH’S HEART

Exodus 9:12

Exodus 10:1

Exodus 10:20

Exodus 11:10

Exodus 14:4; 14:8; 14:17

1.4  THE CONCLUSION

Romans 9:18

2.1  God chooses mercy

2.2  God chooses to harden

“The same sun that hardens the wax, melts the clay”

1.5  THE APPLICATION

Hebrews 3:7-19

2.1  The illustration of hardness

Hebrews 3:7-11

3.1  THE WARNING BASED ON THE WILDERNESS WANDERINGS

Hebrews 3:7-8

3.2  THE RESPONSE TO GOD’S GOODNESS

Hebrews 3:9

3.3  GOD’S JUDGMENT

Hebrews 3:10-11

2.2  The application concerning hardness

Hebrews 3:12-15

2.3  The conclusion regarding hardness

Hebrews 3:16-19

3.1  THE ISRAELITES HAD THE ADVANTAGE OF SEEING GOD’S WORKS FORTY YEARS

Hebrews 3:16-17a

3.2  THESE SINNED AND MISSED GOD’S BLESSING

Hebrews 3:17b-18

3.3  THE HARDNESS CAME FROM UNBELIEF

Hebrews 3:19

Romans 9:14-18

14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? Certainly not! 15 For He says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion.” 16 So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy. 17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.” 18 Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens. (NKJV)

Romans 9:10-13 - God’s Elective Purpose ← Prior Section
Romans 9:19-24 - An Answer for a Critic Next Section →
CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

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