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1 Kings 22 :: Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Jehoshaphat’s Alliance with Ahab
(2Ch 18:1–27 )
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:1 -

There was a lull of three years without war between Aram and Israel.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:2 -

However, in the third year, King Jehoshaphat of Judah went to visit the king of Israel.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:3 -

The king of Israel had said to his servants, “Don’t you know that Ramoth-gilead is ours, but we’re doing nothing to take it from the king of Aram? ”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:4 -

So he asked Jehoshaphat, “Will you go with me to fight Ramoth-gilead? ”

Jehoshaphat replied to the king of Israel, “I am as you are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:5 -

But Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “First, please ask what the LORD’s will is.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:6 -

So the king of Israel gathered the prophets, about four hundred men, and asked them, “Should I go against Ramoth-gilead for war or should I refrain? ”

They replied, “March up, and the Lord will hand it over to the king.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:7 -

But Jehoshaphat asked, “Isn’t there a prophet of the LORD here anymore? Let’s ask him.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:8 -

The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is still one man who can inquire of the LORD, but I hate him because he never prophesies good about me, but only disaster. He is Micaiah son of Imlah.”

“The king shouldn’t say that! ” Jehoshaphat replied.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:9 -

So the king of Israel called an officer and said, “Hurry and get Micaiah son of Imlah! ”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:10 -

Now the king of Israel and King Jehoshaphat of Judah, clothed in royal attire, were each sitting on his own throne. They were on the threshing floor at the entrance to the gate of Samaria, and all the prophets were prophesying in front of them.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:11 -

Then Zedekiah son of Chenaanah made iron horns and said, “This is what the LORD says: ‘You will gore the Arameans with these until they are finished off.’ ”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:12 -

And all the prophets were prophesying the same: “March up to Ramoth-gilead and succeed, for the LORD will hand it over to the king.”

Micaiah’s Message of Defeat
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:13 -

The messenger who went to call Micaiah instructed him, “Look, the words of the prophets are unanimously favorable for the king. So let your words be like theirs, and speak favorably.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:14 -

But Micaiah said, “As the LORD lives, I will say whatever the LORD says to me.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:15 -

So he went to the king, and the king asked him, “Micaiah, should we go to Ramoth-gilead for war, or should we refrain? ”

Micaiah told him, “March up and succeed. The LORD will hand it over to the king.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:16 -

But the king said to him, “How many times must I make you swear not to tell me anything but the truth in the name of the LORD? ”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:17 -

So Micaiah said:

I saw all Israel scattered on the hills

like sheep without a shepherd.

And the LORD said,

“They have no master;

let everyone return home in peace.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:18 -

So the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “Didn’t I tell you he never prophesies good about me, but only disaster? ”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:19 -

Then Micaiah said, “Therefore, hear the word of the LORD: I saw the LORD sitting on his throne, and the whole heavenly army was standing by him at his right hand and at his left hand.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:20 -

“And the LORD said, ‘Who will entice Ahab to march up and fall at Ramoth-gilead? ’ So one was saying this and another was saying that.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:21 -

“Then a spirit came forward, stood in the LORD’s presence, and said, ‘I will entice him.’

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:22 -

“The LORD asked him, ‘How? ’

“He said, ‘I will go and become a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.’

“Then he said, ‘You will certainly entice him and prevail. Go and do that.’

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:23 -

“You see, the LORD has put a lying spirit into the mouth of all these prophets of yours, and the LORD has pronounced disaster against you.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:24 -

Then Zedekiah son of Chenaanah came up, hit Micaiah on the cheek, and demanded, “Did[fn] the Spirit of the LORD leave me to speak to you? ”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:25 -

Micaiah replied, “You will soon see when you go to hide in an inner chamber on that day.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:26 -

Then the king of Israel ordered, “Take Micaiah and return him to Amon, the governor of the city, and to Joash, the king’s son,

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:27 -

“and say, ‘This is what the king says: Put this guy in prison and feed him only a little bread and water[fn] until I come back safely.’ ”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:28 -

But Micaiah said, “If you ever return safely, the LORD has not spoken through me.” Then he said, “Listen, all you people! ”[fn]

Ahab’s Death
(2Ch 18:28–34 )
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:29 -

Then the king of Israel and Judah’s King Jehoshaphat went up to Ramoth-gilead.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:30 -

But the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “I will disguise myself and go into battle, but you wear your royal attire.” So the king of Israel disguised himself and went into battle.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:31 -

Now the king of Aram had ordered his thirty-two chariot commanders, “Do not fight with anyone at all[fn] except the king of Israel.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:32 -

When the chariot commanders saw Jehoshaphat, they shouted, “He must be the king of Israel! ” So they turned to fight against him, but Jehoshaphat cried out.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:33 -

When the chariot commanders saw that he was not the king of Israel, they turned back from pursuing him.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:34 -

But a man drew his bow without taking special aim and struck the king of Israel through the joints of his armor. So he said to his charioteer, “Turn around and take me out of the battle,[fn] for I am badly wounded! ”

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:35 -

The battle raged throughout that day, and the king was propped up in his chariot facing the Arameans. He died that evening, and blood from his wound flowed into the bottom of the chariot.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:36 -

Then the cry rang out in the army as the sun set, declaring:

Each man to his own city,

and each man to his own land!

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:37 -

So the king died and was brought to Samaria. They buried the king in Samaria.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:38 -

Then someone washed the chariot at the pool of Samaria. The dogs licked up his blood, and the prostitutes bathed in it, according to the word of the LORD that he had spoken.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:39 -

The rest of the events of Ahab’s reign, along with all his accomplishments, including the ivory palace he built, and all the cities he built, are written in the Historical Record of Israel’s Kings.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:40 -

Ahab rested with his ancestors, and his son Ahaziah became king in his place.

Judah’s King Jehoshaphat
(2Ch 20:31—21:1 )
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:41 -

Jehoshaphat son of Asa became king over Judah in the fourth year of Israel’s King Ahab.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:42 -

Jehoshaphat was thirty-five years old when he became king; he reigned twenty-five years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Azubah daughter of Shilhi.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:43 -

He walked in all the ways of his father Asa; he did not turn away from them but did what was right in the LORD’s sight. However, the high places were not taken away;[fn] the people still sacrificed and burned incense on the high places.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:44 -

Jehoshaphat also made peace with the king of Israel.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:45 -

The rest of the events of Jehoshaphat’s reign, along with the might he exercised and how he waged war, are written in the Historical Record of Judah’s Kings.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:46 -

He eradicated from the land the rest of the male cult prostitutes who were left from the days of his father Asa.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:47 -

There was no king in Edom; a deputy served as king.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:48 -

Jehoshaphat made ships of Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold, but they did not go because the ships were wrecked at Ezion-geber.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:49 -

At that time, Ahaziah son of Ahab said to Jehoshaphat, “Let my servants go with your servants in the ships,” but Jehoshaphat was not willing.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:50 -

Jehoshaphat rested with his ancestors and was buried with them in the city of his ancestor David. His son Jehoram became king in his place.

Israel’s King Ahaziah
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:51 -

Ahaziah son of Ahab became king over Israel in Samaria in the seventeenth year of Judah’s King Jehoshaphat, and he reigned over Israel two years.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:52 -

He did what was evil in the LORD’s sight. He walked in the ways of his father, in the ways of his mother, and in the ways of Jeroboam son of Nebat, who had caused Israel to sin.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:53 -

He served Baal and bowed in worship to him. He angered the LORD God of Israel just as his father had done.

CSB Footnotes
Lit “Which way did
Lit him on bread of oppression and water of oppression
LXX omits Then he said, “Listen, all you people! ”
Lit with small or with great
LXX; MT reads camp
LXX, Syr, Vg read he did not remove the high places

Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 2017, 2020 by Holman Bible Publishers.

Additional information is provided here.

For more information on this translation, see the CSB Preface.

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