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Daniel 8 :: Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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The Vision of a Ram and a Goat
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:1 -

In the third year of King Belshazzar’s reign, a vision appeared to me, Daniel, after the one that had appeared to me earlier.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:2 -

I saw the vision, and as I watched, I was in the fortress city of Susa, in the province of Elam. I saw in the vision that I was beside the Ulai Canal.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:3 -

I looked up,[fn] and there was a ram standing beside the canal. He had two horns. The two horns were long, but one was longer than the other, and the longer one came up last.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:4 -

I saw the ram charging to the west, the north, and the south. No animal could stand against him, and there was no rescue from his power. He did whatever he wanted and became great.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:5 -

As I was observing, a male goat appeared, coming from the west across the surface of the entire earth without touching the ground. The goat had a conspicuous horn[fn] between his eyes.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:6 -

He came toward the two-horned ram I had seen standing beside the canal and rushed at him with savage fury.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:7 -

I saw him approaching the ram and, infuriated with him, he struck the ram, breaking his two horns, and the ram was not strong enough to stand against him. The goat threw him to the ground and trampled him, and there was no one to rescue the ram from his power.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:8 -

Then the male goat acted even more arrogantly, but when he became powerful, the large horn was broken. Four conspicuous horns came up in its place, pointing toward the four winds of heaven.

The Little Horn
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:9 -

From one of them a little horn emerged and grew extensively toward the south and the east and toward the beautiful land.[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:10 -

It grew as high as the heavenly army, made some of the army and some of the stars[fn] fall to the earth, and trampled them.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:11 -

It acted arrogantly even against the Prince of the heavenly army; it revoked his regular sacrifice and overthrew the place of his sanctuary.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:12 -

In the rebellion, the army was given up, together with the regular sacrifice. The horn threw truth to the ground and was successful in what it did.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:13 -

Then I heard a holy one speaking, and another holy one said to the speaker, “How long will the events of this vision last ​— ​the regular sacrifice, the rebellion that makes desolate, and the giving over of the sanctuary and of the army to be trampled? ”

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:14 -

He said to me,[fn] “For 2,300 evenings and mornings; then the sanctuary will be restored.”

Interpretation of the Vision
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:15 -

While I, Daniel, was watching the vision and trying to understand it, there stood before me someone who appeared to be a man.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:16 -

I heard a human voice calling from the middle of the Ulai: “Gabriel, explain the vision to this man.”

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:17 -

So he approached where I was standing; when he came near, I was terrified and fell facedown. “Son of man,” he said to me, “understand that the vision refers to the time of the end.”

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:18 -

While he was speaking to me, I fell into a deep sleep, with my face to the ground. Then he touched me, made me stand up,

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:19 -

and said, “I am here to tell you what will happen at the conclusion of the time of wrath, because it refers to the appointed time of the end.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:20 -

“The two-horned ram that you saw represents the kings of Media and Persia.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:21 -

“The shaggy goat represents the king of Greece, and the large horn between his eyes represents the first king.[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:22 -

“The four horns that took the place of the broken horn represent four kingdoms. They will rise from that nation, but without its power.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:23 -

“Near the end of their kingdoms,

when the rebels have reached

the full measure of their sin,[fn]

a ruthless[fn] king, skilled in intrigue,[fn]

will come to the throne.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:24 -

“His power will be great,

but it will not be his own.

He will cause outrageous destruction

and succeed in whatever he does.

He will destroy the powerful

along with the holy people.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:25 -

“He will cause deceit to prosper

through his cunning and by his influence,

and in his own mind he will exalt himself.

He will destroy many in a time of peace;

he will even stand against the Prince of princes.

Yet he will be broken ​— ​not by human hands.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:26 -

“The vision of the evenings and the mornings

that has been told is true.

Now you are to seal up the vision

because it refers to many days in the future.”

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:27 -

I, Daniel, was overcome and lay sick for days. Then I got up and went about the king’s business. I was greatly disturbed by the vision and could not understand it.

CSB Footnotes
Lit I lifted my eyes and looked
Lit a horn of a vision
= Israel
Or some of the army, that is, some of the stars
LXX, Theod, Syr, Vg read him
= Alexander the Great
Lit have become complete
Lit strong of face
Lit king, and understanding riddles

Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 2017, 2020 by Holman Bible Publishers.

Additional information is provided here.

For more information on this translation, see the CSB Preface.

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