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Exodus 21 :: Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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(Deu 15:12–18 )
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:1 -

“These are the ordinances that you are to set before them:

Laws about Slaves
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:2 -

“When you buy a Hebrew slave, he is to serve for six years; then in the seventh he is to leave as a free man[fn] without paying anything.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:3 -

“If he arrives alone, he is to leave alone; if he arrives with[fn] a wife, his wife is to leave with him.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:4 -

“If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and her children belong to her master, and the man must leave alone.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:5 -

“But if the slave declares, ‘I love my master, my wife, and my children; I do not want to leave as a free man,’

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:6 -

“his master is to bring him to the judges[fn] and then bring him to the door or doorpost. His master will pierce his ear with an awl, and he will serve his master for life.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:7 -

“When a man sells his daughter as a concubine,[fn] she is not to leave as the male slaves do.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:8 -

“If she is displeasing to her master, who chose her for himself, then he must let her be redeemed. He has no right to sell her to foreigners because he has acted treacherously toward her.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:9 -

“Or if he chooses her for his son, he must deal with her according to the customary treatment of daughters.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:10 -

“If he takes an additional wife, he must not reduce the food, clothing, or marital rights of the first wife.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:11 -

“And if he does not do these three things for her, she may leave free of charge, without any payment.[fn]

Laws about Personal Injury
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:12 -

“Whoever strikes a person so that he dies must be put to death.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:13 -

“But if he did not intend any harm,[fn] and yet God allowed it to happen, I will appoint a place for you where he may flee.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:14 -

“If a person schemes and willfully[fn] acts against his neighbor to murder him, you must take him from my altar to be put to death.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:15 -

“Whoever strikes his father or his mother must be put to death.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:16 -

“Whoever kidnaps a person must be put to death, whether he sells him or the person is found in his possession.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:17 -

“Whoever curses his father or his mother must be put to death.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:18 -

“When men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or his fist, and the injured man does not die but is confined to bed,

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:19 -

“if he can later get up and walk around outside leaning on his staff, then the one who struck him will be exempt from punishment. Nevertheless, he must pay for his lost work time[fn] and provide for his complete recovery.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:20 -

“When a man strikes his male or female slave with a rod, and the slave dies under his abuse,[fn] the owner must be punished.[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:21 -

“However, if the slave can stand up after a day or two, the owner should not be punished[fn] because he is his owner’s property.[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:22 -

“When men get in a fight and hit a pregnant woman so that her children are born prematurely but there is no injury, the one who hit her must be fined as the woman’s husband demands from him, and he must pay according to judicial assessment.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:23 -

“If there is an injury, then you must give life for life,

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:24 -

“eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:25 -

“burn for burn, bruise for bruise, wound for wound.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:26 -

“When a man strikes the eye of his male or female slave and destroys it, he must let the slave go free in compensation for his eye.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:27 -

“If he knocks out the tooth of his male or female slave, he must let the slave go free in compensation for his tooth.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:28 -

“When an ox[fn] gores a man or a woman to death, the ox must be stoned, and its meat may not be eaten, but the ox’s owner is innocent.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:29 -

“However, if the ox was in the habit of goring, and its owner has been warned yet does not restrain it, and it kills a man or a woman, the ox must be stoned, and its owner must also be put to death.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:30 -

“If instead a ransom is demanded of him, he can pay a redemption price for his life in the full amount demanded from him.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:31 -

“If it gores a son or a daughter, he is to be dealt with according to this same law.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:32 -

“If the ox gores a male or female slave, he must give thirty shekels of silver[fn] to the slave’s master, and the ox must be stoned.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:33 -

“When a man uncovers a pit or digs a pit, and does not cover it, and an ox or a donkey falls into it,

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:34 -

“the owner of the pit must give compensation; he must pay to its owner, but the dead animal will become his.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:35 -

“When a man’s ox injures his neighbor’s ox and it dies, they must sell the live ox and divide its proceeds; they must also divide the dead animal.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:36 -

“If, however, it is known that the ox was in the habit of goring, yet its owner has not restrained it, he must compensate fully, ox for ox; the dead animal will become his.

CSB Footnotes
Lit to go forth
Lit he is the husband of
Or to God ; that is, to his sanctuary or court
Or servant
She doesn’t have to pay any redemption price.
Lit he was not lying in wait
Or maliciously
Lit his inactivity
Lit hand
Or must suffer vengeance
Or not suffer vengeance
Lit silver
Or a bull, or a steer
About one pound of silver

Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 2017, 2020 by Holman Bible Publishers.

Additional information is provided here.

For more information on this translation, see the CSB Preface.

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