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Ezra 10 :: Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Sending Away Foreign Wives
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:1 -

While Ezra prayed and confessed, weeping and falling facedown before the house of God, an extremely large assembly of Israelite men, women, and children gathered around him. The people also wept bitterly.

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:2 -

Then Shecaniah son of Jehiel, an Elamite, responded to Ezra, “We have been unfaithful to our God by marrying foreign women from the surrounding peoples, but there is still hope for Israel in spite of this.

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:3 -

“Therefore, let’s make a covenant before our God to send away all the foreign wives and their children, according to the counsel of my lord and of those who tremble at the command of our God. Let it be done according to the law.

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:4 -

“Get up, for this matter is your responsibility, and we support you. Be strong and take action! ”

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Then Ezra got up and made the leading priests, Levites, and all Israel take an oath to do what had been said; so they took the oath.

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:6 -

Ezra then went from the house of God and walked to the chamber of Jehohanan son of Eliashib, where he spent the night.[fn] He did not eat food or drink water, because he was mourning over the unfaithfulness of the exiles.

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:7 -

They circulated a proclamation throughout Judah and Jerusalem that all the exiles should gather at Jerusalem.

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:8 -

Whoever did not come within three days would forfeit all his possessions,[fn] according to the decision of the leaders and elders, and would be excluded from the assembly of the exiles.

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So all the men of Judah and Benjamin gathered in Jerusalem within the three days. On the twentieth day of the ninth month, all the people sat in the square at the house of God, trembling because of this matter and because of the heavy rain.

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:10 -

Then the priest Ezra stood up and said to them, “You have been unfaithful by marrying foreign women, adding to Israel’s guilt.

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:11 -

“Therefore, make a confession to the LORD, the God of your ancestors, and do his will. Separate yourselves from the surrounding peoples and your foreign wives.”

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Then all the assembly responded loudly, “Yes, we will do as you say!

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:13 -

“But there are many people, and it is the rainy season. We don’t have the stamina to stay out in the open. This isn’t something that can be done in a day or two, for we have rebelled terribly in this matter.

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:14 -

“Let our leaders represent the entire assembly. Then let all those in our towns who have married foreign women come at appointed times, together with the elders and judges of each town, in order to avert the fierce anger of our God concerning[fn] this matter.”

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:15 -

Only Jonathan son of Asahel and Jahzeiah son of Tikvah opposed this, with Meshullam and Shabbethai the Levite supporting them.

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The exiles did what had been proposed. The priest Ezra selected men[fn] who were family heads, all identified by name, to represent[fn] their ancestral families.[fn] They convened on the first day of the tenth month to investigate the matter,

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:17 -

and by the first day of the first month they had dealt with all the men who had married foreign women.

Those Married to Foreign Wives
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The following were found to have married foreign women from the descendants of the priests:

from the descendants of Jeshua son of Jozadak and his brothers: Maaseiah, Eliezer, Jarib, and Gedaliah.

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They pledged[fn] to send their wives away, and being guilty, they offered a ram from the flock for their guilt;

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Hanani and Zebadiah from Immer’s descendants;

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Maaseiah, Elijah, Shemaiah, Jehiel, and Uzziah from Harim’s descendants;

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Elioenai, Maaseiah, Ishmael, Nethanel, Jozabad, and Elasah from Pashhur’s descendants.

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The Levites:

Jozabad, Shimei, Kelaiah (that is Kelita), Pethahiah, Judah, and Eliezer.

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The singers:


The gatekeepers:

Shallum, Telem, and Uri.

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:25 -

The Israelites:

Parosh’s descendants: Ramiah, Izziah, Malchijah, Mijamin, Eleazar, Malchijah,[fn] and Benaiah;

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Elam’s descendants: Mattaniah, Zechariah, Jehiel, Abdi, Jeremoth, and Elijah;

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Zattu’s descendants: Elioenai, Eliashib, Mattaniah, Jeremoth, Zabad, and Aziza;

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Bebai’s descendants: Jehohanan, Hananiah, Zabbai, and Athlai;

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Bani’s descendants: Meshullam, Malluch, Adaiah, Jashub, Sheal, and Jeremoth;

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Pahath-moab’s descendants: Adna, Chelal, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattaniah, Bezalel, Binnui, and Manasseh;

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Harim’s descendants: Eliezer, Isshijah, Malchijah, Shemaiah, Shimeon,

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Benjamin, Malluch, and Shemariah;

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Hashum’s descendants: Mattenai, Mattattah, Zabad, Eliphelet, Jeremai, Manasseh, and Shimei;

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Bani’s descendants: Maadai, Amram, Uel,

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Benaiah, Bedeiah, Cheluhi,

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Vaniah, Meremoth, Eliashib,

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Mattaniah, Mattenai, Jaasu,

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Bani, Binnui, Shimei,

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Shelemiah, Nathan, Adaiah,

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Machnadebai, Shashai, Sharai,

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Azarel, Shelemiah, Shemariah,

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Shallum, Amariah, and Joseph;

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Nebo’s descendants: Jeiel, Mattithiah, Zabad, Zebina, Jaddai, Joel, and Benaiah.

Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 10:44 -

All of these had married foreign women, and some of the wives had given birth to children.

CSB Footnotes
1 Esdras 9:2, Syr; MT, Vg read he went
Lit would set apart all his possessions for destruction
Some Hb mss, LXX, Vg; other Hb mss read until
1 Esdras 9:16, Syr; MT, Vg read priest and men were selected
Lit name, for
Lit the house of their fathers
Lit gave their hand
Some LXX mss, 1 Esdras 9:26 read Hashabiah

Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 2017, 2020 by Holman Bible Publishers.

Additional information is provided here.

For more information on this translation, see the CSB Preface.

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