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Genesis 49 :: Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Jacob’s Last Words
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:1 -

Then Jacob called his sons and said, “Gather around, and I will tell you what will happen to you in the days to come.[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:2 -

“Come together and listen, sons of Jacob;

listen to your father Israel:

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:3 -

“Reuben, you are my firstborn,

my strength and the firstfruits of my virility,

excelling in prominence, excelling in power.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:4 -

“Turbulent as water, you will not excel,

because you got into your father’s bed

and you defiled it ​— ​he[fn] got into my bed.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:5 -

“Simeon and Levi are brothers;

their knives are vicious weapons.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:6 -

“May I never enter their council;

may I never join their assembly.

For in their anger they kill men,

and on a whim they hamstring oxen.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:7 -

“Their anger is cursed, for it is strong,

and their fury, for it is cruel!

I will disperse them throughout Jacob

and scatter them throughout Israel.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:8 -

“Judah, your brothers will praise you.

Your hand will be on the necks of your enemies;

your father’s sons will bow down to you.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:9 -

“Judah is a young lion —

my son, you return from the kill.

He crouches; he lies down like a lion

or a lioness ​— ​who dares to rouse him?

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:10 -

“The scepter will not depart from Judah

or the staff from between his feet

until he whose right it is comes[fn]

and the obedience of the peoples belongs to him.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:11 -

“He ties his donkey to a vine,

and the colt of his donkey to the choice vine.

He washes his clothes in wine

and his robes in the blood of grapes.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:12 -

“His eyes are darker than wine,

and his teeth are whiter than milk.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:13 -

“Zebulun will live by the seashore

and will be a harbor for ships,

and his territory will be next to Sidon.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:14 -

“Issachar is a strong donkey

lying down between the saddlebags.[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:15 -

“He saw that his resting place was good

and that the land was pleasant,

so he leaned his shoulder to bear a load

and became a forced laborer.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:16 -

“Dan will judge his people

as one of the tribes of Israel.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:17 -

“Dan will be a snake by the road,

a viper beside the path,

that bites the horse’s heels

so that its rider falls backward.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:18 -

“I wait for your salvation, LORD.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:19 -

“Gad will be attacked by raiders,

but he will attack their heels.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:20 -

“Asher’s[fn] food will be rich,

and he will produce royal delicacies.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:21 -

“Naphtali is a doe set free

that bears beautiful fawns.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:22 -

“Joseph is a fruitful vine,

a fruitful vine beside a spring;

its branches[fn] climb over the wall.[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:23 -

“The archers attacked him,

shot at him, and were hostile toward him.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:24 -

“Yet his bow remained steady,

and his strong arms were made agile

by the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob,

by the name of[fn] the Shepherd, the Rock of Israel,

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:25 -

“by the God of your father who helps you,

and by the Almighty who blesses you

with blessings of the heavens above,

blessings of the deep that lies below,

and blessings of the breasts and the womb.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:26 -

“The blessings of your father excel

the blessings of my ancestors[fn]

and[fn] the bounty of the ancient hills.[fn]

May they rest on the head of Joseph,

on the brow of the prince of his brothers.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:27 -

“Benjamin is a wolf; he tears his prey.

In the morning he devours the prey,

and in the evening he divides the plunder.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:28 -

These are the tribes of Israel, twelve in all, and this is what their father said to them. He blessed them, and he blessed each one with a suitable blessing.

Jacob’s Burial Instructions
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:29 -

Then he commanded them, “I am about to be gathered to my people. Bury me with my ancestors in the cave in the field of Ephron the Hethite.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:30 -

“The cave is in the field of Machpelah near Mamre, in the land of Canaan. This is the field Abraham purchased from Ephron the Hethite as burial property.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:31 -

“Abraham and his wife Sarah are buried there, Isaac and his wife Rebekah are buried there, and I buried Leah there.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:32 -

“The field and the cave in it were purchased from the Hethites.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:33 -

When Jacob had finished giving charges to his sons, he drew his feet into the bed, took his last breath, and was gathered to his people.

CSB Footnotes
Or in the last days
LXX, Syr, Tg read you
Or until tribute comes to him, or until Shiloh comes, or until he comes to Shiloh
Or sheep pens
LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads their heel. [20]From Asher
Lit daughters
Hb obscure
Syr, Tg; MT reads Jacob, from there
Or of the mountains
Lit to
Hb obscure

Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 2017, 2020 by Holman Bible Publishers.

Additional information is provided here.

For more information on this translation, see the CSB Preface.

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