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The Blue Letter Bible

Hosea 12 :: Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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God’s Case against Jacob’s Heirs
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:1 -

Ephraim chases[fn] the wind

and pursues the east wind.

He continually multiplies lies and violence.

He makes a covenant with Assyria,

and olive oil is carried to Egypt.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:2 -

The LORD also has a dispute with Judah.

He is about to punish Jacob according to his conduct;

he will repay him based on his actions.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:3 -

In the womb he grasped his brother’s heel,

and as an adult he wrestled with God.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:4 -

Jacob struggled with the angel and prevailed;

he wept and sought his favor.

He found him at Bethel,

and there he spoke with him.[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:5 -

The LORD is the God of Armies;

the LORD is his name.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:6 -

But you must return to your God.

Maintain love and justice,

and always put your hope in God.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:7 -

A merchant loves to extort

with dishonest scales in his hands.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:8 -

But Ephraim thinks,

“How rich I have become;

I made it all myself.

In all my earnings,

no one can find any iniquity in me

that I can be punished for! ”[fn]

Judgment on Apostate Israel
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:9 -

I have been the LORD your God

ever since[fn] the land of Egypt.

I will make you live in tents again,

as in the festival days.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:10 -

I will speak through the prophets

and grant many visions;

I will give parables through the prophets.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:11 -

Since Gilead is full of evil,

they will certainly come to nothing.

They sacrifice bulls in Gilgal;

even their altars will be like piles of rocks

on the furrows of a field.

Further Indictment of Jacob’s Heirs
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:12 -

Jacob fled to the territory of Aram.

Israel worked to earn a wife;

he tended flocks for a wife.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:13 -

The LORD brought Israel from Egypt by a prophet,

and Israel was tended by a prophet.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:14 -

Ephraim has provoked bitter anger,

so his Lord will leave his bloodguilt on him

and repay him for his contempt.

CSB Footnotes
Or grazes on, or tends
LXX, Syr; MT reads us
Lit iniquity which is sin
LXX reads God who brought you out of

Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 2017, 2020 by Holman Bible Publishers.

Additional information is provided here.

For more information on this translation, see the CSB Preface.

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