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The Blue Letter Bible

Romans 9 :: Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Israel’s Rejection of Christ
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:1 -

I speak the truth in Christ ​— ​I am not lying; my conscience testifies to me through the Holy Spirit[fn] ​— ​

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:2 -

that I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:3 -

For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off[fn] from Christ for the benefit of my brothers and sisters, my own flesh and blood.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:4 -

They are Israelites, and to them belong the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the temple service, and the promises.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:5 -

The ancestors are theirs, and from them, by physical descent,[fn] came the Christ, who is God over all, praised forever.[fn] Amen.

God’s Gracious Election of Israel
(Gen 25:19–23 )
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:6 -

Now it is not as though the word of God has failed, because not all who are descended from Israel are Israel.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:7 -

Neither are all of Abraham’s children his descendants.[fn] On the contrary, your offspring will be traced[fn] through Isaac.

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That is, it is not the children by physical descent[fn] who are God’s children, but the children of the promise are considered to be the offspring.

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For this is the statement of the promise: At this time I will come, and Sarah will have a son.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:10 -

And not only that, but Rebekah conceived children through one man, our father Isaac.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:11 -

For though her sons had not been born yet or done anything good or bad, so that God’s purpose according to election might stand —

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not from works but from the one who calls ​— ​she was told, The older will serve the younger.

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As it is written: I have loved Jacob, but I have hated Esau.

God’s Selection Is Just
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:14 -

What should we say then? Is there injustice with God? Absolutely not!

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:15 -

For he tells Moses, I will show mercy to whom I will show mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

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So then, it does not depend on human will or effort but on God who shows mercy.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:17 -

For the Scripture tells Pharaoh, I raised you up for this reason so that I may display my power in you and that my name may be proclaimed in the whole earth.

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So then, he has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy and he hardens whom he wants to harden.

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You will say to me, therefore, “Why then does he still find fault? For who can resist his will? ”

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But who are you, a mere man, to talk back to God? Will what is formed say to the one who formed it, “Why did you make me like this? ”

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Or has the potter no right over the clay, to make from the same lump one piece of pottery for honor and another for dishonor?

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And what if God, wanting to display his wrath and to make his power known, endured with much patience objects of wrath prepared for destruction?

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:23 -

And what if he did this to make known the riches of his glory on objects of mercy that he prepared beforehand for glory ​— ​

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:24 -

on us, the ones he also called, not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles?

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:25 -

As it[fn] also says in Hosea,

I will call Not my People, my People,

and she who is Unloved, Beloved.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:26 -

And it will be in the place where they were told,

you are not my people,

there they will be called sons of the living God.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:27 -

But Isaiah cries out concerning Israel,

Though the number of Israelites

is like the sand of the sea,

only the remnant will be saved;

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:28 -

since the Lord will execute his sentence

completely and decisively on the earth.[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:29 -

And just as Isaiah predicted:

If the Lord of Hosts[fn] had not left us offspring,

we would have become like Sodom,

and we would have been made like Gomorrah.

Israel’s Present State
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:30 -

What should we say then? Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have obtained righteousness ​— ​namely the righteousness that comes from faith.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:31 -

But Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, has not achieved the righteousness of the law.[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:32 -

Why is that? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as if it were by works.[fn] They stumbled over the stumbling stone.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:33 -

As it is written,

Look, I am putting a stone in Zion to stumble over

and a rock to trip over,

and the one who believes on him

will not be put to shame.

CSB Footnotes
Or testifying with me by the Holy Spirit
Lit to be anathema
Lit them, according to the flesh
Or the Messiah, the one who is over all, the God who is blessed forever, or Messiah. God, who is over all, be blessed forever
Lit seed
Lit called
Lit children of the flesh
Or he
Or land
Gk Sabaoth ; or the Lord of Armies
Other mss read the law for righteousness
Other mss add of the law

Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers.

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