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Ruth 1 :: Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

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Naomi’s Family in Moab
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During the time[fn] of the judges, there was a famine in the land. A man left Bethlehem in Judah with his wife and two sons to stay in the territory of Moab for a while.

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The man’s name was Elimelech, and his wife’s name was Naomi.[fn] The names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion. They were Ephrathites from Bethlehem in Judah. They entered the fields of Moab and settled there.

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Naomi’s husband, Elimelech, died, and she was left with her two sons.

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Her sons took Moabite women as their wives: one was named Orpah and the second was named Ruth. After they lived in Moab about ten years,

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both Mahlon and Chilion also died, and the woman was left without her two children and without her husband.

Ruth’s Loyalty to Naomi
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She and her daughters-in-law set out to return from the territory of Moab, because she had heard in Moab that the LORD had paid attention to his people’s need by providing them food.

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She left the place where she had been living, accompanied by her two daughters-in-law, and traveled along the road leading back to the land of Judah.

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Naomi said to them, “Each of you go back to your mother’s home. May the LORD show kindness to you as you have shown to the dead and to me.

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“May the LORD grant each of you rest in the house of a new husband.” She kissed them, and they wept loudly.

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They said to her, “We insist on returning with you to your people.”

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But Naomi replied, “Return home, my daughters. Why do you want to go with me? Am I able to have any more sons who could become your husbands?

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“Return home, my daughters. Go on, for I am too old to have another husband. Even if I thought there was still hope for me to have a husband tonight and to bear sons,

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“would you be willing to wait for them to grow up? Would you restrain yourselves from remarrying?[fn] No, my daughters, my life is much too bitter for you to share,[fn] because the LORD’s hand has turned against me.”

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Again they wept loudly, and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth clung to her.

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Naomi said, “Look, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people and to her gods. Follow your sister-in-law.”

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But Ruth replied:

Don’t plead with me to abandon you

or to return and not follow you.

For wherever you go, I will go,

and wherever you live, I will live;

your people will be my people,

and your God will be my God.

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Where you die, I will die,

and there I will be buried.

May the LORD punish me,

and do so severely,

if anything but death separates you and me.

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When Naomi saw that Ruth was determined to go with her, she stopped talking to her.

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The two of them traveled until they came to Bethlehem. When they entered Bethlehem, the whole town was excited about their arrival[fn] and the local women exclaimed, “Can this be Naomi? ”

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“Don’t call me Naomi. Call me Mara,”[fn] she answered, “for the Almighty has made me very bitter.

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“I went away full, but the LORD has brought me back empty. Why do you call me Naomi, since the LORD has opposed[fn] me, and the Almighty has afflicted me? ”

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So Naomi came back from the territory of Moab with her daughter-in-law Ruth the Moabitess. They arrived in Bethlehem at the beginning of the barley harvest.

CSB Footnotes
Lit In the days of the judging
= Pleasant; also in v. 20
Lit marrying a man
Lit daughters, for more bitter to me than you
Lit excited because of them
= Bitter; see v. 2
LXX, Syr, Vg read has humiliated

Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 2017, 2020 by Holman Bible Publishers.

Additional information is provided here.

For more information on this translation, see the CSB Preface.

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