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Luke 20 :: English Standard Version (ESV)

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The Authority of Jesus Challenged

(Mat 21:23–27; Mar 11:27–33 )
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:1 - One day, as Jesus[fn] was teaching the people in the temple and preaching the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes with the elders came up
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:2 - and said to him, “Tell us by what authority you do these things, or who it is that gave you this authority.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:3 - He answered them, “I also will ask you a question. Now tell me,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:4 - was the baptism of John from heaven or from man?”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:5 - And they discussed it with one another, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Why did you not believe him?’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:6 - But if we say, ‘From man,’ all the people will stone us to death, for they are convinced that John was a prophet.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:7 - So they answered that they did not know where it came from.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:8 - And Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.”

The Parable of the Wicked Tenants

(Mat 21:33–46; Mar 12:1–12 )
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:9 - And he began to tell the people this parable: “A man planted a vineyard and let it out to tenants and went into another country for a long while.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:10 - When the time came, he sent a servant[fn] to the tenants, so that they would give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. But the tenants beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:11 - And he sent another servant. But they also beat and treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:12 - And he sent yet a third. This one also they wounded and cast out.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:13 - Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son; perhaps they will respect him.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:14 - But when the tenants saw him, they said to themselves, ‘This is the heir. Let us kill him, so that the inheritance may be ours.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:15 - And they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them?
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:16 - He will come and destroy those tenants and give the vineyard to others.” When they heard this, they said, “Surely not!”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:17 - But he looked directly at them and said, “What then is this that is written:
“‘The stone that the builders rejected
has become the cornerstone’?[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:18 - Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces, and when it falls on anyone, it will crush him.”

Paying Taxes to Caesar

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:19 - The scribes and the chief priests sought to lay hands on him at that very hour, for they perceived that he had told this parable against them, but they feared the people.
(Mat 22:15–22; Mar 12:13–17 )
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:20 - So they watched him and sent spies, who pretended to be sincere, that they might catch him in something he said, so as to deliver him up to the authority and jurisdiction of the governor.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:21 - So they asked him, “Teacher, we know that you speak and teach rightly, and show no partiality,[fn] but truly teach the way of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:22 - Is it lawful for us to give tribute to Caesar, or not?”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:23 - But he perceived their craftiness, and said to them,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:24 - “Show me a denarius.[fn] Whose likeness and inscription does it have?” They said, “Caesar’s.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:25 - He said to them, “Then render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:26 - And they were not able in the presence of the people to catch him in what he said, but marveling at his answer they became silent.

Sadducees Ask About the Resurrection

(Mat 22:23–33; Mar 12:18–27 )
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:27 - There came to him some Sadducees, those who deny that there is a resurrection,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:28 - and they asked him a question, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies, having a wife but no children, the man[fn] must take the widow and raise up offspring for his brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:29 - Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife, and died without children.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:30 - And the second
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:31 - and the third took her, and likewise all seven left no children and died.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:32 - Afterward the woman also died.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:33 - In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife will the woman be? For the seven had her as wife.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:34 - And Jesus said to them, “The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:35 - but those who are considered worthy to attain to that age and to the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:36 - for they cannot die anymore, because they are equal to angels and are sons of God, being sons[fn] of the resurrection.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:37 - But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed, in the passage about the bush, where he calls the Lord the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:38 - Now he is not God of the dead, but of the living, for all live to him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:39 - Then some of the scribes answered, “Teacher, you have spoken well.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:40 - For they no longer dared to ask him any question.

Whose Son Is the Christ?

(Mat 22:41–46; Mar 12:35–37 )
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:41 - But he said to them, “How can they say that the Christ is David’s son?
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:42 - For David himself says in the Book of Psalms,
“‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at my right hand,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:43 - until I make your enemies your footstool.”’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:44 - David thus calls him Lord, so how is he his son?”

Beware of the Scribes

(Mat 23:1–7; Mar 12:38–40 )
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:45 - And in the hearing of all the people he said to his disciples,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:46 - “Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes, and love greetings in the marketplaces and the best seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at feasts,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:47 - who devour widows’ houses and for a pretense make long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation.”
ESV Footnotes
Greek he
Or bondservant; also verse 11
Greek the head of the corner
Greek and do not receive a face
A denarius was a day’s wage for a laborer
Greek his brother
Greek huioi; see Preface

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version copyright © 2001, 2007, 2011, 2016 by Crossway Books and Bibles, a Publishing Ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

See detailed copyright information.

For more information on this translation, see the ESV Preface.

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