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Lexicon :: Strong's G1097 - ginōskō

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γινώσκω
Transliteration
ginōskō
Pronunciation
gē-nō'-skō (Key)
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A prolonged form of a primary verb
mGNT
220x in 58 unique form(s)
TR
223x in 60 unique form(s)
LXX
585x in 62 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 1:689,119

Strong’s Definitions

γινώσκω ginṓskō, ghin-oce'-ko; a prolonged form of a primary verb; to "know" (absolutely) in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as follow, with others not thus clearly expressed):—allow, be aware (of), feel, (have) know(-ledge), perceived, be resolved, can speak, be sure, understand.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 223x

The KJV translates Strong's G1097 in the following manner: know (196x), perceive (9x), understand (8x), miscellaneous (10x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 223x
The KJV translates Strong's G1097 in the following manner: know (196x), perceive (9x), understand (8x), miscellaneous (10x).
  1. to learn to know, come to know, get a knowledge of perceive, feel

    1. to become known

  2. to know, understand, perceive, have knowledge of

    1. to understand

    2. to know

  3. Jewish idiom for sexual intercourse between a man and a woman

  4. to become acquainted with, to know

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
γινώσκω ginṓskō, ghin-oce'-ko; a prolonged form of a primary verb; to "know" (absolutely) in a great variety of applications and with many implications (as follow, with others not thus clearly expressed):—allow, be aware (of), feel, (have) know(-ledge), perceived, be resolved, can speak, be sure, understand.
STRONGS NT 1097: γινώσκω
γινώσκω (Attic γιγνώσκω, see γίνομαι at the beginning; from ΓΝΟΩ, as βιβρώσκω from ΒΡΟΩ); [imperfect ἐγίνωσκον]; future γνώσομαι; 2 aorist ἔγνων (from ΓΝΩΜΙ), imperative γνῶθι, γνώτω, subjunctive γνῷ (3 person singular γνοῖ, Mark 5:43; Mark 9:30; Luke 19:15 L T Tr WH, for R G γνῷ [Buttmann, p. 46 (40); cf. δίδωμι at the beginning]), infinitive γνῶναι, participle γνούς; perfect ἔγνωκα (John 17:7; 3 person plural ἔγνωκαν for ἐγνώκασι, see references in γίνομαι at the beginning); pluperfect ἐγνώκειν; passive [present 3 person singular γινώσκεται (Mark 13:28 Tr marginal reading)]; perfect ἐγνωσμαι; 1 aorist ἐγνώσθην; future γνωσθήσομαι; in Greek writings from Homer down; Sept. for יָדַע; Latin nosco, novi (i. e. gnosco, gnovi);
I. universally:
1. to learn to know, come to know, get a knowledge of; passive to become known: with the accusative, Matthew 22:18; Mark 5:43; Acts 21:34; 1 Corinthians 4:19; 2 Corinthians 2:4; Colossians 4:8; 1 Thessalonians 3:5, etc. Passive, Matthew 10:26; Acts 9:24; Philippians 4:5, etc.; [impersonally, γινώσκεται, Mark 13:28 Tr marginal reading T 2, 7]; τὶ ἔκ τινος, Matthew 12:33; Luke 6:44; 1 John 4:6; τινὰ or τὶ ἔν τινι, to find a sign in a thing by which to know, to recognize in or by something, Luke 24:35; John 13:35; 1 John 4:2; κατὰ τί γνώσομαι τοῦτο, the truth of this promise, Luke 1:18 (Genesis 15:8); περὶ τῆς διδαχῆς, John 7:17. often the object is not added, but is readily understood from what precedes: Matthew 9:30; Matthew 12:15 (the consultation held by the Pharisees); Mark 7:24 (he would have no one know that he was present): Mark 9:30; Romans 10:19, etc.; followed by ὅτι, Matthew 21:45; John 4:1; John 5:6; John 12:9, etc.; followed by the interrogative τί, Matthew 6:3; Luke 16:4; ἀπό τινος to learn from one, Mark 15:45. with the accusative of person to recognize as worthy of intimacy and love, to own; so those whom God has judged worthy of the blessings of the gospel are said ὑπὸ τοῦ θεοῦ γινώσκεσθαι, 1 Corinthians 8:3; Galatians 4:9, [on both cf. Winers Grammar, § 39, 3 Note 2; Buttmann, 55 (48)]; negatively, in the sentence of Christ οὐδέποτε ἔγνων ὑμᾶς, I never knew you, never had any acquaintance with you, Matthew 7:23. to perceive, feel: ἔγνω τῷ σώματι, ὅτι etc. Mark 5:29; ἔγνων δύναμιν ἐξελθοῦσαν ἀπ’ ἐμοῦ, Luke 8:46.
2. to know, understand, perceive, have knowledge of;
a. to understand: with the accusative, τὰ λεγόμενα, Luke 18:34; ἀναγινώσκεις, Acts 8:30; followed by ὅτι, Matthew 21:45; John 8:27; 2 Corinthians 13:6; Galatians 3:7; James 2:20; followed by interrog, τί, John 10:6; John 13:12, 28; κατεργάζομαι οὐ γινώσκω I do not understand what I am doing, my conduct is inexplicable to me, Romans 7:15.
b. to know: τὸ θέλημα, Luke 12:47; τὰς καρδίας, Luke 16:15; τὸν μὴ γνόντα ἁμαρτίαν ignorant of sin, i. e. not conscious of having committed it, 2 Corinthians 5:21; ἐπιστολή γινωσκομένη καὶ ἀναγινωσκομένη, 2 Corinthians 3:2; τινά, to know one, his person, character, mind, plans: John 1:48 (John 1:49); John 2:24; Acts 19:15; 2 Timothy 2:19 (from Numbers 16:5); followed by ὅτι, John 21:17; Philippians 1:12; James 1:3; 2 Peter 1:20; followed by the accusative with an infinitive Hebrews 10:34; followed by an indirect question, Revelation 3:3; ἑλληνιστὶ γινώσκ., to know Greek (graece scire, Cicero, de fin. 2, 5): Acts 21:37 (ἐπίστασθαι συριστί, Xenophon, Cyril 7, 5, 31; graece nescire, Cicero, pro Flac. 4, 10); ἴστε (Rec. ἐστε) γινώσκοντες ye know, understanding etc. [R. V. ye know of a surety, etc.], Ephesians 5:5; see Winers Grammar, 355 (333); [cf. Buttmann, 51 (44); 314 (269)]. imperative γινώσκετε know ye: Matthew 24:32f, 43; Mark 13:29; Luke 10:11; John 15:18; Acts 2:36; Hebrews 13:23; 1 John 2:29.
3. by a Hebraistic euphemism [cf. Winer's Grammar, 18], found also in Greek writings from the Alexandrian age down, γινώσκω is used of the carnal connection of male and female, rem cum aliquo or aliqua habere (cf. our have a (criminal) intimacy with): of a husband, Matthew 1:25; of the woman, Luke 1:34; (Genesis 4:1, 17; Genesis 19:8; 1 Samuel 1:19, etc.; Judith 16:22; Callimachus epigr. 58, 3; often in Plutarch; cf. Vögelin, Plutarch, Brut., p. 10ff; so also Latin cognosco, Ovid. met. 4, 596; novi, Justin Martyr, hist. 27, 3, 11).
II. In particular γινώσκω, to become acquainted with, to know, is employed in the N. T. of the knowledge of God and Christ, and of the things relating to them or proceeding from them;
a. τὸν θεόν, the one, true God, in contrast with the polytheism of the Gentiles: Romans 1:21; Galatians 4:9; also τὸν μόνον ἀληθινὸν θεόν, John 17:3 cf. 1 John 5:20; τὸν θεόν, the nature and will of God, in contrast with the false wisdom of both Jews and Gentiles, 1 Corinthians 1:21; τὸν πατέρα, the nature of God the Father, especially the holy will and affection by which he aims to sanctify and redeem men through Christ, John 8:55; John 16:3; 1 John 2:3f, 14 (1 John 2:13); 1 John 3:1,6; 4:8; a peculiar knowledge of God the Father is claimed by Christ for himself, John 10:15; John 17:25; γνῶθι τὸν κύριον, the precepts of the Lord, Hebrews 8:11; τὸ θέλημα (of God), Romans 2:18; νοῦν κυρίου, Romans 11:34; 1 Corinthians 2:16; τὴν σοφίαν τοῦ θεοῦ, 1 Corinthians 2:8; τὰς ὁδοὺς τοῦ θεοῦ, Hebrews 3:10 (from Psalm 94:10 (Ps. 95:10)).
b. Χριστόν, his blessings, Philippians 3:10; in Χριστὸν ἐγνωκέναι κατὰ σάρκα, 2 Corinthians 5:16, Paul speaks of that knowledge of Christ which he had before his conversion, and by which he knew him merely in the form of a servant, and therefore had not yet seen in him the Son of God. According to John's usage, γινώσκειν, ἐγνωκέναι Χριστόν denotes to come to know, to know, his Messianic dignity (John 17:3; John 6:69); his divinity (τὸν ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς, 1 John 2:13f cf. John 1:10), his consummate kindness toward us, and the benefits redounding to us from fellowship with him (in Christ's words γινώσκομαι ὑπὸ τῶν ἐμῶν, John 10:14 [according to the critical texts γινώσκουσίν με τὰ ἐμά]); his love of God (John 14:31); his sinless holiness (1 John 3:6). John unites πιστεύειν and γινώσκειν, at one time putting πιστεύειν first: John 6:69 [cf. Schaff's Lange or Meyer at the passage]; but at another time γινώσκειν: John 10:38 (according to R G, for which L T Tr WH read ἵνα γνῶτε καί γινώσκητε [R. V. know and understand]); John 17:8 [L brackets κ. ἔγν.]; 1 John 4:16 (the love of God).
c. γ. τὰ τοῦ πνεύματος the things which proceed from the Spirit, 1 Corinthians 2:14; τὸ πνεῦμα τ. ἀληθείας καὶ τὸ πν. τῆς πλάνης, 1 John 4:6; τὰ μυστήρια τῆς βασιλείας τῶν οὐρανῶν, Matthew 13:11; τὴν ἀλήθειαν, John 8:32; 2 John 1:1; absolutely, of the knowledge of divine things, 1 Corinthians 13:12; of the knowledge of things lawful for a Christian, 1 Corinthians 8:2.
[SYNONYMS: γινώσκειν, εἰδέναι, ἐπίστασθαι, συνιέναι: In classic usage (cf. Schmidt, chapter 13), γινώσκειν, distinguished from the rest by its original inchoative force, denotes a discriminating apprehension of external impressions, a knowledge grounded in personal experience. εἰδέναι, literally, 'to have seen with the mind's eye,' signifies a clear and purely mental perception, in contrast both to conjecture and to knowledge derived from others. ἐπίστασθαι primarily expresses the knowledge obtained by proximity to the thing known (cf. our understand, German verstehen); then knowledge viewed as the result of prolonged practice, in opposition to the process of learning on the one hand, and to the uncertain knowledge of a dilettante on the other. συνιέναι implies native insight, the soul's capacity of itself not only to lay hold of the phenomena of the outer world through the senses, but by combination (σύν and ἰέναι) to arrive at their underlying laws. Hence, συνιέναι may mark an antithesis to sense-perception; whereas γινώσκειν marks an advance upon it. As applied e. g. to a work of literature, γινώσκειν expresses an acquaintance with it; ἐπίστασθαι the knowledge of its contents; συνιέναι the understanding of it, a comprehension of its meaning. γινώσκειν and εἰδέναι most readily come into contrast with each other; if εἰδέναι and ἐπίστασθαι are contrasted, the former refers more to natural, the latter to acquired knowledge. In the N. T., as might be expected, these distinctions are somewhat less sharply marked. Such passages as John 1:26, 31, 48 (John 1:49); John 7:27f; John 21:17; 2 Corinthians 5:16; 1 John 5:20 may seem to indicate that, sometimes at least, γινώσκω and οἶδα are nearly interchangeable; yet see John 3:10, 11; John 8:55 (yet cf. John 17:25); 1 John 2:29 (know... perceive), and the characteristic use of εἰδέναι by John to describe our Lord's direct insight into divine things: John 3:11; 5:32 (contrast John 5:42); John 7:29; 8:55; 12:50, etc; cf. Bp. Lightfoot's note on Galatians 4:9; Green, 'Critical Notes' etc., p. 75 (on John 8:55); Westcott on John 2:24. γινώσκω and ἐπίσταμαι are associated in Acts 19:15 (cf. Green, as above, p. 97); οἶδα and γινώσκω in 1 Corinthians 2:11; Ephesians 5:5; οἶδα and ἐπίσταμαι in Jude 1:10. Compare: ἀνα-, δια-, ἐπι-, κατα-, προγινώσκω.]
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
4:1; 4:17; 15:8; 19:8
Numbers
16:5
1 Samuel
1:19
Psalms
94:10; 95:10
Matthew
1:25; 6:3; 7:23; 9:30; 10:26; 12:15; 12:33; 13:11; 21:45; 21:45; 22:18; 24:32; 24:43
Mark
5:29; 5:43; 5:43; 7:24; 9:30; 9:30; 13:28; 13:28; 13:29; 15:45
Luke
1:18; 1:34; 6:44; 8:46; 10:11; 12:47; 16:4; 16:15; 18:34; 19:15; 24:35
John
1:10; 1:26; 1:31; 1:48; 1:48; 1:49; 1:49; 2:24; 2:24; 3:10; 3:11; 3:11; 4:1; 5:6; 5:32; 5:42; 6:69; 6:69; 7:17; 7:27; 7:29; 8:27; 8:32; 8:55; 8:55; 8:55; 8:55; 10:6; 10:14; 10:15; 10:38; 12:9; 12:50; 13:12; 13:28; 13:35; 14:31; 15:18; 16:3; 17:3; 17:3; 17:7; 17:8; 17:25; 17:25; 21:17; 21:17
Acts
2:36; 8:30; 9:24; 19:15; 19:15; 21:34; 21:37
Romans
1:21; 2:18; 7:15; 10:19; 11:34
1 Corinthians
1:21; 2:8; 2:11; 2:14; 2:16; 4:19; 8:2; 8:3; 13:12
2 Corinthians
2:4; 3:2; 5:16; 5:16; 5:21; 13:6
Galatians
3:7; 4:9; 4:9; 4:9
Ephesians
5:5; 5:5
Philippians
1:12; 3:10; 4:5
Colossians
4:8
1 Thessalonians
3:5
2 Timothy
2:19
Hebrews
3:10; 8:11; 10:34; 13:23
James
1:3; 2:20
2 Peter
1:20
1 John
2:3; 2:13; 2:13; 2:14; 2:29; 2:29; 3:1; 3:6; 3:6; 4:2; 4:6; 4:6; 4:8; 4:16; 5:20; 5:20
2 John
1:1
Jude
1:10
Revelation
3:3

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G1097 matches the Greek γινώσκω (ginōskō),
which occurs 225 times in 205 verses in the Greek concordance of the NASB

Page 1 / 5 (Mat 1:25–Luk 16:15)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 1:25 - but knew her not until she had given birth to a son. And he called his name Jesus.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 6:3 - But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:23 - And then will I declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from me, you workers of lawlessness.’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 9:30 - And their eyes were opened. And Jesus sternly warned them, “See that no one knows about it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:26 - “So have no fear of them, for nothing is covered that will not be revealed, or hidden that will not be known.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:7 - And if you had known what this means, ‘I desire mercy, and not sacrifice,’ you would not have condemned the guiltless.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:15 - Jesus, aware of this, withdrew from there. And many followed him, and he healed them all
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:33 - “Either make the tree good and its fruit good, or make the tree bad and its fruit bad, for the tree is known by its fruit.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:11 - And he answered them, “To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:3 - And in the morning, ‘It will be stormy today, for the sky is red and threatening.’ You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret the signs of the times.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:8 - But Jesus, aware of this, said, “O you of little faith, why are you discussing among yourselves the fact that you have no bread?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:45 - When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they perceived that he was speaking about them.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:18 - But Jesus, aware of their malice, said, “Why put me to the test, you hypocrites?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:32 - “From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:33 - So also, when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:39 - and they were unaware until the flood came and swept them all away, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:43 - But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what part of the night the thief was coming, he would have stayed awake and would not have let his house be broken into.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:50 - the master of that servant will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour he does not know
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 25:24 - He also who had received the one talent came forward, saying, ‘Master, I knew you to be a hard man, reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you scattered no seed,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:10 - But Jesus, aware of this, said to them, “Why do you trouble the woman? For she has done a beautiful thing to me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 4:13 - And he said to them, “Do you not understand this parable? How then will you understand all the parables?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 5:29 - And immediately the flow of blood dried up, and she felt in her body that she was healed of her disease.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 5:43 - And he strictly charged them that no one should know this, and told them to give her something to eat.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:38 - And he said to them, “How many loaves do you have? Go and see.” And when they had found out, they said, “Five, and two fish.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:24 - And from there he arose and went away to the region of Tyre and Sidon.[fn] And he entered a house and did not want anyone to know, yet he could not be hidden.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 8:17 - And Jesus, aware of this, said to them, “Why are you discussing the fact that you have no bread? Do you not yet perceive or understand? Are your hearts hardened?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 9:30 - They went on from there and passed through Galilee. And he did not want anyone to know,
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:12 - And they were seeking to arrest him but feared the people, for they perceived that he had told the parable against them. So they left him and went away.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 13:28 - “From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 13:29 - So also, when you see these things taking place, you know that he is near, at the very gates.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:10 - For he perceived that it was out of envy that the chief priests had delivered him up.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:45 - And when he learned from the centurion that he was dead, he granted the corpse to Joseph.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 1:18 - And Zechariah said to the angel, “How shall I know this? For I am an old man, and my wife is advanced in years.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 1:34 - And Mary said to the angel, “How will this be, since I am a virgin?”[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 2:43 - And when the feast was ended, as they were returning, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. His parents did not know it,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:44 - for each tree is known by its own fruit. For figs are not gathered from thornbushes, nor are grapes picked from a bramble bush.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:39 - Now when the Pharisee who had invited him saw this, he said to himself, “If this man were a prophet, he would have known who and what sort of woman this is who is touching him, for she is a sinner.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:10 - he said, “To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of God, but for others they are in parables, so that ‘seeing they may not see, and hearing they may not understand.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:17 - For nothing is hidden that will not be made manifest, nor is anything secret that will not be known and come to light.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:46 - But Jesus said, “Someone touched me, for I perceive that power has gone out from me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 9:11 - When the crowds learned it, they followed him, and he welcomed them and spoke to them of the kingdom of God and cured those who had need of healing.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:11 - ‘Even the dust of your town that clings to our feet we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that the kingdom of God has come near.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:22 - All things have been handed over to me by my Father, and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, or who the Father is except the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:2 - Nothing is covered up that will not be revealed, or hidden that will not be known.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:39 - But know this, that if the master of the house had known at what hour the thief was coming, he[fn] would not have left his house to be broken into.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:46 - the master of that servant will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour he does not know, and will cut him in pieces and put him with the unfaithful.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:47 - And that servant who knew his master’s will but did not get ready or act according to his will, will receive a severe beating.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:48 - But the one who did not know, and did what deserved a beating, will receive a light beating. Everyone to whom much was given, of him much will be required, and from him to whom they entrusted much, they will demand the more.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:4 - I have decided what to do, so that when I am removed from management, people may receive me into their houses.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:15 - And he said to them, “You are those who justify yourselves before men, but God knows your hearts. For what is exalted among men is an abomination in the sight of God.

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