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Lexicon :: Strong's G1344 - dikaioō

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δικαιόω
Transliteration
dikaioō
Pronunciation
dē-kī-o'-ō (Key)
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
mGNT
39x in 24 unique form(s)
TR
40x in 26 unique form(s)
LXX
29x in 21 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 2:211,168

Strong’s Definitions

δικαιόω dikaióō, dik-ah-yo'-o; from G1342; to render (i.e. show or regard as) just or innocent:—free, justify(-ier), be righteous.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 40x

The KJV translates Strong's G1344 in the following manner: justify (37x), be freed (1x), be righteous (1x), justifier (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 40x
The KJV translates Strong's G1344 in the following manner: justify (37x), be freed (1x), be righteous (1x), justifier (1x).
  1. to render righteous or such he ought to be

  2. to show, exhibit, evince, one to be righteous, such as he is and wishes himself to be considered

  3. to declare, pronounce, one to be just, righteous, or such as he ought to be

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
δικαιόω dikaióō, dik-ah-yo'-o; from G1342; to render (i.e. show or regard as) just or innocent:—free, justify(-ier), be righteous.
STRONGS NT 1344: δικαιόω
δικαιόω, -ῶ; future δικαιώσω; 1 aorist ἐδικαίωσα; passive [present δικαιοῦμαι]; perfect δεδικαίωμαι; 1 aorist ἐδικαιώθην; future δικαιωθήσομαι; (δίκαιος); Sept. for צִדֵּק and הִצְדִּיק;
1. properly, (according to the analogy of other verbs ending in όω, as τυφλόω, δουλόω) to make δίκαιος; to render righteous or such as he ought to be; (Vulg. justifico); but this meaning is extremely rare, if not altogether doubtful; ἐδικαίωσα τὴν καρδίαν μου stands for לְבָבִי זִכִּיתִי in Psalm 72:13 (Ps. 73:13) (unless I have shown my heart to be upright be preferred as the rendering of the Greek there).
2. τινά, to show, exhibit, evince, one to be righteous, such as he is and wishes himself to be considered (Ezekiel 16:51f; τὴν ψυχὴν αὐτοῦ, Jeremiah 3:11, and, probably, δικαιοῦν δίκαιον, Isaiah 53:11): σοφία ἐδικαιώθη ἀπὸ τῶν τέκνων αὐτῆς, the wisdom taught and exemplified by John the Baptist, and by Jesus, gained from its disciples (i. e. from their life, character, and deeds) the benefit of being shown to be righteous, i. e. true and divine [cf. Buttmann, 322 (277); others interpret, was acknowledged to be righteous on the part of (nearly equivalent to by) her children; cf. Buttmann, 325 (280); see ἀπό, II. 2 d. bb.], Luke 7:35; Matthew 11:19 [here T Tr text WH read ἔργων, i. e. by her works]; passive, of Christ: ἐδικαιώθη ἐν πνεύματι, evinced to be righteous as to his spiritual (divine [(?) cf. e. g. Ellicott at the passage or Meyer on Romans 1:4]) nature, 1 Timothy 3:16; of God: ὅπως δικαιωθῇς ἐν τοῖς λόγοις σου, Romans 3:4 from Psalm 50:6 (Psalms 51:6) (κύριος μόνος δικαιωθήσεται, Sir. 18:2); passive used reflexively, to show oneself righteous: of men, Revelation 22:11 Rec.; (τί δικαιωθῶμεν; Genesis 44:16).
3. τινά, to declare, pronounce, one to be just, righteous, or such as he ought to be, (cf. ὁμοιόω to declare to be like, liken, i. e. compare; ὁσιόω, Wis. 6:11; ἀξιόω, which never means to make worthy, but to judge worthy, to declare worthy, to treat as worthy; see also κοινόω, 2 b.);
a. with the negative idea predominant, to declare guiltless one accused or who may be accused, acquitted of a charge or reproach, (Deuteronomy 25:1; Sir. 13:22 (Sir. 13:21), etc.; an unjust judge is said δικαιοῦν τὸν ἀσεβῆ in Exodus 23:7; Isaiah 5:23): ἑαυτόν, Luke 10:29; passive οὐ δεδικαίωμαι, namely, with God, 1 Corinthians 4:4; pregnantly with ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν added, to be declared innocent and therefore to be absolved from the charge of sins [cf. Buttmann, 322 (277)], Acts 13:38 (Acts 13:39) (so ἀπὸ ἁμαρτίας, Sir. 26:29; simply, to be absolved, namely, from the payment of a vow, Sir. 18:22 (Sir. 18:21)); hence, figuratively, by a usage not met with elsewhere, to be freed, ἀπὸ τῆς ἁμαρτίας, from its dominion, Romans 6:7, where cf. Fritzsche or [(less fully) Meyer].
b. with the positive idea predominant, to judge, declare, pronounce, righteous and therefore acceptable, (God is said δικαιοῦν δίκαιον, 1 Kings 8:32): ἑαυτόν, Luke 16:15; ἐδικαίωσαν τὸν θεόν, declared God to be righteous, i. e. by receiving the baptism declared that it had been prescribed by God rightly, Luke 7:29; passive by God, Romans 2:13; ἐξ ἔργων ἐδικαιώθη, got his reputation for righteousness (namely, with his countrymen [but see Meyer (edited by Weiss) at the passage]) by works, Romans 4:2; ἐκ τῶν λόγων, by thy words, in contrast with καταδικάζεσθαι, namely, by God, Matthew 12:37. Especially is it so used, in the technical phraseology of Paul, respecting God who judges and declares such men as put faith in Christ to be righteous and acceptable to him, and accordingly fit to receive the pardon of their sins and eternal life (see δικαιοσύνη, 1 c.): thus absolutely, δικαιοῦν τινα, Romans 3:26; Romans 4:5; Romans 8:30, 33 (namely, ἡμᾶς, opposed to ἐγκαλεῖν); with the addition of ἐκ (in consequence of) πίστεως, Romans 3:30; Galatians 3:8; of διὰ τῆς πίστεως, Romans 3:30; men are said δικαιοῦσθαι, δικαιωθῆναι, τῇ χάριτι τοῦ θεοῦ, Titus 3:7; δωρεὰν τῇ χάρ. τ. θεοῦ, Romans 3:24 πίστει, Romans 3:28; ἐκ πίστεως, by means of faith, Romans 5:1; Galatians 2:16; Galatians 3:24; ἐν τῷ αἵματι τοῦ Χριστοῦ (as the meritorious cause of their acceptance, as the old theologians say, faith being the apprehending or subjective cause), Romans 5:9; ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ καὶ ἐν τῷ πνεύματι τοῦ θεοῦ ἡμῶν, by confessing the name of the Lord (which implies faith in him, Romans 10:10, cf. 2 Corinthians 4:13), and by the Spirit of God (which has awakened faith in the soul), 1 Corinthians 6:11; ἐν Χριστῷ through Christ, Galatians 2:17; Acts 13:39; it is vehemently denied by Paul, that a man δικαιοῦται ἐξ ἔργων νόμου, Galatians 2:16 — with the addition ἐνώπιον αὐτοῦ, i. e. of God, Romans 3:20, cf. Romans 3:28; Romans 4:2, (see δικαιοσύνη, 1 c. under the end); — a statement which is affirmed by James in James 2:21, 24f (though he says simply ἐξ ἔργων δικαιοῦται, significantly omitting νόμου); to the same purport Paul denies that a man δικαιοῦται ἐν νόμῳ, in obeying the law, or by keeping it, Galatians 5:4; with the addition, παρὰ τῷ θεῷ, in the sight of God, Galatians 3:11. Luke 18:14 teaches that a man δικαιοῦται by deep sorrow for his sins, which so humbles him that he hopes for salvation only from divine grace.
The Pauline conceptions of δίκαιος, δικαιοσύνη, δικαιόω, are elucidated especially by Winzer, De vocabulis δίκαιος, etc., in Ep. ad Rom., Lipsius 1831; Usteri, Paulin. Lehrbegriff, p. 86f edition 4 etc.; Neander, Gesch. der Pfianzung as above with ii., p. 567ff et passim, edition 3 [Robinson's translation of edition 4, pp. 382ff, 417ff]; Baur, Paulus, p. 572ff [(Zeller's) edition 2, vol. ii 145-183; English translation, vol. ii, p. 134ff]; Rauwenhoff, Disquisitio etc., Lugd. Bat. 1852; Lipsius, Die paulin. Rechtfertigungslehre, Lpz. 1853; Schmid, Biblical Theologie des N. T., p. 562ff edition 2 [p. 558ff edition 4; English translation, p. 495f]; Ernesti, Vom Ursprung der Sϋnde as above with i., p. 152ff; Messner, Lehre der Apostel, p. 256ff [summary by S. R. Asbury in Bib. Sacr. for 1870, p. 140f]; Jul. Kõstlin in the Jahrbb. fϋr deutsche Theol. 1856 fasc. 1, p. 85ff; Wieseler, Commentar ϋ. d. Br. an d. Galater, pp. 176ff [see in Schaff's Lange's Rom., p. 122f]; Kahnis, Lutherische Dogmatik, Bd. i., p. 592ff; Philippi, Dogmatik, v. 1, p. 208ff; Weiss, Biblical Theol. des N. T. § 65; Ritschl, Die christl. Lehre v. d. Versõhnung u. Rechtf. ii. 318ff; Pfleiderer, Paulinismus, p. 172ff [English translation, vol. i., p. 171ff; but especially Dr. James Morison, Critical Exposition of the Third Chapter of the Epistle to the Romans, pp. 163-198. On the patristic usage see Reithmayr, Galaterbrief, p. 177f; Cremer, Wõrterbuch, 4te Aufl., p. 285; Suicer, Thesaurus under the word].
In classic Greek δικαιόω (Ionic δικαιέω, Herodotus) is:
1. equivalent to δίκαιον νομίζω, to deem right or fair: τί, often followed by the infinitive; to choose what is right and fair, hence, universally, to choose, desire, decide: Herodotus, Sophocles, Thucydides, others.
2. with the accusative of person, τὸ δίκαιον ποιῶ τινα to do one justice, in a bad sense, viz. to condemn, punish, one: Herodotus, Thucydides, Plato, others; hence, δικαιοῦσθαι, to have justice done oneself, to suffer justice, be treated rightly, opposed to ἀδικεῖσθαι, Aristotle, eth. Nic. 5, 9, 11, p. 1136a, 18ff (In like manner the German rechtfertigen in its early forensic use bore a bad sense, viz. to try judicially (so for ἀνακρίνειν, Acts 12:19 Luther), then condemn; execute judgment, especially put to death.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
44:16
Exodus
23:7
Deuteronomy
25:1
1 Kings
8:32
Psalms
50:6; 51:6; 72:13; 73:13
Isaiah
5:23; 53:11
Jeremiah
3:11
Ezekiel
16:51
Matthew
11:19; 12:37
Luke
7:29; 7:35; 10:29; 16:15; 18:14
Acts
12:19; 13:38; 13:39; 13:39
Romans
1:4; 2:13; 3:4; 3:20; 3:24; 3:26; 3:28; 3:28; 3:30; 3:30; 4:2; 4:2; 4:5; 5:1; 5:9; 6:7; 8:30; 8:33; 10:10
1 Corinthians
4:4; 6:11
2 Corinthians
4:13
Galatians
2:16; 2:16; 2:17; 3:8; 3:11; 3:24; 5:4
1 Timothy
3:16
Titus
3:7
James
2:21; 2:24
Revelation
22:11

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G1344 matches the Greek δικαιόω (dikaioō),
which occurs 48 times in 36 verses in the Greek concordance of the KJV

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:19 - “The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Look, a glutton and a winebibber, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ But wisdom is justified by her children.”[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:37 - “For by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:29 - And when all the people heard Him, even the tax collectors justified God, having been baptized with the baptism of John.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:35 - “But wisdom is justified by all her children.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:29 - But he, wanting to justify himself, said to Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:15 - And He said to them, “You are those who justify yourselves before men, but God knows your hearts. For what is highly esteemed among men is an abomination in the sight of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 18:14 - “I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other; for everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 13:39 - “and by Him everyone who believes is justified from all things from which you could not be justified by the law of Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 2:13 - (for not the hearers of the law are just in the sight of God, but the doers of the law will be justified;
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:4 - Certainly not! Indeed, let God be true but every man a liar. As it is written:

“That You may be justified in Your words,
And may overcome when You are judged.”
[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:20 - Therefore by the deeds of the law no flesh will be justified in His sight, for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:24 - being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus,
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:26 - to demonstrate at the present time His righteousness, that He might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:28 - Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith apart from the deeds of the law.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:30 - since there is one God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:2 - For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:5 - But to him who does not work but believes on Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness,
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 5:1 - Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have[fn] peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 5:9 - Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 6:7 - For he who has died has been freed from sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 8:30 - Moreover whom He predestined, these He also called; whom He called, these He also justified; and whom He justified, these He also glorified.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 8:33 - Who shall bring a charge against God’s elect? It is God who justifies.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 4:4 - For I know of nothing against myself, yet I am not justified by this; but He who judges me is the Lord.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 6:11 - And such were some of you. But you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit of our God.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 2:16 - “knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law but by faith in Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we might be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law; for by the works of the law no flesh shall be justified.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 2:17 - “But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is Christ therefore a minister of sin? Certainly not!
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:8 - And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, “In you all the nations shall be blessed.”[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:11 - But that no one is justified by the law in the sight of God is evident, for “the just shall live by faith.”[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:24 - Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 5:4 - You have become estranged from Christ, you who attempt to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ti 3:16 - And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness:

God[fn] was manifested in the flesh,
Justified in the Spirit,
Seen by angels,
Preached among the Gentiles,
Believed on in the world,
Received up in glory.
Unchecked Copy BoxTit 3:7 - that having been justified by His grace we should become heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:21 - Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered Isaac his son on the altar?
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:24 - You see then that a man is justified by works, and not by faith only.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:25 - Likewise, was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out another way?
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 22:11 - “He who is unjust, let him be unjust still; he who is filthy, let him be filthy still; he who is righteous, let him be righteous[fn] still; he who is holy, let him be holy still.”
 
 
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