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Lexicon :: Strong's G4190 - ponēros

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πονηρός
Transliteration
ponēros
Pronunciation
po-nā-ro's (Key)
Listen
Part of Speech
adjective
Root Word (Etymology)
From a derivative of πόνος (G4192)
mGNT
78x in 20 unique form(s)
TR
77x in 21 unique form(s)
LXX
294x in 21 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:546,912

Trench's Synonyms: lxxxiv. κακός, πονηρός, φαῦλος.

Strong’s Definitions

πονηρός ponērós, pon-ay-ros'; from a derivative of G4192; hurtful, i.e. evil (properly, in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively, calamitous; also (passively) ill, i.e. diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, i.e. derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners:—bad, evil, grievous, harm, lewd, malicious, wicked(-ness). See also G4191.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 76x

The KJV translates Strong's G4190 in the following manner: evil (51x), wicked (10x), wicked one (6x), evil things (2x), miscellaneous (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 76x
The KJV translates Strong's G4190 in the following manner: evil (51x), wicked (10x), wicked one (6x), evil things (2x), miscellaneous (7x).
  1. full of labours, annoyances, hardships

    1. pressed and harassed by labours

    2. bringing toils, annoyances, perils; of a time full of peril to Christian faith and steadfastness; causing pain and trouble

  2. bad, of a bad nature or condition

    1. in a physical sense: diseased or blind

    2. in an ethical sense: evil wicked, bad

      Referring to Mat 6:13: "Although the KJV renders this 'deliver us from evil,' the presence of the article indicates not evil in general, but the evil one himself. In the context of Matthew's Gospel, such deliverance from the devil seems to be linked to Jesus' temptation in 4:1-10: Because the Spirit led him into temptation by the evil one, believers now participate in his victory" (Daniel B. Wallace, Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics, p. 233).
Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πονηρός ponērós, pon-ay-ros'; from a derivative of G4192; hurtful, i.e. evil (properly, in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively, calamitous; also (passively) ill, i.e. diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, i.e. derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners:—bad, evil, grievous, harm, lewd, malicious, wicked(-ness). See also G4191.
STRONGS NT 4190: πονηρός
πονηρός (on the accent cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 3 Göttling, Lehre v., Accent, p. 304f; (Chandler §§ 404, 405); Lipsius, Grammat. Untersuch., p. 26), πονηρά, πονηρόν; comparitive πονηρότερος (Matthew 12:45; Luke 11:26); (πονέω, πόνος); from Hesiod (Homer (ep. 15, 20), Theog.) down; the Sept. often for רַע;
1. full of labors, annoyances, hardships;
a. pressed and harassed by labors; thus Hercules is called πονηροτατος καί ἄριστος, Hesiod fragment 43, 5.
b. bringing toils, annoyances, perils: (καιρός, Sir. 51:12); ἡμέρα πονηρά, of a time full of peril to Christian faith and steadfastness, Ephesians 5:16; Ephesians 6:13 (so in the plural ἡμέραι πονηραί the Epistle of Barnabas 2, 1 [ET]); causing pain and trouble (A. V. grievous), ἕλκος, Revelation 16:2.
2. bad, of a bad nature or condition;
a. in a physical sense: ὀφθαλμός, diseased or blind, Matthew 6:23; Luke 11:34 (πονηρία ὀφθαλμῶν, Plato, Hipp., min., p. 374 d.; the Greeks use πονηρῶς ἔχειν or διακεῖσθαι of the sick; ἐκ γενετῆς πονηρούς ὑγιεῖς πεποιηκέναι, Justin Martyr, Apology 1, 22 ((cf. Otto's note); others take πονηρός in Matthew and Luke as above ethically; cf. b. and Meyer on Matt.)); καρπός, Matthew 7:17f.
b. in an ethical sense, evil, wicked, bad, etc. ("this use of the word is due to its association with the working (largely the servile) class; not that contempt for labor is thereby expressed, for such words as ἐργάτης, δραστηρ, and the like, do not take on this evil sense, which connected itself only with a word expressive of unintermitted toil and carrying no suggestion of results" (cf. Schmidt, chapter 85, § 1); see κακία, at the end); of persons: Matthew 7:11; Matthew 12:34; Matthew 18:32; Matthew 25:26; Luke 6:45; Luke 11:13; Luke 19:22; Acts 17:5; 2 Thessalonians 3:2; 2 Timothy 3:13; γενεά πονηρά, Matthew 12:39, 45; Matthew 16:4; Luke 11:29; πνεῦμα πονηρόν, an evil spirit (see πνεῦμα, 3 c.), Matthew 12:45; Luke 7:21; Luke 8:2; Luke 11:26; Acts 19:12f, 15f; substantively οἱ πονηροί, the wicked, bad men, opposed to οἱ δίκαιοι, Matthew 13:49; πονηροί καί ἀγαθοί, Matthew 5:45; Matthew 22:10; ἀχάριστοι καί πονηροί, Luke 6:35; τόν πονηρόν, the wicked man, i. e. the evil-doer spoken of, 1 Corinthians 5:13; τῷ πονηρῷ, the evil man, who injures you, Matthew 5:39. πονηρός is used pre-eminently of the devil, the evil one: Matthew 5:37; Matthew 6:13; Matthew 13:19, 38; Luke 11:4 R L; John 17:15; 1 John 2:13; 1 John 3:12; 1 John 5:18f (on which see κεῖμαι, 2{c}); Ephesians 6:16. of things: αἰών, Galatians 1:4; ὄνομα (which see 1, p. 447a bottom), Luke 6:22; ῤᾳδιούργημα, Acts 18:14; the heart as a storehouse out of which a man brings forth πονηρά words is called θησαυρός πονηρός, Matthew 12:35; Luke 6:45; συνείδησις πονηρά, a soul conscious of wickedness (conscious wickedness; see συνείδησις, b. sub at the end), Hebrews 10:22; καρδία πονηρά ἀπιστίας, an evil heart such as is revealed in distrusting (cf. Buttmann, § 132, 24; Winer's Grammar, § 30, 4), Hebrews 3:12; ὀφθαλμός (which see), Matthew 20:15; Mark 7:22; διαλογισμοί, Matthew 15:19; James 2:4; ὑπόνοιαι, 1 Timothy 6:4; καύχησις; James 4:16; ῤῆμα, a reproach, Matthew 5:11 (R G; others omit ῤῆμα); λόγοι, 3 John 1:10; ἔργα, John 3:19; John 7:7; 1 John 3:12; 2 John 1:11; Colossians 1:21; ἔργον (according to the context) wrong committed against me, 2 Timothy 4:18; αἰτία, charge of crime, Acts 25:18 L T Tr marginal reading WH marginal reading The neuter πονηρόν, and τό πονηρόν, substantively, evil, that which is wicked: εἶδος πονηροῦ (see εἶδος, 2; (others take πονηροῦ here as an adjective, and bring the example under εἶδος, 1 (R. V. marginal reading appearance of evil))), 1 Thessalonians 5:22; 2 Thessalonians 3:3 (where τοῦ πονηροῦ is held by many to be the genitive of the masculine πονηρός, but cf. Lünemann ad loc.); (τί πονηρόν, Acts 28:21); opposed to τό ἀγαθόν, Luke 6:45; Romans 12:9; plural (Winer's Grammar, § 34, 2), Matthew 9:4; Luke 3:19; wicked deeds, Acts 25:18 Tr text WH text; ταῦτα τά πονηρά, these evil things i. e. the vices just enumerated, Mark 7:23.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Matthew
5:11; 5:37; 5:39; 5:45; 6:13; 6:23; 7:11; 7:17; 9:4; 12:34; 12:35; 12:39; 12:45; 12:45; 12:45; 13:19; 13:38; 13:49; 15:19; 16:4; 18:32; 20:15; 22:10; 25:26
Mark
7:22; 7:23
Luke
3:19; 6:22; 6:35; 6:45; 6:45; 6:45; 7:21; 8:2; 11:4; 11:13; 11:26; 11:26; 11:29; 11:34; 19:22
John
3:19; 7:7; 17:15
Acts
17:5; 18:14; 19:12; 19:15; 25:18; 25:18; 28:21
Romans
12:9
1 Corinthians
5:13
Galatians
1:4
Ephesians
5:16; 6:13; 6:16
Colossians
1:21
1 Thessalonians
5:22
2 Thessalonians
3:2; 3:3
1 Timothy
6:4
2 Timothy
3:13; 4:18
Hebrews
3:12; 10:22
James
2:4; 4:16
1 John
2:13; 3:12; 3:12; 5:18
2 John
1:11
3 John
1:10
Revelation
16:2

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4190 matches the Greek πονηρός (ponēros),
which occurs 76 times in 71 verses in the Greek concordance of the KJV

Page 1 / 2 (Mat 5:11–Eph 5:16)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:11 - “Blessed are you when they revile and persecute you, and say all kinds of evil against you falsely for My sake.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:37 - “But let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes,’ and your ‘No,’ ‘No.’ For whatever is more than these is from the evil one.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:39 - “But I tell you not to resist an evil person. But whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:45 - “that you may be sons of your Father in heaven; for He makes His sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 6:13 - And do not lead us into temptation,
But deliver us from the evil one.
For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 6:23 - “But if your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in you is darkness, how great is that darkness!
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:11 - “If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask Him!
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:17 - “Even so, every good tree bears good fruit, but a bad tree bears bad fruit.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:18 - “A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a bad tree bear good fruit.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 9:4 - But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, “Why do you think evil in your hearts?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:34 - “Brood of vipers! How can you, being evil, speak good things? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:35 - “A good man out of the good treasure of his heart[fn] brings forth good things, and an evil man out of the evil treasure brings forth evil things.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:39 - But He answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:45 - “Then he goes and takes with him seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter and dwell there; and the last state of that man is worse than the first. So shall it also be with this wicked generation.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:19 - “When anyone hears the word of the kingdom, and does not understand it, then the wicked one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. This is he who received seed by the wayside.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:38 - “The field is the world, the good seeds are the sons of the kingdom, but the tares are the sons of the wicked one.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:49 - “So it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come forth, separate the wicked from among the just,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 15:19 - “For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:4 - “A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign shall be given to it except the sign of the prophet[fn] Jonah.” And He left them and departed.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 18:32 - “Then his master, after he had called him, said to him, ‘You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt because you begged me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 20:15 - ‘Is it not lawful for me to do what I wish with my own things? Or is your eye evil because I am good?’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:10 - “So those servants went out into the highways and gathered together all whom they found, both bad and good. And the wedding hall was filled with guests.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 25:26 - “But his lord answered and said to him, ‘You wicked and lazy servant, you knew that I reap where I have not sown, and gather where I have not scattered seed.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:22 - “thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lewdness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:23 - “All these evil things come from within and defile a man.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 3:19 - But Herod the tetrarch, being rebuked by him concerning Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife,[fn] and for all the evils which Herod had done,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:22 - Blessed are you when men hate you,
And when they exclude you,
And revile you, and cast out your name as evil,
For the Son of Man’s sake.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:35 - “But love your enemies, do good, and lend, hoping for nothing in return; and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High. For He is kind to the unthankful and evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:45 - “A good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart[fn] brings forth evil. For out of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaks.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:21 - And that very hour He cured many of infirmities, afflictions, and evil spirits; and to many blind He gave sight.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:2 - and certain women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities—Mary called Magdalene, out of whom had come seven demons,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:4 - And forgive us our sins,
For we also forgive everyone who is indebted to us.
And do not lead us into temptation,
But deliver us from the evil one.”[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:13 - “If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him!”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:29 - And while the crowds were thickly gathered together, He began to say, “This is an evil generation. It seeks a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah the prophet.[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:34 - “The lamp of the body is the eye. Therefore, when your eye is good, your whole body also is full of light. But when your eye is bad, your body also is full of darkness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 19:22 - “And he said to him, ‘Out of your own mouth I will judge you, you wicked servant. You knew that I was an austere man, collecting what I did not deposit and reaping what I did not sow.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:19 - “And this is the condemnation, that the light has come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 7:7 - “The world cannot hate you, but it hates Me because I testify of it that its works are evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 17:15 - “I do not pray that You should take them out of the world, but that You should keep them from the evil one.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 17:5 - But the Jews who were not persuaded, becoming envious,[fn] took some of the evil men from the marketplace, and gathering a mob, set all the city in an uproar and attacked the house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 18:14 - And when Paul was about to open his mouth, Gallio said to the Jews, “If it were a matter of wrongdoing or wicked crimes, O Jews, there would be reason why I should bear with you.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:12 - so that even handkerchiefs or aprons were brought from his body to the sick, and the diseases left them and the evil spirits went out of them.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:13 - Then some of the itinerant Jewish exorcists took it upon themselves to call the name of the Lord Jesus over those who had evil spirits, saying, “We[fn] exorcise you by the Jesus whom Paul preaches.”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:15 - And the evil spirit answered and said, “Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:16 - Then the man in whom the evil spirit was leaped on them, overpowered[fn] them, and prevailed against them,[fn] so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 28:21 - Then they said to him, “We neither received letters from Judea concerning you, nor have any of the brethren who came reported or spoken any evil of you.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 12:9 - Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor what is evil. Cling to what is good.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 5:13 - But those who are outside God judges. Therefore “put away from yourselves the evil person.”[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 1:4 - who gave Himself for our sins, that He might deliver us from this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father,
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 5:16 - redeeming the time, because the days are evil.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Mat 5:11–Eph 5:16) Mat 5:11–Eph 5:16

 
 
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