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Lexicon :: Strong's G5590 - psychē

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ψυχή
Transliteration
psychē
Pronunciation
psü-khā' (Key)
Listen
Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 9:608,1342

Strong’s Definitions

ψυχή psychḗ, psoo-khay'; from G5594; breath, i.e. (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew H5315, H7307 and H2416):—heart (+ -ily), life, mind, soul, + us, + you.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 105x

The KJV translates Strong's G5590 in the following manner: soul (58x), life (40x), mind (3x), heart (1x), heartily (with G1537) (1x), not translated (2x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 105x
The KJV translates Strong's G5590 in the following manner: soul (58x), life (40x), mind (3x), heart (1x), heartily (with G1537) (1x), not translated (2x).
  1. breath

    1. the breath of life

      1. the vital force which animates the body and shows itself in breathing

        1. of animals

        2. of men

    2. life

    3. that in which there is life

      1. a living being, a living soul

  2. the soul

    1. the seat of the feelings, desires, affections, aversions (our heart, soul etc.)

    2. the (human) soul in so far as it is constituted that by the right use of the aids offered it by God it can attain its highest end and secure eternal blessedness, the soul regarded as a moral being designed for everlasting life

    3. the soul as an essence which differs from the body and is not dissolved by death (distinguished from other parts of the body)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
ψυχή psychḗ, psoo-khay'; from G5594; breath, i.e. (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew H5315, H7307 and H2416):—heart (+ -ily), life, mind, soul, + us, + you.
STRONGS NT 5590: ψυχή
ψυχή, ψυχῆς, (ψύχω, to breathe, blow), from Homer down, the Sept. times too many to count for נֶפֶשׁ, occasionally also for לֵב and לֵבָב;
1. breath (Latin anima), i. e.
a. the breath of life; the vital force which animates the body and shows itself in breathing: Acts 20:10; of animals, Revelation 8:9 (Genesis 9:4; Genesis 35:18; ἐπιστραφήτω ψυχή τοῦ παιδαρίου, 1 Kings 17:21); so also in those passages where, in accordance with the trichotomy or threefold division of human nature by the Greeks, ψυχή; is distinguished from τό πνεῦμα (see πνευαμ, 2, p. 520a (and references under the word πνεῦμα 5)), 1 Thessalonians 5:23; Hebrews 4:12.
b. life: μέριμναν τῇ ψυχή, Matthew 6:25; Luke 12:22; τήν ψυχήν ἀγαπᾶν, Revelation 12:11; (μισεῖν, Luke 14:26); τιθέναι, John 10:11, 15, 17; John 13:37; John 15:13; 1 John 3:16; παραδιδόναι, Acts 15:26; διδόναι (λύτρον, which see), Matthew 20:28; Mark 10:45; ζητεῖν τήν ψυχήν τίνος (see ζητέω, 1 a.), Matthew 2:20; Romans 11:3; add, Matthew 6:25; Mark 3:4; Luke 6:9; Luke 12:20, 23; Acts 20:24; Acts 27:10, 22; Romans 16:4; 2 Corinthians 1:23; Philippians 2:30; 1 Thessalonians 2:8; in the pointed aphorisms of Christ, intended to fix themselves in the minds of his hearers, the phrases εὑρίσκειν, σῴζειν, ἀπολλύναι τήν ψυχήν αὐτοῦ, etc., designate as ψυχή in one of the antithetic members the life which is lived on earth, in the other, the (blessed) life in the eternal kingdom of God: Matthew 10:39; Matthew 16:25; Mark 8:35-37; Luke 9:24, 56 Rec.; Luke 17:33; John 12:25; the life destined to enjoy the Messianic salvation is meant also in the following phrases ((where R. V. soul)): περιποίησις ψυχῆς, Hebrews 10:39; κτᾶσθαι τάς ψυχάς, Luke 21:19; ὑπέρ τῶν ψυχῶν (here A. V. (not R. V.) for you; cf. c. below), 2 Corinthians 12:15.
c. that in which there is life; a living being: ψυχή ζῶσα, a living soul, 1 Corinthians 15:45; (Revelation 16:3 R Tr marginal reading) (Genesis 2:7; plural Genesis 1:20); πᾶσα ψυχή ζωῆς, Revelation 16:3 (G L T Tr text WH) (Leviticus 11:10); πᾶσα ψυχή, every soul, i. e. everyone, Acts 2:43; Acts 3:23; Romans 13:1 (so כָּל־נֶפֶשׁ, Leviticus 7:17 (27); Lev. 17:12); with ἀνθρώπου added, every soul of man (אָדָם נֶפֶשׁ, Numbers 31:40, 46 (cf. 1 Macc. 2:38)), Romans 2:9. ψυχαί, souls (like the Latin capita) i. e. persons (in enumerations; cf. German Seelenzahl): Acts 2:41; Acts 7:14; Acts 27:37; 1 Peter 3:20 (Genesis 46:15, 18, 22, 26, 27; Exodus 1:5; Exodus 12:4; Leviticus 2:1; Numbers 19:11, 13, 18; (Deuteronomy 10:22); the examples from Greek authors (cf. Passow, under the word, 2, vol. ii, p. 2590b) are of a different sort (yet cf. Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 2)); ψυχαί ἀνθρώπων of slaves (A. V. souls of men (R. V. with marginal reading 'Or lives')), Revelation 18:13 (so (Numbers 31:35); Ezekiel 27:13; see σῶμα, 1 c. (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 22, 7 N. 3)).
2. the soul (Latin animus),
a. the seat of the feelings, desires, affections, aversions (our soul, heart, etc. (R. V. almost uniformly soul); for examples from Greek writings see Passow, under the word, 2, vol. ii., p. 2589b; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 3); Hebrew נֶפֶשׁ, cf. Gesenius, Thesaurus ii, p. 901 in 3): Luke 1:46; Luke 2:35; John 10:24 (cf. αἴρω, 1 b.); Acts 14:2, 22; Acts 15:24; Hebrews 6:19; 2 Peter 2:8, 14; ἐπιθυμία τῆς ψυχῆς, Revelation 18:14; ἀνάπαυσιν ταῖς ψυχαῖς εὑρίσκειν, Matthew 11:29; ψυχή,... ἀναπαύου, φάγε, πίε (WH brackets these three imperatives), εὐφραίνου (personification and direct address), Luke 12:19, cf. Luke 12:18 ( ψυχή ἀναπαύσεται, Xenophon, Cyril 6, 2, 28; ἐυφραίνειν τήν ψυχήν, Aelian v. h. 1, 32); εὐδοκεῖ ψυχή μου (anthropopathically, of God), Matthew 12:18; Hebrews 10:38; περίλυπος ἐστιν ψυχή μου, Matthew 26:38; Mark 14:34; ψυχή μου τετάρακται, John 12:27; ταῖς ψυχαῖς ὑμῶν ἀκλυόμενοι (fainting in your souls (cf. ἐκλύω, 2 b.)), Hebrews 12:3; ἐν ὅλῃ τῇ ψυχή σου, with all thy soul, Matthew 22:37; (Luke 10:27 L text T Tr WH); ἐξ ὅλης τῆς ψυχῆς σου (Latin ex toto animo), with (literally, from (cf. ἐκ, II. 12 b.)) all thy soul, Mark 12:30, 33 (here T WH omit; L Tr marginal reading brackets the phrase); Luke 10:27 (R G) (Deuteronomy 6:5; (Epictetus diss. 3, 22, 18 (cf. Xenophon, anab. 7, 7, 43)); Antoninus 3, 4; (especially 4, 31; 12, 29); ὅλῃ τῇ ψυχή φροντίζειν τίνος (rather, with κεχαρισθαι), Xenophon, mem. 3, 11, 10); μία ψυχή, with one soul (cf. πνεῦμα, 2, p. 520a bottom), Philippians 1:27; τοῦ πλήθους... ἦν καρδία καί ψυχή μία, Acts 4:32 (ἐρωτηθεις τί ἐστι φίλος, ἔφη. μία ψυχή δύο σώμασιν ἐνοικουσα, (Diogenes Laërtius 5, 20 (cf. Aristotle, eth. Nic. 9, 8, 2, p. 1168b, 7; on the elliptical ἀπό μιᾶς (namely, ψυχῆς?), see ἀπό, III.)); ἐκ ψυχῆς, from the heart, heartily (Ephesians 6:6 (Tr WH with Ephesians 6:7)); Colossians 3:23 (ἐκ τῆς ψυχῆς often in Xenophon; τό ἐκ ψυχῆς πένθος, Josephus, Antiquities 17, 6, 5).
b. the (human) soul in so far as it is so constituted that by the right use of the aids offered it by God it can attain its highest end and secure eternal blessedness, the soul regarded as a moral being designed for everlasting life: 3 John 1:2; ἀγρύπνειν ὑπέρ τῶν ψυχῶν, Hebrews 13:17; ἐπιθυμίαι, αἵτινες στρατεύονται κατά τῆς ψυχῆς, 1 Peter 2:11; ἐπίσκοπος τῶν ψυχῶν, 1 Peter 2:25; σῴζειν τάς ψυχάς, James 1:21; ψυχήν ἐκ θανάτου, from eternal death, James 5:20; σωτηρία ψυχῶν, 1 Peter 1:9; ἁγνίζειν τάς ψυχάς ἑαυτῶν, 1 Peter 1:22; (τάς ψυχάς πιστῷ κτίστῃ παρατίθεσθαι, 1 Peter 4:19).
c. the soul as an essence which differs from the body and is not dissolved by death (distinguished from τό σῶμα, as the other part of human nature (so in Greek writings from Isocrates and Xenophon down; cf. examples in Passow, under the word, p. 2589{a} bottom; Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 2)): Matthew 10:28, cf. 4 Macc. 13:14 (it is called ἀθάνατος, Herodotus 2, 123; Plato Phaedr., p. 245 c., 246 a., others; ἄφθαρτος, Josephus, b. j. 2, 8, 14; διαλυθῆναι τήν ψυχήν ἀπό τοῦ σώματος, Epictetus diss. 3, 10, 14); the soul freed from the body, a disembodied soul, Acts 2:27, 31 Rec.; Revelation 6:9; Revelation 20:4 (Wis. 3:1; (on the Homeric use of the word, see Ebeling, Lex. Homer, under the word, 3, and references at the end, also Proudfit in Bib. Sacr. for 1858, pp. 753-805)).
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
1:20; 2:7; 9:4; 35:18; 46:15; 46:18; 46:22; 46:26; 46:27
Exodus
1:5; 12:4
Leviticus
2:1; 7:17; 11:10; 17:12
Numbers
19:11; 19:13; 19:18; 31:35; 31:40; 31:46
Deuteronomy
6:5; 10:22
1 Kings
17:21
Ezekiel
27:13
Matthew
2:20; 6:25; 6:25; 10:4; 10:28; 10:39; 11:29; 12:18; 16:25; 20:28; 22:37; 26:38
Mark
3:4; 8:35; 8:36; 8:37; 10:45; 12:30; 12:33; 14:34
Luke
1:46; 2:35; 6:9; 9:24; 9:56; 10:27; 10:27; 12:18; 12:19; 12:20; 12:22; 12:23; 14:26; 17:33; 21:19
John
10:11; 10:15; 10:17; 10:24; 12:25; 12:27; 13:37; 15:13
Acts
2:27; 2:31; 2:41; 2:43; 3:23; 4:32; 7:14; 14:2; 14:22; 15:24; 15:26; 20:10; 20:24; 27:10; 27:22; 27:37
Romans
2:9; 11:3; 13:1; 16:4
1 Corinthians
15:45
2 Corinthians
1:23; 12:15
Ephesians
6:6; 6:7
Philippians
1:27; 2:30
Colossians
3:23
1 Thessalonians
2:8; 5:23
Hebrews
4:12; 6:19; 10:38; 10:39; 12:3; 13:17
James
1:21; 5:20
1 Peter
1:9; 1:22; 2:11; 2:25; 3:20; 4:19
2 Peter
2:8; 2:14
1 John
3:16
3 John
1:2
Revelation
6:9; 8:9; 12:11; 16:3; 16:3; 18:13; 18:14; 20:4

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G5590 matches the Greek ψυχή (psychē),
which occurs 101 times in 91 verses in the Greek concordance of the NASB

Page 1 / 2 (Mat 2:20–Act 20:10)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 2:20 - and said, “Get up, take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel, for those who were trying to take the child’s life are dead.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 6:25 - “Therefore I tell you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or drink; or about your body, what you will wear. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothes?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:28 - Do not be afraid of those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather, be afraid of the One who can destroy both soul and body in hell.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:39 - Whoever finds their life will lose it, and whoever loses their life for my sake will find it.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:29 - Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:18 - “Here is my servant whom I have chosen, the one I love, in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him, and he will proclaim justice to the nations.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:25 - For whoever wants to save their life[fn] will lose it, but whoever loses their life for me will find it.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:26 - What good will it be for someone to gain the whole world, yet forfeit their soul? Or what can anyone give in exchange for their soul?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 20:28 - just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:37 - Jesus replied: “ ‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:38 - Then he said to them, “My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death. Stay here and keep watch with me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 3:4 - Then Jesus asked them, “Which is lawful on the Sabbath: to do good or to do evil, to save life or to kill?” But they remained silent.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 8:35 - For whoever wants to save their life[fn] will lose it, but whoever loses their life for me and for the gospel will save it.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 8:36 - What good is it for someone to gain the whole world, yet forfeit their soul?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 8:37 - Or what can anyone give in exchange for their soul?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:45 - For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:30 - Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:34 - “My soul is overwhelmed with sorrow to the point of death,” he said to them. “Stay here and keep watch.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 1:46 - And Mary said: “My soul glorifies the Lord
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 2:35 - so that the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed. And a sword will pierce your own soul too.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:9 - Then Jesus said to them, “I ask you, which is lawful on the Sabbath: to do good or to do evil, to save life or to destroy it?”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 9:24 - For whoever wants to save their life will lose it, but whoever loses their life for me will save it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 9:56 - Then he and his disciples went to another village.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:27 - He answered, “ ‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind’[fn]; and, ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:19 - And I’ll say to myself, “You have plenty of grain laid up for many years. Take life easy; eat, drink and be merry.” ’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:20 - “But God said to him, ‘You fool! This very night your life will be demanded from you. Then who will get what you have prepared for yourself?’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:22 - Then Jesus said to his disciples: “Therefore I tell you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat; or about your body, what you will wear.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:23 - For life is more than food, and the body more than clothes.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 14:26 - “If anyone comes to me and does not hate father and mother, wife and children, brothers and sisters—yes, even their own life—such a person cannot be my disciple.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 17:33 - Whoever tries to keep their life will lose it, and whoever loses their life will preserve it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 21:19 - Stand firm, and you will win life.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 10:11 - “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 10:15 - just as the Father knows me and I know the Father—and I lay down my life for the sheep.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 10:17 - The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life—only to take it up again.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 10:24 - The Jews who were there gathered around him, saying, “How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Messiah, tell us plainly.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:25 - Anyone who loves their life will lose it, while anyone who hates their life in this world will keep it for eternal life.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:27 - “Now my soul is troubled, and what shall I say? ‘Father, save me from this hour’? No, it was for this very reason I came to this hour.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 13:37 - Peter asked, “Lord, why can’t I follow you now? I will lay down my life for you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 13:38 - Then Jesus answered, “Will you really lay down your life for me? Very truly I tell you, before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times!
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 15:13 - Greater love has no one than this: to lay down one’s life for one’s friends.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 2:27 - because you will not abandon me to the realm of the dead, you will not let your holy one see decay.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 2:41 - Those who accepted his message were baptized, and about three thousand were added to their number that day.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 3:23 - Anyone who does not listen to him will be completely cut off from their people.’[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 4:32 - All the believers were one in heart and mind. No one claimed that any of their possessions was their own, but they shared everything they had.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:14 - After this, Joseph sent for his father Jacob and his whole family, seventy-five in all.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 14:2 - But the Jews who refused to believe stirred up the other Gentiles and poisoned their minds against the brothers.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 14:22 - strengthening the disciples and encouraging them to remain true to the faith. “We must go through many hardships to enter the kingdom of God,” they said.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 15:24 - We have heard that some went out from us without our authorization and disturbed you, troubling your minds by what they said.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 15:26 - men who have risked their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 20:10 - Paul went down, threw himself on the young man and put his arms around him. “Don’t be alarmed,” he said. “He’s alive!”

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