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Lexicon :: Strong's G1242 - diathēkē

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diathēkē (Key)
Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 2:106,157

Strong’s Definitions

διαθήκη diathḗkē, dee-ath-ay'-kay; from G1303; properly, a disposition, i.e. (specially) a contract (especially a devisory will):—covenant, testament.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x

The KJV translates Strong's G1242 in the following manner: covenant (20x), testament (13x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 33x
The KJV translates Strong's G1242 in the following manner: covenant (20x), testament (13x).
  1. a disposition, arrangement, of any sort, which one wishes to be valid, the last disposition which one makes of his earthly possessions after his death, a testament or will

  2. a compact, a covenant, a testament

    1. God's covenant with Noah, etc.

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
διαθήκη diathḗkē, dee-ath-ay'-kay; from G1303; properly, a disposition, i.e. (specially) a contract (especially a devisory will):—covenant, testament.
διαθήκη, -ης, , (διατίθημι);
1. a disposition, arrangement, of any sort, which one wishes to be valid (German Verordnung, Willensverfϋgung): Galatians 3:15, where under the name of a man's disposition is meant specifically a testament, so far forth as it is a specimen and example of that disposition [cf. Meyer or Bp. Lightfoot at the passage]; especially the last disposal which one makes of his earthly possessions after his death, a testament or will (so in Greek writings from [Aristophanes], Plato, legg. 11, p. 922 c. following down): Hebrews 9:16f
2. a compact, covenant (Aristophanes av. 440), very often in the Scriptures for בְּרִית (Vulg. testamentum). For the word covenant is used to denote the close relationship which God entered into, first with Noah (Genesis 6:18; Genesis 9:9ff [cf. Sir. 44:18]), then with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their posterity (Leviticus 26:42 [cf. 2 Macc. 1:2]), but especially with Abraham (Genesis 15 and Genesis 17), and afterward through Moses with the people of Israel (Exodus 24; Deuteronomy 5:2; Deuteronomy 28:69 (Deuteronomy 29:1)). By this last covenant the Israelites are bound to obey God's will as expressed and solemnly promulged in the Mosaic law; and he promises them his almighty protection and blessings of every kind in this world, but threatens transgressors with the severest punishments. Hence, in the N. T. we find mention of αἱ πλάκες τῆς διαθήκης (הַבְּרִית לוּחות, Deuteronomy 9:9, 15), the tables of the law, on which the duties of the covenant were inscribed (Exodus 20); of κιβωτὸς τῆς διαθ. (הַבְּרִית אֲרון, Deuteronomy 10:8; Deuteronomy 31:9; Joshua 3:6, etc.), the ark of the covenant or law, in which those tables were deposited, Hebrews 9:4; Revelation 11:19; of διαθήκη περιτομῆς, the covenant of circumcision, made with Abraham, whose sign and seal was circumcision (Genesis 17:10ff), Acts 7:8; of τὸ αἷμα τῆς διαθήκης, the blood of the victims, by the shedding and sprinkling of which the Mosaic covenant was ratified, Hebrews 9:20 from Exodus 24:8; of αἱ διαθῆκαι, the covenants, one made with Abraham, the other through Moses with the Israelites, Romans 9:4 [L text Tr marginal reading διαθήκη] (Wis. 18:22; Sir. 44:11; 2 Macc. 8:15; Epistle of Barnabas 9; [cf. Winer's Grammar, 177 (166)]); of αἱ διαθῆκαι τῆς ἐπαγγελίας, the covenants to which the promise of salvation through the Messiah was annexed, Ephesians 2:12 (συνθῆκαι ἀγαθῶν ὑποσχέσεων, Wis. 12:21); for Christian salvation is the fulfillment of the divine promises annexed to those covenants, especially to that made with Abraham: Luke 1:72; Acts 3:25; Romans 11:27; Galatians 3:17 (where διαθήκη is God's arrangement, i. e. the promise made to Abraham). As the new and far more excellent bond of friendship which God in the Messiah's time would enter into with the people of Israel is called, חֲדָשָׁה בְּרִית, καινὴ διαθήκη (Jeremiah 38:31 (Jer. 31:31)) — which divine promise Christ has made good (Hebrews 8:8-10; Hebrews 10:16) — we find in the N. T. two distinct covenants spoken of, δύο διαθῆκαι (Galatians 4:24), namely, the Mosaic and the Christian, with the former of which (τῇ πρώτῃ διαθήκῃ, Hebrews 9:15, 18, cf. 8:9) the latter is contrasted, as καινὴ διαθήκη, Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24 (in both passages in R G L [in Matthew in Tr also]); Luke 22:20 [WH reject the passage]; 1 Corinthians 11:25; 2 Corinthians 3:6; Hebrews 8:8; κρείττων διαθήκη, Hebrews 7:22; αἰώνιος διαθήκη, Hebrews 13:20; and Christ is called κρείττονος or καινῆς or νέας διαθήκης μεσίτης: Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 9:15; Hebrews 12:24. This new covenant binds men to exercise faith in Christ, and God promises them grace and salvation eternal. This covenant Christ set up and ratified by undergoing death; hence, the phrases τὸ αἷμα τῆς καινῆς διαθήκης, τὸ αἷμα τῆς διαθήκης (see αἷμα sub at the end), [Hebrews 10:29]; τὸ αἷμά μου τῆς διαθήκης, my blood by the shedding of which the covenant is established, Matthew 26:28 T WH and Mark 14:24 T Tr WH (on two genitives after one noun cf. Matthiae, § 380, Anm. 1; Kühner, ii., p. 288f; [Jelf, § 543, 1, cf § 466; Winers Grammar, § 30, 3 Note 3; Buttmann, 155 (136)]). By metonymy of the contained for the container παλαιὰ διαθήκη is used in 2 Corinthians 3:14 of the sacred books of the O. T. because in them the conditions and principles of the older covenant were recorded. Finally must be noted the amphiboly or twofold use [cf. Philo de mut. nom. § 6] by which the writer to the Hebrews, in Hebrews 9:16f, substitutes for the meaning covenant which διαθήκη bears elsewhere in the Epistle that of testament (see 1 above), and likens Christ to a testator — not only because the author regards eternal blessedness as an inheritance bequeathed by Christ, but also because he is endeavoring to show, both that the attainment of eternal salvation is made possible for the disciples of Christ by his death (Hebrews 9:15), and that even the Mosaic covenant had been consecrated by blood (Hebrews 9:18ff). This, apparently, led the Latin Vulgate to render διαθήκη wherever it occurs in the Bible [i. e. in the New Testament, not always in the Old Testament; see B. D. under the word Covenant, and B. D. American edition under the word Testament] by the word testamentum.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

6:18; 9:9; 15; 17; 17:10
20; 24; 24:8
5:2; 9:9; 9:15; 10:8; 29:1; 31:9
26:28; 26:28
14:24; 14:24
1:72; 22:20
3:25; 7:8
9:4; 11:27
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
3:6; 3:14
3:15; 3:17; 4:24
7:22; 8:6; 8:8; 8:8; 8:9; 8:9; 8:10; 9:4; 9:15; 9:15; 9:15; 9:16; 9:16; 9:18; 9:18; 9:20; 10:16; 10:29; 12:24; 13:20

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G1242 matches the Greek διαθήκη (diathēkē),
which occurs 33 times in 30 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:28 - For this is my blood of the new testament, G1242 which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:24 - And he said unto them, This is my blood of the new testament, G1242 which is shed for many.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 1:72 - To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant; G1242
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 22:20 - Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament G1242 in my blood, which is shed for you.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 3:25 - Ye are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant G1242 which God made with our fathers, saying unto Abraham, And in thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:8 - And he gave him the covenant G1242 of circumcision: and so Abraham begat Isaac, and circumcised him the eighth day; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat the twelve patriarchs.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:4 - Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, G1242 and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises;
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 11:27 - For this is my covenant G1242 unto them, when I shall take away their sins.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 11:25 - After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament G1242 in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 3:6 - Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; G1242 not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 3:14 - But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament; G1242 which vail is done away in Christ.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:15 - Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man's covenant, G1242 yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:17 - And this I say, that the covenant, G1242 that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 4:24 - Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; G1242 the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 2:12 - That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants G1242 of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 7:22 - By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament. G1242
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:6 - But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, G1242 which was established upon better promises.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:8 - For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant G1242 with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:9 - Not according to the covenant G1242 that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, G1242 and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 8:10 - For this is the covenant G1242 that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:4 - Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant G1242 overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant; G1242
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:15 - And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, G1242 that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, G1242 they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:16 - For where a testament G1242 is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:17 - For a testament G1242 is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 9:20 - Saying, This is the blood of the testament G1242 which God hath enjoined unto you.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 10:16 - This is the covenant G1242 that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 10:29 - Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, G1242 wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 12:24 - And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, G1242 and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 13:20 - Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, G1242
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 11:19 - And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: G1242 and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.
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