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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's G1344 - dikaioō

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δικαιόω
Transliteration
dikaioō (Key)
Pronunciation
dik-ah-yo'-o
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
mGNT
39x in 24 unique form(s)
TR
40x in 26 unique form(s)
LXX
29x in 21 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 2:211,168

Strong’s Definitions

δικαιόω dikaióō, dik-ah-yo'-o; from G1342; to render (i.e. show or regard as) just or innocent:—free, justify(-ier), be righteous.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 40x

The KJV translates Strong's G1344 in the following manner: justify (37x), be freed (1x), be righteous (1x), justifier (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 40x
The KJV translates Strong's G1344 in the following manner: justify (37x), be freed (1x), be righteous (1x), justifier (1x).
  1. to render righteous or such he ought to be

  2. to show, exhibit, evince, one to be righteous, such as he is and wishes himself to be considered

  3. to declare, pronounce, one to be just, righteous, or such as he ought to be

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
δικαιόω dikaióō, dik-ah-yo'-o; from G1342; to render (i.e. show or regard as) just or innocent:—free, justify(-ier), be righteous.
STRONGS G1344:
δικαιόω, -ῶ; future δικαιώσω; 1 aorist ἐδικαίωσα; passive [present δικαιοῦμαι]; perfect δεδικαίωμαι; 1 aorist ἐδικαιώθην; future δικαιωθήσομαι; (δίκαιος); Sept. for צִדֵּק and הִצְדִּיק;
1. properly, (according to the analogy of other verbs ending in όω, as τυφλόω, δουλόω) to make δίκαιος; to render righteous or such as he ought to be; (Vulg. justifico); but this meaning is extremely rare, if not altogether doubtful; ἐδικαίωσα τὴν καρδίαν μου stands for לְבָבִי זִכִּיתִי in Psalm 72:13 (Ps. 73:13) (unless I have shown my heart to be upright be preferred as the rendering of the Greek there).
2. τινά, to show, exhibit, evince, one to be righteous, such as he is and wishes himself to be considered (Ezekiel 16:51f; τὴν ψυχὴν αὐτοῦ, Jeremiah 3:11, and, probably, δικαιοῦν δίκαιον, Isaiah 53:11): σοφία ἐδικαιώθη ἀπὸ τῶν τέκνων αὐτῆς, the wisdom taught and exemplified by John the Baptist, and by Jesus, gained from its disciples (i. e. from their life, character, and deeds) the benefit of being shown to be righteous, i. e. true and divine [cf. Buttmann, 322 (277); others interpret, was acknowledged to be righteous on the part of (nearly equivalent to by) her children; cf. Buttmann, 325 (280); see ἀπό, II. 2 d. bb.], Luke 7:35; Matthew 11:19 [here T Tr text WH read ἔργων, i. e. by her works]; passive, of Christ: ἐδικαιώθη ἐν πνεύματι, evinced to be righteous as to his spiritual (divine [(?) cf. e. g. Ellicott at the passage or Meyer on Romans 1:4]) nature, 1 Timothy 3:16; of God: ὅπως δικαιωθῇς ἐν τοῖς λόγοις σου, Romans 3:4 from Psalm 50:6 (Psalms 51:6) (κύριος μόνος δικαιωθήσεται, Sir. 18:2); passive used reflexively, to show oneself righteous: of men, Revelation 22:11 Rec.; (τί δικαιωθῶμεν; Genesis 44:16).
3. τινά, to declare, pronounce, one to be just, righteous, or such as he ought to be, (cf. ὁμοιόω to declare to be like, liken, i. e. compare; ὁσιόω, Wis. 6:11; ἀξιόω, which never means to make worthy, but to judge worthy, to declare worthy, to treat as worthy; see also κοινόω, 2 b.);
a. with the negative idea predominant, to declare guiltless one accused or who may be accused, acquitted of a charge or reproach, (Deuteronomy 25:1; Sir. 13:22 (Sir. 13:21), etc.; an unjust judge is said δικαιοῦν τὸν ἀσεβῆ in Exodus 23:7; Isaiah 5:23): ἑαυτόν, Luke 10:29; passive οὐ δεδικαίωμαι, namely, with God, 1 Corinthians 4:4; pregnantly with ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν added, to be declared innocent and therefore to be absolved from the charge of sins [cf. Buttmann, 322 (277)], Acts 13:38 (Acts 13:39) (so ἀπὸ ἁμαρτίας, Sir. 26:29; simply, to be absolved, namely, from the payment of a vow, Sir. 18:22 (Sir. 18:21)); hence, figuratively, by a usage not met with elsewhere, to be freed, ἀπὸ τῆς ἁμαρτίας, from its dominion, Romans 6:7, where cf. Fritzsche or [(less fully) Meyer].
b. with the positive idea predominant, to judge, declare, pronounce, righteous and therefore acceptable, (God is said δικαιοῦν δίκαιον, 1 Kings 8:32): ἑαυτόν, Luke 16:15; ἐδικαίωσαν τὸν θεόν, declared God to be righteous, i. e. by receiving the baptism declared that it had been prescribed by God rightly, Luke 7:29; passive by God, Romans 2:13; ἐξ ἔργων ἐδικαιώθη, got his reputation for righteousness (namely, with his countrymen [but see Meyer (edited by Weiss) at the passage]) by works, Romans 4:2; ἐκ τῶν λόγων, by thy words, in contrast with καταδικάζεσθαι, namely, by God, Matthew 12:37. Especially is it so used, in the technical phraseology of Paul, respecting God who judges and declares such men as put faith in Christ to be righteous and acceptable to him, and accordingly fit to receive the pardon of their sins and eternal life (see δικαιοσύνη, 1 c.): thus absolutely, δικαιοῦν τινα, Romans 3:26; Romans 4:5; Romans 8:30, 33 (namely, ἡμᾶς, opposed to ἐγκαλεῖν); with the addition of ἐκ (in consequence of) πίστεως, Romans 3:30; Galatians 3:8; of διὰ τῆς πίστεως, Romans 3:30; men are said δικαιοῦσθαι, δικαιωθῆναι, τῇ χάριτι τοῦ θεοῦ, Titus 3:7; δωρεὰν τῇ χάρ. τ. θεοῦ, Romans 3:24 πίστει, Romans 3:28; ἐκ πίστεως, by means of faith, Romans 5:1; Galatians 2:16; Galatians 3:24; ἐν τῷ αἵματι τοῦ Χριστοῦ (as the meritorious cause of their acceptance, as the old theologians say, faith being the apprehending or subjective cause), Romans 5:9; ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ καὶ ἐν τῷ πνεύματι τοῦ θεοῦ ἡμῶν, by confessing the name of the Lord (which implies faith in him, Romans 10:10, cf. 2 Corinthians 4:13), and by the Spirit of God (which has awakened faith in the soul), 1 Corinthians 6:11; ἐν Χριστῷ through Christ, Galatians 2:17; Acts 13:39; it is vehemently denied by Paul, that a man δικαιοῦται ἐξ ἔργων νόμου, Galatians 2:16 — with the addition ἐνώπιον αὐτοῦ, i. e. of God, Romans 3:20, cf. Romans 3:28; Romans 4:2, (see δικαιοσύνη, 1 c. under the end); — a statement which is affirmed by James in James 2:21, 24f (though he says simply ἐξ ἔργων δικαιοῦται, significantly omitting νόμου); to the same purport Paul denies that a man δικαιοῦται ἐν νόμῳ, in obeying the law, or by keeping it, Galatians 5:4; with the addition, παρὰ τῷ θεῷ, in the sight of God, Galatians 3:11. Luke 18:14 teaches that a man δικαιοῦται by deep sorrow for his sins, which so humbles him that he hopes for salvation only from divine grace.
The Pauline conceptions of δίκαιος, δικαιοσύνη, δικαιόω, are elucidated especially by Winzer, De vocabulis δίκαιος, etc., in Ep. ad Rom., Lipsius 1831; Usteri, Paulin. Lehrbegriff, p. 86f edition 4 etc.; Neander, Gesch. der Pfianzung as above with ii., p. 567ff et passim, edition 3 [Robinson's translation of edition 4, pp. 382ff, 417ff]; Baur, Paulus, p. 572ff [(Zeller's) edition 2, vol. ii 145-183; English translation, vol. ii, p. 134ff]; Rauwenhoff, Disquisitio etc., Lugd. Bat. 1852; Lipsius, Die paulin. Rechtfertigungslehre, Lpz. 1853; Schmid, Biblical Theologie des N. T., p. 562ff edition 2 [p. 558ff edition 4; English translation, p. 495f]; Ernesti, Vom Ursprung der Sϋnde as above with i., p. 152ff; Messner, Lehre der Apostel, p. 256ff [summary by S. R. Asbury in Bib. Sacr. for 1870, p. 140f]; Jul. Kõstlin in the Jahrbb. fϋr deutsche Theol. 1856 fasc. 1, p. 85ff; Wieseler, Commentar ϋ. d. Br. an d. Galater, pp. 176ff [see in Schaff's Lange's Rom., p. 122f]; Kahnis, Lutherische Dogmatik, Bd. i., p. 592ff; Philippi, Dogmatik, v. 1, p. 208ff; Weiss, Biblical Theol. des N. T. § 65; Ritschl, Die christl. Lehre v. d. Versõhnung u. Rechtf. ii. 318ff; Pfleiderer, Paulinismus, p. 172ff [English translation, vol. i., p. 171ff; but especially Dr. James Morison, Critical Exposition of the Third Chapter of the Epistle to the Romans, pp. 163-198. On the patristic usage see Reithmayr, Galaterbrief, p. 177f; Cremer, Wõrterbuch, 4te Aufl., p. 285; Suicer, Thesaurus under the word].
In classic Greek δικαιόω (Ionic δικαιέω, Herodotus) is:
1. equivalent to δίκαιον νομίζω, to deem right or fair: τί, often followed by the infinitive; to choose what is right and fair, hence, universally, to choose, desire, decide: Herodotus, Sophocles, Thucydides, others.
2. with the accusative of person, τὸ δίκαιον ποιῶ τινα to do one justice, in a bad sense, viz. to condemn, punish, one: Herodotus, Thucydides, Plato, others; hence, δικαιοῦσθαι, to have justice done oneself, to suffer justice, be treated rightly, opposed to ἀδικεῖσθαι, Aristotle, eth. Nic. 5, 9, 11, p. 1136a, 18ff (In like manner the German rechtfertigen in its early forensic use bore a bad sense, viz. to try judicially (so for ἀνακρίνειν, Acts 12:19 Luther), then condemn; execute judgment, especially put to death.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
44:16
Exodus
23:7
Deuteronomy
25:1
1 Kings
8:32
Psalms
50:6; 51:6; 72:13; 73:13
Isaiah
5:23; 53:11
Jeremiah
3:11
Ezekiel
16:51
Matthew
11:19; 12:37
Luke
7:29; 7:35; 10:29; 16:15; 18:14
Acts
12:19; 13:38; 13:39; 13:39
Romans
1:4; 2:13; 3:4; 3:20; 3:24; 3:26; 3:28; 3:28; 3:30; 3:30; 4:2; 4:2; 4:5; 5:1; 5:9; 6:7; 8:30; 8:33; 10:10
1 Corinthians
4:4; 6:11
2 Corinthians
4:13
Galatians
2:16; 2:16; 2:17; 3:8; 3:11; 3:24; 5:4
1 Timothy
3:16
Titus
3:7
James
2:21; 2:24
Revelation
22:11

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G1344 matches the Greek δικαιόω (dikaioō),
which occurs 39 times in 35 verses in the MGNT Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:19 -

“The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Look, a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners! ’ Yet wisdom is vindicated[fn] by her deeds.”[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:37 -

“For by your words you will be acquitted, and by your words you will be condemned.”

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:29 -

(And when all the people, including the tax collectors, heard this, they acknowledged God’s way of righteousness, because they had been baptized with John’s baptism.

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:35 -

“Yet wisdom is vindicated by all her children.”

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:29 -

But wanting to justify himself, he asked Jesus, “And who is my neighbor? ”

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:15 -

And he told them, “You are the ones who justify yourselves in the sight of others, but God knows your hearts. For what is highly admired by people is revolting in God’s sight.

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 18:14 -

“I tell you, this one went down to his house justified rather than the other; because everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but the one who humbles himself will be exalted.”

Unchecked Copy BoxAct 13:39 -

“Everyone who believes is justified[fn] through him from everything that you could not be justified from through the law of Moses.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 2:13 -

For the hearers of the law are not righteous before God, but the doers of the law will be justified.[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:4 -

Absolutely not! Let God be true, even though everyone is a liar, as it is written:

That you may be justified in your words

and triumph when you judge.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:20 -

For no one will be justified[fn] in his sight by the works of the law, because the knowledge of sin comes through the law.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:24 -

They are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:26 -

God presented him to demonstrate his righteousness at the present time, so that he would be righteous and declare righteous[fn] the one who has faith in Jesus.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:28 -

For we conclude that a person is justified by faith apart from the works of the law.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:30 -

since there is one God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:2 -

If Abraham was justified[fn] by works, he has something to boast about ​— ​but not before God.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:5 -

But to the one who does not work, but believes on him who declares the ungodly to be righteous, his faith is credited for righteousness.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 5:1 -

Therefore, since we have been declared righteous by faith, we have peace[fn] with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 5:9 -

How much more then, since we have now been declared righteous by his blood, will we be saved through him from wrath.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 6:7 -

since a person who has died is freed[fn] from sin.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 8:30 -

And those he predestined, he also called; and those he called, he also justified; and those he justified, he also glorified.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 8:33 -

Who can bring an accusation against God’s elect? God is the one who justifies.

Unchecked Copy Box1Co 4:4 -

For I am not conscious of anything against myself, but I am not justified by this. It is the Lord who judges me.

Unchecked Copy Box1Co 6:11 -

And some of you used to be like this. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.

Unchecked Copy BoxGal 2:16 -

and yet because we know that a person is not justified by the works of the law but by faith in Jesus Christ,[fn] even we ourselves have believed in Christ Jesus. This was so that we might be justified by faith in Christ[fn] and not by the works of the law, because by the works of the law no human being will[fn] be justified.

Unchecked Copy BoxGal 2:17 -

But if we ourselves are also found to be “sinners” while seeking to be justified by Christ, is Christ then a promoter[fn] of sin? Absolutely not!

Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:8 -

Now the Scripture saw in advance that God would justify the Gentiles by faith and proclaimed the gospel ahead of time to Abraham, saying, All the nations[fn] will be blessed through you.

Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:11 -

Now it is clear that no one is justified before God by the law, because the righteous will live by faith.

Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:24 -

The law, then, was our guardian until Christ, so that we could be justified by faith.

Unchecked Copy BoxGal 5:4 -

You who are trying to be justified by the law are alienated from Christ; you have fallen from grace.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ti 3:16 -

And most certainly, the mystery of godliness is great:

He[fn] was manifested in the flesh,

vindicated in the Spirit,

seen by angels,

preached among the nations,

believed on in the world,

taken up in glory.

Unchecked Copy BoxTit 3:7 -

so that, having been justified by his grace, we may become heirs with the hope of eternal life.

Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:21 -

Wasn’t Abraham our father justified by works in offering Isaac his son on the altar?

Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:24 -

You see that a person is justified by works and not by faith alone.

Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:25 -

In the same way, wasn’t Rahab the prostitute also justified by works in receiving the messengers and sending them out by a different route?

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