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Lexicon :: Strong's G1849 - exousia

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ἐξουσία
Transliteration
exousia (Key)
Pronunciation
ex-oo-see'-ah
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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From ἔξεστι (G1832) (in the sense of ability)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 2:562,238

Strong’s Definitions

ἐξουσία exousía, ex-oo-see'-ah; from G1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, i.e. (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely, magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence:—authority, jurisdiction, liberty, power, right, strength.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 103x

The KJV translates Strong's G1849 in the following manner: power (69x), authority (29x), right (2x), liberty (1x), jurisdiction (1x), strength (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 103x
The KJV translates Strong's G1849 in the following manner: power (69x), authority (29x), right (2x), liberty (1x), jurisdiction (1x), strength (1x).
  1. power of choice, liberty of doing as one pleases

    1. leave or permission

  2. physical and mental power

    1. the ability or strength with which one is endued, which he either possesses or exercises

  3. the power of authority (influence) and of right (privilege)

  4. the power of rule or government (the power of him whose will and commands must be submitted to by others and obeyed)

    1. universally

      1. authority over mankind

    2. specifically

      1. the power of judicial decisions

      2. of authority to manage domestic affairs

    3. metonymically

      1. a thing subject to authority or rule

        1. jurisdiction

      2. one who possesses authority

        1. a ruler, a human magistrate

        2. the leading and more powerful among created beings superior to man, spiritual potentates

    4. a sign of the husband's authority over his wife

      1. the veil with which propriety required a women to cover herself

    5. the sign of regal authority, a crown

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
ἐξουσία exousía, ex-oo-see'-ah; from G1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, i.e. (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely, magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence:—authority, jurisdiction, liberty, power, right, strength.
STRONGS NT 1849: ἐξουσία
ἐξουσία, ἐξουσίας, (from ἔξεστι, ἐξόν, which see), from Euripides, Xenophon, Plato down; the Sept. for מֶמְשָׁלָה and Chaldean שָׁלְטָן; power.
1. power of choice, liberty of doing as one pleases; leave or permission: 1 Corinthians 9:12, 18; ἔχειν ἐξουσίαν, 2 Thessalonians 3:9; with an infinitive added indicating the thing to be done, John 10:18; 1 Corinthians 9:4; Hebrews 13:10 (WH brackets ἐξουσία); followed by an infinitive with τοῦ, 1 Corinthians 9:6 (L T Tr WH omit τοῦ); with a genitive of the thing or the person with regard to which one has the power to decide: Romans 9:21 (where an explanatory infinitive is added (Buttmann, 260 (224))); 1 Corinthians 9:12; ἐπί τό ξύλον τῆς ζωῆς, permission to use the tree of life, Revelation 22:14 (see ἐπί, C. I. 2 e.); ἐξουσίαν ἔχειν περί τοῦ ἰδίου θελήματος (opposed to ἀνάγκην ἔχειν (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 30, 3 N. 5)), 1 Corinthians 7:37; ἐν τῇ ἰδίᾳ ἐξουσία (appointed, see τίθημι, 1 a. sub at the end) according to his own choice, Acts 1:7; ἐν τῇ σῇ ἐξουσία ὑπῆρχεν, i. e. at thy free disposal, Acts 5:4; used of liberty under the gospel, as opposed to the yoke of the Mosaic law, 1 Corinthians 8:9.
2. physical and mental power; the ability or strength with which one is endued, which he either possesses or exercises: Matthew 9:8; Acts 8:19; Revelation 9:3, 19; Revelation 13:2, 4; Revelation 18:1; followed by an infinitive of the thing to be done, Mark 3:15; Luke 12:5; John 1:12; Revelation 9:10; Revelation 11:6; Revelation 13:5; followed by τοῦ with the infinitive Luke 10:19; αὕτη ἐστιν ἐξουσία τοῦ σκότους, this is the power that darkness exerts, Luke 22:53; ποιεῖν ἐξουσίαν to exert power, give exhibitions of power, Revelation 13:12; ἐν ἐξουσία εἶναι, to be possessed of power and influence, Luke 4:32; also ἐξουσίαν ἔχειν (both expressions refer to the ability and weight which Jesus exhibited in his teaching) Matthew 7:29; (Mark 1:22); κατ' ἐξουσίαν powerfully, Mark 1:27; also ἐν ἐξουσία, Luke 4:36.
3. the power of authority (influence) and of right: Matthew 21:23; Mark 11:28; Luke 20:2; spoken of the authority of an apostle, 2 Corinthians 10:8; 2 Corinthians 13:10; of the divine authority granted to Jesus as Messiah, with the infinitive of the thing to be done, Matthew 9:6; Mark 2:10; Luke 5:24; John 5:27; ἐν ποίᾳ ἐξουσία; clothed in what authority (i. e. thine own or God's?), Matthew 21:23, 24, 27; Mark 11:28, 29, 33; Luke 20:2, 8; delegated authority (German Vollmacht, authorization): παρά τίνος, with the genitive of the person by whom the authority is given, or received, Acts 9:14; Acts 26:10, 12 (R G).
4. the power of rule or government (the power of him whose will and commands must be submitted to by others and obeyed (generally translated authority));
a. universally: Matthew 28:18; Jude 1:25; Revelation 12:10; Revelation 17:13; λαμβάνειν, ἐξουσίαν ὡς βασιλεύς, Revelation 17:12; εἰμί ὑπό ἐξουσίαν, I am under authority, Matthew 8:9; with τασσόμενος added, (Matthew 8:9 L WH brackets); Luke 7:8; ἐξουσία τίνος, the genitive of the object, authority (to be exercised) over, as τῶν πνευμάτων τῶν ἀκαθάρτων, Mark 6:7; with ὥστε ἐκβάλλειν αὐτά added, Matthew 10:1; ἐξουσίαν πάσης σαρκός, authority over all mankind, John 17:2 (πάσης σαρκός κυρειαν, Bel and the Dragon, verse 5); (the genitive of the subject, τοῦ Σατανᾶ, Acts 26:18); ἐπί τινα, power over one, so as to be able to subdue, drive out, destroy, Revelation 6:8; ἐπί τά δαιμόνια, Luke 9:1; or to hold submissive to one's will, Revelation 13:7; ἐπί τάς πληγάς, the power to inflict plagues and to put an end to them, Revelation 16:9; ἐπί τῶν ἐθνῶν, over the heathen nations, Revelation 2:26; ἐπί τίνος, to destroy one, Revelation 20:6; ἔχειν ἐξουσίαν ἐπί τοῦ πυρός, to preside, have control, over fire, to hold it subject to his will, Revelation 14:18; ἐπί τῶν ὑδάτων, Revelation 11:6; ἐπάνω τίνος ἐξουσίαν ἔχειν, to be ruler over a thing, Luke 19:17.
b. specifically,
α. of the power of judicial decision; ἐξουσίαν ἔχειν with an infinitive of the thing decided: σταυρῶσαι and ἀπολῦσαι τινα, John 19:10; followed by κατά τίνος, the power of deciding against one, John 19:11; παραδοῦναι τινα... τῇ ἐξουσία τοῦ ἡγεμόνος, Luke 20:20.
β. of authority to manage domestic affairs: Mark 13:34.
c. metonymically,
α. a thing subject to authority or rule: Luke 4:6; jurisdiction: ἐκ τῆς ἐξουσίας ἡδωρου ἐστιν, Luke 23:7 (1 Macc. 6:11 (cf. Psalm 113:2 (Ps. 114:2); Isaiah 39:2)).
β. one who possesses authority; (cf. the Latin use of honestates, dignitates, auctoritates (so the English authorities, dignities, etc.) in reference to persons);
αα. a ruler, human magistrate (Dionysius Halicarnassus 8, 44; 11, 32): Romans 13:1-3; plural: Luke 12:11; Romans 13:1; Titus 3:1.
ββ. the leading and more powerful among created beings superior to man, spiritual potentates; used in the plural of a certain class of angels (see ἀρχή, δύναμις, θρόνος, κυριότης): Colossians 1:16; 1 Peter 3:22 (cf. Fritzsche on Romans, vol. ii., p. 226f; (Lightfoot on Colossians, the passage cited)); with ἐν τοῖς ἐπουρανίοις added, Ephesians 3:10; πᾶσα ἐξουσία, 1 Corinthians 15:24; Ephesians 1:21; Colossians 2:10; used also of demons: in the plural, Ephesians 6:12; Colossians 2:15; collectively (cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 469), ἐξουσία τοῦ ἀέρος (see ἀήρ), Ephesians 2:2; τοῦ σκότους, Colossians 1:13 (others refer this to 4 a. (or c. α.) above (cf. Luke 22:53 in 2), and regard σκότος as personified; see σκότος, b.).
d. a sign of the husband's authority over his wife, i. e. the veil with which propriety required a woman to cover herself, 1 Corinthians 11:10 (as βασιλεία is used by Diodorus 1, 47 for the sign of regal power, i. e. a crown). (Synonym: see δύναμις, at the end. On the infinitive after ἐξουσία, and ἐξουσία ἔχειν cf. Buttmann, 260 (223f).)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Psalms
113:2; 114:2
Isaiah
39:2
Matthew
7:29; 8:9; 8:9; 9:6; 9:8; 10:1; 21:23; 21:23; 21:24; 21:27; 28:18
Mark
1:22; 1:27; 2:10; 3:15; 6:7; 11:28; 11:28; 11:29; 11:33; 13:34
Luke
4:6; 4:32; 4:36; 5:24; 7:8; 9:1; 10:19; 12:5; 12:11; 19:17; 20:2; 20:2; 20:8; 20:20; 22:53; 22:53; 23:7
John
1:12; 5:27; 10:18; 17:2; 19:10; 19:11
Acts
1:7; 5:4; 8:19; 9:14; 26:10; 26:12; 26:18
Romans
9:21; 13:1; 13:1; 13:2; 13:3
1 Corinthians
7:37; 8:9; 9:4; 9:6; 9:12; 9:12; 9:18; 11:10; 15:24
2 Corinthians
10:8; 13:10
Ephesians
1:21; 2:2; 3:10; 6:12
Colossians
1:13; 1:16; 2:10; 2:15
2 Thessalonians
3:9
Titus
3:1
Hebrews
13:10
1 Peter
3:22
Jude
1:25
Revelation
2:26; 6:8; 9:3; 9:10; 9:19; 11:6; 11:6; 12:10; 13:2; 13:4; 13:5; 13:7; 13:12; 14:18; 16:9; 17:12; 17:13; 18:1; 20:6; 22:14

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G1849 matches the Greek ἐξουσία (exousia),
which occurs 17 times in 15 verses in the LXX Greek.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 20:13 - καὶ ἐχάρη ἐπ᾽ αὐτοῗς Εζεκιας καὶ ἔδειξεν αὐτοῗς ὅλον τὸν οἶκον τοῦ νεχωθα τὸ ἀργύριον καὶ τὸ χρυσίον τὰ ἀρώματα καὶ τὸ ἔλαιον τὸ ἀγαθόν καὶ τὸν οἶκον τῶν σκευῶν καὶ ὅσα ηὑρέθη ἐν τοῗς θησαυροῗς αὐτοῦ οὐκ ἦν λόγος ὃν οὐκ ἔδειξεν αὐτοῗς Εζεκιας ἐν τῷ οἴκῳ αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐν πάσῃ τῇ ἐξουσίᾳ αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 114:2 - (LXX 113:2)ἐγενήθη Ιουδαία ἁγίασμα αὐτοῦ Ισραηλ ἐξουσία αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 136:8 - (LXX 135:8)τὸν ἥλιον εἰς ἐξουσίαν τῆς ἡμέρας ὅτι εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα τὸ ἔλεος αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 136:9 - (LXX 135:9)τὴν σελήνην καὶ τὰ ἄστρα εἰς ἐξουσίαν τῆς νυκτός ὅτι εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα τὸ ἔλεος αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:14 - ἐξουσίαν δίδωσιν λόγοις ἀρχὴ δικαιοσύνης προηγεῗται δὲ τῆς ἐνδείας στάσις καὶ μάχη
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 8:8 - οὐκ ἔστιν ἄνθρωπος ἐξουσιάζων ἐν πνεύματι τοῦ κωλῦσαι σὺν τὸ πνεῦμα καὶ οὐκ ἔστιν ἐξουσία ἐν ἡμέρᾳ τοῦ θανάτου καὶ οὐκ ἔστιν ἀποστολὴ ἐν τῷ πολέμῳ καὶ οὐ διασώσει ἀσέβεια τὸν παρ᾽ αὐτῆς
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 3:2 - καὶ ἀπέστειλεν συναγαγεῗν τοὺς ὑπάτους καὶ τοὺς στρατηγοὺς καὶ τοὺς τοπάρχας ἡγουμένους καὶ τυράννους καὶ τοὺς ἐπ᾽ ἐξουσιῶν καὶ πάντας τοὺς ἄρχοντας τῶν χωρῶν ἐλθεῗν εἰς τὰ ἐγκαίνια τῆς εἰκόνος ἧς ἔστησεν Ναβουχοδονοσορ ὁ βασιλεύς
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 3:3 - καὶ συνήχθησαν οἱ τοπάρχαι ὕπατοι στρατηγοί ἡγούμενοι τύραννοι μεγάλοι οἱ ἐπ᾽ ἐξουσιῶν καὶ πάντες οἱ ἄρχοντες τῶν χωρῶν εἰς τὸν ἐγκαινισμὸν τῆς εἰκόνος ἧς ἔστησεν Ναβουχοδονοσορ ὁ βασιλεύς καὶ εἱστήκεισαν ἐνώπιον τῆς εἰκόνος ἧς ἔστησεν Ναβουχοδονοσορ
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 4:3 - ὡς μεγάλα καὶ ἰσχυρά βασιλεία αὐτοῦ βασιλεία αἰώνιος καὶ ἐξουσία αὐτοῦ εἰς γενεὰν καὶ γενεάν
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 4:26 - καὶ ὅτι εἶπαν ἐάσατε τὴν φυὴν τῶν ῥιζῶν τοῦ δένδρου βασιλεία σού σοι μενεῗ ἀφ᾽ ἧς ἂν γνῷς τὴν ἐξουσίαν τὴν οὐράνιον
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 4:34 - καὶ μετὰ τὸ τέλος τῶν ἡμερῶν ἐγὼ Ναβουχοδονοσορ τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς μου εἰς τὸν οὐρανὸν ἀνέλαβον καὶ αἱ φρένες μου ἐπ᾽ ἐμὲ ἐπεστράφησαν καὶ τῷ ὑψίστῳ εὐλόγησα καὶ τῷ ζῶντι εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα ᾔνεσα καὶ ἐδόξασα ὅτι ἐξουσία αὐτοῦ ἐξουσία αἰώνιος καὶ βασιλεία αὐτοῦ εἰς γενεὰν καὶ γενεάν
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 7:6 - ὀπίσω τούτου ἐθεώρουν καὶ ἰδοὺ ἕτερον θηρίον ὡσεὶ πάρδαλις καὶ αὐτῇ πτερὰ τέσσαρα πετεινοῦ ὑπεράνω αὐτῆς καὶ τέσσαρες κεφαλαὶ τῷ θηρίῳ καὶ ἐξουσία ἐδόθη αὐτῇ
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 7:14 - καὶ αὐτῷ ἐδόθη ἀρχὴ καὶ τιμὴ καὶ βασιλεία καὶ πάντες οἱ λαοί φυλαί γλῶσσαι αὐτῷ δουλεύσουσιν ἐξουσία αὐτοῦ ἐξουσία αἰώνιος ἥτις οὐ παρελεύσεται καὶ βασιλεία αὐτοῦ οὐ διαφθαρήσεται
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 7:27 - καὶ βασιλεία καὶ ἐξουσία καὶ μεγαλωσύνη τῶν βασιλέων τῶν ὑποκάτω παντὸς τοῦ οὐρανοῦ ἐδόθη ἁγίοις ὑψίστου καὶ βασιλεία αὐτοῦ βασιλεία αἰώνιος καὶ πᾶσαι αἱ ἀρχαὶ αὐτῷ δουλεύσουσιν καὶ ὑπακούσονται
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 11:5 - καὶ ἐνισχύσει βασιλεὺς τοῦ νότου καὶ εἷς τῶν ἀρχόντων αὐτοῦ ἐνισχύσει ἐπ᾽ αὐτὸν καὶ κυριεύσει κυριείαν πολλὴν ἐπ᾽ ἐξουσίας αὐτοῦ

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