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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's G1849 - exousia

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ἐξουσία
Transliteration
exousia (Key)
Pronunciation
ex-oo-see'-ah
Listen
Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From ἔξεστι (G1832) (in the sense of ability)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 2:562,238

Strong’s Definitions

ἐξουσία exousía, ex-oo-see'-ah; from G1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, i.e. (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely, magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence:—authority, jurisdiction, liberty, power, right, strength.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 103x

The KJV translates Strong's G1849 in the following manner: power (69x), authority (29x), right (2x), liberty (1x), jurisdiction (1x), strength (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 103x
The KJV translates Strong's G1849 in the following manner: power (69x), authority (29x), right (2x), liberty (1x), jurisdiction (1x), strength (1x).
  1. power of choice, liberty of doing as one pleases

    1. leave or permission

  2. physical and mental power

    1. the ability or strength with which one is endued, which he either possesses or exercises

  3. the power of authority (influence) and of right (privilege)

  4. the power of rule or government (the power of him whose will and commands must be submitted to by others and obeyed)

    1. universally

      1. authority over mankind

    2. specifically

      1. the power of judicial decisions

      2. of authority to manage domestic affairs

    3. metonymically

      1. a thing subject to authority or rule

        1. jurisdiction

      2. one who possesses authority

        1. a ruler, a human magistrate

        2. the leading and more powerful among created beings superior to man, spiritual potentates

    4. a sign of the husband's authority over his wife

      1. the veil with which propriety required a women to cover herself

    5. the sign of regal authority, a crown

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
ἐξουσία exousía, ex-oo-see'-ah; from G1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, i.e. (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely, magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence:—authority, jurisdiction, liberty, power, right, strength.
STRONGS G1849:
ἐξουσία, ἐξουσίας, (from ἔξεστι, ἐξόν, which see), from Euripides, Xenophon, Plato down; the Sept. for מֶמְשָׁלָה and Chaldean שָׁלְטָן; power.
1. power of choice, liberty of doing as one pleases; leave or permission: 1 Corinthians 9:12, 18; ἔχειν ἐξουσίαν, 2 Thessalonians 3:9; with an infinitive added indicating the thing to be done, John 10:18; 1 Corinthians 9:4; Hebrews 13:10 (WH brackets ἐξουσία); followed by an infinitive with τοῦ, 1 Corinthians 9:6 (L T Tr WH omit τοῦ); with a genitive of the thing or the person with regard to which one has the power to decide: Romans 9:21 (where an explanatory infinitive is added (Buttmann, 260 (224))); 1 Corinthians 9:12; ἐπί τό ξύλον τῆς ζωῆς, permission to use the tree of life, Revelation 22:14 (see ἐπί, C. I. 2 e.); ἐξουσίαν ἔχειν περί τοῦ ἰδίου θελήματος (opposed to ἀνάγκην ἔχειν (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 30, 3 N. 5)), 1 Corinthians 7:37; ἐν τῇ ἰδίᾳ ἐξουσία (appointed, see τίθημι, 1 a. sub at the end) according to his own choice, Acts 1:7; ἐν τῇ σῇ ἐξουσία ὑπῆρχεν, i. e. at thy free disposal, Acts 5:4; used of liberty under the gospel, as opposed to the yoke of the Mosaic law, 1 Corinthians 8:9.
2. physical and mental power; the ability or strength with which one is endued, which he either possesses or exercises: Matthew 9:8; Acts 8:19; Revelation 9:3, 19; Revelation 13:2, 4; Revelation 18:1; followed by an infinitive of the thing to be done, Mark 3:15; Luke 12:5; John 1:12; Revelation 9:10; Revelation 11:6; Revelation 13:5; followed by τοῦ with the infinitive Luke 10:19; αὕτη ἐστιν ἐξουσία τοῦ σκότους, this is the power that darkness exerts, Luke 22:53; ποιεῖν ἐξουσίαν to exert power, give exhibitions of power, Revelation 13:12; ἐν ἐξουσία εἶναι, to be possessed of power and influence, Luke 4:32; also ἐξουσίαν ἔχειν (both expressions refer to the ability and weight which Jesus exhibited in his teaching) Matthew 7:29; (Mark 1:22); κατ' ἐξουσίαν powerfully, Mark 1:27; also ἐν ἐξουσία, Luke 4:36.
3. the power of authority (influence) and of right: Matthew 21:23; Mark 11:28; Luke 20:2; spoken of the authority of an apostle, 2 Corinthians 10:8; 2 Corinthians 13:10; of the divine authority granted to Jesus as Messiah, with the infinitive of the thing to be done, Matthew 9:6; Mark 2:10; Luke 5:24; John 5:27; ἐν ποίᾳ ἐξουσία; clothed in what authority (i. e. thine own or God's?), Matthew 21:23, 24, 27; Mark 11:28, 29, 33; Luke 20:2, 8; delegated authority (German Vollmacht, authorization): παρά τίνος, with the genitive of the person by whom the authority is given, or received, Acts 9:14; Acts 26:10, 12 (R G).
4. the power of rule or government (the power of him whose will and commands must be submitted to by others and obeyed (generally translated authority));
a. universally: Matthew 28:18; Jude 1:25; Revelation 12:10; Revelation 17:13; λαμβάνειν, ἐξουσίαν ὡς βασιλεύς, Revelation 17:12; εἰμί ὑπό ἐξουσίαν, I am under authority, Matthew 8:9; with τασσόμενος added, (Matthew 8:9 L WH brackets); Luke 7:8; ἐξουσία τίνος, the genitive of the object, authority (to be exercised) over, as τῶν πνευμάτων τῶν ἀκαθάρτων, Mark 6:7; with ὥστε ἐκβάλλειν αὐτά added, Matthew 10:1; ἐξουσίαν πάσης σαρκός, authority over all mankind, John 17:2 (πάσης σαρκός κυρειαν, Bel and the Dragon, verse 5); (the genitive of the subject, τοῦ Σατανᾶ, Acts 26:18); ἐπί τινα, power over one, so as to be able to subdue, drive out, destroy, Revelation 6:8; ἐπί τά δαιμόνια, Luke 9:1; or to hold submissive to one's will, Revelation 13:7; ἐπί τάς πληγάς, the power to inflict plagues and to put an end to them, Revelation 16:9; ἐπί τῶν ἐθνῶν, over the heathen nations, Revelation 2:26; ἐπί τίνος, to destroy one, Revelation 20:6; ἔχειν ἐξουσίαν ἐπί τοῦ πυρός, to preside, have control, over fire, to hold it subject to his will, Revelation 14:18; ἐπί τῶν ὑδάτων, Revelation 11:6; ἐπάνω τίνος ἐξουσίαν ἔχειν, to be ruler over a thing, Luke 19:17.
b. specifically,
α. of the power of judicial decision; ἐξουσίαν ἔχειν with an infinitive of the thing decided: σταυρῶσαι and ἀπολῦσαι τινα, John 19:10; followed by κατά τίνος, the power of deciding against one, John 19:11; παραδοῦναι τινα... τῇ ἐξουσία τοῦ ἡγεμόνος, Luke 20:20.
β. of authority to manage domestic affairs: Mark 13:34.
c. metonymically,
α. a thing subject to authority or rule: Luke 4:6; jurisdiction: ἐκ τῆς ἐξουσίας ἡδωρου ἐστιν, Luke 23:7 (1 Macc. 6:11 (cf. Psalm 113:2 (Ps. 114:2); Isaiah 39:2)).
β. one who possesses authority; (cf. the Latin use of honestates, dignitates, auctoritates (so the English authorities, dignities, etc.) in reference to persons);
αα. a ruler, human magistrate (Dionysius Halicarnassus 8, 44; 11, 32): Romans 13:1-3; plural: Luke 12:11; Romans 13:1; Titus 3:1.
ββ. the leading and more powerful among created beings superior to man, spiritual potentates; used in the plural of a certain class of angels (see ἀρχή, δύναμις, θρόνος, κυριότης): Colossians 1:16; 1 Peter 3:22 (cf. Fritzsche on Romans, vol. ii., p. 226f; (Lightfoot on Colossians, the passage cited)); with ἐν τοῖς ἐπουρανίοις added, Ephesians 3:10; πᾶσα ἐξουσία, 1 Corinthians 15:24; Ephesians 1:21; Colossians 2:10; used also of demons: in the plural, Ephesians 6:12; Colossians 2:15; collectively (cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 469), ἐξουσία τοῦ ἀέρος (see ἀήρ), Ephesians 2:2; τοῦ σκότους, Colossians 1:13 (others refer this to 4 a. (or c. α.) above (cf. Luke 22:53 in 2), and regard σκότος as personified; see σκότος, b.).
d. a sign of the husband's authority over his wife, i. e. the veil with which propriety required a woman to cover herself, 1 Corinthians 11:10 (as βασιλεία is used by Diodorus 1, 47 for the sign of regal power, i. e. a crown). (Synonym: see δύναμις, at the end. On the infinitive after ἐξουσία, and ἐξουσία ἔχειν cf. Buttmann, 260 (223f).)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Psalms
113:2; 114:2
Isaiah
39:2
Matthew
7:29; 8:9; 8:9; 9:6; 9:8; 10:1; 21:23; 21:23; 21:24; 21:27; 28:18
Mark
1:22; 1:27; 2:10; 3:15; 6:7; 11:28; 11:28; 11:29; 11:33; 13:34
Luke
4:6; 4:32; 4:36; 5:24; 7:8; 9:1; 10:19; 12:5; 12:11; 19:17; 20:2; 20:2; 20:8; 20:20; 22:53; 22:53; 23:7
John
1:12; 5:27; 10:18; 17:2; 19:10; 19:11
Acts
1:7; 5:4; 8:19; 9:14; 26:10; 26:12; 26:18
Romans
9:21; 13:1; 13:1; 13:2; 13:3
1 Corinthians
7:37; 8:9; 9:4; 9:6; 9:12; 9:12; 9:18; 11:10; 15:24
2 Corinthians
10:8; 13:10
Ephesians
1:21; 2:2; 3:10; 6:12
Colossians
1:13; 1:16; 2:10; 2:15
2 Thessalonians
3:9
Titus
3:1
Hebrews
13:10
1 Peter
3:22
Jude
1:25
Revelation
2:26; 6:8; 9:3; 9:10; 9:19; 11:6; 11:6; 12:10; 13:2; 13:4; 13:5; 13:7; 13:12; 14:18; 16:9; 17:12; 17:13; 18:1; 20:6; 22:14

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G1849 matches the Greek ἐξουσία (exousia),
which occurs 103 times in 93 verses in the TR Greek.

Page 1 / 2 (Mat 7:29–Rom 13:3)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:29 - for He was teaching them as one who had authority G1849, and not as their scribes.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 8:9 - “For I also am a man under authority G1849, with soldiers under me; and I say to this one, ‘Go!’ and he goes, and to another, ‘Come!’ and he comes, and to my slave, ‘Do this!’ and he does it.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 9:6 - “But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority G1849 on earth to forgive sins—then He *said to the paralyzed man, “Get up, pick up your stretcher and go home.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 9:8 - But when the crowds saw this, they were [fn]awestruck, and they glorified God, who had given such authority G1849 to men.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:1 - Jesus summoned His twelve disciples and gave them authority G1849 over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every disease and every sickness.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:23 - When He entered the temple area, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to Him while He was teaching, and said, “By what authority G1849 are You doing these things, and who gave You this authority G1849?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:24 - But Jesus responded and said to them, “I will also ask you one [fn]question, which, if you tell Me, I will also tell you by what authority G1849 I do these things.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:27 - And answering Jesus, they said, “We do not know.” He also said to them, “Neither am I telling you by what authority G1849 I do these things.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 28:18 - And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority G1849 in heaven and on earth has been given to Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 1:22 - And they were amazed at His teaching; for He was teaching them as one having authority G1849, and not as the scribes.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 1:27 - And they were all amazed, so they debated among themselves, saying, “What is this? A new teaching with authority G1849! He commands even the unclean spirits, and they obey Him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 2:10 - “But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority G1849 on earth to forgive sins—He *said to the paralyzed man,
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 3:15 - and to have authority G1849 to cast out the demons.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:7 - And He *summoned the twelve and began to send them out in pairs, and gave them authority G1849 over the unclean spirits;
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 11:28 - and began saying to Him, “By what authority G1849 are You doing these things, or who gave You this authority G1849 to do these things?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 11:29 - But Jesus said to them, “I will ask you one question, and you answer Me, and then I will tell you by what authority G1849 I do these things.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 11:33 - Answering Jesus, they *said, “We do not know.” And Jesus *said to them, “Neither am I telling you by what authority G1849 I do these things.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 13:34 - It is like a man away on a journey, who upon leaving his house and [fn]putting his slaves in charge G1849, assigning to each one his task, also commanded the doorkeeper to stay alert.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 4:6 - And the devil said to Him, “I will give You all this domain G1849 and [fn]its glory, for it has been handed over to me, and I give it to whomever I want.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 4:32 - and they were amazed at His teaching, because His [fn]message was delivered with authority G1849.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 4:36 - And amazement came upon them all, and they began talking with one another, saying, “What is [fn]this message? For with authority G1849 and power He commands the unclean spirits, and they come out!”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 5:24 - “But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority G1849 on earth to forgive sins,” He said to the man who was paralyzed, “I say to you, get up, and pick up your stretcher, and go home.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:8 - “For I also am a man placed under authority G1849, with soldiers under myself; and I say to this one, ‘Go!’ and he goes, and to another, ‘Come!’ and he comes, and to my slave, ‘Do this!’ and he does it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 9:1 - Now He called the twelve together and gave them power and authority G1849 over all the demons, and the power to heal diseases.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:19 - “Behold, I have given you authority G1849 to walk on snakes and scorpions, and authority over all the power of the enemy, and nothing will injure you.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:5 - “But I will warn you whom to fear: fear the One who, after He has killed someone, has the power G1849 to throw that person into [fn]hell; yes, I tell you, fear [fn]Him!
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:11 - “Now when they bring you before the synagogues and the officials and the authorities G1849, do not worry about how or what you are to speak in your defense, or what you are to say;
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 19:17 - “And he said to him, ‘Well done, good slave; since you have been faithful in a very little thing, you are to have authority G1849 over ten cities.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:2 - and they declared, saying to Him, “Tell us by what authority G1849 You are doing these things, or who is the one who gave You this authority G1849?”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:8 - And Jesus said to them, “Neither am I telling you by what authority G1849 I do these things.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:20 - And so they watched Him [fn]closely, and sent spies who pretended to be righteous, in order that they might catch Him in some statement, so that they could hand Him over to the jurisdiction and authority G1849 of the governor.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 22:53 - “While I was with you daily in the temple, you did not lay hands on Me; but [fn]this hour and the power G1849 of darkness are yours.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 23:7 - And when he learned that He belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction G1849, he sent Him to Herod, [fn]since he also was in Jerusalem [fn]at this time.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:12 - But [fn]as many as received Him, to them He gave the right G1849 to become children of God, to those who [fn]believe in His name,
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 5:27 - and He gave Him authority G1849 to execute judgment, because He is [fn]the Son of Man.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 10:18 - “No one has taken it away from Me, but I lay it down on My own. I have authority G1849 to lay it down, and I have authority G1849 to take it back. This commandment I received from My Father.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 17:2 - just as You gave Him authority G1849 over all [fn]mankind, so that [fn]to all whom You have given Him, He may give eternal life.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:10 - So Pilate *said to Him, “Are you not speaking to me? Do You not know that I have authority G1849 to release You, and I have authority G1849 to crucify You?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:11 - Jesus answered him, “You would have no authority G1849 [fn]over Me at all, if it had not been given to you from above; for this reason the one who handed Me over to you has the greater sin.”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 1:7 - But He said to them, “It is not for you to know periods of time or appointed times which the Father has set by His own authority G1849;
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 5:4 - “While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it was sold, was it not [fn]under your control G1849? Why is it that you have [fn]conceived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to men, but to God.”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 8:19 - saying, “Give this authority G1849 to me as well, so that everyone on whom I lay my hands may receive the Holy Spirit.”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 9:14 - and here he has authority G1849 from the chief priests to [fn]arrest all who call on Your name.”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 26:10 - “And this is [fn]just what I did in Jerusalem; not only did I lock up many of the [fn]saints in prisons, after receiving authority G1849 from the chief priests, but I also cast my vote against them when they were being put to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 26:12 - [fn]While so engaged, as I was journeying to Damascus with the authority G1849 and commission of the chief priests,
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 26:18 - to open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light, and from the [fn]power G1849 of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in Me.’
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:21 - Or does the potter not have a right G1849 over the clay, to make from the same lump one object [fn]for honorable use, and another [fn]for common use?
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 13:1 - Every [fn]person is to be subject to the governing authorities G1849. For there is no authority G1849 except [fn]from God, and those which exist are established by God.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 13:2 - Therefore [fn]whoever resists authority G1849 has opposed the ordinance of God; and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 13:3 - For rulers are not a cause of fear for [fn]good behavior, but for evil. Do you want to have no fear of authority G1849? Do what is good and you will have praise from the same;

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