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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's G2038 - ergazomai

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ergazomai (Key)
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
Middle voice from ἔργον (G2041)
41x in 18 unique form(s)
39x in 18 unique form(s)
96x in 32 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 2:635,251

Strong’s Definitions

ἐργάζομαι ergázomai, er-gad'-zom-ahee; middle voice from G2041; to toil (as a task, occupation, etc.), (by implication) effect, be engaged in or with, etc.:—commit, do, labor for, minister about, trade (by), work.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x

The KJV translates Strong's G2038 in the following manner: work (22x), wrought (7x), do (3x), minister about (1x), forbear working (with G3361) (1x), labour for (1x), labour (1x), commit (1x), trade by (1x), trade (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x
The KJV translates Strong's G2038 in the following manner: work (22x), wrought (7x), do (3x), minister about (1x), forbear working (with G3361) (1x), labour for (1x), labour (1x), commit (1x), trade by (1x), trade (1x).
  1. to work, labour, do work

  2. to trade, to make gains by trading, "do business"

  3. to do, work out

    1. exercise, perform, commit

    2. to cause to exist, produce

  4. to work for, earn by working, to acquire

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
ἐργάζομαι ergázomai, er-gad'-zom-ahee; middle voice from G2041; to toil (as a task, occupation, etc.), (by implication) effect, be engaged in or with, etc.:—commit, do, labor for, minister about, trade (by), work.
ἐργάζομαι; deponent middle; imperfect ἐιργαζομην (ἠργαζομην, Acts 18:3 L T Tr WH; (so elsewhere at times; this variant in augment is found in the aorist also); cf. Winers Grammar, sec 12, 8; Buttmann, 33 (29f); Stephanus Thesaurus iii. 1970 c.; (Curtius, Das Verbum, i. 124; Cramer, Anecd. 4, 412; Veitch, under the word)); 1 aorist εἰργασάμην (ἠργάσατο, Matthew 25:16; (Matthew 26:10); Mark 14:6, in T WH, (add, 2 John 1:8 WH and Hebrews 11:33 T Tr WH; cf. references as above)); pf. εἴργασμαι, in a pass. sense (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 38, 7 e.), John 3:21, as often in Greek writings (cf. Veitch, under the word); (ἔργον); Sept. for פָּעַל, עָבַד, sometimes for עָשָׂה.;
1. absolutely,
a. to work, labor, do work: it is opposite to inactivity or idleness, Luke 13:14; John 5:17; John 9:4; 2 Thessalonians 3:10; with addition of ταῖς χερσί, 1 Corinthians 4:12; 1 Thessalonians 4:11; with the accusative of time: νύκτα καί ἡμέραν, 2 Thessalonians 3:8 (but L text T Tr WH the genitive, as in 1 Thessalonians 2:9 (see ἡμέρα, 1 a.); cf. Winer's Grammar, § 30, 11 and Ellic. on 1 Timothy 5:5); with the predominant idea of working for pay, Matthew 21:28 (ἐν τῷ ἀμπελῶνι); Acts 18:3; 1 Corinthians 9:6; 2 Thessalonians 3:12; according to the conception characteristic of Paul, ἐργαζόμενος he that does works conformed to the law (Germ.der Werkthatige): Romans 4:4f.
b. to trade, to make gains by trading, (cf. our do business): ἐν τίνι, with a thing, Matthew 25:16 (often so by Demosthenes).
2. transitive,
a. (to work, i. e.) to do, work out: τί, Colossians 3:23; 2 John 1:8 (with which (according to reading of L T Tr text) cf. 1 Corinthians 15:58 end); μηδέν, 2 Thessalonians 3:11 ἔργον, Acts 13:41 (פֹּעַל פָּעַל, Habakkuk 1:5); ἔργον καλόν εἰς τινα, Matthew 26:10; ἐν τίνι (the dative of person (cf. Winer's Grammar, 218 (205))), Mark 14:6 (Rec. εἰς ἐμέ); ἔργα, wrought, passive, John 3:21; τά ἔργα τοῦ Θεοῦ, what God wishes to be done, John 6:28; John 9:4; τοῦ κυρίου, to give one's strength to the work which the Lord wishes to have done, 1 Corinthians 16:10; τό ἀγαθόν, (Romans 2:10); Ephesians 4:28; πρός τινα, Galatians 6:10; κακόν τίνι τί, Romans 13:10 (τινα τί is more common in Greek writings. (Kühner, § 411, 5)); τί εἰς τινα, 3 John 1:5, with the accusative of virtues or vices, (to work, i. e.) to exercise, perform, commit": δικαιοσύνην, Acts 10:35; Hebrews 11:33, (Psalm 14:2 (Ps. 15:2); Zephaniah 2:3); τήν ἀνομίαν, Matthew 7:23 (Psalm 5:6 and often in Sept.); ἁμαρτίαν, James 2:9. σημεῖον, bring to pass, effect, John 6:30; τά ἱερά, to be busied with the holy things, i. e. to administer those things that pertain to worship, which was the business of priests and among the Jews of the Levites also, 1 Corinthians 9:13; τήν θάλασσαν literally, work the sea (mare exerceo, Justin Martyr, hist. 43, 3), i. e. to be employed on (cf. do business on, Psalm 107:23) and make one's living from it, Revelation 18:17 (so of sailors and fishermen also in native Greek writings, as Aristot. probl. 38, 2 (p. 966{b}, 26); Dionysius Halicarnassus, Antiquities 3, 46; App. Punic. 2; (Lucian, de elect. 5; Winers Grammar, 223 (209))). to cause to exist, produce: τί, so (for R G κατεργάζεται) 2 Corinthians 7:10 L T Tr WH; James 1:20 L T Tr WH.
b. to work for, earn by working, to acquire, (cf. Germ.erarbeiten): τήν βρῶσιν, John 6:27 (χρήματα, Herodotus 1, 24; τά ἐπιτήδεια, Xenophon, mem. 2, 8, 2; Demosthenes 1358, 12; ἀργύριον, Plato, Hipp., major edition, p. 282 d.; βίον, Andocides () myst. (18, 42) 144 Bekker; θησαυρούς, Theod., Proverbs 21:6; βρῶμα, Palaeph. 21, 2; others); according to many interpreters also 2 John 1:8; but see 2 a. above. (Compare: κατεργάζομαι, περιεργάζομαι, προσεργάζομαι.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

5:6; 14:2; 15:2; 107:23
7:23; 21:28; 25:16; 25:16; 26:10; 26:10
14:6; 14:6
3:21; 3:21; 5:17; 6:27; 6:28; 6:30; 9:4; 9:4
10:35; 13:41; 18:3; 18:3
2:10; 4:4; 13:10
1 Corinthians
4:12; 9:6; 9:13; 15:58; 16:10
2 Corinthians
1 Thessalonians
2:9; 4:11
2 Thessalonians
3:8; 3:10; 3:11; 3:12
1 Timothy
11:33; 11:33
1:20; 2:9
2 John
1:8; 1:8; 1:8
3 John

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G2038 matches the Greek ἐργάζομαι (ergazomai),
which occurs 39 times in 37 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:23 - “And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; LEAVE ME, YOU WHO PRACTICE G2038 LAWLESSNESS.’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:28 - “But what do you think? A man had two [fn]sons, and he came to the first and said, ‘[fn]Son, go work G2038 today in the vineyard.’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 25:16 - “The one who had received the five talents immediately went and did G2038 business G2038 with them, and earned five more talents.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:10 - But Jesus, aware of this, said to them, “Why are you bothering the woman? For she has done G2038 a good deed for Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:6 - But Jesus said, “Leave her alone! Why are you bothering her? She has done G2038 a good deed for Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 13:14 - But the synagogue leader, indignant because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath, began saying to the crowd in response, “There are six days during which work G2038 should be done G2038; so come during them and get healed, and not on the Sabbath day.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:21 - “But the one who practices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds will be revealed [fn]as having been performed G2038 in God.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 5:17 - But He answered them, “My Father [fn]is working G2038 until now, and I Myself am working G2038.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 6:27 - “Do not work G2038 for the food that perishes, but for the food that lasts for eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you, for on Him the Father, God, has set His [fn]seal.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 6:28 - Therefore they said to Him, “What are we to do, so that we may accomplish G2038 the works of God?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 6:30 - So they said to Him, “What then are You doing as a sign, so that we may see, and believe You? What work G2038 are You performing G2038?
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 9:4 - “We must carry G2038 out G2038 the works of Him who sent Me as long as it is day; night is coming, when no one can work G2038.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 10:35 - but in every nation the one who [fn]fears Him and [fn]does G2038 what is right is acceptable to Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 18:3 - and because he was of the same trade he stayed with them, and they worked G2038 together, for they were tent-makers by trade.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 2:10 - but glory, honor, and peace to everyone who does G2038 what is good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:4 - Now to the one who works G2038, the wages are not credited as a favor, but as what is due.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:5 - But to the one who does not work G2038, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness,
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 13:10 - Love [fn]does G2038 no wrong to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of the Law.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 4:12 - and we labor, working G2038 with our own hands; when we are verbally abused, we bless; when we are persecuted, we endure it;
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 9:6 - Or do only [fn]Barnabas and I have no right to refrain from [fn]working G2038?
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 9:13 - Do you not know that those who perform G2038 sacred services eat the food of the temple, and those who attend regularly to the altar have their share [fn]from the altar?
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 16:10 - Now if Timothy comes, see that he [fn]has no reason to be afraid while among you, for he is doing G2038 the Lord’s work, as I also am.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 6:10 - So then, [fn]while we have opportunity, let’s do G2038 good to all people, and especially to those who are of the household of the faith.
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 4:28 - The one who steals must no longer steal; but rather he must labor, producing G2038 with his own hands what is good, so that he will have something to share with the one who has need.
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 3:23 - Whatever you do, do G2038 your work G2038 [fn]heartily, as for the Lord and not for people,
Unchecked Copy Box1Th 2:9 - For you recall, brothers and sisters, our labor and hardship: it was by working G2038 night and day so as not to be a burden to any of you, that we proclaimed to you the gospel of God.
Unchecked Copy Box1Th 4:11 - and to make it your ambition to lead a quiet life and attend to your own business and work G2038 with your hands, just as we instructed you,
Unchecked Copy Box2Th 3:8 - nor did we eat [fn]anyone’s bread [fn]without paying for it, but with labor and hardship we kept working G2038 night and day so that we would not be a burden to any of you;
Unchecked Copy Box2Th 3:10 - For even when we were with you, we used to give you this order: if anyone is not willing to work G2038, then he is not to eat, either.
Unchecked Copy Box2Th 3:11 - For we hear that some among you are leading an undisciplined life, doing G2038 no work G2038 at all, but acting like busybodies.
Unchecked Copy Box2Th 3:12 - Now we command and exhort such persons in the Lord Jesus Christ to work G2038 [fn]peacefully and eat their own bread.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:33 - who by faith conquered kingdoms, performed G2038 acts of righteousness, obtained promises, shut the mouths of lions,
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:9 - But if you show partiality, you are committing G2038 sin and are convicted by the Law as violators.
Unchecked Copy Box2Jo 1:8 - Watch yourselves, that you do not lose what we have accomplished G2038, but that you may receive a full reward.
Unchecked Copy Box3Jo 1:5 - Beloved, you are acting faithfully in whatever you accomplish G2038 for the brothers and sisters, and [fn]especially when they are strangers;
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 18:17 - for in one hour such great wealth has been laid waste!’ And every shipmaster and every [fn]passenger and sailor, and all who [fn]make G2038 their living G2038 by the sea, stood at a distance,
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