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Lexicon :: Strong's G2068 - esthiō

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esthiō (Key)
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
Strengthened for a primary edo (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by φάγω (G5315)
158x in 33 unique form(s)
65x in 16 unique form(s)
591x in 59 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 2:689,262

Strong’s Definitions

ἐσθίω esthíō, es-thee'-o; strengthened for a primary ἔδω édō (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by G5315; to eat (usually literal):—devour, eat, live.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 65x

The KJV translates Strong's G2068 in the following manner: eat (63x), live (1x), devour (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 65x
The KJV translates Strong's G2068 in the following manner: eat (63x), live (1x), devour (1x).
  1. to eat

  2. to eat (consume) a thing

    1. to take food, eat a meal

  3. metaph. to devour, consume

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
ἐσθίω esthíō, es-thee'-o; strengthened for a primary ἔδω édō (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by G5315; to eat (usually literal):—devour, eat, live.
ἐσθίω and ἔσθω, which see (lengthened forms of ἔδω (cf. Curtius, Das Verbum, ii., p. 429)); imperfect ἤσθιον; 2 aorist ἔφαγον (from ΦΑΓΩ); future φάγομαι (2 person φάγεσαι, Luke 17:8 (references under the word κατακαυχάομαι, at the beginning)), for the classic ἔδομαι, see Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Spr. ii, p. 185; Kühner, i., p. 824; (Winers Grammar, 89 (85); Buttmann, 58 (51); but especially Veitch, under the word); the Sept. for אָכַל; (from Homer down); to eat; Vulg.manduco, (edo, etc.); (of animals, to devour);
a. absolutely: Matthew 14:20; Matthew 15:37, 38; Matthew 26:26; Mark 6:31; Mark 8:8; John 4:31, and often; ἐν τῷ φαγεῖν, in eating (the supper), 1 Corinthians 11:21; διδόναι τίνι φαγεῖν, to give one (something) to eat, Matthew 14:16; Matthew 25:35, 42; Mark 5:43; Mark 6:37; Luke 9:13 (and with addition of an accusative of the thing to be eaten, John 6:31, 52; ἐκ τίνος, Revelation 2:7; (cf. Winer's Grammar, 198f (187f))); φέρειν τίνι φαγεῖν, to bring one (something) to eat, John 4:33; specifically in opposition to abstinence from certain kinds of food, Romans 14:3, 20; ἐσθίειν καί πίνειν (and φαγεῖν καί πιεῖν), to use food and drink to satisfy one's hunger and thirst, 1 Corinthians 11:22; contextually, to be supported at the expense of others, 1 Corinthians 9:4; not to shun choice food and in a word to be rather a free-liver, opposed to the narrow and scrupulous notions of those who abstain from the use of wine and certain kinds of food, Matthew 11:19; Luke 7:34; opposed to fasting (τό νηστεύειν), Luke 5:33; of those who, careless about other and especially graver matters, lead an easy, merry life, Luke 12:19; Luke 17:27; 1 Corinthians 15:32 (Isaiah 22:13); of the jovial use of a sacrificial feast, 1 Corinthians 10:7 from Exodus 32:6; preceded by a negative, to abstain from all nourishment, Acts 23:12, 21; to use a spare diet, spoken of an ascetic mode of life, Matthew 11:18; of fasting, Acts 9:9; ἐσθίειν (καί πίνειν) μετά τίνος, to dine, feast (in company) with one, Matthew 9:11; Mark 2:16; Luke 5:30; with one (he providing the entertainment), i. e. at his house, Luke 7:36; μετά τῶν μεθυόντων etc., of luxurious revelling, Matthew 24:49; Luke 12:45; ἐπί τραπέζης τοῦ Χριστοῦ, the food and drink spread out on Christ's table, i. e. to enjoy the blessings of the salvation procured by Christ (which is likened to a banquet), Luke 22:30; ἐσθίειν τίνι, to one's honor, Romans 14:6.
b. construed with an accusative of the thing, to eat (consume) a thing (Winer's Grammar, 198 (187) note): Matthew 6:25; Mark 1:6; John 4:32; John 6:31; Romans 14:2; 1 Corinthians 8:13; 1 Corinthians 10:25, etc.; ἄρτον, to take food, eat a meal (after the Hebrew לֶחֶם אָכַל, Genesis 43:25; Exodus 2:20; 1 Samuel 20:24; Proverbs 23:7), Matthew 15:2; Mark 3:20; Luke 14:1, 15; τόν ἑαυτοῦ ἄρτον, obtained by his own labor, 2 Thessalonians 3:12; ἄρτον παρά τίνος (the genitive of person) to be supported by one, 2 Thessalonians 3:8; τά παρά τίνος, the things supplied by one, Luke 10:7, equivalent to τά παρατιθέμενα in Luke 10:8 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 366 (343)); 1 Corinthians 10:27; μή ἐσθίων ἄρτον μήτε πίνων οἶνον, to live frugally, Luke 7:33; τό κυριακόν δεῖπνον φαγεῖν, to celebrate the Lord's supper, 1 Corinthians 11:20; τό πάσχα, to eat the paschal lamb, celebrate the paschal supper, Matthew 26:17; Mark 14:12, 14; Luke 22:8, 11, 15, 16 L T Tr WH; John 18:28; τάς θυσίας, to celebrate the sacrificial feasts, said of Jews, 1 Corinthians 10:18; of animals, in Luke 15:16 (where ὧν stands by attraction for , because ἐσθίειν with a simple genitive of thing is nowhere found in the N. T. (Winers Grammar, 198 (187) note)) by a usage hardly to be met with in classical Greek (Winers Grammar, § 28, 1; (Buttmann, 159 (139))), ἐκ τίνος, to (take and) eat of a thing: Luke 22:16 (R G); John 6:26, 50; 1 Corinthians 11:28; on the other hand, ἐκ τοῦ καρποῦ (L T Tr WH τόν καρπόν), ἐκ τοῦ γάλακτος ἐσθίειν, in 1 Corinthians 9:7, is to support oneself by the sale of the fruit and the milk (but cf. Buttmann, as above, and Meyer at the passage). ἐκ with the genitive of place: ἐκ τοῦ ἱεροῦ, draw their support from the temple, i. e. from the sacrifices and offerings, 1 Corinthians 9:13 (but T Tr WH read τά ἐκ τοῦ ἱεροῦ); also ἐκ θυσιαστηρίου, i. e. from the things laid on the altar, Hebrews 13:10 (Winer's Grammar, 366 (344)). by a Hebraism (מִן אָכַל), ἀπό τίνος (cf. Winer's Grammar, 199 (187)): Matthew 15:27; Mark 7:28. Metaphorically, to devour, consume: τινα, Hebrews 10:27; τί, Revelation 17:16; of rust, James 5:3. (Compare: κατεσθίω, συνεσθίω.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

2:20; 32:6
1 Samuel
6:25; 9:11; 11:18; 11:19; 14:16; 14:20; 15:2; 15:27; 15:37; 15:38; 24:49; 25:35; 25:42; 26:17; 26:26
1:6; 2:16; 3:20; 5:43; 6:31; 6:37; 7:28; 8:8; 14:12; 14:14
5:30; 5:33; 7:33; 7:34; 7:36; 9:13; 10:7; 10:8; 12:19; 12:45; 14:1; 14:15; 15:16; 17:8; 17:27; 22:8; 22:11; 22:15; 22:16; 22:16; 22:30
4:31; 4:32; 4:33; 6:26; 6:31; 6:31; 6:50; 6:52; 18:28
9:9; 23:12; 23:21
14:2; 14:3; 14:6; 14:20
1 Corinthians
8:13; 9:4; 9:7; 9:13; 10:7; 10:18; 10:25; 10:27; 11:20; 11:21; 11:22; 11:28; 15:32
2 Thessalonians
3:8; 3:12
10:27; 13:10
2:7; 17:16

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G2068 matches the Greek ἐσθίω (esthiō),
which occurs 65 times in 55 verses in the TR Greek.

Page 1 / 2 (Mat 9:11–1Co 11:28)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 9:11 - When the Pharisees saw this, they said to His disciples, “Why is your Teacher eating G2068 with the tax collectors and sinners?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:18 - “For John came neither eating G2068 nor drinking, and they say, ‘He has a demon!’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:19 - “The Son of Man came eating G2068 and drinking, and they say, ‘Behold, a gluttonous man and a [fn]drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and [fn]sinners!’ Yet wisdom is vindicated by her deeds.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:1 - At that [fn]time Jesus went through the grainfields on the Sabbath, and His disciples became hungry and began to pick the heads of grain and eat. G2068
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 14:21 - There were about five thousand men who ate, G2068 besides women and children.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 15:2 - “Why do Your disciples break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat G2068 bread.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 15:27 - But she said, “Yes, Lord; [fn]but even the dogs feed G2068 on the crumbs which fall from their masters’ table.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 15:38 - And those who ate G2068 were four thousand men, besides women and children.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:49 - and begins to beat his fellow slaves and eat G2068 and drink with drunkards;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:21 - As they were eating, G2068 He said, “Truly I say to you that one of you will betray Me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:26 - While they were eating, G2068 Jesus took some bread, and [fn]after a blessing, He broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; G2068 this is My body.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 1:6 - John was clothed with camel’s hair and wore a leather belt around his waist, and [fn]his diet G2068 was locusts and wild honey.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 2:16 - When the scribes of the Pharisees saw that He was eating G2068 with the sinners and tax collectors, they said to His disciples, “Why is He eating G2068 and drinking with tax collectors and [fn]sinners?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:2 - and had seen that some of His disciples were eating G2068 their bread with impure hands, that is, unwashed.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:3 - (For the Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat G2068 unless they [fn]carefully wash their hands, thus observing the traditions of the elders;
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:4 - and when they come from the market place, they do not eat G2068 unless they [fn]cleanse themselves; and there are many other things which they have received in order to observe, such as the [fn]washing of cups and pitchers and copper pots.)
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:5 - The Pharisees and the scribes *asked Him, “Why do Your disciples not walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat G2068 their bread with impure hands?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:28 - But she answered and *said to Him, “Yes, Lord, but even the dogs under the table feed G2068 on the children’s crumbs.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:18 - As they were reclining at the table and eating, G2068 Jesus said, “Truly I say to you that one of you will [fn]betray Me—[fn]one who is eating G2068 with Me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:22 - While they were eating, G2068 He took some bread, and [fn]after a blessing He broke it, and gave it to them, and said, “Take it; this is My body.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 5:30 - The Pharisees and their scribes began grumbling at His disciples, saying, “Why do you eat G2068 and drink with the tax collectors and [fn]sinners?”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 5:33 - And they said to Him, “The disciples of John often fast and offer prayers, the disciples of the Pharisees also do [fn]the same, but Yours eat G2068 and drink.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:1 - Now it happened that He was passing through some grainfields on a Sabbath; and His disciples were picking the heads of grain, rubbing them in their hands, and eating G2068 the grain.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:33 - “For John the Baptist has come eating G2068 no bread and drinking no wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon!’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:34 - “The Son of Man has come eating G2068 and drinking, and you say, ‘Behold, a gluttonous man and a [fn]drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and [fn]sinners!’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:7 - “Stay in [fn]that house, eating G2068 and drinking [fn]what they give you; for the laborer is worthy of his wages. Do not keep moving from house to house.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:8 - “Whatever city you enter and they receive you, eat G2068 what is set before you;
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:45 - “But if that slave says in his heart, ‘My master [fn]will be a long time in coming,’ and begins to beat the slaves, both men and women, and to eat G2068 and drink and get drunk;
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 15:16 - “And he would have gladly filled his stomach with the [fn]pods that the swine were eating, G2068 and no one was giving anything to him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 17:27 - they were eating, G2068 they were drinking, they were marrying, they were being given in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them all.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 17:28 - [fn]It was the same as happened in the days of Lot: they were eating, G2068 they were drinking, they were buying, they were selling, they were planting, they were building;
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 22:30 - that you may eat G2068 and drink at My table in My kingdom, and you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 27:35 - Having said this, he took bread and gave thanks to God in the presence of all, and he broke it and began to eat. G2068
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 14:2 - One person has faith that he may eat G2068 all things, but he who is weak eats G2068 vegetables only.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 14:3 - The one who eats G2068 is not to regard with contempt the one who does not eat, G2068 and the one who does not eat G2068 is not to judge the one who eats, G2068 for God has accepted him.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 14:6 - He who observes the day, observes it for the Lord, and he who eats, G2068 [fn]does G2068 so G2068 for the Lord, for he gives thanks to God; and he who eats G2068 not, for the Lord he does not eat, G2068 and gives thanks to God.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 14:20 - Do not tear down the work of God for the sake of food. All things indeed are clean, but they are evil for the man who eats G2068 [fn]and gives offense.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 8:7 - However not all men have this knowledge; but some, being accustomed to the idol until now, eat G2068 food as if it were sacrificed to an idol; and their conscience being weak is defiled.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 8:10 - For if someone sees you, who have knowledge, dining in an idol’s temple, will not his conscience, if he is weak, be strengthened to eat G2068 things sacrificed to idols?
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 9:7 - Who at any time serves as a soldier at his own expense? Who plants a vineyard and does not eat G2068 the fruit of it? Or who tends a flock and does not [fn]use G2068 the milk of the flock?
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 9:13 - Do you not know that those who perform sacred services eat G2068 the food of the temple, and those who attend regularly to the altar have their share [fn]from the altar?
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:18 - Look at [fn]the nation Israel; are not those who eat G2068 the sacrifices sharers in the altar?
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:25 - Eat G2068 anything that is sold in the meat market without asking questions for conscience’ sake;
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:27 - If one of the unbelievers invites you and you want to go, eat G2068 anything that is set before you without asking questions for conscience’ sake.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:28 - But if anyone says to you, “This is meat sacrificed to idols,” do not eat G2068 it, for the sake of the one who informed you, and for conscience’ sake;
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:31 - Whether, then, you eat G2068 or drink or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 11:22 - What! Do you not have houses in which to eat G2068 and drink? Or do you despise the church of God and shame those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you? In this I will not praise you.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 11:26 - For as often as you eat G2068 this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 11:27 - Therefore whoever eats G2068 the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner, shall be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 11:28 - But a man must examine himself, and in so doing he is to eat G2068 of the bread and drink of the cup.

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