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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's G3439 - monogenēs

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monogenēs (Key)
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 4:737,606

Strong’s Definitions

μονογενής monogenḗs, mon-og-en-ace'; from G3441 and G1096; only-born, i.e. sole:—only (begotten, child).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 9x

The KJV translates Strong's G3439 in the following manner: only begotten (6x), only (2x), only child (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 9x
The KJV translates Strong's G3439 in the following manner: only begotten (6x), only (2x), only child (1x).
  1. single of its kind, only

    1. used of only sons or daughters (viewed in relation to their parents)

    2. used of Christ, denotes the only begotten son of God

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
μονογενής monogenḗs, mon-og-en-ace'; from G3441 and G1096; only-born, i.e. sole:—only (begotten, child).
μονογενής, -ές (μόνος and γένος) (Cicero, unigena; Vulg. [in Luke unicus, elsewhere] and in ecclesiastical writings unigenitus), single of its kind, only, [A. V. only-begotten]; used of only sons or daughters (viewed in relation to their parents), Hesiod theog. 426, 448; Herodotus 7, 221; Plato, Critias 113 d.; Josephus, Antiquities 1, 13, 1; 2, 7, 4; μονογενὲς τέκνον πατρί, Aeschylus Ag. 898. So in the Scriptures: Hebrews 11:17; μονογενῆ εἶναί τινι (to be one's only son or daughter), Judges 11:34; Tobit 3:15; Luke 7:12; Luke 8:42; Luke 9:38; [cf. Westcott on Epistles of John, pp. 162ff]. Hence, the expression μονογ. υἱὸς τοῦ Θεοῦ and υἱὸς τοῦ Θεοῦ μονογ., John 3:16, 18; John 1:18 [see below]; 1 John 4:9; μονογενὴς παρὰ πατρός, John 1:14 [some take this generally, owing to the omission of the article (cf. Green, pp. 48f)], used of Christ, denotes the only son of God or one who in the sense in which he himself is the son of God has no brethren. He is so spoken of by John not because λόγος which was ἐνσαρκωθείς in him was eternally generated by God the Father (the orthodox interpretation), or came forth from the being of God just before the beginning of the world (Subordinationism), but because by the incarnation (ἐνσάρκωσις) of the λόγος in him he is of nature or essentially Son of God, and so in a very different sense from that in which men are made by him τέκνα τοῦ θεοῦ (John 1:13). For since in the writings of John the title υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ is given only to the historic Christ so called, neither the Logos alone, nor Jesus alone, but λόγος ἐνσαρκωθείς or Jesus through the λόγος united with God, is μονογ. υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ. The reading μονογενής θεός (without the article before μονογ.) in John 1:18, — which is supported by no inconsiderable weight of ancient testimony, received into the text by Tregelles, and Westcott and Hort, defended with much learning by Dr. Hort ("On μονογενὴς θεός in Scripture and Tradition" in his "Two Dissertations" Camb. and Lond. 1876), and seems not improbable to Harnack (in the Theol. Lit.-Zeit. for 1876, p. 541ff) [and Weiss (in Meyer 6te Aufl. at the passage)], but is foreign to John's mode of thought and speech (John 3:16, 18; 1 John 4:9), dissonant and harsh — appears to owe its origin to a dogmatic zeal which broke out soon after the early days of the church; [see articles on the reading by Prof. Abbot in the Bib. Sacr. for Oct. 1861 and in the Unitarian Rev. for June 1875 (in the latter copious references to other discussions of the same passage are given); see also Prof. Drummond in the Theol. Rev. for Oct. 1871]. Further, see Grimm, Exgt. Hdbch. on Sap., p. 152f; [Westcott as above].
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

7:12; 8:42; 9:38
1:13; 1:14; 1:18; 1:18; 3:16; 3:16; 3:18; 3:18
1 John
4:9; 4:9

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G3439 matches the Greek μονογενής (monogenēs),
which occurs 9 times in 9 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:12 - Now as He approached the gate of the city, behold, [fn]a dead man was being carried out, the [fn]only G3439 son of his mother, and she was a widow. And a sizeable crowd from the city was with her.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:42 - for he had an [fn]only G3439 daughter, about twelve years old, and she was dying. But as He went, the crowds were pressing against Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 9:38 - And behold, a man from the crowd shouted, saying, “Teacher, I beg You to look at my son, for he is my [fn]only G3439 one,
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:14 -

And the Word became flesh, and [fn]dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, glory as of the [fn]only G3439 begotten G3439 from the Father, full of grace and truth.

Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:18 - No one has seen God at any time; the only G3439 begotten G3439 God who is in the bosom of the Father, He has explained Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:16 -

“For God [fn]so loved the world, that He gave His [fn]only G3439 begotten G3439 Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.

Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:18 - “He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the [fn]only G3439 begotten G3439 Son of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:17 -

By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises was offering up his only G3439 son,

Unchecked Copy Box1Jo 4:9 - By this the love of God was manifested [fn]in us, that God has sent His [fn]only G3439 begotten G3439 Son into the world so that we might live through Him.
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