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Lexicon :: Strong's G3985 - peirazō

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πειράζω
Transliteration
peirazō (Key)
Pronunciation
pi-rad'-zo
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
mGNT
38x in 20 unique form(s)
TR
38x in 19 unique form(s)
LXX
29x in 13 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:23,822

Trench's Synonyms: lxxiv. δοκιμάζω, πειράζω.

Strong’s Definitions

πειράζω peirázō, pi-rad'-zo; from G3984; to test (objectively), i.e. endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline:—assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt(-er), try.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x

The KJV translates Strong's G3985 in the following manner: tempt (29x), try (4x), tempter (2x), prove (1x), assay (1x), examine (1x), go about (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x
The KJV translates Strong's G3985 in the following manner: tempt (29x), try (4x), tempter (2x), prove (1x), assay (1x), examine (1x), go about (1x).
  1. to try whether a thing can be done

    1. to attempt, endeavour

  2. to try, make trial of, test: for the purpose of ascertaining his quality, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself

    1. in a good sense

    2. in a bad sense, to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgments

    3. to try or test one's faith, virtue, character, by enticement to sin

      1. to solicit to sin, to tempt

        1. of the temptations of the devil

    4. after the OT usage

      1. of God: to inflict evils upon one in order to prove his character and the steadfastness of his faith

      2. men are said to tempt God by exhibitions of distrust, as though they wished to try whether he is not justly distrusted

      3. by impious or wicked conduct to test God's justice and patience, and to challenge him, as it were to give proof of his perfections.

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πειράζω peirázō, pi-rad'-zo; from G3984; to test (objectively), i.e. endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline:—assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt(-er), try.
STRONGS NT 3985: πειράζω
πειράζω (a form found several times in Homer and Apoll. Rhod. and later prose, for πειράω (which see in Veitch) more common in the other Greek writings); imperfect ἐπείραζον; 1 aorist ἐπείρασα; passive, present πειράζομαι; 1 aorist ἐπειρασθην; perfect participle πεπειρασμενος (Hebrews 4:15; see πειράω, 1); 1 aorist middle 2 person singular ἐπειράσω (Revelation 2:2 Rec.); the Sept. for נִסָּה; to try, i. e.:
1. to try whether a thing can be done; to attempt, endeavor: with an infinitive, Acts 9:26 L T Tr WH; Acts 16:7; 24:6.
2. to try, make trial of, test: τινα, for the purpose of ascertaining his quality, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself;
a. in a good sense: Matthew 22:35 (others refer this to b.); John 6:6; (2 Corinthians 13:5); Revelation 2:2.
b. in a bad sense: to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgment, Matthew 16:1; Matthew 19:3; Matthew 22:18, 35; Mark 8:11; Mark 10:2; Mark 12:15; Luke 11:16; Luke 20:23 (where G T WH Tr text omit; Tr marginal reading brackets the words τί με πειράζετε); John 8:6.
c. to try or test one's faith, virtue, character, by enticement to sin; hence, according to the context equivalent to to solicit to sin, to tempt: James 1:13; Galatians 6:1; Revelation 2:10; of the temptations of the devil, Matthew 4:1, 3; Mark 1:13; Luke 4:2; 1 Corinthians 7:5; 1 Thessalonians 3:5; hence, πειράζων, a substantive, Vulg. tentator, etc., the tempter: Matthew 4:3; 1 Thessalonians 3:5.
d. After the O. T. usage
α. of God; to inflict evils upon one in order to prove his character and the steadfastness of his faith: 1 Corinthians 10:13; Hebrews 2:18; Hebrews 4:15 (see πειράω); Hebrews 11:17,37 (where see WH's Appendix); Revelation 3:10 (Genesis 22:1; Exodus 20:20; Deuteronomy 8:2; Wis. 3:5 Wis. 11:10(Wisdom 11:9); Judith 8:25f).
β. Men are said πειράζειν τόν Θεόν — by exhibitions of distrust, as though they wished to try whether he is not justly distrusted; by impious or wicked conduct to test God's justice and patience, and to challenge him, as it were, to give proof of his perfections: Acts 15:10; Hebrews 3:9 R G (Exodus 17:2, 7; Numbers 14:22; Psalm 77:41 (Ps. 78:41), Psalms 77:56; Psalms 105:14 (Psalms 106:14), etc.; cf. Grimm, Exgt. Hdb. on Sap., p. 49); namely, τόν Χριστόν (L T Tr text WH τόν κύριον), 1 Corinthians 10:9 (but L marginal reading T WH marginal reading ἐξεπείρασαν); τό κυρίου, Acts 5:9; absolutely πειράζειν ἐν δοιμασια (see δοκιμασία), Hebrews 3:9 L T Tr WH. (On πειράζω (as compared with δοκιμάζω), see Trench, § lxxiv.; cf. Cremer, under the word. Compare: ἐξπειράζω.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
22:1
Exodus
17:2; 17:7; 20:20
Numbers
14:22
Deuteronomy
8:2
Psalms
78:41; 105:14; 106:14
Matthew
4:1; 4:3; 4:3; 16:1; 19:3; 22:18; 22:35; 22:35
Mark
1:13; 8:11; 10:2; 12:15
Luke
4:2; 11:16; 20:23
John
6:6; 8:6
Acts
5:9; 9:26; 15:10; 16:7; 24:6
1 Corinthians
7:5; 10:9; 10:13
2 Corinthians
13:5
Galatians
6:1
1 Thessalonians
3:5; 3:5
Hebrews
2:18; 3:9; 3:9; 4:15; 4:15; 11:17; 11:37
James
1:13
Revelation
2:2; 2:2; 2:10; 3:10

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G3985 matches the Greek πειράζω (peirazō),
which occurs 38 times in 34 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 4:1 - Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted G3985 by the devil.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 4:3 - And the tempter G3985 came and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:1 - The Pharisees and Sadducees came up, and putting G3985 Jesus to G3985 the G3985 test G3985, they asked Him to show them a [fn]sign from heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 19:3 - Some Pharisees came to [fn]Jesus, testing G3985 Him and [fn]asking, “Is it lawful for a man to [fn]divorce his wife for any reason at all?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:18 - But Jesus perceived their [fn]malice, and said, “Why are you testing G3985 Me, you hypocrites?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:35 - And one of them, [fn]a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing G3985 Him:
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 1:13 - And He was in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted G3985 by Satan; and He was with the wild animals, and the angels were serving Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 8:11 - And the Pharisees came out and began to argue with Him, demanding from Him a [fn]sign from heaven, [fn]to test G3985 Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:2 - And some Pharisees came up to Jesus, testing G3985 Him, and began questioning Him whether it was lawful for a man to [fn]divorce his wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:15 - “Are we to pay, or not pay?” But He, knowing their hypocrisy, said to them, “Why are you testing G3985 Me? Bring Me a [fn]denarius to look at.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 4:2 - for forty days, being tempted G3985 by the devil. And He ate nothing during those days, and when they had ended, He was hungry.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:16 - Others, [fn]to test G3985 Him, were demanding of Him a [fn]sign from heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:23 - But He saw through their trickery and said to them,
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 6:6 - But He was saying this only to test G3985 him, for He Himself knew what He intended to do.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 8:6 - Now they were saying this to test G3985 Him, so that they might have grounds for accusing Him. But Jesus stooped down and with His finger wrote on the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 5:9 - Then Peter said to her, “Why is it that you have agreed together to put G3985 the Spirit of the Lord to G3985 the G3985 test G3985? Behold, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out as well.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 15:10 - “Since this is the case, why are you putting G3985 God to G3985 the G3985 test G3985 by placing upon the neck of the disciples a yoke which neither our forefathers nor we have been able to bear?
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 16:7 - and after they came to Mysia, they were trying G3985 to go into Bithynia, and the Spirit of Jesus did not allow them;
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 24:6 - “And he even tried G3985 to desecrate the temple, so indeed we arrested him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 7:5 - [fn]Stop depriving one another, except by agreement for a time so that you may devote yourselves to prayer, and [fn]come together again so that Satan will not tempt G3985 you because of your lack of self-control.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:9 - Nor are we to put the Lord to the test, as some of them [fn]did G3985, and were killed by the snakes.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 10:13 - No temptation has overtaken you except something common to mankind; and God is faithful, [fn]so He will not allow you to be tempted G3985 beyond what you are able, but with the temptation will provide the way of escape also, so that you will be able to endure it.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 13:5 - Test G3985 yourselves to see if you are in the faith; examine yourselves! Or do you not recognize this about yourselves, that Jesus Christ is in you—unless indeed you [fn]fail the test?
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 6:1 - Brothers and sisters, even if a person is caught in any wrongdoing, you who are spiritual are to restore such a person in a spirit of gentleness; each one looking to yourself, so that you are not tempted G3985 as well.
Unchecked Copy Box1Th 3:5 - For this reason, when I could no longer endure it, I also sent to [fn]find out about your faith, for fear that the tempter G3985 might have tempted G3985 you, and our labor would be for nothing.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 2:18 - For since He Himself was [fn]tempted G3985 in that which He has suffered, He is able to come to the aid of those who are [fn]tempted G3985.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 3:9 - WHERE YOUR FATHERS PUT G3985 ME TO THE TEST,
AND SAW MY WORKS FOR FORTY YEARS.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:17 - By faith Abraham, when he was tested G3985, offered up Isaac, and the one who had received the promises was offering up his [fn]only son;
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:37 - They were stoned, they were sawn in two, [fn]they were tempted G3985, they were put to death with the sword; they went about in sheepskins, in goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, tormented
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 1:13 - No one is to say when he is tempted G3985, “I am being tempted G3985 [fn]by God”; for God cannot be tempted [fn]by evil, and He Himself does not tempt G3985 anyone.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 1:14 - But each one is tempted G3985 when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 2:2 - ‘I know your deeds and your labor and [fn]perseverance, and that you cannot tolerate evil people, and you have put G3985 those who call themselves apostles to G3985 the G3985 test G3985, and they are not, and you found them to be false;
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 2:10 - ‘Do not fear what you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, so that you will be tested G3985, and you will have tribulation for ten days. [fn]Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 3:10 - ‘Because you have kept My [fn]word of perseverance, I also will keep you from the hour of the [fn]testing, that hour which is about to come upon the whole [fn]world, to [fn]test G3985 those who live on the earth.

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