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Lexicon :: Strong's G4253 - pro

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pro (Key)
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primary preposition
47x in 1 unique form(s)
48x in 2 unique form(s)
189x in 1 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

TDNT Reference: 6:683,935

Strong’s Definitions

πρό pró, pro; a primary preposition; "fore", i.e. in front of, prior (figuratively, superior) to:—above, ago, before, or ever.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 48x

The KJV translates Strong's G4253 in the following manner: before (44x), above (2x), above ... ago (1x), or ever (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 48x
The KJV translates Strong's G4253 in the following manner: before (44x), above (2x), above ... ago (1x), or ever (1x).
  1. before

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πρό pró, pro; a primary preposition; "fore", i.e. in front of, prior (figuratively, superior) to:—above, ago, before, or ever.
πρό, a preposition followed by the genitive (Latin pro) (from Homer down), the Sept. chiefly for לִפְנֵי, before; used
a. of place: πρό τῶν θυρῶν, τῆς θύρας, etc., Acts 5:23 R G; Acts 12:6,14; 14:13; James 5:9; by a Hebraism, πρό προσώπου with the genitive of a person before (the face of) one (who is following) (Buttmann, 319 (274)): Matthew 11:10; Mark 1:2; Luke 1:76; Luke 7:27; Luke 9:52; Luke 10:1 (Malachi 3:1; Zechariah 14:20; Deuteronomy 3:18).
b. of Time: πρό τούτων τῶν ἡμερῶν, Acts 5:36; Acts 21:38; (πρό τοῦ πάσχα, John 11:55); according to a later Greek idiom, πρό ἕξ ἡμερῶν τοῦ πάσχα, properly, before six days reckoning from the Passover, which is equivalent to ἕξ ἡμέρας πρό τοῦ πάσχα, on the sixth day before the Passover, John 12:1 (πρό δύο ἐτῶν τοῦ σεισμοῦ, Amos 1:1; πρό μιᾶς ἡμέρας τῆς Μαρδοχαϊκῆς ἡμέρας, 2 Macc. 15:36; examples from secular writings are cited by Winers Grammar, 557 (518); (cf. Buttmann, § 131, 11); from ecclesiastical writings by Hilgenfeld, Die Evangelien etc., pp. 298, 302; also his Paschastreit der alten Kirche, p. 221f; (cf. Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word πρό, 1 and 2)); (πρό τῆς ἑορτῆς, John 13:1); πρό καιροῦ, Matthew 8:29; 1 Corinthians 4:5; τῶν αἰώνων, 1 Corinthians 2:7; παντός τοῦ αἰῶνος, Jude 1:25 L T Tr WH; ἐτῶν δεκατεσσάρων, (fourteen years ago), 2 Corinthians 12:2; add, 2 Timothy 1:9; 2 Timothy 4:21; Titus 1:2; τοῦ ἀρίστου, Luke 11:38; κατακλυσμοῦ, Matthew 24:38; πρό τῆς μεταθέσεως, Hebrews 11:5; πρό καταβολῆς κόσμου, John 17:24; Ephesians 1:4; 1 Peter 1:20; πρό πάντων, prior to all created things, Colossians 1:17; (πρό τούτων πάντων (Rev. ἁπάντων), Luke 21:12); by a Hebraism, πρό προσώπου with the genitive of a thing is used of time for the simple πρό (Winers Grammar, § 65, 4b.; (Buttmann, 319 (274))), Acts 13:24 ((literally, before the face of his entering in)). πρό with the genitive of a person: John 5:7; John 10:8 (not Tdf.); Romans 16:7; οἱ πρό τίνος, those that existed before one, Matthew 5:12; with a predicate nominative added, Galatians 1:17. πρό with the genitive of an infinitive that has the article, Latin ante quam (before, before that) followed by a finite verb (Buttmann, § 140, 11; Winer's Grammar, 329 (309)): Matthew 6:8; Luke 2:21; Luke 22:15; John 1:48 (49); John 13:19; 17:5; Acts 23:15; Galatians 2:12; Galatians 3:23.
c. of superiority or pre-eminence (Winer's Grammar, 372 (349)): πρό πάντων, above all things, James 5:12; 1 Peter 4:8.
d. In Composition, πρό marks
α. place: προαύλιον; motion forward (Latin porro), προβαίνω, προβάλλω, etc.; before another who follows, in advance, προάγω, πρόδρομος, προπέρμπω, προτρέχω, etc.; in public view, openly, πρόδηλος, πρόκειμαι.
β. time: before this, previously, προαμαρτάνω; in reference to the time of an occurrence, beforehand, in advance, προβλέπω, προγινώσκω, προθέσμιος, πρωρίζω, etc.
γ. superiority or preference: προαιρέομαι. (Cf. Herm. ad Vig., p. 658.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

5:12; 6:8; 8:29; 11:10; 24:38
1:76; 2:21; 7:27; 9:52; 10:1; 11:38; 21:12; 22:15
1:48; 5:7; 10:8; 11:55; 12:1; 13:1; 13:19; 17:5; 17:24
5:23; 5:36; 12:6; 12:14; 13:24; 14:13; 21:38; 23:15
1 Corinthians
2:7; 4:5
2 Corinthians
1:17; 2:12; 3:23
2 Timothy
1:9; 4:21
5:9; 5:12
1 Peter
1:20; 4:8

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4253 matches the Greek πρό (pro),
which occurs 48 times in 48 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:12 - “Rejoice and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great; for in this same way they persecuted the prophets who were before G4253 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 6:8 - “So do not be like them; for your Father knows what you need before G4253 you ask Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 8:29 - And they cried out, saying, “[fn]What business do You have with us, Son of God? Have You come here to torment us before G4253 [fn]the time?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:10 - “This is the one about whom it [fn]is written:



Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:38 - “For as in those days before G4253 the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark,
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 1:2 -

just as it is written in Isaiah the prophet:



Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 1:76 -

“And you, child, also will be called the prophet of the Most High;

For you will go on before the Lord to prepare His ways;

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 2:21 -

And when eight days were completed [fn]so that it was time for His circumcision, He was also named Jesus, the name given by the angel before G4253 He was conceived in the womb.

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:27 - “This is the one about whom it is written:



Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 9:52 - and He sent messengers on ahead G4253 of Him, and they went and entered a village of the Samaritans to [fn]make arrangements for Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:1 -

Now after this the Lord appointed [fn]seventy-two others, and sent them in pairs ahead G4253 of Him to every city and place where He Himself was going to come.

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:38 - When the Pharisee saw this, he was surprised that Jesus had not first [fn]ceremonially washed before G4253 the [fn]meal.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 21:12 -

“But before G4253 all these things, they will lay their hands on you and persecute you, turning you over to the synagogues and prisons, [fn]bringing you before kings and governors on account of My name.

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 22:15 - And He said to them, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before G4253 I suffer;
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:48 - Nathanael *said to Him, “How do You know me?” Jesus answered and said to him, “Before G4253 Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 5:7 - The sick man answered Him, “Sir, I have no man to put me into the pool when the water is stirred up, but while I am coming, another steps down before G4253 me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 10:8 - “All those who came before G4253 Me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not listen to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 11:55 -

Now the Passover of the Jews was near, and many went up to Jerusalem from the country prior G4253 to the Passover, in order to [fn]purify themselves.

Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:1 -

Therefore, six days before G4253 the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany where Lazarus was, whom Jesus had raised from the dead.

Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 13:1 -

Now before G4253 the Feast of the Passover, Jesus, knowing that His hour had come that He would depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them [fn]to the end.

Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 13:19 - “From now on I am telling you before G4253 it happens, so that when it does happen, you may believe that I am He.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 17:5 - “And now You, Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before G4253 the world existed.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 17:24 - “Father, I desire that they also, whom You have given Me, be with Me where I am, so that they may see My glory which You have given Me, for You loved Me before G4253 the foundation of the world.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 5:23 - saying, “We found the prison locked quite securely and the guards standing at the doors; but when we opened them, we found no one inside.”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 5:36 - “For, some time ago G4253 Theudas appeared, claiming to be somebody, and a group of about four hundred men joined him. [fn]But he was killed, and all who followed him were dispersed and came to nothing.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 12:6 -

On [fn]the very night when Herod was about to bring him forward, Peter was sleeping between two soldiers, bound with two chains, and guards in front G4253 of the door were watching over the prison.

Unchecked Copy BoxAct 12:14 - When she recognized Peter’s voice, because of her joy she did not open the gate, but ran in and announced that Peter was standing in front G4253 of the gate.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 13:24 - after John had proclaimed, before G4253 [fn]His coming, a baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 14:13 - Moreover, the priest of Zeus, whose temple was [fn]just G4253 outside G4253 the city, brought oxen and garlands to the gates, and wanted to offer sacrifice with the crowds.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 21:38 - “Then you are not the Egyptian who some [fn]time ago G4253 stirred up a revolt and led the four thousand men of the Assassins out into the wilderness?”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 23:15 - “Now therefore, you [fn]and the [fn]Council notify the commander to bring him down to you, as though you were going to investigate his case more thoroughly; and as for us, we are ready to kill him before G4253 he comes near the place.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 16:7 - Greet Andronicus and [fn]Junia, my kinsfolk and my fellow prisoners, who are outstanding in the view of the apostles, who also [fn]were in Christ before G4253 me.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 2:7 - but we speak God’s wisdom in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God predestined before G4253 the ages to our glory;
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 4:5 - Therefore do not go on [fn]passing judgment before G4253 [fn]the time, but wait until the Lord comes, who will both bring to light the things hidden in the darkness and disclose the motives of human hearts; and then praise will come to each person from God.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 12:2 - I know a man in Christ, who fourteen years ago G4253—whether in the body I do not know, or out of the body I do not know, God knows—such a man was caught up to the third heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 1:17 - nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before G4253 me; but I went away to Arabia, and returned once more to Damascus.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 2:12 - For prior G4253 to the coming of some men from [fn]James, he used to eat with the Gentiles; but when they came, he began to withdraw and separate himself, fearing those from the circumcision.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:23 -

But before G4253 faith came, [fn]we were kept in custody under the Law, being confined for the faith that was destined to be revealed.

Unchecked Copy BoxEph 1:4 - just as He chose us in Him before G4253 the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before [fn]Him. In love
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 1:17 - He [fn]is before G4253 all things, and in Him all things [fn]hold together.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ti 1:9 - who saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace, which was granted to us in Christ Jesus from all eternity,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ti 4:21 - Make every effort to come before G4253 winter. Eubulus greets you, also Pudens, Linus, Claudia, and all the brothers and sisters.
Unchecked Copy BoxTit 1:2 - in the hope of eternal life, which God, who cannot lie, promised [fn]long ages ago G4253,
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:5 - By faith Enoch was taken up so that he would not see death; AND HE WAS NOT FOUND BECAUSE GOD TOOK HIM UP; for before G4253 he was taken up, he was attested to have been pleasing to God.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 5:9 - Do not [fn]complain, brothers and sisters, against one another, so that you may not be judged; behold, the Judge is standing [fn]right G4253 at the [fn]door.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 5:12 -

But above G4253 all, my brothers and sisters, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or with any other oath; but [fn]your yes is to be yes, and your no, no, so that you do not fall under judgment.

Unchecked Copy Box1Pe 1:20 - For He was foreknown before G4253 the foundation of the world, but has appeared [fn]in these last times for the sake of you
Unchecked Copy Box1Pe 4:8 - Above G4253 all, keep fervent in your love for one another, because love covers a multitude of sins.
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