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Lexicon :: Strong's G4434 - ptōchos

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πτωχός
Transliteration
ptōchos (Key)
Pronunciation
pto-khos'
Listen
Part of Speech
adjective
Root Word (Etymology)
From ptosso {to crouch, akin to πτοέω (G4422) and the alternate of πίπτω (G4098)}
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:885,969

Trench's Synonyms: xxxvi. πένης, πτωχός.

Strong’s Definitions

πτωχός ptōchós, pto-khos'; from πτώσσω ptṓssō (to crouch); akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), i.e. pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed):—beggar(-ly), poor.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x

The KJV translates Strong's G4434 in the following manner: poor (30x), beggar (2x), poor man (1x), beggarly (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x
The KJV translates Strong's G4434 in the following manner: poor (30x), beggar (2x), poor man (1x), beggarly (1x).
  1. reduced to beggary, begging, asking alms

  2. destitute of wealth, influence, position, honour

    1. lowly, afflicted, destitute of the Christian virtues and eternal riches

    2. helpless, powerless to accomplish an end

    3. poor, needy

  3. lacking in anything

    1. as respects their spirit

      1. destitute of wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily give themselves up to Christ's teaching and proved them selves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πτωχός ptōchós, pto-khos'; from πτώσσω ptṓssō (to crouch); akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), i.e. pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed):—beggar(-ly), poor.
STRONGS NT 4434: πτωχός
πτωχός, πτωχή, πτωχόν (πτώσσω, to be thoroughly frightened, to cower down or hide oneself for fear; hence, πτωχός properly, one who slinks and crouches), often involving the idea of roving about in wretchedness (see πένης, at the end; "but it always had a bad sense till it was ennobled in the Gospels; see Matthew 5:3; Luke 6:20, cf. 2 Corinthians 8:9" (Liddell and Scott, under I.)); hence,
1. in classical Greek from Homer down, reduced to beggary, begging, mendicant, asking alms: Luke 14:13, 21; Luke 16:20, 22.
2. poor, needy (opposed to πλούσιος): Matthew 19:21; Matthew 26:9, 11; Mark 10:21; Mark 12:42, 43; Mark 14:5, 7; Luke 18:22; Luke 19:8; Luke 21:3; John 12:5, 6, 8; John 13:29; Romans 15:26; 2 Corinthians 6:10; Galatians 2:10; James 2:2, 3, 6; Revelation 13:16; in a broader sense, destitute of wealth, influence, position, honors; lowly, afflicted: Matthew 11:5; Luke 4:18 (from Isaiah 61:1); Isa. 6:20; 7:22; οἱ πτωχοί τοῦ κόσμου (partitive genitive), the poor of the human race, James 2:5; but the more correct reading is that of L T Tr WH viz. τῷ κόσμῳ (unto the world), i. e. the ungodly world being judge, cf. Winers Grammar, § 31, 4 a.; Buttmann, § 133, 14; (R. V. as to the world (see next head, and cf. κόσμος, 7)). tropically, destitute of the Christian virtues and the eternal riches, Revelation 3:17; like the Latininops, equivalent to helpless, powerless to accomplish an end: στοιχεῖα, Galatians 4:9 (`bringing no rich endowment of spiritual treasure' (Lightfoot)).
3. universally, lacking in anything, with a dative of the respect: τῷ πνεύματι, as respects their spirit, i. e. destitute of the wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily gave themselves up to Christ's teaching and proved themselves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure, Matthew 11:25; John 9:39; 1 Corinthians 1:26, 27; (others make the idea more inward and ethical: 'conscious of their spiritual need')), Matthew 5:3; compare with this the Epistle of Barnabas 19 [ET], see ἔσῃ ἁπλοῦς τῇ καρδία καί πλούσιος τῷ πνεύματι, abounding in Christian graces and the riches of the divine kingdom. (The Sept. for עָנִי, דַּל, רָשׁ, אֶבְיון, etc.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Isaiah
7:22; 61:1
Matthew
5:3; 5:3; 11:5; 11:25; 19:21; 26:9; 26:11
Mark
10:21; 12:42; 12:43; 14:5; 14:7
Luke
4:18; 6:20; 14:13; 14:21; 16:20; 16:22; 18:22; 19:8; 21:3
John
9:39; 12:5; 12:6; 12:8; 13:29
Romans
15:26
1 Corinthians
1:26; 1:27
2 Corinthians
6:10; 8:9
Galatians
2:10; 4:9
James
2:2; 2:3; 2:5; 2:6
Revelation
3:17; 13:16

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4434 matches the Greek πτωχός (ptōchos),
which occurs 34 times in 34 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:3 - [fn]Blessed are the poor G4434 in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:5 - those who are BLIND RECEIVE SIGHT and those who limp walk, those with leprosy are cleansed and those who are deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the POOR G4434 HAVE THE [fn]GOSPEL PREACHED TO THEM.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 19:21 - Jesus said to him, “If you want to be [fn]complete, go and sell your possessions and give to the poor G4434, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:9 - “For this perfume could have been sold for a high price and the money given to the poor G4434.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:11 - “For you always have the poor G4434 with you; but you do not always have Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:21 - Looking at him, Jesus showed love to him and said to him, “One thing you lack: go and sell all you possess and give to the poor G4434, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:42 - And a poor G4434 widow came and put in two [fn]lepta coins, which amount to a [fn]quadrans.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:43 - Calling His disciples to Him, He said to them, “Truly I say to you, this poor G4434 widow put in more than all [fn]the contributors to the treasury;
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:5 - “For this perfume could have been sold for over three hundred [fn]denarii, and the money given to the poor G4434.” And they were scolding her.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:7 - “For you always have the poor G4434 with you, and whenever you want, you can do good to them; but you do not always have Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 4:18 - “THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD IS UPON ME,
BECAUSE HE ANOINTED ME TO BRING GOOD NEWS TO THE POOR G4434.
HE HAS SENT ME TO PROCLAIM RELEASE TO CAPTIVES,
AND RECOVERY OF SIGHT TO THE BLIND,
TO SET FREE THOSE WHO ARE OPPRESSED,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:20 - And He raised His eyes toward His disciples and began saying, “Blessed are [fn]you who are poor G4434, for yours is the kingdom of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:22 - And He answered and said to them, “Go and report to John what you have seen and heard: people who were blind receive sight, people who limped walk, people with leprosy are cleansed and people who were deaf hear, dead people are raised up, and people G4434 who G4434 are G4434 poor G4434 have the gospel preached to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 14:13 - “But whenever you give a [fn]banquet, invite people G4434 who are poor G4434, who have disabilities, who are limping, and people who are blind;
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 14:21 - “And the slave came back and reported this to his master. Then the head of the household became angry and said to his slave, ‘Go out at once into the streets and lanes of the city and bring in here those who are poor G4434, those with disabilities, those who are blind, and those who are limping.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:20 - “And a poor G4434 man G4434 named Lazarus was laid at his gate, covered with sores,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:22 - “Now it happened that the poor G4434 man G4434 died and was carried away by the angels to [fn]Abraham’s arms; and the rich man also died and was buried.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 18:22 - Now when Jesus heard this, He said to him, “One thing you still lack; sell all that you possess and distribute the money to the poor G4434, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 19:8 - But Zaccheus stopped and said to the Lord, “Behold, Lord, half of my possessions I am giving to the poor G4434, and if I have extorted anything from anyone, I am giving back four times as much.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 21:3 - And He said, “Truly I say to you, this poor G4434 widow put in more than all of them;
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:5 - “Why was this perfume not sold for three hundred [fn]denarii and the proceeds given to poor G4434 people?
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:6 - Now he said this, not because he cared about the poor G4434, but because he was a thief, and as he kept the money box, he used to [fn]steal from what was put into it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:8 - “For you always have the poor G4434 with you, but you do not always have Me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 13:29 - For some were assuming, since Judas kept the money box, that Jesus was saying to him, “Buy the things we need for the feast”; or else, that he was to [fn]give something to the poor G4434.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 15:26 - For Macedonia and Achaia have been pleased to make a contribution for the poor G4434 among the [fn]saints in Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 6:10 - as sorrowful yet always rejoicing, as poor G4434 yet making many rich, as having nothing and yet possessing all things.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 2:10 - They only asked us to remember the poor G4434—the very thing I also was eager to do.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 4:9 - But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless G4434 [fn]elementary principles, to which you want to be enslaved all over again?
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:2 - For if a man comes into your [fn]assembly with a gold ring and is dressed in bright clothes, and a poor G4434 man G4434 in dirty clothes also comes in,
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:3 - and you [fn]pay special attention to the one who is wearing the bright clothes, and say, “You sit here in a good place,” and you say to the poor G4434 man G4434, “You stand over there, or sit down by my footstool,”
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:5 - Listen, my beloved brothers and sisters: did God not choose the poor G4434 [fn]of this world to be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom which He promised to those who love Him?
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:6 - But you have dishonored the poor G4434 man G4434. Is it not the rich who oppress you and [fn]personally drag you into [fn]court?
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 3:17 - ‘Because you say, “I am rich, and have become wealthy, and have no need of anything,” and you do not know that you are wretched, miserable, poor G4434, blind, and naked,
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 13:16 - And he causes all, the small and the great, the rich and the poor G4434, and the free and the slaves, [fn]to be given a mark on their right hands or on their foreheads,

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