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Lexicon :: Strong's G4678 - sophia

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sophia (Key)
Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 7:465,1056

Trench's Synonyms: lxxv. σοφία, φρόνησις, γνῶσις, ἐπίγνωσις.

Strong’s Definitions

σοφία sophía, sof-ee'-ah; from G4680; wisdom (higher or lower, worldly or spiritual):—wisdom.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 51x

The KJV translates Strong's G4678 in the following manner: wisdom (51x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 51x
The KJV translates Strong's G4678 in the following manner: wisdom (51x).
  1. wisdom, broad and full of intelligence; used of the knowledge of very diverse matters

    1. the wisdom which belongs to men

      1. spec. the varied knowledge of things human and divine, acquired by acuteness and experience, and summed up in maxims and proverbs

      2. the science and learning

      3. the act of interpreting dreams and always giving the sagest advice

      4. the intelligence evinced in discovering the meaning of some mysterious number or vision

      5. skill in the management of affairs

      6. devout and proper prudence in intercourse with men not disciples of Christ, skill and discretion in imparting Christian truth

      7. the knowledge and practice of the requisites for godly and upright living

    2. supreme intelligence, such as belongs to God

      1. to Christ

      2. the wisdom of God as evinced in forming and executing counsels in the formation and government of the world and the scriptures

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
σοφία sophía, sof-ee'-ah; from G4680; wisdom (higher or lower, worldly or spiritual):—wisdom.
σοφία, σοφίας, (σοφός), Hebrew חָכְמָה, wisdom, broad and full intelligence (from Homer down); used of the knowledge of very diverse matters, so that the shade of meaning in which the word is taken must be discovered from the context in every particular case.
a. the wisdom which belongs to men: universally, Luke 2:40, 52; specifically, the varied knowledge of things human and divine, acquired by acuteness and experience, and summed up in maxims and proverbs, as was σοφία τοῦ Σολομῶνος, Matthew 12:42; Luke 11:31; the science and learning τῶν Αἰγυπτίων, Acts 7:22 (cf. Winers Grammar, 227 (213) n.; Buttmann, § 134, 6); the art of interpreting dreams and always giving the sagest advice, Acts 7:10; the intelligence evinced in discovering the meaning of some mysterious number or vision, Revelation 13:18; Revelation 17:9; skill in the management of affairs, Acts 6:3; a devout and proper prudence in contact with men not disciples of Christ, Colossians 4:5; skill and discretion in imparting Christian truth, Colossians 1:28; Colossians 3:16; (2 Peter 3:15); the knowledge and practice of the requisites for godly and upright living, James 1:5; James 3:13, 17; with which σοφία ἄνωθεν κατερχομένη is put in contrast the σοφία ἐπίγειος, ψυχική, δαιμονιώδης, such as is the craftiness of envious and quarrelsome men. James 3:15, or σαρκικῇ σοφία (see σαρκικός, 1), craftiness, 2 Corinthians 1:12 (for the context shows that it does not differ essentially from the πανουργία of 2 Corinthians 4:2; in Greek writings also σοφία is not infrequently used of shrewdness and cunning; cf. Passow (or Liddell and Scott), under the word, 2); the knowledge and skill in affairs requisite for the successful defense of the Christian cause against hostile accusations, Luke 21:15; an acquaintance with divine things and human duties, joined to a power of discoursing concerning them and of interpreting and applying sacred Scripture, Matthew 13:54; Mark 6:2; Acts 6:10; the wisdom or instruction with which John the Baptist and Jesus taught men the way to obtain salvation, Matthew 11:19; Luke 7:35 (on these passages, see δικαιόω, 2). In Paul's Epistles: a knowledge of the divine plan, previously hidden, of providing salvation for men by the expiatory death of Christ, 1 Corinthians 1:30; 1 Corinthians 2:6; Ephesians 1:8 (Winer's Grammar, 111 (105f)); hence, all the treasures of wisdom are said to be hidden in Christ, Colossians 2:3; with the addition of Θεοῦ (genitive of the author), 1 Corinthians 1:24; 1 Corinthians 2:7; πνευματικῇ, Colossians 1:9; πνεῦμα σοφίας καί ἀποκαλύψεως, Ephesians 1:17; λόγος σοφίας, the ability to discourse eloquently of this wisdom, 1 Corinthians 12:8; opposed to this wisdom is — the empty conceit of wisdom which men make a parade of, a knowledge more specious than real of lofty and hidden subjects: such as the theosophy of certain Jewish Christians, Colossians 2:23; the philosophy of the Greeks, 1 Corinthians 1:21; 1 Corinthians 2:1; with τοῦ κόσμου added, 1 Corinthians 1:20; 1 Corinthians 3:19; τοῦ αἰῶνος τούτου, 1 Corinthians 2:6; τῶν σοφῶν, 1 Corinthians 1:19; ἀνθρώπων, 1 Corinthians 2:5 (in each of these last passages the word includes also the rhetorical art, such as is taught in the schools), cf. Fritzsche, Romans, vol. i, p. 67f; σοφία τοῦ λόγου, the wisdom which shows itself in speaking (R. V. wisdom of words), the art of the rhetorician, 1 Corinthians 1:17; λόγοι (ἀνθρωπίνης (so R in 1 Corinthians 1:4 (all texts in 1 Corinthians 1:13))) σοφίας, discourse conformed to philosophy and the art of rhetoric, 1 Corinthians 2:4, 13.
b. supreme intelligence, such as belongs to God: Revelation 7:12, also to Christ, exalted to God's right hand, Revelation 5:12; the wisdom of God as evinced in forming and executing his counsels, Romans 11:33; with the addition of τοῦ Θεοῦ, as manifested in the formation and government of the world, and to the Jews, moreover, in the Scriptures, 1 Corinthians 1:21; it is called πολυποίκιλος from the great variety of ways and methods by which he devised and achieved salvation through Christ, Ephesians 3:10. In the noteworthy passage, Luke 11:49 (where Christ ascribes to 'the wisdom of God' what in the parallel, Matthew 23:34, he utters himself), the words σοφία τοῦ Θεοῦ εἶπεν seem to denote the wisdom of God which is operative and embodied as it were in Jesus, so that the primitive Christians, when to comfort themselves under persecution they recalled the saying of Christ, employed that formula of quotation (cf. 1 Corinthians 1:24, 30,etc.); but Luke, in ignorance of this fact, took the phrase for a part of Christ's saying. So Eusebius (h. e. 3, 32, 8), perhaps in the words of Hegesippus, calls those who had personally heard Christ οἱ αὐταῖς ἀκοαῖς τῆς ἐνθεου σοφίας ἐπακοῦσαι κατηξιώμενοι; cf. Grimm in the Studien und Kritiken for 1853, p. 332ff. (For other explanations of the phenomenon, see the commentaries on Luke, the passage cited Cf. Schürer, Zeitgesch. § 33, V. 1 and references.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

11:19; 12:42; 13:54; 23:34
2:40; 2:52; 7:35; 11:31; 11:49; 21:15
6:3; 6:10; 7:10; 7:22
1 Corinthians
1:4; 1:13; 1:17; 1:19; 1:20; 1:21; 1:21; 1:24; 1:24; 1:30; 1:30; 2:1; 2:4; 2:5; 2:6; 2:6; 2:7; 2:13; 3:19; 12:8
2 Corinthians
1:12; 4:2
1:8; 1:17; 3:10
1:9; 1:28; 2:3; 2:23; 3:16; 4:5
1:5; 3:13; 3:15; 3:17
2 Peter
5:12; 7:12; 13:18; 17:9

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4678 matches the Greek σοφία (sophia),
which occurs 51 times in 49 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:19 - The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom G4678 is justified of her children.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:42 - The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom G4678 of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:54 - And when he was come into his own country, he taught them in their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished, and said, Whence hath this man this wisdom, G4678 and these mighty works?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:2 - And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished, saying, From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom G4678 is this which is given unto him, that even such mighty works are wrought by his hands?
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 2:40 - And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: G4678 and the grace of God was upon him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 2:52 - And Jesus increased in wisdom G4678 and stature, and in favour with God and man.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:35 - But wisdom G4678 is justified of all her children.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:31 - The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom G4678 of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:49 - Therefore also said the wisdom G4678 of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute:
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 21:15 - For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, G4678 which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 6:3 - Wherefore, brethren, look ye out among you seven men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, G4678 whom we may appoint over this business.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 6:10 - And they were not able to resist the wisdom G4678 and the spirit by which he spake.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:10 - And delivered him out of all his afflictions, and gave him favour and wisdom G4678 in the sight of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and he made him governor over Egypt and all his house.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:22 - And Moses was learned in all the wisdom G4678 of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 11:33 - O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom G4678 and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:17 - For Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the gospel: not with wisdom G4678 of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of none effect.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:19 - For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom G4678 of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:20 - Where is the wise? where is the scribe? where is the disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom G4678 of this world?
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:21 - For after that in the wisdom G4678 of God the world by wisdom G4678 knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:22 - For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom: G4678
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:24 - But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom G4678 of God.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:30 - But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, G4678 and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 2:1 - And I, brethren, when I came to you, came not with excellency of speech or of wisdom, G4678 declaring unto you the testimony of God.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 2:4 - And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of man's wisdom, G4678 but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 2:5 - That your faith should not stand in the wisdom G4678 of men, but in the power of God.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 2:6 - Howbeit we speak wisdom G4678 among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom G4678 of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought:
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 2:7 - But we speak the wisdom G4678 of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world unto our glory:
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 2:13 - Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom G4678 teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 3:19 - For the wisdom G4678 of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 12:8 - For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; G4678 to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 1:12 - For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, G4678 but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 1:8 - Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom G4678 and prudence;
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 1:17 - That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom G4678 and revelation in the knowledge of him:
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 3:10 - To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom G4678 of God,
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 1:9 - For this cause we also, since the day we heard it, do not cease to pray for you, and to desire that ye might be filled with the knowledge of his will in all wisdom G4678 and spiritual understanding;
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 1:28 - Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; G4678 that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus:
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 2:3 - In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom G4678 and knowledge.
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 2:23 - Which things have indeed a shew of wisdom G4678 in will worship, and humility, and neglecting of the body; not in any honour to the satisfying of the flesh.
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 3:16 - Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; G4678 teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 4:5 - Walk in wisdom G4678 toward them that are without, redeeming the time.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 1:5 - If any of you lack wisdom, G4678 let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 3:13 - Who is a wise man and endued with knowledge among you? let him shew out of a good conversation his works with meekness of wisdom. G4678
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 3:15 - This wisdom G4678 descendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 3:17 - But the wisdom G4678 that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.
Unchecked Copy Box2Pe 3:15 - And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom G4678 given unto him hath written unto you;
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 5:12 - Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, G4678 and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 7:12 - Saying, Amen: Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, G4678 and thanksgiving, and honour, and power, and might, be unto our God for ever and ever. Amen.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 13:18 - Here is wisdom. G4678 Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 17:9 - And here is the mind which hath wisdom. G4678 The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth.
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