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Lexicon :: Strong's G4690 - sperma

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sperma (Key)
Part of Speech
neuter noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 7:536,1065

Strong’s Definitions

σπέρμα spérma, sper'-mah; from G4687; something sown, i.e. seed (including the male "sperm"); by implication, offspring; specially, a remnant (figuratively, as if kept over for planting):—issue, seed.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 44x

The KJV translates Strong's G4690 in the following manner: seed (43x), issue (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 44x
The KJV translates Strong's G4690 in the following manner: seed (43x), issue (1x).
  1. from which a plant germinates

    1. the seed i.e. the grain or kernel which contains within itself the germ of the future plants

      1. of the grains or kernels sown

    2. metaph. a seed i.e. a residue, or a few survivors reserved as the germ of the next generation (just as seed is kept from the harvest for the sowing)

  2. the semen virile

    1. the product of this semen, seed, children, offspring, progeny

    2. family, tribe, posterity

    3. whatever possesses vital force or life giving power

      1. of divine energy of the Holy Spirit operating within the soul by which we are regenerated

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
σπέρμα spérma, sper'-mah; from G4687; something sown, i.e. seed (including the male "sperm"); by implication, offspring; specially, a remnant (figuratively, as if kept over for planting):—issue, seed.
σπέρμα, σπέρματος, τό (σπείρω, which see), from Homer down, Hebrew זֶרַע, the seed (from which anything springs);
a. from which a plant germinates;
α. properly, the seed i. e. the grain or kernel which contains within itself the germ of the future plant: plural, Matthew 13:32; Mark 4:31; 1 Corinthians 15:38 (Exodus 16:31; 1 Samuel 8:15); the singular is used collectively of the grains or kernels sown: Matthew 13:24, 27, 37; 2 Corinthians 9:10 (here L Tr σπόρος).
β. metaphorically, a seed i. e. a residue. or a few survivors reserved as the germ of a new race (just as seed is kept from the harvest for the sowing), Romans 9:29 after Isaiah 1:9, where the Sept. for שַׂרִיד (so also Wis. 14:6; 1 Esdr. 8:85 (87); Josephus, Antiquities 11, 5, 3; 12, 7, 8; Plato, Tim., p. 23{c}).
b. the semen virile;
α. properly: Leviticus 15:16-18; Leviticus 18:20f, etc.; (probably also Hebrews 11:11, cf. καταβολή 1, and see below); often in secular writings. By metonymy the product of this semen, seed, children, offspring, progeny; family, race, posterity (so in Greek chiefly in the tragic poets, cf. Passow, under the word, 2 b. ii., p. 1498 (Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 3); and זֶרַע very often in the O. T. (cf. Winer's Grammar, 17, 30)); so in the singular, either of one, or collectively of many: Romans 9:7f; εἰς καταβολήν σπέρματος (see (above, and) καταβολή, 2) Hebrews 11:11; ἀνισταναι and ἐξανισταναι σπέρμα τίνι, Matthew 22:24; Mark 12:19; Luke 20:28 (Genesis 38:8); ἔχειν σπέρμα, Matthew 22:25; ἀφιέναι σπέρμα τίνι, Mark 12:20-22; τό σπέρμα τίνος, Luke 1:55; John 7:42; John 8:33, 37; Acts 3:25; Acts 7:5; Acts 13:23; Romans 1:3; (Romans 4:13); Rom. 9:7; 11:1; 2 Corinthians 11:22; 2 Timothy 2:8; Hebrews 2:16; Hebrews 11:18; in plural: παῖς ἐκ βαιλικων σπερμάτων, of royal descent, Josephus, Antiquities 8, 7, 6; τῶν Αβραμιαίων σπερμάτων ἀπόγονοι, 4 Macc. 18:1; equivalent to tribes, races, ἄνθρωποι τέ καί ἀνθρώπων σπερμασι νομοθετουμεν τά νῦν, Plato, legg. 9, p. 853 c. By a rabbinical method of interpreting, opposed to the usage of the Hebrew זֶרַע, which signifies the offspring whether consisting of one person or many, Paul lays such stress on the singular number in Genesis 13:15; Genesis 17:8 as to make it denote but one of Abraham's posterity, and that the Messiah: Galatians 3:16, also Galatians 3:19; and yet, that the way in which Pard presses the singular here is not utterly at variance with the genius of the Jewish-Greek language is evident from Αβραμιαίων σπερμάτων ἀπόγονοι, 4 Macc. 18:1, where the plural is used of many descendants ((cf. Geiger in Zeitschr. d. deutsch. Morgenl. Gesellsch. 1858, pp. 307-309; Delitzsch in Lut. Zeitschr. 1877 p. 603 sq.; Driver in the Expositor for Jan. 1889 p. 18 sq.; Lightfoot on Galatians, the passage cited)). τό σπέρμα (Ἀβραάμ) τό ἐκ τοῦ νόμου, the seed which is such according to the decision of the law, physical offspring (see νόμος, 2, p. 428{a}), τό ἐκ πίστεως Ἀβραάμ, those who are called Abraham's posterity on account of the faith by which they are akin to him (see πίστις, 1 b. ., p. 513{b} and ἐκ, II. 7), Romans 4:16; add, Romans 4:18; Rom 9:8; Galatians 3:29; similarly, Christians are called, in Revelation 12:17, the σπέρμα of the church (which is likened to a mother, Galatians 4:26).
β. whatever possesses vital force or life-giving power: τό σπέρμα τοῦ Θεοῦ ((but anarthrous)), the Holy Spirit, the divine energy operating within the soul by which we are regenerated or made the τέκνα τοῦ Θεοῦ, 1 John 3:9.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

13:15; 17:8; 38:8
15:16; 15:17; 15:18; 18:20
1 Samuel
13:24; 13:27; 13:32; 13:37; 22:24; 22:25
4:31; 12:19; 12:20; 12:21; 12:22
1:55; 20:28
7:42; 8:33; 8:37
3:25; 7:5; 13:23
1:3; 4:13; 4:16; 4:18; 9:7; 9:7; 9:8; 9:29; 11:1
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
9:10; 11:22
3:16; 3:19; 3:29; 4:26
2 Timothy
2:16; 11:11; 11:11; 11:18
1 John

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4690 matches the Greek σπέρμα (sperma),
which occurs 43 times in 40 verses in the MGNT Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:24 -

Jesus presented another parable to them, saying, “The kingdom of heaven [fn]is like a man who sowed good seed G4690 in his field.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:27 - “And the slaves of the landowner came and said to him, ‘Sir, did you not sow good seed G4690 in your field? [fn]How then does it have weeds?’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:32 - and this is smaller than all the other seeds G4690, but when it is fully grown, it is larger than the garden plants and becomes a tree, so that THE BIRDS OF THE SKY come and NEST IN ITS BRANCHES.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:37 - And He said, “The one who sows the good seed G4690 is the Son of Man,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:38 - and the field is the world; and as for the good seed G4690, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the weeds are the sons of the evil one;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:24 - saying, “Teacher, Moses said, ‘If a man dies having no children, his brother as next of kin shall marry his wife, and raise up [fn]children G4690 for his brother.’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:25 - “Now there were seven brothers among us; and the first married and died, and having no [fn]children G4690, he left his wife to his brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 4:31 - It is like a mustard seed, which, when sown upon the soil, though it is the smallest of all the seeds G4690 that are upon the soil,
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:19 - “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies and leaves behind a wife and does not leave a child, his brother is to [fn]marry the wife and raise up [fn]children G4690 for his brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:20 - “There were seven brothers; and the first took a wife, and died leaving no children G4690.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:21 - “The second one [fn]married her, and died leaving behind no children G4690; and the third likewise;
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:22 - and so the seven together left no children G4690. Last of all the woman also died.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 1:55 -

Just as He spoke to our fathers,

To Abraham and his [fn]descendants G4690 forever.”

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:28 - and they questioned Him, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if [fn]a man’s brother dies, [fn]leaving a wife, and he is childless, that his brother is to [fn]marry the wife and raise up children G4690 [fn]for his brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 7:42 - “Has the Scripture not said that the Christ comes from the descendants G4690 of David, and from Bethlehem, the village where David was?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 8:33 - They answered Him, “We are Abraham’s descendants G4690 and have never been enslaved to anyone; how is it that You say, ‘You will become free?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 8:37 - “I know that you are Abraham’s descendants G4690; yet you are seeking to kill Me, because My word [fn]has no place in you.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 3:25 - “It is you who are the sons of the prophets and of the covenant which God ordained with your fathers, saying to Abraham, ‘AND IN YOUR SEED G4690 ALL THE FAMILIES OF THE EARTH SHALL BE BLESSED.’
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:5 - “But He gave him no inheritance in it, not even a foot of ground, and yet, He promised that He would give it to him as a possession, and to his descendants G4690 after him, even though he had no child.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 13:23 - “From the descendants G4690 of this man, according to promise, God has brought to Israel a Savior, Jesus,
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 1:3 - concerning His Son, who was born of a [fn]descendant G4690 of David according to the flesh,
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:13 -

For the promise to Abraham or to his [fn]descendants G4690 that he would be heir of the world was not [fn]through the Law, but through the righteousness of faith.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:16 -

For this reason it is [fn]by faith, in order that it may be in accordance with grace, so that the promise will be guaranteed to all the [fn]descendants G4690, not only to [fn]those who are of the Law, but also to [fn]those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all,

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:18 - In hope against hope he believed, so that he might become a father of many nations according to that which had been spoken, “SO SHALL YOUR [fn]DESCENDANTS G4690 BE.”
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:7 - nor are they all children because they are Abraham’s [fn]descendants G4690, but: “[fn]THROUGH ISAAC YOUR [fn]DESCENDANTS G4690 SHALL BE NAMED.”
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:8 - That is, it is not the children of the flesh [fn]who are children of God, but the children of the promise are regarded as [fn]descendants G4690.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 9:29 - And just as Isaiah foretold:



Unchecked Copy BoxRom 11:1 -

I say then, God has not rejected His people, has He? [fn]Far from it! For I too am an Israelite, [fn]a descendant G4690 of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.

Unchecked Copy Box1Co 15:38 - But God gives it a body just as He wished, and to each of the seeds G4690 a body of its own.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 11:22 - Are they Hebrews? So am I. Are they Israelites? So am I. Are they [fn]descendants G4690 of Abraham? So am I.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:16 - Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed G4690. He does not say, “And to seeds G4690,” as one would in referring to many, but rather as in referring to one, “And to your seed G4690,” that is, Christ.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:19 -

Why the Law then? It was added on account of the [fn]violations, having been ordered through angels at the hand of a [fn]mediator, until the Seed G4690 would come to whom the promise had been made.

Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:29 - And if you [fn]belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s [fn]descendants G4690, heirs according to promise.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ti 2:8 -

Remember Jesus Christ, risen from the dead, descendant G4690 of David, according to my gospel,

Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 2:16 - For clearly He does not [fn]give help to angels, but He gives help to the [fn]descendants G4690 of Abraham.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:11 - By faith even Sarah herself received [fn]ability to conceive G4690, even beyond the proper time of life, since she considered Him faithful who had promised.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:18 - it was he to whom it was said, “THROUGH ISAAC YOUR [fn]DESCENDANTS G4690 SHALL BE NAMED.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Jo 3:9 - No one who has been born of God practices sin, because His seed G4690 remains in him; and he cannot sin continually, because he has been born of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 12:17 - So the dragon was enraged with the woman, and went off to make war with the rest of her [fn]children G4690, who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus.
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