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Lexicon :: Strong's G4716 - stauros

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σταυρός
Transliteration
stauros (Key)
Pronunciation
stow-ros'
Listen
Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From the base of ἵστημι (G2476)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 7:572,1071

Strong’s Definitions

σταυρός staurós, stow-ros'; from the base of G2476; a stake or post (as set upright), i.e. (specially), a pole or cross (as an instrument of capital punishment); figuratively, exposure to death, i.e. self-denial; by implication, the atonement of Christ:—cross.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 28x

The KJV translates Strong's G4716 in the following manner: cross (28x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 28x
The KJV translates Strong's G4716 in the following manner: cross (28x).
  1. a cross

    1. a well known instrument of most cruel and ignominious punishment, borrowed by the Greeks and Romans from the Phoenicians; to it were affixed among the Romans, down to the time of Constantine the Great, the guiltiest criminals, particularly the basest slaves, robbers, the authors and abetters of insurrections, and occasionally in the provinces, at the arbitrary pleasure of the governors, upright and peaceable men also, and even Roman citizens themselves

    2. the crucifixion which Christ underwent

  2. an upright "stake", esp. a pointed one, used as such in fences or palisades

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
σταυρός staurós, stow-ros'; from the base of G2476; a stake or post (as set upright), i.e. (specially), a pole or cross (as an instrument of capital punishment); figuratively, exposure to death, i.e. self-denial; by implication, the atonement of Christ:—cross.
STRONGS NT 4716: σταυρός
σταυρός, σταυροῦ, (from ἵστημι (root sta); cf. Latinstauro, English staff (see Skeat, Etymological Dictionary, under the word); Curtius, § 216; Vanicek, p. 1126);
1. an upright stake, especially a pointed one (Homer, Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon).
2. a cross;
a. the well-known instrument of most cruel and ignominious punishment, borrowed by the Greeks and Romans from the Phoenicians; to it were affixed among the Romans, down to the time of Constantine the Great, the guiltiest criminals, particularly the basest slaves, robbers, the authors and abetters of insurrections, and occasionally in the provinces, at the arbitrary pleasure of the governors, upright and peaceable men also, and even Roman citizens themselves; cf. Winers RWB, under the word Kreuzigung; Merz in Herzog edition 1 ((cf. Schaff-Herzog) also Schultze in Herzog edition 2), under the word Kreuz; Keim, iii., p. 409ff. (English translation, vi. 138; BB. DD., see under the words, Cross, Crucifixion; O. Zöckler, Das Kreuz Christi (Gütersloh, 1875); English translation, Lond. 1878; Fulda, Das Kreuz u. d. Kreuzigung (Bresl. 1878); Edersheim, Jesus the Messiah, ii. 582ff). This horrible punishment the innocent Jesus also suffered: Matthew 27:32, 40, 42; Mark 15:21, 30, 32; Luke 23:26; John 19:17, 19, 25, 31; Colossians 2:14; Hebrews 12:2; θάνατος σταυροῦ, Philippians 2:8; τό αἷμα τοῦ σταυροῦ, blood shed on the cross; Colossians 1:20.
b. equivalent to the crucifixion which Christ underwent: Galatians 5:11 (on which see σκάνδαλον, under the end); Ephesians 2:16; with the addition of τοῦ Χριστοῦ, 1 Corinthians 1:17; the saving power of his crucifixion, Philippians 3:18 (on which see ἐχθρός, at the end); Galatians 6:14; τῷ σταυρῷ τοῦ Χριστοῦ διώκεσθαι, to encounter persecution on account of one's avowed belief in the saving efficacy of Christ's crucifixion, Galatians 6:12; λόγος τοῦ σταυροῦ, the doctrine concerning the saving power of the death on the cross endured by Christ, 1 Corinthians 1:18. The judicial usage which compelled those condemned to crucifixion themselves to carry the cross to the place of punishment (Plutarch, de sara numinis vindict. c. 9; Artemidorus Daldianus, oneir. 2, 56, cf. John 19:17), gave rise to the proverbial expression αἴρειν or λαμβάνειν or βαστάζειν τόν σταυρόν αὐτοῦ, which was usually used by those who, on behalf of God's cause, do not hesitate cheerfully and manfully to bear persecutions, troubles, distresses — thus recalling the fate of Christ and the spirit in which he encountered it (cf. Bleek, Synop. Erkl. der drei ersten Evangg. i, p. 439f): Matthew 10:38; Matthew 16:24; Mark 8:34; Mark 10:21 (R L in brackets); Mark 15:21; Luke 9:23; Luke 14:27.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Matthew
10:38; 16:24; 27:32; 27:40; 27:42
Mark
8:34; 10:21; 15:21; 15:21; 15:30; 15:32
Luke
9:23; 14:27; 23:26
John
19:17; 19:17; 19:19; 19:25; 19:31
1 Corinthians
1:17; 1:18
Galatians
5:11; 6:12; 6:14
Ephesians
2:16
Philippians
2:8; 3:18
Colossians
1:20; 2:14
Hebrews
12:2

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4716 matches the Greek σταυρός (stauros),
which occurs 27 times in 27 verses in the MGNT Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:38 - “And the one who does not take his cross G4716 and follow after Me is not worthy of Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:24 - Then Jesus said to His disciples, “If anyone wants to come after Me, he must deny himself, take up his cross G4716, and follow Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:32 - As they were coming out, they found a man of Cyrene named Simon, [fn]whom they compelled to carry His [fn]cross G4716.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:40 - and saying, “You who are going to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross G4716.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:42 - “He saved others; [fn]He cannot save Himself! He is the King of Israel; let Him now come down from the cross G4716, and we will believe in Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 8:34 - And He summoned the crowd together with His disciples, and said to them, “If anyone wants to come after Me, he must deny himself, take up his cross G4716, and follow Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:21 - And they *compelled a passer-by coming from the country, Simon of Cyrene (the father of Alexander and Rufus), to carry His cross G4716.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:30 - save Yourself by coming down from the cross G4716!”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:32 - “Let this Christ, the King of Israel, come down now from the cross G4716, so that we may see and believe!” Those who were crucified with Him were also insulting Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 9:23 - And He was saying to them all, “If anyone wants to come after Me, he must deny himself, take up his cross G4716 daily, and follow Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 14:27 - “Whoever does not carry his own cross G4716 and come after Me cannot be My disciple.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 23:26 - And when they led Him away, they seized a man, Simon of Cyrene, as he was coming in from the country, and placed on him the cross G4716 to carry behind Jesus.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:17 - They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, [fn]carrying His own cross G4716, to the place called the Place of a Skull, which in [fn]Hebrew is called, Golgotha.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:19 - Now Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross G4716. It was written: “JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:25 - Now beside the cross G4716 of Jesus stood His mother, His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:31 - Now then, since it was the day of preparation, to prevent the bodies from remaining on the cross G4716 on the Sabbath ([fn]for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews requested of Pilate that their legs be broken, and the bodies be taken away.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:17 - For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel, not with [fn]cleverness of speech, so that the cross G4716 of Christ would not be made of no effect.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 1:18 - For the word of the cross G4716 is foolishness to those who [fn]are perishing, but to us who [fn]are being saved it is the power of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 5:11 - But as for me, brothers and sisters, if I still preach circumcision, why am I still persecuted? Then the stumbling block of the cross G4716 has been eliminated.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 6:12 - All who want to make a good showing in the flesh try to compel you to be circumcised, simply so that they will not be persecuted for the cross G4716 of Christ.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 6:14 - But [fn]far be it from me to boast, except in the cross G4716 of our Lord Jesus Christ, through [fn]which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world.
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 2:16 - and that He might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross G4716, [fn]by it having put to death the hostility.
Unchecked Copy BoxPhl 2:8 - And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death: death [fn]on a cross G4716.
Unchecked Copy BoxPhl 3:18 - For many walk, of whom I often told you, and now tell you even as I weep, that they are the enemies of the cross G4716 of Christ,
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 1:20 - and through Him to reconcile all things to Himself, whether things on earth or things in [fn]heaven, having made peace through the blood of His cross G4716.
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 2:14 - having canceled the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross G4716.
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 12:2 - looking only at Jesus, the [fn]originator and perfecter of the faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross G4716, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

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