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Lexicon :: Strong's G4811 - sykophanteō

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συκοφαντέω
Transliteration
sykophanteō (Key)
Pronunciation
soo-kof-an-teh'-o
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
From a compound of σῦκον (G4810) and a derivative of φαίνω (G5316)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 7:759,1100

Strong’s Definitions

συκοφαντέω sykophantéō, soo-kof-an-teh'-o; from a compound of G4810 and a derivative of G5316; to be a fig-informer (reporter of the law forbidding the exportation of figs from Greece), "sycophant", i.e. (genitive and by extension) to defraud (exact unlawfully, extort):—accuse falsely, take by false accusation.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 2x

The KJV translates Strong's G4811 in the following manner: accuse falsely (1x), take by false accusation (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 2x
The KJV translates Strong's G4811 in the following manner: accuse falsely (1x), take by false accusation (1x).
  1. to accuse wrongfully, to calumniate, to attack by malicious devices

  2. to exact money wrongfully

    1. to extort from, defraud

      "From sykon phainein, orig. used of denouncers of the attempted export of figs from Athens, acc. to Ister 35, Plu. Sol. 24, 2.523b; orig. of citizens entrusted with the collection of figs as part of the public revenues of Athens and the denouncing of tax-evaders, acc. to Philomnest.1; of denouncers of figs which had been stolen from the sacred fig-trees during a famine and had become cheap, the famine having passed, Sch. Ar. Pl. 31, cf. Fest. p.393 L.; these and modern explanations are mere guesses; the word first in Ar. but implied by sykopedilos." (Liddel-Scott-Jones, A Greek-English Lexicon)
Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
συκοφαντέω sykophantéō, soo-kof-an-teh'-o; from a compound of G4810 and a derivative of G5316; to be a fig-informer (reporter of the law forbidding the exportation of figs from Greece), "sycophant", i.e. (genitive and by extension) to defraud (exact unlawfully, extort):—accuse falsely, take by false accusation.
STRONGS NT 4811: συκοφαντέω
συκοφαντέω, συκοφάντω; 1 aorist ἐσυκοφάντησα; (from συκοφάντης, and this from σῦκον 'fig', and φαίνω 'to show'. At Athens those were called συκοφανται whose business it was to inform against anyone whom they might detect exporting figs out of Attica; and as sometimes they seem to have extorted money from those loath to he exposed, the name συκοφάντης from the time of Aristophanes down was a general term of opprobrium to designate a malignant informer, a calumniator; a malignant and base accuser from love of gain (but cf. Liddell and Scott, under the word); hence, the verb συκοφάντω signifies)
1. to accuse wrongfully, to calumniate, to attack by malicious devices (Aristophanes, Xenophon, Plato, others).
2. to exact money wrongfully; to extort from, defraud: Luke 3:14 (here R. V. margin accuse wrongfully); with a genitive of the person and accusative of the thing, Luke 19:8 (τριάκοντα μνᾶς παρά τίνος Lysias, p. 177, 32. The Sept. for עָשַׁק, to oppress, defraud, Job 35:9; Ecclesiastes 4:1; Psalm 118:122 (Ps. 119:122); πένητα, Proverbs 14:31; Proverbs 22:16; πτωχούς, Proverbs 28:3).
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Job
35:9
Psalms
119:122
Proverbs
14:31; 22:16; 28:3
Ecclesiastes
4:1
Luke
3:14; 19:8

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4811 matches the Greek συκοφαντέω (sykophanteō),
which occurs 2 times in 2 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 3:14 - And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; G4811 and be content with your wages.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 19:8 - And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken G4811  any thing from any man by false accusation, G4811 I restore him fourfold.

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