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Lexicon :: Strong's G5442 - phylassō

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phylassō (Key)
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
Probably from φυλή (G5443) through the idea of isolation
31x in 20 unique form(s)
30x in 20 unique form(s)
416x in 79 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 9:236,1280

Strong’s Definitions

φυλάσσω phylássō, foo-las'-so; probably from G5443 through the idea of isolation; to watch, i.e. be on guard (literally or figuratively); by implication, to preserve, obey, avoid:—beware, keep (self), observe, save. Compare G5083.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 30x

The KJV translates Strong's G5442 in the following manner: keep (23x), observe (2x), beware (2x), keep (one's) self (1x), save (1x), be ... ware (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 30x
The KJV translates Strong's G5442 in the following manner: keep (23x), observe (2x), beware (2x), keep (one's) self (1x), save (1x), be ... ware (1x).
  1. to guard

    1. to watch, keep watch

    2. to guard or watch, have an eye upon: lest he escape

    3. to guard a person (or thing) that he may remain safe

      1. lest he suffer violence, be despoiled, etc. to protect

      2. to protect one from a person or thing

      3. to keep from being snatched away, preserve safe and unimpaired

      4. to guard from being lost or perishing

      5. to guard one's self from a thing

    4. to guard i.e. care for, take care not to violate

      1. to observe

  2. to observe for one's self something to escape

    1. to avoid, shun flee from

    2. to guard for one's self (i.e. for one's safety's sake) so as not to violate, i.e. to keep, observe (the precepts of the Mosaic law)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
φυλάσσω phylássō, foo-las'-so; probably from G5443 through the idea of isolation; to watch, i.e. be on guard (literally or figuratively); by implication, to preserve, obey, avoid:—beware, keep (self), observe, save. Compare G5083.
φυλάσσω; future φυλάξω; 1 aorist ἐφύλαξα; middle, present φυλάσσομαι; 1 aorist ἐφυλαξάμην; present passive φυλάσσομαι; from Homer down; the Sept. times too many to count for שָׁמַר, occasionally for נָצַר (etc.):
1. Active, to guard (Latin custodio); i. e.,
a. to watch, to keep watch: with φυλακήν, added, Luke 2:8 (see φυλακή, a.).
b. to guard or watch, have an eye upon: τινα, one, lest he escape, Acts 12:4; Acts 28:16; passive, Acts 23:35; Luke 8:29; τί, anything, lest it be carried off: τά ἱμάτια, Acts 22:20.
c. to guard a person (or thing) that he may remain safe, i. e. lest he suffer violence, be despoiled, etc., equivalent to to protect: τήν αὐλήν, Luke 11:21; ἀπό τίνος, to protect one from a person or thing, 2 Thessalonians 3:3 (see πονηρός, p. 531a) (Xenophon, Cyril 1, 4, 7; Psalm 140:9 (Ps. 141:9); cf. Buttmann, § 147, 3; (Winer's Grammar, 223 (209))); τήν παραθήκην (or παρακαταθήκην), to keep from being snatched away, preserve safe and unimpaired, 1 Timothy 6:20; 2 Timothy 1:14; with the addition of εἰς τινα ἡμέραν, i. e. that it may be forthcoming on that day, 2 Timothy 1:12; to guard from being lost or perishing, i. e. (with the predominant idea of a happy issue), to preserve: τινα, John 17:12 (where ἐφύλαξα is explained by the following οὐδείς ἐξ αὐτῶν ἀπώλετο (cf. τηρέω, at the end)); 2 Peter 2:5; τινα with a predicate accusative, Jude 1:24; φυλάξει (opposed to ἀπολέσει) τήν ψυχήν εἰς ζωήν αἰών. i. e. will keep it with the result that lie will have life eternal, John 12:25; ἑαυτόν ἀπό τόν to guard oneself from a thing, 1 John 5:21 (where cf. Westcott).
d. to guard, i. e. to care for, take care not to violate; to observe: τόν νόμον, Acts 7:53; Acts 21:24; Galatians 6:13 (Leviticus 19:37, etc.; Sophocles Trach. 616; others; νόμους, Xenophon, Hell. 1, 7, 30; Plato, de rep. 6, p. 484 b.; polit., p. 292 a.); single precepts of the Mosaic law, Matthew 19:20 L T Tr WH; Mark 10:20 Lachmann; Luke 18:21 L T Tr text WH; (τά δικαιώματα τοῦ νόμου, Romans 2:26); τόν λόγον τοῦ Θεοῦ, Luke 11:28; τά ῤήματα of Jesus, John 12:47 L T Tr WH; apostolic directions, Acts 16:4; 1 Timothy 5:21.
2. Middle
a. to observe for oneself something to escape, i. e. to avoid, shun, flee from: by a use common in Greek writings from Aeschylus and Herodotus down, with an accusative of the object, τί, Acts 21:25 (A. V. keep themselves from); τινα, 2 Timothy 4:15 (A. V. be thou ware of); ἀπό τίνος, to keep oneself from a thing, Luke 12:15 (Xenophon, Cyril 2, 3, 9; (Hell. 7, 2, 10)); ἵνα μή, 2 Peter 3:17 (ὅπως μή, Xenophon, mem. 1, 2, 37; other examples in Passow, under the word, p. 2360{a}; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, C. II.)).
b. by a usage foreign to Greek writings but very frequent in the Sept. (cf. Winers Grammar, 253 (238)), to guard for oneself (i. e. for one's safety's sake) so as not to violate, i. e. to keep, observe: ταῦτα πάντα (the precepts of the Mosaic law), Matthew 19:20 R G; Mark 10:20 R G T Tr WH; Luke 18:21 R G Tr marginal reading (Exodus 12:17; Leviticus 18:4; Leviticus 20:8, 22; Leviticus 26:3, and many other passages). (Compare: διαφυλάσσω. Synonym: see τηρέω, at the end.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

18:4; 19:37; 20:8; 20:22; 26:3
140:9; 141:9
19:20; 19:20
10:20; 10:20
2:8; 8:29; 11:21; 11:28; 12:15; 18:21; 18:21
12:25; 12:47; 17:12
7:53; 12:4; 16:4; 21:24; 21:25; 22:20; 23:35; 28:16
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
5:21; 6:20
2 Timothy
1:12; 1:14; 4:15
2 Peter
2:5; 3:17
1 John

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G5442 matches the Greek φυλάσσω (phylassō),
which occurs 30 times in 30 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 19:20 - The young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept G5442 from my youth up: what lack I yet?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:20 - And he answered and said unto him, Master, all these have I observed G5442 from my youth.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 2:8 - And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping G5442 watch over their flock by night.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:29 - (For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For oftentimes it had caught him: and he was kept G5442 bound with chains and in fetters; and he brake the bands, and was driven of the devil into the wilderness.)
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:21 - When a strong man armed keepeth G5442 his palace, his goods are in peace:
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:28 - But he said, Yea rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep G5442 it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:15 - And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware G5442 of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 18:21 - And he said, All these have I kept G5442 from my youth up.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:25 - He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep G5442 it unto life eternal.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 17:12 - While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, G5442 and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:53 - Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have G5442  not kept G5442 it.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 12:4 - And when he had apprehended him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four quaternions of soldiers to keep G5442 him; intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 16:4 - And as they went through the cities, they delivered them the decrees for to keep, G5442 that were ordained of the apostles and elders which were at Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 21:24 - Them take, and purify thyself with them, and be at charges with them, that they may shave their heads: and all may know that those things, whereof they were informed concerning thee, are nothing; but that thou thyself also walkest orderly, and keepest G5442 the law.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 21:25 - As touching the Gentiles which believe, we have written and concluded that they observe no such thing, save only that they keep G5442 themselves from things offered to idols, and from blood, and from strangled, and from fornication.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 22:20 - And when the blood of thy martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing by, and consenting unto his death, and kept G5442 the raiment of them that slew him.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 23:35 - I will hear thee, said he, when thine accusers are also come. And he commanded him to be kept G5442 in Herod's judgment hall.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 28:16 - And when we came to Rome, the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard: but Paul was suffered to dwell by himself with a soldier that kept G5442 him.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 2:26 - Therefore if the uncircumcision keep G5442 the righteousness of the law, shall not his uncircumcision be counted for circumcision?
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 6:13 - For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep G5442 the law; but desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh.
Unchecked Copy Box2Th 3:3 - But the Lord is faithful, who shall stablish you, and keep G5442 you from evil.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ti 5:21 - I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe G5442 these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ti 6:20 - O Timothy, keep G5442 that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane and vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called:
Unchecked Copy Box2Ti 1:12 - For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep G5442 that which I have committed unto him against that day.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ti 1:14 - That good thing which was committed unto thee keep G5442 by the Holy Ghost which dwelleth in us.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ti 4:15 - Of whom be G5442  thou ware G5442 also; for he hath greatly withstood our words.
Unchecked Copy Box2Pe 2:5 - And spared not the old world, but saved G5442 Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;
Unchecked Copy Box2Pe 3:17 - Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know these things before, beware G5442 lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness.
Unchecked Copy Box1Jo 5:21 - Little children, keep G5442 yourselves from idols. Amen.
Unchecked Copy BoxJde 1:24 - Now unto him that is able to keep G5442 you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy,
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