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Lexicon :: Strong's G5442 - phylassō

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phylassō (Key)
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
Probably from φυλή (G5443) through the idea of isolation
31x in 20 unique form(s)
30x in 20 unique form(s)
414x in 79 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 9:236,1280

Strong’s Definitions

φυλάσσω phylássō, foo-las'-so; probably from G5443 through the idea of isolation; to watch, i.e. be on guard (literally or figuratively); by implication, to preserve, obey, avoid:—beware, keep (self), observe, save. Compare G5083.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 30x

The KJV translates Strong's G5442 in the following manner: keep (23x), observe (2x), beware (2x), keep (one's) self (1x), save (1x), be ... ware (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 30x
The KJV translates Strong's G5442 in the following manner: keep (23x), observe (2x), beware (2x), keep (one's) self (1x), save (1x), be ... ware (1x).
  1. to guard

    1. to watch, keep watch

    2. to guard or watch, have an eye upon: lest he escape

    3. to guard a person (or thing) that he may remain safe

      1. lest he suffer violence, be despoiled, etc. to protect

      2. to protect one from a person or thing

      3. to keep from being snatched away, preserve safe and unimpaired

      4. to guard from being lost or perishing

      5. to guard one's self from a thing

    4. to guard i.e. care for, take care not to violate

      1. to observe

  2. to observe for one's self something to escape

    1. to avoid, shun flee from

    2. to guard for one's self (i.e. for one's safety's sake) so as not to violate, i.e. to keep, observe (the precepts of the Mosaic law)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
φυλάσσω phylássō, foo-las'-so; probably from G5443 through the idea of isolation; to watch, i.e. be on guard (literally or figuratively); by implication, to preserve, obey, avoid:—beware, keep (self), observe, save. Compare G5083.
φυλάσσω; future φυλάξω; 1 aorist ἐφύλαξα; middle, present φυλάσσομαι; 1 aorist ἐφυλαξάμην; present passive φυλάσσομαι; from Homer down; the Sept. times too many to count for שָׁמַר, occasionally for נָצַר (etc.):
1. Active, to guard (Latin custodio); i. e.,
a. to watch, to keep watch: with φυλακήν, added, Luke 2:8 (see φυλακή, a.).
b. to guard or watch, have an eye upon: τινα, one, lest he escape, Acts 12:4; Acts 28:16; passive, Acts 23:35; Luke 8:29; τί, anything, lest it be carried off: τά ἱμάτια, Acts 22:20.
c. to guard a person (or thing) that he may remain safe, i. e. lest he suffer violence, be despoiled, etc., equivalent to to protect: τήν αὐλήν, Luke 11:21; ἀπό τίνος, to protect one from a person or thing, 2 Thessalonians 3:3 (see πονηρός, p. 531a) (Xenophon, Cyril 1, 4, 7; Psalm 140:9 (Ps. 141:9); cf. Buttmann, § 147, 3; (Winer's Grammar, 223 (209))); τήν παραθήκην (or παρακαταθήκην), to keep from being snatched away, preserve safe and unimpaired, 1 Timothy 6:20; 2 Timothy 1:14; with the addition of εἰς τινα ἡμέραν, i. e. that it may be forthcoming on that day, 2 Timothy 1:12; to guard from being lost or perishing, i. e. (with the predominant idea of a happy issue), to preserve: τινα, John 17:12 (where ἐφύλαξα is explained by the following οὐδείς ἐξ αὐτῶν ἀπώλετο (cf. τηρέω, at the end)); 2 Peter 2:5; τινα with a predicate accusative, Jude 1:24; φυλάξει (opposed to ἀπολέσει) τήν ψυχήν εἰς ζωήν αἰών. i. e. will keep it with the result that lie will have life eternal, John 12:25; ἑαυτόν ἀπό τόν to guard oneself from a thing, 1 John 5:21 (where cf. Westcott).
d. to guard, i. e. to care for, take care not to violate; to observe: τόν νόμον, Acts 7:53; Acts 21:24; Galatians 6:13 (Leviticus 19:37, etc.; Sophocles Trach. 616; others; νόμους, Xenophon, Hell. 1, 7, 30; Plato, de rep. 6, p. 484 b.; polit., p. 292 a.); single precepts of the Mosaic law, Matthew 19:20 L T Tr WH; Mark 10:20 Lachmann; Luke 18:21 L T Tr text WH; (τά δικαιώματα τοῦ νόμου, Romans 2:26); τόν λόγον τοῦ Θεοῦ, Luke 11:28; τά ῤήματα of Jesus, John 12:47 L T Tr WH; apostolic directions, Acts 16:4; 1 Timothy 5:21.
2. Middle
a. to observe for oneself something to escape, i. e. to avoid, shun, flee from: by a use common in Greek writings from Aeschylus and Herodotus down, with an accusative of the object, τί, Acts 21:25 (A. V. keep themselves from); τινα, 2 Timothy 4:15 (A. V. be thou ware of); ἀπό τίνος, to keep oneself from a thing, Luke 12:15 (Xenophon, Cyril 2, 3, 9; (Hell. 7, 2, 10)); ἵνα μή, 2 Peter 3:17 (ὅπως μή, Xenophon, mem. 1, 2, 37; other examples in Passow, under the word, p. 2360{a}; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, C. II.)).
b. by a usage foreign to Greek writings but very frequent in the Sept. (cf. Winers Grammar, 253 (238)), to guard for oneself (i. e. for one's safety's sake) so as not to violate, i. e. to keep, observe: ταῦτα πάντα (the precepts of the Mosaic law), Matthew 19:20 R G; Mark 10:20 R G T Tr WH; Luke 18:21 R G Tr marginal reading (Exodus 12:17; Leviticus 18:4; Leviticus 20:8, 22; Leviticus 26:3, and many other passages). (Compare: διαφυλάσσω. Synonym: see τηρέω, at the end.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

18:4; 19:37; 20:8; 20:22; 26:3
140:9; 141:9
19:20; 19:20
10:20; 10:20
2:8; 8:29; 11:21; 11:28; 12:15; 18:21; 18:21
12:25; 12:47; 17:12
7:53; 12:4; 16:4; 21:24; 21:25; 22:20; 23:35; 28:16
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
5:21; 6:20
2 Timothy
1:12; 1:14; 4:15
2 Peter
2:5; 3:17
1 John

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G5442 matches the Greek φυλάσσω (phylassō),
which occurs 31 times in 31 verses in the MGNT Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 19:20 - The young man *said to Him, “All these things I have kept; G5442 what am I still lacking?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:20 - And he said to Him, “Teacher, I have kept G5442 all these things from my youth up.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 2:8 - In the same region there were some shepherds staying out in the fields and keeping G5442 watch over their flock by night.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:29 - For He had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For it had seized him many times; and he was bound with chains and shackles and kept G5442 under G5442 guard, G5442 and yet he would break his bonds and be driven by the demon into the desert.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:21 - “When [fn]a strong man, fully armed, guards G5442 his own house, his possessions are [fn]undisturbed.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:28 - But He said, “On the contrary, blessed are those who hear the word of God and observe G5442 it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:15 - Then He said to them, “Beware, and be on your guard G5442 against every form of greed; for not even when one has an abundance does his life consist of his possessions.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 18:21 - And he said, “All these things I have kept G5442 from my youth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:25 - “He who loves his [fn]life loses it, and he who hates his [fn]life in this world will keep G5442 it to life eternal.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:47 - “If anyone hears My sayings and does not keep G5442 them, I do not judge him; for I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 17:12 - “While I was with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given Me; and I guarded G5442 them and not one of them perished but the [fn]son of perdition, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 7:53 - you who received the law as ordained by angels, and yet did not keep G5442 it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 12:4 - When he had seized him, he put him in prison, delivering him to four [fn]squads of soldiers to guard G5442 him, intending after the Passover to bring him out before the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 16:4 - Now while they were passing through the cities, they were delivering the decrees which had been decided upon by the apostles and elders who were in Jerusalem, for them to observe. G5442
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 21:24 - take them and purify yourself along with them, and [fn]pay their expenses so that they may shave their [fn]heads; and all will know that there is nothing to the things which they have been told about you, but that you yourself also walk orderly, keeping G5442 the Law.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 21:25 - “But concerning the Gentiles who have believed, we wrote, having decided that they should abstain G5442 from [fn]meat sacrificed to idols and from blood and from what is strangled and from fornication.”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 22:20 - ‘And when the blood of Your witness Stephen was being shed, I also was standing by approving, and watching G5442 out for the coats of those who were slaying him.’
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 23:35 - he said, “I will give you a hearing after your accusers arrive also,” giving orders for him to be kept G5442 in Herod’s [fn]Praetorium.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 28:16 - When we entered Rome, Paul was allowed to stay by himself, with the soldier who was guarding G5442 him.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 2:26 - So if the [fn]uncircumcised man keeps G5442 the requirements of the Law, will not his uncircumcision be regarded as circumcision?
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 6:13 - For those who [fn]are circumcised do not even keep G5442 [fn]the Law themselves, but they desire to have you circumcised so that they may boast in your flesh.
Unchecked Copy Box2Th 3:3 - But the Lord is faithful, [fn]and He will strengthen and protect G5442 you [fn]from the evil one.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ti 5:21 - I solemnly charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus and of His chosen angels, to maintain G5442 these principles without bias, doing nothing in a spirit of partiality.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ti 6:20 - O Timothy, guard G5442 what has been entrusted to you, avoiding worldly and empty chatter and the opposing arguments of what is falsely called “knowledge”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ti 1:12 - For this reason I also suffer these things, but I am not ashamed; for I know whom I have believed and I am convinced that He is able to guard G5442 what I have entrusted to Him [fn]until that day.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ti 1:14 - Guard, G5442 through the Holy Spirit who dwells in us, the [fn]treasure which has been entrusted to you.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ti 4:15 - Be on guard G5442 against him yourself, for he vigorously opposed our [fn]teaching.
Unchecked Copy Box2Pe 2:5 - and did not spare the ancient world, but preserved G5442 Noah, a [fn]preacher of righteousness, with seven others, when He brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly;
Unchecked Copy Box2Pe 3:17 - You therefore, beloved, knowing this beforehand, be on your guard G5442 so that you are not carried away by the error of unprincipled men and fall from your own steadfastness,
Unchecked Copy Box1Jo 5:21 - Little children, guard G5442 yourselves from idols.
Unchecked Copy BoxJde 1:24 - Now to Him who is able to keep G5442 you from stumbling, and to make you stand in the presence of His glory blameless with great joy,
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