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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's G5457 - phōs

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φῶς
Transliteration
phōs (Key)
Pronunciation
foce
Listen
Part of Speech
neuter noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an obsolete phao (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays, cf φαίνω (G5316), φημί (G5346))
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 9:310,1293

Trench's Synonyms: xlvi. φῶς, φέγγος, φωστήρ, λύχνος, λαμπάς.

Strong’s Definitions

φῶς phōs, foce; from an obsolete φάω pháō (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316, G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative):—fire, light.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 70x

The KJV translates Strong's G5457 in the following manner: light (68x), fire (2x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 70x
The KJV translates Strong's G5457 in the following manner: light (68x), fire (2x).
  1. light

    1. the light

      1. emitted by a lamp

      2. a heavenly light such as surrounds angels when they appear on earth

    2. anything emitting light

      1. a star

      2. fire because it is light and sheds light

      3. a lamp or torch

    3. light, i.e brightness

      1. of a lamp

  2. metaph.

    1. God is light because light has the extremely delicate, subtle, pure, brilliant quality

    2. of truth and its knowledge, together with the spiritual purity associated with it

    3. that which is exposed to the view of all, openly, publicly

    4. reason, mind

      1. the power of understanding esp. moral and spiritual truth

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
φῶς phōs, foce; from an obsolete φάω pháō (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316, G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative):—fire, light.
STRONGS G5457:
φῶς, φωτός, τό (contracted from φάος, from φάω to shine), from Homer (who (as well as Pindar) uses the form φάος) down, Hebrew אור, light (opposed to τό σκότος, σκοτία);
1. properly,
a. universally: Θεός εἰπών ἐκ σκότους φῶς λάμψαι, 2 Corinthians 4:6 (Genesis 1:3); λευκά ὡς τό φῶς, Matthew 17:2; νεφέλη φωτός (Griesbach text) i. e. consisting of light, equivalent to φωτεινεη in R L T Tr WH, Matthew 17:5; τό φῶς τοῦ κόσμου, of the sun, John 11:9; τό φῶς οὐκ ἐστιν ἐν αὐτῷ, the light (i. e. illumining power) is not in him, consequently he does not see or distinguish the filings about him, John 11:10; the light emitted by a lamp, Luke 8:16; (Luke 11:33 L Tr text WH). a heavenly light, such as surrounds angels when they appear on earth: hence, ἄγγελος φωτός, 2 Corinthians 11:14, and illumines the place where they appear, Acts 12:7; a light of this kind shone around Paul when he was converted to Christ, Acts 22:6, (Acts 22:9), Acts 22:11 (Winer's Grammar, 371 (348)); with the addition of οὐρανόθεν, Acts 26:13; of ἀπό (or ἐκ) τοῦ οὐρανοῦ, Acts 9:3.
b. by metonymy, anything emitting light: a heavenly luminary (or star), plural James 1:17 (see πατήρ, 3 a.); fire, because it is light and gives light: Luke 22:56; θερμαίνεσθαι πρός τό φῶς, Mark 14:54 (1 Macc. 12:29; Xenophon, Hell. 6, 2, 29; Cyril 7, 5, 27); a lamp or torch: plural φῶτα, Acts 16:29 (φῶς ἔχειν, Xenophon, Hell. 5, 1, 8; in plural often in Plutarch).
c. light i. e. brightness (Latinsplendor) (see a. above), ἡλίου, Revelation 22:5; of a lamp, John 5:35 (where it symbolizes his rank, influence, worth, mighty deeds); with the addition of λύχνου, Revelation 18:23 (Jeremiah 25:10); of the divine Shechinah (see δόξα, III. 1), Revelation 21:24 (Psalm 88:16 (Ps. 89:16); Isaiah 60:1, 19f).
2. φῶς is often used in poetic discourse, in metaphor, and in parable;
a. The extremely delicate, subtile, pure, brilliant quality of light has led to the use of φῶς as an appellation of God, i. e. as by nature incorporeal, spotless, holy (cf. Westcott, Epistles of St. John, p. 15ff): 1 John 1:5 (Wis. 7:26 where cf. Grimm); he is said εἶναι ἐν τῷ φωτί, in a state of supreme sanctity, 1 John 1:7; φῶς οἴκων ἀπρόσιτον, a figure describing his nature as alike of consummate majesty and inaccessible to human comprehension, 1 Timothy 6:16 (Psalm 103:2 (Ps. 104:2)); used of that heavenly state, consummate and free from every imperfection, to which the true disciples of Christ will be exalted, equivalent to the kingdom of light, Colossians 1:12.
b. By a figure frequently in the N. T. (cf. in classic Greek τῆς ἀληθείας τό φῶς, Euripides, L T. 1046 etc.; see Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 2), φῶς is used to denote truth and its knowledge, together with the spiritual purity congruous with it (opposed to τό σκότος b., σκοτία, which see): ζωή ἦν τό φῶς τῶν ἀνθρώπων, had the nature of light in men, i. e. became the source of human wisdom, John 1:4; especially the saving truth embodied in Christ and by his love and effort imparted to mankind, Matthew 4:16; John 1:5; John 3:19-21; Acts 26:18, 23; 2 Corinthians 6:14; Ephesians 5:13{a} (cf. below); τό φῶς τό ἀληθινόν, 1 John 2:8; τό θαυμαστόν τοῦ Θεοῦ φῶς, 1 Peter 2:9 (Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 36, 2 [ET] cf. 59, 2 [ET]); τό φῶς ὑμῶν, the divine truth with which ye are imbued, Matthew 5:16; ἔχειν τό φῶς τῆς ζωῆς, the light by which the true life is gained, John 8:12; τά ὅπλα (Lachmann marginal reading ἔργα) τοῦ φωτός, Romans 13:12; καρπός τοῦ φωτός, Ephesians 5:9 G L T Tr WH; ἐν τῷ φωτί περιπατεῖν, to live agreeably to saving wisdom, 1 John 1:7; ἐν τῷ φωτί εἶναι, to be imbued with saving wisdom, μένειν, to continue devoted to it, to persevere in keeping it, 1 John 2:9f; οἱ υἱοί τοῦ φωτός (see υἱός, 2, p. 635{a}), Luke 16:8; John 12:36; 1 Thessalonians 5:5; τέκνα φωτός (see τέκνον, c. β., p. 618^a), Ephesians 5:8. by metonymy, φῶς; is used of one in whom wisdom and spiritual purity shine forth, and who imparts the same to others: φῶς τῶν ἐν σκότει, Romans 2:19; (φῶς ἐθνῶν, Acts 13:47); in a pre-eminent sense is Jesus the Messiah called φῶς and τό φῶς: Luke 2:32; John 1:7; John 12:35f, 46; τό φῶς τοῦ κόσμου, John 8:12; John 9:5 (τό φῶς τοῦ κόσμου τό δοθέν ἐν ὑμῖν εἰς φωτισμόν παντός ἀνθρώπου, Test xii. Patr. test. Levi § 14); τό φῶς τό ἀληθινόν, John 1:9; by the same name the disciples of Jesus are distinguished, Matthew 5:14; Christians are called φῶς ἐν κυρίῳ, having obtained saving wisdom in communion with Christ, Ephesians 5:8. πᾶν τό φανερούμενον φῶς ἐστιν, everything made manifest by the aid of Christian truth has taken on the nature of light, so that its true character and quality are no longer hidden, Ephesians 5:13{b} (others take φῶς here in an outward or physical sense, and regard the statement as a general truth confirmatory of the assertion made respecting spiritual 'φωτός just before (cf. above)).
c. By a figure borrowed from daylight φῶς is used of that which is exposed to the view of all: ἐν τῷ φωτί (opposed to ἐν τῇ σκοτία), openly, publicly (ἐν φαει, Pindar Nem. 4, 63), Matthew 10:27; Luke 12:3.
d. reason, mind; the power of understanding especially moral and spiritual truth: τό φῶς τό ἐν σοι, Matthew 6:23; Luke 11:35. (Synonym: see φέγγος, at the end.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
1:3
Psalms
88:16; 89:16; 103:2; 104:2
Isaiah
60:1; 60:19
Jeremiah
25:10
Matthew
4:16; 5:14; 5:16; 6:23; 10:27; 17:2; 17:5
Mark
14:54
Luke
2:32; 8:16; 11:33; 11:35; 12:3; 16:8; 22:56
John
1:4; 1:5; 1:7; 1:9; 3:19; 3:20; 3:21; 5:35; 8:12; 8:12; 9:5; 11:9; 11:10; 12:35; 12:36; 12:46
Acts
9:3; 12:7; 13:47; 16:29; 22:6; 22:9; 22:11; 26:13; 26:18; 26:23
Romans
2:19; 13:12
2 Corinthians
4:6; 6:14; 11:14
Ephesians
5:8; 5:8; 5:9; 5:13; 5:13
Colossians
1:12
1 Thessalonians
5:5
1 Timothy
6:16
James
1:17
1 Peter
2:9
1 John
1:5; 1:7; 1:7; 2:8; 2:9
Revelation
18:23; 21:24; 22:5

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G5457 matches the Greek φῶς (phōs),
which occurs 70 times in 59 verses in the TR Greek.

Page 1 / 2 (Mat 4:16–Jas 1:17)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 4:16 - THE PEOPLE WHO WERE SITTING IN DARKNESS SAW A GREAT LIGHT G5457,
AND THOSE WHO WERE SITTING IN THE LAND AND SHADOW OF DEATH,
UPON THEM A LIGHT G5457 DAWNED.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:14 - “You are the light G5457 of the world. A city set on a [fn]hill cannot be hidden;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:16 - “Your light G5457 must shine before people in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 6:23 - “But if your eye is [fn]bad, your whole body will be full of darkness. So if the light G5457 that is in you is darkness, how great is the darkness!
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:27 - “What I tell you in the darkness, tell in the light G5457; and what you hear whispered in your ear, proclaim on the housetops.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 17:2 - And He was transfigured before them; and His face shone like the sun, and His garments became as white as light G5457.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:54 - And Peter had followed Him at a distance, right into the courtyard of the high priest; and he was sitting with the [fn]officers and warming himself at the [fn]fire G5457.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 2:32 - A light G5457 for revelation [fn]for the Gentiles,
And the glory of Your people Israel.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:16 - “Now no one lights a lamp and covers it over with a container, or puts it under a bed; but he puts it on a lampstand so that those who come in may see the light G5457.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:35 - “So watch out that the light G5457 in you is not darkness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:3 - “Accordingly, whatever you have said in the dark will be heard in the light G5457, and what you have [fn]whispered in the inner rooms will be proclaimed on the housetops.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:8 - “And his [fn]master complimented the unrighteous manager because he had acted shrewdly; for the sons of this age are more shrewd in relation to their own [fn]kind than the sons of light G5457.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 22:56 - And a slave woman, seeing him as he sat in the firelight G5457, and staring at him, said, “This man was with Him as well.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:4 - In Him was life, and the life was the Light G5457 of mankind.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:5 - And the Light G5457 shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not [fn]grasp it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:7 - [fn]He came [fn]as a witness, to testify about the Light G5457, so that all might believe through him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:8 - [fn]He was not the Light G5457, but he came to testify about the Light G5457.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:9 - [fn]This was the true Light G5457 [fn]that, coming into the world, enlightens every person.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:19 - “And this is the judgment, that the Light G5457 has come into the world, and people loved the darkness rather than the Light G5457; for their deeds were evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:20 - “For everyone who does evil hates the Light G5457, and does not come to the Light G5457, so that his deeds will not be exposed.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:21 - “But the one who practices the truth comes to the Light G5457, so that his deeds will be revealed [fn]as having been performed in God.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 5:35 - “He was the lamp that was burning and shining, and you were willing to rejoice for [fn]a while in his light G5457.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 8:12 - Then Jesus again spoke to them, saying, “I am the Light G5457 of the world; the one who follows Me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the Light G5457 of life.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 9:5 - “While I am in the world, I am the Light G5457 of the world.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 11:9 - Jesus replied, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks during the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light G5457 of this world.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 11:10 - “But if anyone walks during the night, he stumbles, because the light G5457 is not in [fn]him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:35 - So Jesus said to them, “For a little while longer the Light G5457 is among you. Walk while you have the Light G5457, so that darkness will not overtake you; also, the one who walks in the darkness does not know where he is going.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:36 - “While you have the Light G5457, believe in the Light G5457, so that you may become sons of Light G5457.”
These things Jesus proclaimed, and He went away and hid Himself from them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:46 - “I have come as Light G5457 into the world, so that no one who believes in Me will remain in darkness.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 9:3 - Now as he was traveling, it happened that he was approaching Damascus, and suddenly a light G5457 from heaven flashed around him;
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 12:7 - And behold, an angel of the Lord suddenly stood near Peter, and a light G5457 shone in the cell; and he struck Peter’s side and woke him, saying, “Get up quickly.” And his chains fell off his hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 13:47 - “For so the Lord has commanded us,
‘I HAVE APPOINTED YOU AS A LIGHT G5457 [fn]TO THE GENTILES,
THAT YOU MAY [fn]BRING SALVATION TO THE END OF THE EARTH.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 16:29 - And the jailer asked for lights G5457 and rushed in, and trembling with fear, he fell down before Paul and Silas;
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 22:6 - “But it happened that as I was on my way, approaching Damascus at about noon, a very bright light G5457 suddenly flashed from heaven all around me,
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 22:9 - “And those who were with me saw the light G5457, but did not [fn]understand the voice of the One who was speaking to me.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 22:11 - “But since I could not see because of the [fn]brightness of that light G5457, I came into Damascus being led by the hand by those who were with me.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 26:13 - at midday, O king, I saw on the way a light G5457 from heaven, [fn]brighter than the sun, shining around me and those who were journeying with me.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 26:18 - to open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light G5457, and from the [fn]power of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in Me.’
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 26:23 - as to whether the [fn]Christ was [fn]to suffer, and whether, as first from the resurrection of the dead, He would proclaim light G5457 both to the Jewish people and to the Gentiles.”
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 2:19 - and are confident that you yourself are a guide to people who are blind, a light G5457 to those in darkness,
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 13:12 - The night is almost gone, and the day is near. Therefore let’s rid ourselves of the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light G5457.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 4:6 - For God, who said, “Light G5457 shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 6:14 - Do not be [fn]mismatched with unbelievers; for what do righteousness and lawlessness share together, or what does light G5457 have in common with darkness?
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 11:14 - No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light G5457.
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 5:8 - for you were once darkness, but now you are light G5457 in the Lord; walk as children of light G5457
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 5:13 - But all things become visible when they are exposed by the light G5457, for everything that becomes visible is light G5457.
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 1:12 - giving thanks to the Father, who has qualified us [fn]to share in the inheritance of the [fn]saints in light G5457.
Unchecked Copy Box1Th 5:5 - for you are all sons of light G5457 and sons of day. We are not of night nor of darkness;
Unchecked Copy Box1Ti 6:16 - who alone possesses immortality and dwells in unapproachable light G5457, whom [fn]no one has seen or can see. To Him be honor and eternal dominion! Amen.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 1:17 - Every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights G5457, with whom there is no variation or [fn]shifting shadow.

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1. Currently on page 1/2 (Mat 4:16–Jas 1:17) Mat 4:16–Jas 1:17

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