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Lexicon :: Strong's G907 - baptizō

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baptizō (Key)
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
From a derivative of βάπτω (G911)
77x in 28 unique form(s)
80x in 28 unique form(s)
2x in 2 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 1:529,92

Strong’s Definitions

βαπτίζω baptízō, bap-tid'-zo; from a derivative of G911; to immerse, submerge; to make whelmed (i.e. fully wet); used only (in the New Testament) of ceremonial ablution, especially (technically) of the ordinance of Christian baptism:—Baptist, baptize, wash.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 80x

The KJV translates Strong's G907 in the following manner: baptize (76), wash (2x), baptist (1x), baptized (with G2258) (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 80x
The KJV translates Strong's G907 in the following manner: baptize (76), wash (2x), baptist (1x), baptized (with G2258) (1x).
  1. to dip repeatedly, to immerse, to submerge (of vessels sunk)

  2. to cleanse by dipping or submerging, to wash, to make clean with water, to wash one's self, bathe

  3. to overwhelm

    "Note on Baptism in Ac. Baptism in water (such as John's) is distinguished from baptism with the Holy Spirit (i. 5, etc.). Those who receive the latter, however, may also be baptized in water (cf. xi. 16 with x. 47); and there is one example of people who had previously received John's baptism receiving Christian baptism as a preliminary to receiving the Spirit (xix. 3 ff.). John's was a baptism of repentance (xiii. 24; xix. 4), as was also Christian baptism (ii. 38), but as John's pointed forward to Jesus (xix. 4), it became obsolete when He came. Christian baptism followed faith in the Lord Jesus (xvi. 31 ff.); it was associated with His name (ii. 38; viii. 16, etc.), which was invoked by the person baptized (xxii. 16); it signified the remission (ii. 38) or washing away of sins (xxii. 16); sometimes it preceded (ii. 38; viii. 15 ff.; xix. 5), sometimes followed (x. 47 f.) the receiving of the Spirit." (F. F. Bruce. The Acts of the Apostles [Greek Text Commentary], London: Tyndale, 1952, p. 98, n. 1.)

    This word should not be confused with baptô (911). The clearest example that shows the meaning of baptizo is a text from the Greek poet and physician Nicander, who lived about 200 B.C. It is a recipe for making pickles and is helpful because it uses both words. Nicander says that in order to make a pickle, the vegetable should first be 'dipped' (baptô) into boiling water and then 'baptised' (baptizô) in the vinegar solution. Both verbs concern the immersing of vegetables in a solution. But the first is temporary. The second, the act of baptising the vegetable, produces a permanent change.

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
βαπτίζω baptízō, bap-tid'-zo; from a derivative of G911; to immerse, submerge; to make whelmed (i.e. fully wet); used only (in the New Testament) of ceremonial ablution, especially (technically) of the ordinance of Christian baptism:—Baptist, baptize, wash.
βαπτίζω; [imperfect ἐβάπτιζον]; future βαπτίσω; 1 aorist ἐβάπτισα; passive [present βαπτίζομαι]; imperfect ἐβαπτιζόμην; perfect participle βεβαπτισμένος; 1 aorist ἐβαπτίσθην; 1 future βαπτισθήσομαι; 1 aorist middle ἐβαπτισάμην; (frequently [?] from βάπτω, like βαλλίζω from βάλλω); here and there in Plato, Polybius, Diodorus, Strabo, Josephus, Plutarch, others.
1. properly, to dip repeatedly, to immerge, submerge (of vessels sunk, Polybius 1, 51, 6; 8, 8, 4; of animals, Diodorus 1, 36).
2. to cleanse by dipping or submerging, to wash, to make clean with water; in the middle and the 1 aorist passive to wash oneself, bathe; so Mark 7:4 [where WH text ῥαντίσωνται]; Luke 11:38 (2 Kings 5:14 ἐβαπτίσατο ἐν τῷ Ἰορδάνῃ, for טָבַל; Sir. 31:30 (Sir. 34:30); Judith 12:7).
3. metaphorically, to overwhelm, as ἰδιώτας ταῖς ἐισφοραῖς, Diodorus 1, 73; ὀφλήμασι, Plutarch, Galba 21; τῇ συμφορᾷ βεβαπτισμένος, Heliodorus Aeth. 2, 3; and alone, to inflict great and abounding calamities on one: ἐβάπτισαν τὴν πόλιν, Josephus, b. j. 4, 3, 3; ἀνομία με βαπτίζει, Isaiah 21:4 Sept. hence, βαπτίζεσθαι βάπτισμα (cf. Winers Grammar, 225 (211); [Buttmann, 148 (129)]; cf. λούεσθαι τὸ λουτρόν, Aelian de nat. an. 3, 42), to be overwhelmed with calamities, of those who must bear them, Matthew 20:22f Rec.; Mark 10:38; Luke 12:50 (cf. the German etwas auszubaden haben, and the use of the word e. g. respecting those who cross a river with difficulty, ἕως τῶν μαστῶν οἱ πεζοὶ βαπτιζόμενοι διέβαινον, Polybius 3, 72, 4; [for examples see Sophocles' Lexicon under the word; also T. J. Conant, Baptizein, its meaning and use, N. Y. 1864 (printed also as an Appendix to their revised version of the Gospel of Matthew by the "American Bible Union"); and especially four works by J. W. Dale entitled Classic, Judaic, Johannic, Christic, Baptism, Phil. 1867ff; D. B. Ford, Studies on the Bapt. Quest. (including a review of Dr. Dale's works), Bost. 1879]).
II. In the N. T. it is used particularly of the rite of sacred ablution, first instituted by John the Baptist, afterward by Christ's command received by Christians and adjusted to the contents and nature of their religion (see βάπτισμα, 3), viz., an immersion in water, performed as a sign of the removal of sin, and administered to those who, impelled by a desire for salvation, sought admission to the benefits of the Messiah's kingdom; [for patristic references respecting the mode, ministrant, subjects, etc. of the rite, cf. Sophocles Lexicon, under the word; Dict. of Chris. Antiq. under the word Baptism].
a. The word is used absolutely, to administer the rite of ablution, to baptize (Vulg. baptizo; Tertullian tingo, tinguo [cf. mergito, de corona mil. § 3]): Mark 1:4; John 1:25f, 28; John 3:22f, 26; John 4:2; John 10:40; 1 Corinthians 1:17; with the cognate noun τὸ βάπτισμα, Acts 19:4; βαπτίζων substantively equivalent to βαπτιστης, Mark 6:14 [Mark 6:24 T Tr WH]. τινά, John 4:1; Acts 8:38; 1 Corinthians 1:14, 16. Passive to be baptized: Matthew 3:13f, 16; Mark 16:16; Luke 3:21; Acts 2:41; Acts 8:12, 13, [Acts 8:36]; Acts 10:47; 16:15; 1 Corinthians 1:15 L T Tr WH; 1 Cor 10:2 L T Tr marginal reading. WH marginal reading. Passive in a reflexive sense [i. e. middle, cf. Winers Grammar, § 38, 3], to allow oneself to be initiated by baptism, to receive baptism: [Luke 3:7, 12); Luke 7:30; Acts 2:38; Acts 9:18; Acts 16:33; Acts 18:8; with the cognate noun τὸ βάπτισμα added, Luke 7:29; 1 aorist middle, 1 Corinthians 10:2 (L T Tr marginal reading WH marginal reading ἐβαπτίσθησαν [cf. Winer's Grammar, § 38, 4 b.]); Acts 22:16. followed by a dative of the thing with which baptism is performed, ὕδατι, see bb. below.
b. with prepositions;
aa. εἰς, to mark the element into which the immersion is made: εἰς τὸν Ἰορδάνην, Mark 1:9. to mark the end: εἰς μετάνοιαν, to bind one to repentance, Matthew 3:11; εἰς τὸ Ἰωάννου βάπτισμα, to bind to the duties imposed by John's baptism, Acts 19:3 [cf. Winer's Grammar, 397 (371)]; εἰς ὄνομά τινος, to profess the name (see ὄνομα, 2) of one whose follower we become, Matthew 28:19; Acts 8:16; Acts 19:5; 1 Corinthians 1:13, 15; εἰς ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν, to obtain the forgiveness of sins, Acts 2:38; εἰς τὸν Μωυσῆν, to follow Moses as a leader, 1 Corinthians 10:2. to indicate the effect: εἰς ἕν σῶμα, to unite together into one body by baptism, 1 Corinthians 12:13; εἰς Χριστόν, εἰς τὸν θάνατον αὐτοῦ, to bring by baptism into fellowship with Christ, into fellowship in his death, by which fellowship we have died to sin, Galatians 3:27; Romans 6:3 [cf. Meyer on the latter passive, Ellicott on the former].
bb. ἐν, with the dative of the thing in which one is immersed: ἐν τῷ Ἰορδάνῃ, Mark 1:5; ἐν τῷ ὕδατι, John 1:31 (L T Tr WH ἐν ὕδ., but compare Meyer at the passage [who makes the article deictic]). of the thing used in baptizing: ἐν ὕδατι, Matthew 3:11; Mark 1:8 [T WH Tr marginal reading omit; Tr text brackets ἐν]; John 1:26, 33; cf. Buttmann, § 133, 19; [cf. Winers Grammar, 412 (384); see ἐν, I. 5 d. α.]; with the simple dative, ὕδατι, Luke 3:16; Acts 1:5; Acts 11:16. ἐν πνεύματι ἁγίῳ, to imbue richly with the Holy Spirit (just as its large bestowment is called an outpouring): Matthew 3:11; Mark 1:8 [L Tr brackets ἐν]; Luke 3:16; John 1:33; Acts 1:5; Acts 11:16; with the addition καὶ πυρί to overwhelm with fire (those who do not repent), i. e. to subject them to the terrible penalties of hell, Matthew 3:11. ἐν ὀνόματι τοῦ κυρίου, by the authority of the Lord, Acts 10:48.
cc. Passive ἐπὶ [L Tr WH ἐν] τῷ ὀνόματι Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, relying on the name of Jesus Christ, i. e. reposing one's hope on him, Acts 2:38.
dd. ὑπὲρ τῶν νεκρῶν on behalf of the dead, i. e. to promote their eternal salvation by undergoing baptism in their stead, 1 Corinthians 15:29; cf. [Winers Grammar, 175 (165); 279 (262); 382 (358); Meyer (or Beet) at the passage]; especially Neander at the passage; Rückert, Progr. on the passage, Jen. 1847; Paret in Ewald's Jahrb. d. biblical Wissensch. ix., p. 247; [cf. B. D. under the word Baptism XII. Alex.'s Kitto ibid. VI.].
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

2 Kings
3:11; 3:11; 3:11; 3:11; 3:13; 3:16; 20:22; 28:19
1:4; 1:5; 1:8; 1:8; 1:9; 6:14; 6:24; 7:4; 10:38; 16:16
3:7; 3:12; 3:16; 3:16; 3:21; 7:29; 7:30; 11:38; 12:50
1:25; 1:26; 1:28; 1:31; 1:33; 1:33; 3:22; 3:26; 4:1; 4:2; 10:40
1:5; 1:5; 2:38; 2:38; 2:38; 2:41; 8:12; 8:13; 8:16; 8:36; 8:38; 9:18; 10:47; 10:48; 11:16; 11:16; 16:15; 16:33; 18:8; 19:3; 19:4; 19:5; 22:16
1 Corinthians
1:13; 1:14; 1:15; 1:15; 1:16; 1:17; 10:2; 10:2; 10:2; 12:13; 15:29

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G907 matches the Greek βαπτίζω (baptizō),
which occurs 77 times in 64 verses in the MGNT Greek.

Page 1 / 2 (Mat 3:6–Act 18:8)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 3:6 - and they were being baptized G907 by him in the Jordan River, as they confessed their sins.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 3:11 -

“As for me, I baptize G907 you [fn]with water for repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, and I am not fit to remove His sandals; He will baptize G907 you [fn]with the Holy Spirit and fire.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 3:13 -

Then Jesus *arrived from Galilee at the Jordan, coming to John to be baptized G907 by him.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 3:14 - But John tried to prevent Him, saying, “I have the need to be baptized G907 by You, and yet You are coming to me?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 3:16 - After He was baptized G907, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened, and [fn]he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove and [fn]settling on Him,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 28:19 - [fn]Go, therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing G907 them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit,
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 1:4 -

John the Baptist G907 appeared in the wilderness, [fn]preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.

Unchecked Copy BoxMar 1:5 - And all the country of Judea was going out to him, and all the people of Jerusalem; and they were being baptized G907 by him in the Jordan River, confessing their sins.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 1:8 - “I baptized G907 you [fn]with water; but He will baptize G907 you [fn]with the Holy Spirit.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 1:9 -

In those days Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee and was baptized G907 by John in the Jordan.

Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:14 -

And King Herod heard about it, for His name had become well known; and people were saying, “John the Baptist G907 has risen from the dead, and that is why these miraculous powers are at work in Him.”

Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:24 - And she went out and said to her mother, “What shall I ask for?” And she said, “The head of John the Baptist G907.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:4 - and when they come from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they [fn]completely G907 cleanse G907 themselves; and there are many other things which they have received as traditions to firmly hold, such as the [fn]washing of cups, pitchers, and copper pots.)
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:38 - But Jesus said to them, “You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, or to be baptized G907 with the baptism with which I am baptized G907?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:39 - They said to Him, “We are able.” And Jesus said to them, “The cup that I drink you shall drink; and you shall be baptized G907 with the baptism with which I am baptized G907.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 16:16 - “The one who has believed and has been baptized G907 will be saved; but the one who has not believed will be condemned.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 3:7 -

So he was saying to the crowds who were going out to be baptized G907 by him, “You [fn]offspring of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 3:12 - Now even tax collectors came to be baptized G907, and they said to him, “Teacher, what are we to do?”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 3:16 - John responded to them all, saying, “As for me, I baptize G907 you with water; but He is coming who is mightier than I, and I am not fit to untie the straps of His sandals; He will baptize G907 you [fn]with the Holy Spirit and fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 3:21 -

Now when all the people were baptized G907, Jesus also was baptized G907, and while He was praying, heaven was opened,

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:29 - When all the people and the tax collectors heard this, they acknowledged God’s justice, having been baptized G907 with the baptism of John.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:30 - But the Pharisees and the [fn]lawyers rejected God’s purpose for themselves, not having been baptized G907 by [fn]John.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:38 - When the Pharisee saw this, he was surprised that Jesus had not first [fn]ceremonially G907 washed G907 before the [fn]meal.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 12:50 - “But I have a baptism [fn]to undergo G907, and how distressed I am until it is accomplished!
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:25 - They asked him, and said to him, “Why then are you baptizing G907, if you are not the [fn]Christ, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:26 - John answered them, saying, “I baptize G907 [fn]in water, but among you stands One whom you do not know.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:28 - These things took place in Bethany beyond the Jordan, where John was baptizing G907 people.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:31 - “And I did not recognize [fn]Him, but so that He would be revealed to Israel, I came baptizing G907 [fn]in water.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:33 - “And I did not recognize [fn]Him, but He who sent me to baptize G907 [fn]in water said to me, ‘He upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, this is the One who baptizes G907 [fn]in the Holy Spirit.’
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:22 -

After these things Jesus and His disciples came into the land of Judea; and there He was spending time with them and baptizing G907.

Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:23 - Now John also was baptizing G907 in Aenon, near Salim, because there was an abundance of water there; and people were coming and being baptized G907
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:26 - And they came to John and said to him, “Rabbi, He who was with you beyond the Jordan, to whom you have testified—behold, He is baptizing G907 and all the people are coming to Him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 4:1 -

So then, when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that [fn]He was making and baptizing G907 more disciples than John

Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 4:2 - (although Jesus Himself was not baptizing G907; rather, His disciples were),
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 10:40 -

And He went away again beyond the Jordan to the place where John was first baptizing G907, and He stayed there.

Unchecked Copy BoxAct 1:5 - for John baptized G907 [fn]with water, but you will be baptized G907 [fn]with the Holy Spirit [fn]not many days from now.”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 2:38 - Peter said to them, “Repent, and each of you be baptized G907 in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 2:41 - So then, those who had received his word were baptized G907; and that day there were added about three thousand [fn]souls.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 8:12 - But when they believed Philip as he was preaching the good news about the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, both men and women were being baptized G907.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 8:13 - Now even Simon himself believed; and after being baptized G907, he continued on with Philip, and as he observed signs and great miracles taking place, he was repeatedly amazed.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 8:16 - (For He had not yet fallen upon any of them; they had simply been baptized G907 [fn]in the name of the Lord Jesus.)
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 8:36 - As they went along the road they came to some water; and the eunuch *said, “Look! Water! What prevents me from being baptized G907?”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 8:38 - And he ordered that the [fn]chariot stop; and they both went down into the water, Philip as well as the eunuch, and he baptized G907 him.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 9:18 - And immediately something like fish scales fell from his eyes, and he regained his sight, and he got up and was baptized G907;
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 10:47 - “Surely no one can refuse the water for these to be baptized G907, who have received the Holy Spirit just as we did, can he?”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 10:48 - And he ordered them to be baptized G907 in the name of Jesus Christ. Then they asked him to stay on for a few days.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 11:16 - “And I remembered the word of the Lord, how He used to say, ‘John baptized G907 with water, but you will be baptized G907 [fn]with the Holy Spirit.’
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 16:15 - Now when she and her household had been baptized G907, she urged us, saying, “If you have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come into my house and stay.” And she prevailed upon us.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 16:33 - And he took them that very hour of the night and washed their wounds, and immediately he was baptized G907, he and all his household.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 18:8 - Crispus, the leader of the synagogue, believed in the Lord together with his entire household; and many of the Corinthians, as they listened to Paul, were believing and being baptized G907.

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1. Currently on page 1/2 (Mat 3:6–Act 18:8) Mat 3:6–Act 18:8

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