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Lexicon :: Strong's H1 - 'āḇ

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
A root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 4a

Strong’s Definitions

אָב ʼâb, awb; a primitive word; father, in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application:—chief, (fore-) father(-less), × patrimony, principal. Compare names in 'Abi-'.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 1,215x

The KJV translates Strong's H1 in the following manner: father (1,205x), chief (2x), families (2x), desire (1x), fatherless (with H369) (1x), forefathers (with H7223) (1x), patrimony (1x), prince (1x), principal (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 1,215x
The KJV translates Strong's H1 in the following manner: father (1,205x), chief (2x), families (2x), desire (1x), fatherless (with H369) (1x), forefathers (with H7223) (1x), patrimony (1x), prince (1x), principal (1x).
  1. father of an individual

  2. of God as father of his people

  3. head or founder of a household, group, family, or clan

  4. ancestor

    1. grandfather, forefathers — of person

    2. of people

  5. originator or patron of a class, profession, or art

  6. of producer, generator (fig.)

  7. of benevolence and protection (fig.)

  8. term of respect and honour

  9. ruler or chief (spec.)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָב ʼâb, awb; a primitive word; father, in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application:—chief, (fore-) father(-less), × patrimony, principal. Compare names in 'Abi-'.
STRONGS H1: Abbreviations
אָב 1191 noun masculine father (Phoenician אב, Assyrian abu, Arabic أَبً, Sabean אב CISiv, 1, 37 1. 2 and others, Ethiopic አብ፡ Aramaic אַבָּא, axBAf  — absolute אָב Genesis 44:19 + 47 times; construct אַב Genesis 17:4, 5; (compare in אַבְרָהָם ib. & elsewhere in proper names. On Hal's proposed אֲבִר see אברהם); אֲבִי (compare Ge§§ 90, 3b, 96) Genesis 4:20 +; suffix אָבִי Genesis 19:34 + (MI אבי); אָבִיךָ Genesis 12:1 +; אָבִיו Genesis 2:24 +; אָבִ֫יהוּ Judges 14:10 + 6 times; plural אָבוֺת Exodus 12:3 +; construct אֲבוֺת Exodus 6:25 + 7 times; suffix אֲבוֺתַי (אֲבֹתַי, אֲבוֺתָ֑י) Genesis 47:9 + 15 times; אֲבוֺתֵיהֶם 1 Chronicles 4:38 + 32 times (late); אֲבוֺתָם Exodus 4:5 + 106 times etc.;
1. father of individual Genesis 2:24 (+ אֵם) Genesis 11:28, 29 (twice in verse); Genesis 19:31, 32, 33, + often (mostly J E D); of father as commanding Genesis 50:16 (J) Jeremiah 35:6f, Proverbs 6:20 (compare Genesis 18:19; J Genesis 28:1, 6 P 1 Samuel 17:20; 1 Kings 2:1); instructing מוסר Proverbs 1:8; Proverbs 4:1 (compare Deuteronomy 8:5); specifically as begetter, genitor Proverbs 23:22; Zechariah 13:3 (twice in verse) (+ אֵם) Isaiah 45:10; compare Genesis 49:4 (J) Leviticus 18:7, 8, 11 (P); rebuking Genesis 37:10; loving Genesis 37:4; Genesis 44:20 (JE; compare Genesis 22:2; Genesis 25:28; Genesis 37:3; 2 Samuel 14:1); pitying Psalm 103:13 (in simile compare 2 Samuel 18:5); blessing Genesis 27:41 (JE compare Genesis 27:4; also Genesis 28:1 P +); as glad Proverbs 10:1; Proverbs 15:20; compare Proverbs 29:3; grieving Genesis 37:35 (JE; compare 2 Samuel 12:22; 2 Samuel 19:1; 2 Samuel 19:2f) etc. Also as object of honour, obedience, love Exodus 20:12 (E)=Deuteronomy 5:16; Exodus 21:15, 17 (E) Deuteronomy 21:18, 19; Genesis 28:7 (P) 1 Kings 19:20 (all + אֵם), Genesis 50:1; Genesis 50:5 (J) Malachi 1:6 etc. Hence metaphor of intimate connection Job 17:14 to corruption I cry, My father art thou (|| אִמִּי וַאֲחֹתִי לָֽרִמָּה).
2. of God as father of his people (see RSSem 42), who constituted, controls, guides and lovingly watches over it: Deuteronomy 32:6; Jeremiah 3:4, 19; Jeremiah 31:9; Isaiah 63:16 (twice in verse); Isaiah 64:7; Malachi 1:6; Malachi 2:10 (compare Exodus 4:22; Exodus 19:4 (JE) Deuteronomy 32:11; Hosea 11:1); compare Jeremiah 2:27 (of idolatrous Israel) אֹמְרִים לָעֵץ אָבִי אַתָּה וְלָאֶבֶן אַתְּ ילדתני׃; especially God as father of Davidic line 2 Samuel 7:14; Psalm 89:27; f. of needy (late) Psalm 68:6 (compare Psalm 103:13) (in proper name, father of individual, compare below)
3. head of household, family or clan; בֵּית אָבִי as abode Genesis 38:11 (twice in verse); Leviticus 22:13 +; = family Genesis 24:40 (|| מִשְׁפַּחְתִּי) Genesis 41:51; Genesis 46:31Numbers 18:1, 2; Joshua 2:12, 18; Joshua 6:25; especially techn. of divisions of Israel לְמִשְׁפָּחוֹת אָב בֵּית Numbers 3:30, 35 = a father's house, i.e. a family or clan; more often plural (אבותם, אבותיו) בֵית אָבוֺת = father's houses = families, clans (compare Di on Exodus 6:14) Exodus 6:14; Exodus 12:3; Numbers 1:2, 18 ff (often in Numbers) Joshua 14:1; Joshua 19:51; Joshua 21:1 (twice in verse); Joshua 22:14 (twice in verse) (always P in Hexateuch); also 1 Chronicles 5:13, 15 + often in Chronicles; compare רָאשֵׁי אבות הלוים (= 'בית א 'ר) Exodus 6:25 compare 1 Kings 8:1; 1 Chronicles 6:4; 1 Chronicles 7:11 — Ezra Nehemiah.
4. ancestor
(a) of individual; grandfather (instead of precise term) Genesis 28:13; Genesis 31:10 [Genesis 32:9] (J; where used by Jacob of Abraham & then of Isaac); greatgrandfather 1 Kings 15:13; great-greatgrandfather 1 Kings 15:11 etc.; oft plural (= fathers, forefathers) Genesis 15:15; Genesis 46:34 (JE) 1 Kings 19:4; 1 Kings 21:3, 4; 2 Kings 19:12; 2 Kings 20:17 +; particularly שׁכב עם אבותיו 1 Kings 1:21; 1 Kings 2:10; 1 Kings 11:21; 1 Kings 22:40 +; joined with ויקבר עם אב׳ 1 Kings 14:31; 1 Kings 15:24; 1 Kings 22:51; 2 Kings 8:24; 2 Kings 15:38 compare 2 Kings 15:7, 2 Kings 16:20 + (all of kings of Judah); intensive, אֲבֹתֶיךָ וַאֲבוֺת אֲבֹתֶיךָ Exodus 10:6 compare Daniel 11:24;
(b) of people Genesis 10:21 (J) Genesis 17:4, 5 (P) Genesis 19:37, 38 (J) Genesis 36:9, 43 (P) Deuteronomy 26:5; Isaiah 51:2; Isaiah 43:27 (where אביך הראשׁון thy first father, see Che) compare also Ezekiel 16:3, 45 + often; plural Exodus 3:13, 15, 16 (E) Deuteronomy 1:8; Joshua 1:6; Judges 2:1; 1 Samuel 12:6 +; 1 Samuel 12:15 near the end read וּבְמַלְכְּכֶם Greek Version of the LXX We Dr.
5. originator or patron of a class, profession, or art Genesis 4:20, 21.
6. figurative of producer, Generator Job 38:28 הֲיֵשׁ לַמָּטָר אָ֑ב (|| הוֺלִיד אֶגְלֵי־טָֽל׃ מִי־).
7. figurative of benevolence & protection Job 29:6 אָב אָֽנֹכִי לָֽאֶבְיוֺנִים, compare Job 31:18; of Eliakim Isaiah 22:21; perhaps also of gracious Messianic king אֲבִי עַד Isaiah 9:5 [Isaiah 9:6] everlasting father (Ge Ew De Che Brd Di) — others divider of spoil (Abarb Hi Kn Kue BrMP).
8. term of respect & honour (Abbas, Pater, Papa, Pope); applied to master 2 Kings 5:13; priest Judges 17:10; Judges 18:19; prophet 2 Kings 2:12 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 6:21; 2 Kings 13:14 (twice in verse); compare 2 Kings 8:9; counsellor Genesis 45:8 (E; compare δευτέρου πατρός Greek Version of the LXX add. Esther 3:13; τῷ πατρί1Mac Esth 11:32); king 1 Samuel 24:12; artificer 2 Chronicles 2:12; 2 Chronicles 4:16.
9. specifically, ruler, chief (late) 1 Chronicles 2:24, 42 (twice in verse); etc. (compare Ew§ 273 b) see also EwGeschichte. i. 524. H i. 365. On the force of אָב in proper names (in many probably a divine title), see CheEncy. Bib., ABI, NAMES WITHib., NAMES, §§ 44, 45.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:24; 2:24; 4:20; 4:20; 4:21; 10:21; 11:28; 11:29; 12:1; 15:15; 17:4; 17:4; 17:5; 17:5; 18:19; 19:31; 19:32; 19:33; 19:34; 19:37; 19:38; 22:2; 24:40; 25:28; 27:4; 27:41; 28:1; 28:1; 28:6; 28:7; 28:13; 32:9; 36:9; 36:43; 37:3; 37:4; 37:10; 37:35; 38:11; 41:51; 44:19; 44:20; 45:8; 46:31; 46:34; 47:9; 49:4; 50:1; 50:5; 50:16


3:13; 3:15; 3:16; 4:5; 4:22; 6:14; 6:14; 6:25; 6:25; 10:6; 12:3; 12:3; 19:4; 20:12; 21:15; 21:17


18:7; 18:8; 18:11; 22:13


1:2; 1:18; 3:30; 3:35; 18:1; 18:2


1:8; 5:16; 8:5; 21:18; 21:19; 26:5; 32:6; 32:11


1:6; 2:12; 2:18; 6:25; 14:1; 19:51; 21:1; 22:14


2:1; 14:10; 17:10; 18:19

1 Samuel

12:6; 12:15; 17:20; 24:12

2 Samuel

7:14; 12:22; 14:1; 18:5; 19:1; 19:2

1 Kings

1:21; 2:1; 2:10; 8:1; 11:21; 14:31; 15:11; 15:13; 15:24; 19:4; 19:20; 21:3; 21:4; 22:40; 22:51

2 Kings

2:12; 5:13; 6:21; 8:9; 8:24; 13:14; 15:7; 15:38; 16:20; 19:12; 20:17

1 Chronicles

2:24; 2:42; 4:38; 5:13; 5:15; 6:4; 7:11

2 Chronicles

2:12; 4:16




17:14; 29:6; 31:18; 38:28


68:6; 89:27; 103:13; 103:13


1:8; 4:1; 6:20; 10:1; 15:20; 23:22; 29:3


9:6; 22:21; 43:27; 45:10; 51:2; 63:16; 64:7


2:27; 3:4; 3:19; 31:9; 35:6


16:3; 16:45








1:6; 1:6; 2:10

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1 matches the Hebrew אָב ('āḇ),
which occurs 1,213 times in 1,060 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 22 (Gen 2:24–Gen 28:2)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:24 - Therefore shall a man leave his father H1 and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:20 - And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father H1 of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:21 - And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father H1 of all such as handle the harp and organ.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:18 - And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham is the father H1 of Canaan.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:22 - And Ham, the father H1 of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, H1 and told his two brethren without.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:23 - And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; H1 and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father's H1 nakedness.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 10:21 - Unto Shem also, the father H1 of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 11:28 - And Haran died before his father H1 Terah in the land of his nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 11:29 - And Abram and Nahor took them wives: the name of Abram's wife was Sarai; and the name of Nahor's wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father H1 of Milcah, and the father H1 of Iscah.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:1 - Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's H1 house, unto a land that I will shew thee:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:15 - And thou shalt go to thy fathers H1 in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 17:4 - As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father H1 of many nations.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 17:5 - Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father H1 of many nations have I made thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:31 - And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father H1 is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:32 - Come, let us make our father H1 drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. H1
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:33 - And they made their father H1 drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father; H1 and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:34 - And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight with my father: H1 let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. H1
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:35 - And they made their father H1 drink wine that night also: and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:36 - Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father. H1
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:37 - And the firstborn bare a son, and called his name Moab: the same is the father H1 of the Moabites unto this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:38 - And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name Benammi: the same is the father H1 of the children of Ammon unto this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:12 - And yet indeed she is my sister; she is the daughter of my father, H1 but not the daughter of my mother; and she became my wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:13 - And it came to pass, when God caused me to wander from my father's H1 house, that I said unto her, This is thy kindness which thou shalt shew unto me; at every place whither we shall come, say of me, He is my brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:7 - And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, H1 and said, My father: H1 and he said, Here am I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:21 - Huz his firstborn, and Buz his brother, and Kemuel the father H1 of Aram,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:7 - The LORD God of heaven, which took me from my father's H1 house, and from the land of my kindred, and which spake unto me, and that sware unto me, saying, Unto thy seed will I give this land; he shall send his angel before thee, and thou shalt take a wife unto my son from thence.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:23 - And said, Whose daughter art thou? tell me, I pray thee: is there room in thy father's H1 house for us to lodge in?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:38 - But thou shalt go unto my father's H1 house, and to my kindred, and take a wife unto my son.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:40 - And he said unto me, The LORD, before whom I walk, will send his angel with thee, and prosper thy way; and thou shalt take a wife for my son of my kindred, and of my father's H1 house:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:3 - Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give all these countries, and I will perform the oath which I sware unto Abraham thy father; H1
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:15 - For all the wells which his father's H1 servants had digged in the days of Abraham his father, H1 the Philistines had stopped them, and filled them with earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:18 - And Isaac digged again the wells of water, which they had digged in the days of Abraham his father; H1 for the Philistines had stopped them after the death of Abraham: and he called their names after the names by which his father H1 had called them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:24 - And the LORD appeared unto him the same night, and said, I am the God of Abraham thy father: H1 fear not, for I am with thee, and will bless thee, and multiply thy seed for my servant Abraham's sake.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:6 - And Rebekah spake unto Jacob her son, saying, Behold, I heard thy father H1 speak unto Esau thy brother, saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:9 - Go now to the flock, and fetch me from thence two good kids of the goats; and I will make them savoury meat for thy father, H1 such as he loveth:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:10 - And thou shalt bring it to thy father, H1 that he may eat, and that he may bless thee before his death.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:12 - My father H1 peradventure will feel me, and I shall seem to him as a deceiver; and I shall bring a curse upon me, and not a blessing.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:14 - And he went, and fetched, and brought them to his mother: and his mother made savoury meat, such as his father H1 loved.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:18 - And he came unto his father, H1 and said, My father: H1 and he said, Here am I; who art thou, my son?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:19 - And Jacob said unto his father, H1 I am Esau thy firstborn; I have done according as thou badest me: arise, I pray thee, sit and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:22 - And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; H1 and he felt him, and said, The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:26 - And his father H1 Isaac said unto him, Come near now, and kiss me, my son.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:30 - And it came to pass, as soon as Isaac had made an end of blessing Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, H1 that Esau his brother came in from his hunting.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:31 - And he also had made savoury meat, and brought it unto his father, H1 and said unto his father, H1 Let my father H1 arise, and eat of his son's venison, that thy soul may bless me.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:32 - And Isaac his father H1 said unto him, Who art thou? And he said, I am thy son, thy firstborn Esau.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:34 - And when Esau heard the words of his father, H1 he cried with a great and exceeding bitter cry, and said unto his father, H1 Bless me, even me also, O my father. H1
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:38 - And Esau said unto his father, H1 Hast thou but one blessing, my father? H1 bless me, even me also, O my father. H1 And Esau lifted up his voice, and wept.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:39 - And Isaac his father H1 answered and said unto him, Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:41 - And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father H1 blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father H1 are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:2 - Arise, go to Padanaram, to the house of Bethuel thy mother's father; H1 and take thee a wife from thence of the daughters of Laban thy mother's brother.

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