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Lexicon :: Strong's H1 - 'āḇ

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
A root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 4a

Strong’s Definitions

אָב ʼâb, awb; a primitive word; father, in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application:—chief, (fore-) father(-less), × patrimony, principal. Compare names in 'Abi-'.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 1,215x

The KJV translates Strong's H1 in the following manner: father (1,205x), chief (2x), families (2x), desire (1x), fatherless (with H369) (1x), forefathers (with H7223) (1x), patrimony (1x), prince (1x), principal (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 1,215x
The KJV translates Strong's H1 in the following manner: father (1,205x), chief (2x), families (2x), desire (1x), fatherless (with H369) (1x), forefathers (with H7223) (1x), patrimony (1x), prince (1x), principal (1x).
  1. father of an individual

  2. of God as father of his people

  3. head or founder of a household, group, family, or clan

  4. ancestor

    1. grandfather, forefathers — of person

    2. of people

  5. originator or patron of a class, profession, or art

  6. of producer, generator (fig.)

  7. of benevolence and protection (fig.)

  8. term of respect and honour

  9. ruler or chief (spec.)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָב ʼâb, awb; a primitive word; father, in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application:—chief, (fore-) father(-less), × patrimony, principal. Compare names in 'Abi-'.
STRONGS H1: Abbreviations
אָב 1191 noun masculine father (Phoenician אב, Assyrian abu, Arabic أَبً, Sabean אב CISiv, 1, 37 1. 2 and others, Ethiopic አብ፡ Aramaic אַבָּא, axBAf  — absolute אָב Genesis 44:19 + 47 times; construct אַב Genesis 17:4, 5; (compare in אַבְרָהָם ib. & elsewhere in proper names. On Hal's proposed אֲבִר see אברהם); אֲבִי (compare Ge§§ 90, 3b, 96) Genesis 4:20 +; suffix אָבִי Genesis 19:34 + (MI אבי); אָבִיךָ Genesis 12:1 +; אָבִיו Genesis 2:24 +; אָבִ֫יהוּ Judges 14:10 + 6 times; plural אָבוֺת Exodus 12:3 +; construct אֲבוֺת Exodus 6:25 + 7 times; suffix אֲבוֺתַי (אֲבֹתַי, אֲבוֺתָ֑י) Genesis 47:9 + 15 times; אֲבוֺתֵיהֶם 1 Chronicles 4:38 + 32 times (late); אֲבוֺתָם Exodus 4:5 + 106 times etc.;
1. father of individual Genesis 2:24 (+ אֵם) Genesis 11:28, 29 (twice in verse); Genesis 19:31, 32, 33, + often (mostly J E D); of father as commanding Genesis 50:16 (J) Jeremiah 35:6f, Proverbs 6:20 (compare Genesis 18:19; J Genesis 28:1, 6 P 1 Samuel 17:20; 1 Kings 2:1); instructing מוסר Proverbs 1:8; Proverbs 4:1 (compare Deuteronomy 8:5); specifically as begetter, genitor Proverbs 23:22; Zechariah 13:3 (twice in verse) (+ אֵם) Isaiah 45:10; compare Genesis 49:4 (J) Leviticus 18:7, 8, 11 (P); rebuking Genesis 37:10; loving Genesis 37:4; Genesis 44:20 (JE; compare Genesis 22:2; Genesis 25:28; Genesis 37:3; 2 Samuel 14:1); pitying Psalm 103:13 (in simile compare 2 Samuel 18:5); blessing Genesis 27:41 (JE compare Genesis 27:4; also Genesis 28:1 P +); as glad Proverbs 10:1; Proverbs 15:20; compare Proverbs 29:3; grieving Genesis 37:35 (JE; compare 2 Samuel 12:22; 2 Samuel 19:1; 2 Samuel 19:2f) etc. Also as object of honour, obedience, love Exodus 20:12 (E)=Deuteronomy 5:16; Exodus 21:15, 17 (E) Deuteronomy 21:18, 19; Genesis 28:7 (P) 1 Kings 19:20 (all + אֵם), Genesis 50:1; Genesis 50:5 (J) Malachi 1:6 etc. Hence metaphor of intimate connection Job 17:14 to corruption I cry, My father art thou (|| אִמִּי וַאֲחֹתִי לָֽרִמָּה).
2. of God as father of his people (see RSSem 42), who constituted, controls, guides and lovingly watches over it: Deuteronomy 32:6; Jeremiah 3:4, 19; Jeremiah 31:9; Isaiah 63:16 (twice in verse); Isaiah 64:7; Malachi 1:6; Malachi 2:10 (compare Exodus 4:22; Exodus 19:4 (JE) Deuteronomy 32:11; Hosea 11:1); compare Jeremiah 2:27 (of idolatrous Israel) אֹמְרִים לָעֵץ אָבִי אַתָּה וְלָאֶבֶן אַתְּ ילדתני׃; especially God as father of Davidic line 2 Samuel 7:14; Psalm 89:27; f. of needy (late) Psalm 68:6 (compare Psalm 103:13) (in proper name, father of individual, compare below)
3. head of household, family or clan; בֵּית אָבִי as abode Genesis 38:11 (twice in verse); Leviticus 22:13 +; = family Genesis 24:40 (|| מִשְׁפַּחְתִּי) Genesis 41:51; Genesis 46:31Numbers 18:1, 2; Joshua 2:12, 18; Joshua 6:25; especially techn. of divisions of Israel לְמִשְׁפָּחוֹת אָב בֵּית Numbers 3:30, 35 = a father's house, i.e. a family or clan; more often plural (אבותם, אבותיו) בֵית אָבוֺת = father's houses = families, clans (compare Di on Exodus 6:14) Exodus 6:14; Exodus 12:3; Numbers 1:2, 18 ff (often in Numbers) Joshua 14:1; Joshua 19:51; Joshua 21:1 (twice in verse); Joshua 22:14 (twice in verse) (always P in Hexateuch); also 1 Chronicles 5:13, 15 + often in Chronicles; compare רָאשֵׁי אבות הלוים (= 'בית א 'ר) Exodus 6:25 compare 1 Kings 8:1; 1 Chronicles 6:4; 1 Chronicles 7:11 — Ezra Nehemiah.
4. ancestor
(a) of individual; grandfather (instead of precise term) Genesis 28:13; Genesis 31:10 [Genesis 32:9] (J; where used by Jacob of Abraham & then of Isaac); greatgrandfather 1 Kings 15:13; great-greatgrandfather 1 Kings 15:11 etc.; oft plural (= fathers, forefathers) Genesis 15:15; Genesis 46:34 (JE) 1 Kings 19:4; 1 Kings 21:3, 4; 2 Kings 19:12; 2 Kings 20:17 +; particularly שׁכב עם אבותיו 1 Kings 1:21; 1 Kings 2:10; 1 Kings 11:21; 1 Kings 22:40 +; joined with ויקבר עם אב׳ 1 Kings 14:31; 1 Kings 15:24; 1 Kings 22:51; 2 Kings 8:24; 2 Kings 15:38 compare 2 Kings 15:7, 2 Kings 16:20 + (all of kings of Judah); intensive, אֲבֹתֶיךָ וַאֲבוֺת אֲבֹתֶיךָ Exodus 10:6 compare Daniel 11:24;
(b) of people Genesis 10:21 (J) Genesis 17:4, 5 (P) Genesis 19:37, 38 (J) Genesis 36:9, 43 (P) Deuteronomy 26:5; Isaiah 51:2; Isaiah 43:27 (where אביך הראשׁון thy first father, see Che) compare also Ezekiel 16:3, 45 + often; plural Exodus 3:13, 15, 16 (E) Deuteronomy 1:8; Joshua 1:6; Judges 2:1; 1 Samuel 12:6 +; 1 Samuel 12:15 near the end read וּבְמַלְכְּכֶם Greek Version of the LXX We Dr.
5. originator or patron of a class, profession, or art Genesis 4:20, 21.
6. figurative of producer, Generator Job 38:28 הֲיֵשׁ לַמָּטָר אָ֑ב (|| הוֺלִיד אֶגְלֵי־טָֽל׃ מִי־).
7. figurative of benevolence & protection Job 29:6 אָב אָֽנֹכִי לָֽאֶבְיוֺנִים, compare Job 31:18; of Eliakim Isaiah 22:21; perhaps also of gracious Messianic king אֲבִי עַד Isaiah 9:5 [Isaiah 9:6] everlasting father (Ge Ew De Che Brd Di) — others divider of spoil (Abarb Hi Kn Kue BrMP).
8. term of respect & honour (Abbas, Pater, Papa, Pope); applied to master 2 Kings 5:13; priest Judges 17:10; Judges 18:19; prophet 2 Kings 2:12 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 6:21; 2 Kings 13:14 (twice in verse); compare 2 Kings 8:9; counsellor Genesis 45:8 (E; compare δευτέρου πατρός Greek Version of the LXX add. Esther 3:13; τῷ πατρί1Mac Esth 11:32); king 1 Samuel 24:12; artificer 2 Chronicles 2:12; 2 Chronicles 4:16.
9. specifically, ruler, chief (late) 1 Chronicles 2:24, 42 (twice in verse); etc. (compare Ew§ 273 b) see also EwGeschichte. i. 524. H i. 365. On the force of אָב in proper names (in many probably a divine title), see CheEncy. Bib., ABI, NAMES WITHib., NAMES, §§ 44, 45.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:24; 2:24; 4:20; 4:20; 4:21; 10:21; 11:28; 11:29; 12:1; 15:15; 17:4; 17:4; 17:5; 17:5; 18:19; 19:31; 19:32; 19:33; 19:34; 19:37; 19:38; 22:2; 24:40; 25:28; 27:4; 27:41; 28:1; 28:1; 28:6; 28:7; 28:13; 32:9; 36:9; 36:43; 37:3; 37:4; 37:10; 37:35; 38:11; 41:51; 44:19; 44:20; 45:8; 46:31; 46:34; 47:9; 49:4; 50:1; 50:5; 50:16


3:13; 3:15; 3:16; 4:5; 4:22; 6:14; 6:14; 6:25; 6:25; 10:6; 12:3; 12:3; 19:4; 20:12; 21:15; 21:17


18:7; 18:8; 18:11; 22:13


1:2; 1:18; 3:30; 3:35; 18:1; 18:2


1:8; 5:16; 8:5; 21:18; 21:19; 26:5; 32:6; 32:11


1:6; 2:12; 2:18; 6:25; 14:1; 19:51; 21:1; 22:14


2:1; 14:10; 17:10; 18:19

1 Samuel

12:6; 12:15; 17:20; 24:12

2 Samuel

7:14; 12:22; 14:1; 18:5; 19:1; 19:2

1 Kings

1:21; 2:1; 2:10; 8:1; 11:21; 14:31; 15:11; 15:13; 15:24; 19:4; 19:20; 21:3; 21:4; 22:40; 22:51

2 Kings

2:12; 5:13; 6:21; 8:9; 8:24; 13:14; 15:7; 15:38; 16:20; 19:12; 20:17

1 Chronicles

2:24; 2:42; 4:38; 5:13; 5:15; 6:4; 7:11

2 Chronicles

2:12; 4:16




17:14; 29:6; 31:18; 38:28


68:6; 89:27; 103:13; 103:13


1:8; 4:1; 6:20; 10:1; 15:20; 23:22; 29:3


9:6; 22:21; 43:27; 45:10; 51:2; 63:16; 64:7


2:27; 3:4; 3:19; 31:9; 35:6


16:3; 16:45








1:6; 1:6; 2:10

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1 matches the Hebrew אָב ('āḇ),
which occurs 1,213 times in 1,060 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 22 (Gen 2:24–Gen 28:2)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:24 -

Therefore a man shall leave his father H1 and his mother, and cleave to his wife; and they shall become one flesh.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:20 - And Adah [fn]gave birth to Jabal; he was the father H1 of those who live in tents and have livestock.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:21 - And his brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father H1 of all those who play the lyre and pipe.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:18 -

Now the sons of Noah who went out of the ark were Shem and Ham and Japheth; and Ham was the father H1 of Canaan.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:22 - Then Ham, the father H1 of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father H1 and told his two brothers outside.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:23 - But Shem and Japheth took the garment and laid it upon both their shoulders and walked backward and covered the nakedness of their father H1; and their faces were turned backward, so that they did not see their father’s H1 nakedness.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 10:21 -

Also to Shem, the father H1 of all the children of Eber, and the [fn]older brother of Japheth, children were born.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 11:28 - And Haran died [fn]in the presence of Terah his father H1 in the land of his birth, in Ur of the Chaldeans.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 11:29 - Abram and Nahor took wives for themselves. The name of Abram’s wife was Sarai; and the name of Nahor’s wife was Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father H1 of Milcah and the father H1 of Iscah.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:1 -

And Yahweh said to Abram,

[fn]Go forth from your land,

And from your kin

And from your father’s H1 house,

To the land which I will show you;

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:15 - “As for you, you shall go to your fathers H1 in peace; you will be buried at a good old age.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 17:4 -

“As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you,

And you will be the father H1 of a multitude of nations.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 17:5 -

“And no longer shall your name be called [fn]Abram,

But your name shall be [fn]Abraham;

For I have made you the father H1 of a multitude of nations.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:31 - Then the firstborn said to the younger, “Our father H1 is old, and there is not a man [fn]on earth to come in to us after the manner of the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:32 - “Come, let us make our father H1 drink wine, and let us lie with him that we may preserve our seed through our father H1.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:33 - So they made their father H1 drink wine that night, and the firstborn went in and lay with her father H1; and he did not know when she lay down or when she arose.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:34 - Now it happened on the following day, that the firstborn said to the younger, “Behold, I lay last night with my father H1; let us make him drink wine tonight also; and you go in and lie with him, that we may preserve our seed through our father H1.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:35 - So they made their father H1 drink wine that night also, and the younger arose and lay with him; and he did not know when she lay down or when she arose.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:36 - Thus both the daughters of Lot conceived by their father H1.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:37 - And the firstborn bore a son and called his name Moab; he is the father H1 of the Moabites to this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:38 - As for the younger, she also bore a son and called his name Ben-ammi; he is the father H1 of the [fn]sons of Ammon to this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:12 - “Besides, she actually is my sister, the daughter of my father H1, but not the daughter of my mother, and she became my wife;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:13 - and it happened when God caused me to wander from my father’s H1 house, that I said to her, ‘This is [fn]the lovingkindness which you will show to me: [fn]everywhere we go, say of me, “He is my brother.”’”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:7 -

Then Isaac spoke to Abraham his father H1 and said, “My father H1!” And he said, “Here I am, my son.” And he said, “Behold, the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for the burnt offering?”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:21 - Uz his firstborn and Buz his brother and Kemuel the father H1 of Aram
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:7 - “Yahweh, the God of heaven, who took me from my father’s H1 house and from the land of my kin, and who spoke to me and who swore to me, saying, ‘To your seed I will give this land,’ He will send His angel before you, and you will take a wife for my son from there.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:23 - and said, “Whose daughter are you? Please tell me, is there a place for us to lodge in your father’s H1 house?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:38 - but you shall go to my father’s H1 house and to my family, and take a wife for my son.’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:40 - “And he said to me, ‘Yahweh, before whom I have walked, will send His angel with you and will make your journey successful, and you will take a wife for my son from my family and from my father’s H1 house.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:3 - “Sojourn in this land, and I will be with you and bless you, for to you and to your seed I will give all these lands, and I will establish the oath which I swore to your father H1 Abraham.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:15 - Now all the wells which his father’s H1 servants had dug in the days of Abraham his father H1, the Philistines stopped up [fn]by filling them with earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:18 -

Then Isaac dug again the wells of water which [fn]had been dug in the days of his father H1 Abraham, but the Philistines had stopped them up after the death of Abraham; and he [fn]called them by the same names by which his father H1 had called them.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:24 - And Yahweh appeared to him that night and said,

“I am the God of your father H1 Abraham;

Do not fear, for I am with you.

I will bless you and multiply your seed,

For the sake of My servant Abraham.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:6 - But Rebekah spoke to her son Jacob, saying, “Behold, I heard your father H1 speaking to your brother Esau, saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:9 - “Go now to the flock and [fn]get for me two choice [fn]young goats from there, that I may prepare them as a savory dish for your father H1, such as he loves.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:10 - “Then you shall bring it to your father H1, that he may eat, so that he may bless you before his death.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:12 - “Perhaps my father H1 will feel me, then I will be as a mocker in his sight, and I will bring upon myself a curse and not a blessing.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:14 - So he went and got them and brought them to his mother; and his mother made a savory dish such as his father H1 loved.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:18 -

Then he came to his father H1 and said, “My father H1.” And he said, “Here I am. Who are you, my son?”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:19 - And Jacob said to his father H1, “I am Esau your firstborn; I have done as you told me. Rise up, please, sit and eat of my game, that your soul may bless me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:22 - So Jacob came near to Isaac his father H1, and he felt him and said, “The voice is the voice of Jacob, but the hands are the hands of Esau.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:26 - Then his father H1 Isaac said to him, “Please come near and kiss me, my son.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:30 -

Now it happened that as soon as Isaac had finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob had hardly gone out from the presence of Isaac his father H1, that Esau his brother came in from his hunting.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:31 - Then he also made a savory dish and brought it to his father H1; and he said to his father H1, “Let my father H1 arise and eat of his son’s game, that your soul may bless me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:32 - And Isaac his father H1 said to him, “Who are you?” And he said, “I am your son, your firstborn, Esau.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:34 - As Esau heard the words of his father H1, he cried out with an exceedingly great and bitter cry and said to his father H1, “Bless me, me also, O my father H1!”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:38 - And Esau said to his father H1, “Do you have only one blessing, my father H1? Bless me, even me also, O my father H1.” So Esau lifted his voice and wept.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:39 -

Then Isaac his father H1 answered and said to him,

“Behold, [fn]away from the fatness of the earth shall be your habitation,

And [fn]away from the dew of heaven from above.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:41 -

So Esau bore a grudge against Jacob because of the blessing with which his father H1 had blessed him; and Esau said in his heart, “The days of mourning for my father H1 are near; then I will kill my brother Jacob.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:2 - “Arise, go to Paddan-aram, to the house of Bethuel your mother’s father H1; and from there take to yourself a wife from the daughters of Laban your mother’s brother.

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