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Lexicon :: Strong's H1157 - bᵊʿaḏ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
From עַד (H5704) with prepositional prefix
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 258a

Strong’s Definitions

בְּעַד bᵉʻad, beh-ad'; from H5704 with prepositional prefix; in up to or over against; generally at, beside, among, behind, for, etc.:—about, at by (means of), for, over, through, up (-on), within.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 19x

The KJV translates Strong's H1157 in the following manner: at, for, by, over, upon, about, up, through.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 19x
The KJV translates Strong's H1157 in the following manner: at, for, by, over, upon, about, up, through.
  1. behind, through, round about, on behalf of, away from, about

    1. through (of action)

    2. behind (with verbs of shutting)

    3. about (with verbs of fencing)

    4. on behalf of (metaph. especially with Hithpael)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
בְּעַד bᵉʻad, beh-ad'; from H5704 with prepositional prefix; in up to or over against; generally at, beside, among, behind, for, etc.:—about, at by (means of), for, over, through, up (-on), within.
STRONGS H1157: Abbreviations
בַּ֫עַד 105 substantive properly separation, with a genitive, in separation from, in usage a preposition away from, behind, about, on behalf of (Arabic بَعْدُ, of time, after) — absolute Songs 4:1, 3; Songs 6:7, elsewhere construct בְּעַד, with suffix בַּעֲדִי Exodus 8:24 +, בַּעֲדֵנִי Psalm 139:11; בַּעַדְךָ Genesis 20:7 +; בַּעֲדוֺ etc.; 1st person plural בַּעֲדֵנוּ, Amos 9:10 בַּעֲדֵינוּ; בַּעַדְכֶם 1 Samuel 7:5 +; בַּעֲדָם Leviticus 9:7 +; —
1. literal
a. with verbs of falling, letting down, leaning forward so as to look out, through (literally away from) a window, etc.: Joshua 2:15 and she let him down by a cord בְּעַד הַחַלּוֺן away from the window, i.e. out through it, 1 Samuel 19:12; 2 Samuel 20:21; 2 Kings 1:2 and A. fell בְּעַד הַשְּׂבָּכָה out through the lattice; Genesis 26:8; Judges 5:28 out through the window נִשְׁקְפָה she looked forth (literally leant forward), 2 Samuel 6:26 [2 Samuel 6:16] +; pregnantly Job 22:13 will he judge בְּעַד עֲרָפֶל (looking) out through the thick clouds ? Conversely Joel 2:9 in through the windows they come (the locusts) as a thief.
b. idiomatic with verbs of shutting, especially סָגַר בְּעַד to shut behind or upon — whether oneself, Judges 9:51 and they entered the tower וַיִּסְגְּרוּ בַּעֲדָם and shut (the doors) upon themselves (that is, from the inside), 2 Kings 4:4, 5, 33; Isaiah 26:20; or another, Genesis 7:16 בַּעֲדוֺ וַיִּסְגֹּר י׳ and י׳ shut behind or upon him (that is, from the outside), i.e. shut him in, Judges 3:23 (the suffix in בַּעֲדוֺ referrring to Eglon), 2 Kings 4:21 (but N.B. persons leaving a room shut the door אַחֲרֵי themselves Genesis 19:6; 2 Samuel 13:17, 18): see also Judges 3:22; 1 Samuel 1:6 בְּעַד רַחְמָהּ סָגַּר י׳ (compare Genesis 20:18 עָצַר בְּעַד רֶחֶם), Job 9:7 חָתַם בְּעַד to seal up, Job 1:10; Job 3:23 שׂוּךְ (הֵסֵךְ) בְּעַד to make a hedge about, Lamentations 3:7 גָּדַר בְּעַד to fence about. Somewhat peculiarly Lam 9:10 (who say,) Evil will not draw near, or come in front בַּעֲדֵינוּ so as to be about us (but Gr עָדֵינוּ unto us), Joel 2:8 (of the locusts) בְּעַד יִפֹּ֑לוּ הַשֶּׁלַחּ (probably) in among the weapons they throw themselves (i.e. they pass about and between them without being injured or having their course impeded), 1 Samuel 4:18 and Eli fell backward בְּעַד יַד הַשַּׁעַר, i.e. (si vera lectio) about the side of the gate: but text dubious; see Dr. Without a verb Jonah 2:7 the earth, בְּרִיחֶיהָ בַעֲדִי her bars were upon me (or about me) for ever, Psalm 139:11 night shall be the light about me, Psalm 3:4 thou מָגֵּן בַּעֲדִי art a shield about me. Hence...
c. after a verb of protecting, Zechariah 12:8 in that day בְּעַד יושׁב יָגֵןי׳ ירושׁלם will י׳ give protection about, etc.
2. metaphorical on behalf of (ὑπέρ); very frequently after הִתְפַּלֵּל Genesis 20:7; Numbers 21:7; 1 Samuel 7:5; Psalm 72:15 +; also with other verbs of entreating Exodus 8:24; 1 Samuel 7:9, or consulting (דָּרַשׁ) Isaiah 8:19; 2 Kings 22:13; Jeremiah 21:2; with כִּפֶּר atone Exodus 32:30; Leviticus 9:7; Leviticus 11:6, 11 +, עָשָׂה (= offer) † Ezekiel 45:22: see also 2 Samuel 10:12; 2 Samuel 12:16; Isaiah 37:4; Jeremiah 7:16; Jeremiah 11:4; Ezekiel 22:30; Proverbs 20:16; Proverbs 27:13; Psalm 138:8; Job 2:4 עוֺר בְּעַד עוֺר (see עוֺר), Job 6:22. Almost = for the sake of, an account of Proverbs 6:26; Jeremiah 11:14 (but Greek Version of the LXX. Syriac Version Vulgate Targum and many MSS. בְּעֵת רָעָתָם, compare Jeremiah 11:12; Jeremiah 15:11). Isaiah 32:14 hill and watch-tower הָיָה בְעַד מְעָרוֺת are come to be on behalf of (i.e. take the place of, serve as) caves for ever: but use is singular, and בְּעַד is probably only dittograph from מער in מערות (so Gr). — With מִן, מִבַּעַד לְ׳ (compare מִמַּעַל לְ׳, מִתַּחַת לְ׳): Songs 4:1, 3; Songs 6:7 thine eyes are doves מִבַּעַד לְצַמָּתֵךְ from behind thy veil. compare on בַּעַד GrätzMonatsschrift, 1879, 49 ff.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


7:16; 19:6; 20:7; 20:7; 20:18; 26:8


8:24; 8:24; 32:30


9:7; 9:7; 11:6; 11:11






3:22; 3:23; 5:28; 9:51

1 Samuel

1:6; 4:18; 7:5; 7:5; 7:9; 19:12

2 Samuel

6:16; 10:12; 12:16; 13:17; 13:18; 20:21

2 Kings

1:2; 4:4; 4:5; 4:21; 4:33; 22:13


1:10; 2:4; 3:23; 6:22; 9:7; 22:13


3:4; 72:15; 138:8; 139:11; 139:11


6:26; 20:16; 27:13

Song of Songs

4:1; 4:1; 4:3; 4:3; 6:7; 6:7


8:19; 26:20; 32:14; 37:4


7:16; 11:4; 11:12; 11:14; 15:11; 21:2




22:30; 45:22


2:8; 2:9







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1157 matches the Hebrew בְּעַד (bᵊʿaḏ),
which occurs 103 times in 81 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 7:16–Job 42:10)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 7:16 - Those that entered, male and female of all flesh, entered as God had commanded him; and the LORD closed it behind H1157 him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:7 - “Now therefore, restore the man’s wife, for he is a prophet, and he will pray for you and you will live. But if you do not restore her, know that you shall surely die, you and all who are yours.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:18 - For the LORD had closed fast all the wombs of the household of Abimelech because of Sarah, Abraham’s wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:8 - It came about, when he had been there a long time, that Abimelech king of the Philistines looked out through H1157 a window, and saw, and behold, Isaac was caressing his wife Rebekah.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 8:28 - Pharaoh said, “I will let you go, that you may sacrifice to the LORD your God in the wilderness; only you shall not go very far away. Make supplication for me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:30 - On the next day Moses said to the people, “You yourselves have [fn]committed a great sin; and now I am going up to the LORD, perhaps I can make atonement for your sin.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 9:7 - Moses then said to Aaron, “Come near to the altar and [fn]offer your sin offering and your burnt offering, that you may make atonement for yourself and for the people; then make the offering [fn]for the people, that you may make atonement for them, just as the LORD has commanded.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:6 - “Then Aaron shall offer the bull for the sin offering which is for himself, that he may make atonement for himself and for his household.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:11 - “Then Aaron shall offer the bull of the sin offering which is for himself and make atonement for himself and for his household, and he shall slaughter the bull of the sin offering which is for himself.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:17 - “When he goes in to make atonement in the holy place, no one shall be in the tent of meeting until he comes out, that he may make atonement for himself and for his household and for all the assembly of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:24 - “He shall bathe his [fn]body with water in a holy place and put on his clothes, and come forth and offer his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the people and make atonement for himself and for the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:7 - So the people came to Moses and said, “We have sinned, because we have spoken against the LORD and you; intercede with the LORD, that He may remove the serpents from us.” And Moses interceded for the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:20 - “The LORD was angry enough with Aaron to destroy him; so I also prayed for Aaron at the same time.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:15 - Then she let them down by a rope through H1157 the window, for her house was on the city wall, so that she was living on the wall.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 3:22 - The handle also went in after the blade, and the fat closed over the blade, for he did not draw the sword out of his belly; and the refuse came out.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 3:23 - Then Ehud went out into the vestibule and shut the doors of the roof chamber behind H1157 him, and locked them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:28 - “Out of the window she looked and lamented,
The mother of Sisera through H1157 the [fn]lattice,
‘Why does his chariot delay in coming?
Why do the [fn]hoofbeats of his chariots tarry?’
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:51 - But there was a strong tower in the center of the city, and all the men and women with all the leaders of the city fled there and shut themselves in; and they went up on the roof of the tower.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:6 - Her rival, however, would provoke her bitterly to irritate her, because the LORD had closed her womb.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 4:18 - When he mentioned the ark of God, [fn]Eli fell off the seat backward beside the gate, and his neck was broken and he died, for [fn]he was old and heavy. Thus he judged Israel forty years.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:5 - Then Samuel said, “Gather all Israel to Mizpah and I will pray to the LORD for you.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 7:9 - Samuel took a suckling lamb and offered it for a whole burnt offering to the LORD; and Samuel cried to the LORD for Israel and the LORD answered him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 12:19 - Then all the people said to Samuel, “Pray for your servants to the LORD your God, so that we may not die, for we have added to all our sins this evil by asking for ourselves a king.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 12:23 - “Moreover, as for me, far be it from me that I should sin against the LORD by ceasing to pray for you; but I will instruct you in the good and right way.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 19:12 - So Michal let David down through H1157 a window, and he went out and fled and escaped.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 6:16 - Then it happened as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David that Michal the daughter of Saul looked out of the window and saw King David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 10:12 - “Be strong, and let us show ourselves courageous for the sake H1157 of our people and for the cities of our God; and may the LORD do what is good in His sight.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:16 - David therefore inquired of God for the child; and David fasted and went and lay all night on the ground.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:21 - “Such is not the case. But a man from the hill country of Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by name, has lifted up his hand against King David. Only hand him over, and I will depart from the city.” And the woman said to Joab, “Behold, his head will be thrown to you over H1157 the wall.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:6 - The king said to the man of God, “Please [fn]entreat the LORD your God, and pray for me, that my hand may be restored to me.” So the man of God [fn]entreated the LORD, and the king’s hand was restored to him, and it became as it was before.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 1:2 - And Ahaziah fell through H1157 the lattice in his upper chamber which was in Samaria, and became ill. So he sent messengers and said to them, “Go, inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron, whether I will recover from this sickness.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:4 - “And you shall go in and shut the door behind H1157 you and your sons, and pour out into all these vessels, and you shall set aside what is full.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:5 - So she went from him and shut the door behind H1157 her and her sons; they were bringing the vessels to her and she poured.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:21 - She went up and laid him on the bed of the man of God, and shut the door behind H1157 him and went out.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:33 - So he entered and shut the door behind H1157 them both and prayed to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:30 - When Jehu came to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it, and she painted her eyes and adorned her head and looked out the window.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:4 - ‘Perhaps the LORD your God will hear all the words of Rabshakeh, whom his master the king of Assyria has sent to reproach the living God, and will rebuke the words which the LORD your God has heard. Therefore, offer a prayer for the remnant that is left.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 22:13 - “Go, inquire of the LORD for me and the people and all Judah concerning the words of this book that has been found, for great is the wrath of the LORD that burns against us, because our fathers have not listened to the words of this book, to do according to all that is written concerning us.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 15:29 - It happened when the ark of the covenant of the LORD came to the city of David, that Michal the daughter of Saul looked out of the window and saw King David leaping and celebrating; and she despised him in her heart.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 19:13 - “Be strong, and let us show ourselves courageous for the sake H1157 of our people and for the cities of our God; and may the LORD do what is good in His sight.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 30:18 - For a multitude of the people, even many from Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun, had not purified themselves, yet they ate the Passover otherwise than [fn]prescribed. For Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, “May the good LORD pardon
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 34:21 - “Go, inquire of the LORD for me and for those who are left in Israel and in Judah, concerning the words of the book which has been found; for great is the wrath of the LORD which is poured out on us because our fathers have not observed the word of the LORD, to do according to all that is written in this book.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 1:10 - “Have You not made a hedge about H1157 him and his house and all that he has, on every side? You have blessed the work of his hands, and his possessions have increased in the land.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 2:4 - Satan answered the LORD and said, “Skin for skin! Yes, all that a man has he will give for his life.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 3:23 - Why is light given to a man whose way is hidden,
And whom God has hedged in?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 6:22 - “Have I said, ‘Give me something,
Or, ‘Offer a bribe for me from your wealth,’
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:7 - Who commands the sun [fn]not to shine,
And sets a seal upon the stars;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:13 - “You say, ‘What does God know?
Can He judge through H1157 the thick darkness?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 42:8 - “Now therefore, take for yourselves seven bulls and seven rams, and go to My servant Job, and offer up a burnt offering for yourselves, and My servant Job will pray for you. For I will [fn]accept him so that I may not do with you according to your folly, because you have not spoken of Me what is right, as My servant Job has.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 42:10 - The LORD restored the fortunes of Job when he prayed for his friends, and the LORD increased all that Job had twofold.

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