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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H1197 - bāʿar

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Part of Speech
denominative verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 263

Variant Spellings

The following spelling is supported by Strongs and Gesenius: בער

Strong’s Definitions

בָּעַר bâʻar, baw-ar'; a primitive root; also as denominative from H1198 to kindle, i.e. consume (by fire or by eating); to be (-come) brutish:—be brutish, bring (put, take) away, burn, (cause to) eat (up), feed, heat, kindle, set (on fire), waste.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 94x

The KJV translates Strong's H1197 in the following manner: burn (41x), ... away (21x), kindle (13x), brutish (7x), eaten (2x), set (2x), burn up (2x), eat up (2x), feed (1x), heated (1x), took (1x), wasted (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 94x
The KJV translates Strong's H1197 in the following manner: burn (41x), ... away (21x), kindle (13x), brutish (7x), eaten (2x), set (2x), burn up (2x), eat up (2x), feed (1x), heated (1x), took (1x), wasted (1x).
  1. to burn, consume, kindle, be kindled

    1. (Qal)

      1. to begin to burn, be kindled, start burning

      2. to burn, be burning

      3. to burn, consume

      4. Jehovah's wrath, human wrath (fig.)

    2. (Piel)

      1. to kindle, burn

      2. to consume, remove (of guilt) (fig.)

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to kindle

      2. to burn up

      3. to consume (destroy)

    4. (Pual) to burn

      denominative verb
  2. to be stupid, brutish, barbarous

    1. (Qal) to be stupid, dull-hearted, unreceptive

    2. (Niphal) to be stupid, dull-hearted

    3. (Piel) to feed, graze

    4. (Hiphil) to cause to be grazed over

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
בָּעַר bâʻar, baw-ar'; a primitive root; also as denominative from H1198 to kindle, i.e. consume (by fire or by eating); to be (-come) brutish:—be brutish, bring (put, take) away, burn, (cause to) eat (up), feed, heat, kindle, set (on fire), waste.
STRONGS H1197: Abbreviations
† I. [בָּעַר] verb burn, consume (Targum בְּעַר burn; rfib seek out, collect, glean; this apparently earlier meaning) —
Qal Perfect 3rd person feminine singular בָּֽעֲרָה Numbers 11:3 + 2 times, וּבָֽעֲרָה consecutive Isaiah 10:17 + 3 times, בָּֽעֲרוּ Judges 15:14 + 2 times + 2 Samuel 22:13 (but compare De on Psalm 18), וּבָֽעֲרוּ consecutive Isaiah 1:31; Imperfect יִבְעַר Exodus 3:3; Psalm 2:12, etc.; Participle בֹּעֵר Exodus 3:2 + 6 times, בֹּעֵרָ֑ה Isaiah 34:9, בּוֺעֵ֫רָה Hosea 7:4, בֹּעֲרָ֫ה Isaiah 30:33, בֹּעֶ֫רֶת Jeremiah 20:9, בֹּעֲרוֺת Ezekiel 1:13; — burn,
1. (intransitive) specifically begin to burn, be kindled Psalm 18:8 followed by מִן (subject גֶּחָלִים) = 2 Samuel 22:9 (in 2 Samuel 22:13 textual error compare above), Psalm 106:18 (subject אֵשׁ); figurative Psalm 2:12 (subject אַפּוֹ ) compare Jeremiah 44:6 (subject חֵמָה); Isaiah 30:33 (with בְּ, subject נִשְׁמַת י׳), Psalm 39:4 (subject אֵשׁ figurative of grief, distress) compare Jeremiah 20:9.
2. be burning, burn, Judges 15:14 (subject מִּשְׁתִּים, with בָּאֵשׁ), Exodus 3:2 (הסנה, with בָּאֵשׁ), Exodus 3:3 (subject id.); Deuteronomy 4:11; Deuteronomy 5:20; Deuteronomy 9:15 (all subject הר, with בָּאֵשׁ), compare Isaiah 34:9 (זֶפֶת בערה), figurative of destruction Isaiah 1:31 (subject חָסֹן & פֹּעֲלוֹ ); of torch לַפִּיד Isaiah 62:1; of oven תַּנּוּר Hosea 7:4,6 (i.e. heated by fire within it).
3. transitive burn, consume (subject אשׁ, להבה etc., followed by בְּ) Numbers 11:1,3(אשׁ י׳), Job 1:16 (אשׁ אלהים); in smile Ezekiel 1:33 (גחלי אשׁ י׳), Psalm 83:15 (only here transitive with accusative; should תבער be pointed as Pi. ?); figurative (subject wrath of י׳) Isaiah 42:25 compare Lamentations 2:5 (subject fire = fiery trial) Isaiah 43:2.
4. active but absolute, figurative, subject wrath of י׳ Jeremiah 4:4; Jeremiah 7:20; Jeremiah 21:12; Psalm 89:47 compare Isaiah 10:17; Psalm 79:5; Isaiah 30:27 (֗֗֗ בֹּעֵר אַפּוֹ שֵׁם י׳) Malachi 3:19 (היום בא); of human anger Esther 1:12; subject wickedness Isaiah 9:17.
Pi. Perfect בִּעֵר 1 Kings 22:47; 2 Kings 23:24, וּבִעֵר consecutive Leviticus 6:5, בִּעַ֫רְתָּ 2 Chronicles 19:3, וּבִַ ערְתָּ֫ Deuteronomy 13:6 + 9 times in Deuteronomy; וּבִעֲרוּ consecutive Ezekiel 39:9 (twice in verse) (9:a strike out Co after Vrss), etc.; Imperfect יְבַעֵר 1 Kings 14:10; 2rd person masculine singular תְּבַעֵר Deuteronomy 21:9, יְבַעֲרוּ Ezekiel 39:10; 2rd person masculine plural תְּבַעֲרוּ Exodus 35:3, וּנְבַעֲרָ֫ה subordinate Judges 20:13; Participle מְבַעֲרִים Jeremiah 7:18; —
1. kindle, literal with accusative אשׁ Exodus 35:3; Jeremiah 7:18 compare Ezekiel 39:9 (see above) Ezekiel 39:10; figurative of י׳ sending destruction Ezekiel 21:4 compare of human schemes Isaiah 50:11; light, object lamps in temple 2 Chronicles 4:20; compare 2 Chronicles 13:11.
2. burn, literal with accusative עֵצִים Leviticus 6:5, גָּלָל dung 1 Kings 14:10; absolute Isaiah 44:15; compare Isaiah 40:16; Nehemiah 10:35.
3. figurative consume, utterly remove, particular of evil and guilt, with accusative, especially in Deuteronomic phrase ובערת הרע מקרבך (מישׂראלׅ Deuteronomy 13:6; Deuteronomy 17:7,12; Deuteronomy 19:13,19; Deuteronomy 21:21 compare Deuteronomy 21:9; Deuteronomy 22:21,22,24; Deuteronomy 24:7, see also Judges 20:13; further, 1 Kings 22:47; 2 Kings 23:24; 2 Chronicles 19:3; also of devoted (tabooed) things Deuteronomy 26:13,14; of persons (exterminate) 2 Samuel 4:11; followed by אחרי pregnantly 1 Kings 14:10; 1 Kings 21:21; = devour, devastate, greedily enjoy the fruits of, Isaiah 3:14; absolute היה לְבָעֵר be for destruction, be destroyed Numbers 24:22; Isaiah 5:5; Isaiah 6:13; compare רוּחַ בָּעֵר Isaiah 4:4.
Pu. Participle מְבֹעָ֑רֶת Jeremiah 36:22; — burn (i.e. be supplied with fire), of fire-jar, הָאָח.
Hiph. Perfect וְהִבְעַרְתִּ֫י Nahum 2:14; Imperfect וַיַּבְעֵר Judges 15:5; 2 Chronicles 28:3, וַיַּבְעֶר־ Judges 15:5; תַּבְעִיר Ezekiel 5:2; Participle מַבְעִיר 1 Kings 16:3, מַבְעִר Exodus 22:5; —
1. kindle (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb) Exodus 22:5, compare Judges 15:5 אשׁ בלפידים ויב׳ caused fire to burn among the brands.
2. burn up, with accusative Judges 15:5; 2 Chronicles 28:3 (sacrifice of children בָּאֵשׁ) Ezekiel 5:2 (בָּאוּר but compare Co) Nahum 2:14 (בעשׁן).
3. consume = destroy (compare Pi.) 1 Kings 16:3 (followed by אַחֲרֵי).

II. [בָּעַר] verb denominative be brutish
Qal Imperfect יִבְעֲרוּ Jeremiah 10:8 (|| יכסלו) be stupid, dull-hearted, unreceptive; compare Participle plural בֹּעֲרִים Psalm 94:8 (|| כסילים); of inhuman, cruel, barbarous men Ezekiel 21:36 [Ezekiel 21:31].
Niph. Perfect נִבְעַר Jeremiah 10:14; Jeremiah 51:17, נִבְעֲרוּ Jeremiah 10:21; Participle נִבְעָרָ֑ה Isaiah 19:11; — brutish, stupid Isaiah 19:11 (עצה, || אויל); dull-hearted, ignorant of God Jeremiah 10:14,21; Jeremiah 51:17. **Jer 10:14 = Jeremiah 51:17 rather stupefied (by spectacle Jeremiah 10:13 = Jeremiah 51:16).
Pi. Perfect וּבִעֵר consecutive Exodus 22:4 feed, graze (בשׂדה אחר).
Hiph. Imperfect יַבְעֶר־ Exodus 22:4 cause to be grazed over, followed by שׂדה.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:2; 3:2; 3:3; 3:3; 22:4; 22:4; 22:5; 22:5; 35:3; 35:3


6:5; 6:5


11:1; 11:3; 11:3; 24:22


4:11; 5:20; 9:15; 13:6; 13:6; 17:7; 17:12; 19:13; 19:19; 21:9; 21:9; 21:21; 22:21; 22:22; 22:24; 24:7; 26:13; 26:14


15:5; 15:5; 15:5; 15:5; 15:14; 15:14; 20:13; 20:13

2 Samuel

4:11; 22:9; 22:13; 22:13

1 Kings

14:10; 14:10; 14:10; 16:3; 16:3; 21:21; 22:47; 22:47

2 Kings

23:24; 23:24

2 Chronicles

4:20; 13:11; 19:3; 19:3; 28:3; 28:3








2:12; 2:12; 18; 18:8; 39:4; 79:5; 83:15; 89:47; 94:8; 106:18


1:31; 1:31; 3:14; 4:4; 5:5; 6:13; 9:17; 10:17; 10:17; 19:11; 19:11; 30:27; 30:33; 30:33; 34:9; 34:9; 40:16; 42:25; 43:2; 44:15; 50:11; 62:1


4:4; 7:18; 7:18; 7:20; 10:8; 10:13; 10:14; 10:14; 10:14; 10:21; 10:21; 20:9; 20:9; 21:12; 36:22; 44:6; 51:16; 51:17; 51:17; 51:17




1:13; 5:2; 5:2; 21:4; 21:31; 39:9; 39:9; 39:10; 39:10


7:4; 7:4; 7:6

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1197 matches the Hebrew בָּעַר (bāʿar),
which occurs 94 times in 90 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Exo 3:2–Psa 94:8)

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:2 - And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned H1197 with fire, and the bush was not consumed.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:3 - And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt. H1197
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:5 - If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, H1197 and shall put in his beast, and shall feed H1197 in another man's field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make restitution.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:6 - If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field, be consumed therewith; he that kindled H1197 the fire shall surely make restitution.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:3 - Ye shall kindle H1197 no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:12 - And the fire upon the altar shall be burning in it; it shall not be put out: and the priest shall burn H1197 wood on it every morning, and lay the burnt offering in order upon it; and he shall burn thereon the fat of the peace offerings.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:1 - And when the people complained, it displeased the LORD: and the LORD heard it; and his anger was kindled; and the fire of the LORD burnt H1197 among them, and consumed them that were in the uttermost parts of the camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:3 - And he called the name of the place Taberah: because the fire of the LORD burnt H1197 among them.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:22 - Nevertheless the Kenite shall be wasted, H1197 until Asshur shall carry thee away captive.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:11 - And ye came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned H1197 with fire unto the midst of heaven, with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:23 - And it came to pass, when ye heard the voice out of the midst of the darkness, (for the mountain did burn H1197 with fire,) that ye came near unto me, even all the heads of your tribes, and your elders;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:15 - So I turned and came down from the mount, and the mount burned H1197 with fire: and the two tables of the covenant were in my two hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 13:5 - And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, shall be put to death; because he hath spoken to turn you away from the LORD your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed you out of the house of bondage, to thrust thee out of the way which the LORD thy God commanded thee to walk in. So shalt thou put H1197  the evil away H1197 from the midst of thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:7 - The hands of the witnesses shall be first upon him to put him to death, and afterward the hands of all the people. So thou shalt put H1197  the evil away H1197 from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:12 - And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not hearken unto the priest that standeth to minister there before the LORD thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away H1197 the evil from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:13 - Thine eye shall not pity him, but thou shalt put away H1197 the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:19 - Then shall ye do unto him, as he had thought to have done unto his brother: so shalt thou put H1197  the evil away H1197 from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:9 - So shalt thou put away H1197 the guilt of innocent blood from among you, when thou shalt do that which is right in the sight of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:21 - And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die: so shalt thou put H1197  evil away H1197 from among you; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:21 - Then they shall bring out the damsel to the door of her father's house, and the men of her city shall stone her with stones that she die: because she hath wrought folly in Israel, to play the whore in her father's house: so shalt thou put H1197  evil away H1197 from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:22 - If a man be found lying with a woman married to an husband, then they shall both of them die, both the man that lay with the woman, and the woman: so shalt thou put away H1197 evil from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:24 - Then ye shall bring them both out unto the gate of that city, and ye shall stone them with stones that they die; the damsel, because she cried not, being in the city; and the man, because he hath humbled his neighbour's wife: so thou shalt put away H1197 evil from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:7 - If a man be found stealing any of his brethren of the children of Israel, and maketh merchandise of him, or selleth him; then that thief shall die; and thou shalt put H1197  evil away H1197 from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 26:13 - Then thou shalt say before the LORD thy God, I have brought away H1197 the hallowed things out of mine house, and also have given them unto the Levite, and unto the stranger, to the fatherless, and to the widow, according to all thy commandments which thou hast commanded me: I have not transgressed thy commandments, neither have I forgotten them:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 26:14 - I have not eaten thereof in my mourning, neither have I taken away H1197 ought thereof for any unclean use, nor given ought thereof for the dead: but I have hearkened to the voice of the LORD my God, and have done according to all that thou hast commanded me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 15:5 - And when he had set H1197 the brands on fire, he let them go into the standing corn of the Philistines, and burnt up H1197 both the shocks, and also the standing corn, with the vineyards and olives.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 15:14 - And when he came unto Lehi, the Philistines shouted against him: and the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon him, and the cords that were upon his arms became as flax that was burnt H1197 with fire, and his bands loosed from off his hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:13 - Now therefore deliver us the men, the children of Belial, which are in Gibeah, that we may put them to death, and put away H1197 evil from Israel. But the children of Benjamin would not hearken to the voice of their brethren the children of Israel:
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 4:11 - How much more, when wicked men have slain a righteous person in his own house upon his bed? shall I not therefore now require his blood of your hand, and take you away H1197 from the earth?
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:9 - There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled H1197 by it.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:13 - Through the brightness before him were coals of fire kindled. H1197
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:10 - Therefore, behold, I will bring evil upon the house of Jeroboam, and will cut off from Jeroboam him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel, and will take away H1197 the remnant of the house of Jeroboam, as a man taketh away H1197 dung, till it be all gone.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 16:3 - Behold, I will take away H1197 the posterity of Baasha, and the posterity of his house; and will make thy house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:21 - Behold, I will bring evil upon thee, and will take away H1197 thy posterity, and will cut off from Ahab him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:46 - And the remnant of the sodomites, which remained in the days of his father Asa, he took H1197 out of the land.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:24 - Moreover the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, H1197 that he might perform the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 4:20 - Moreover the candlesticks with their lamps, that they should burn H1197 after the manner before the oracle, of pure gold;
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 13:11 - And they burn unto the LORD every morning and every evening burnt sacrifices and sweet incense: the shewbread also set they in order upon the pure table; and the candlestick of gold with the lamps thereof, to burn H1197 every evening: for we keep the charge of the LORD our God; but ye have forsaken him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 19:3 - Nevertheless there are good things found in thee, in that thou hast taken away H1197 the groves out of the land, and hast prepared thine heart to seek God.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:3 - Moreover he burnt incense in the valley of the son of Hinnom, and burnt H1197 his children in the fire, after the abominations of the heathen whom the LORD had cast out before the children of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 10:34 - And we cast the lots among the priests, the Levites, and the people, for the wood offering, to bring it into the house of our God, after the houses of our fathers, at times appointed year by year, to burn H1197 upon the altar of the LORD our God, as it is written in the law:
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 1:12 - But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned H1197 in him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 1:16 - While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The fire of God is fallen from heaven, and hath burned up H1197 the sheep, and the servants, and consumed them; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 2:12 - Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled H1197 but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 18:8 - There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled H1197 by it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 39:3 - My heart was hot within me, while I was musing the fire burned: H1197 then spake I with my tongue,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 79:5 - How long, LORD? wilt thou be angry for ever? shall thy jealousy burn H1197 like fire?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 83:14 - As the fire burneth H1197 a wood, and as the flame setteth the mountains on fire;
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:46 - How long, LORD? wilt thou hide thyself for ever? shall thy wrath burn H1197 like fire?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 94:8 - Understand, ye brutish H1197 among the people: and ye fools, when will ye be wise?

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