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Lexicon :: Strong's H1197 - bāʿar

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Part of Speech
denominative verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 263

Variant Spellings

The following spelling is supported by Strongs and Gesenius: בער

Strong’s Definitions

בָּעַר bâʻar, baw-ar'; a primitive root; also as denominative from H1198 to kindle, i.e. consume (by fire or by eating); to be (-come) brutish:—be brutish, bring (put, take) away, burn, (cause to) eat (up), feed, heat, kindle, set (on fire), waste.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 94x

The KJV translates Strong's H1197 in the following manner: burn (41x), ... away (21x), kindle (13x), brutish (7x), eaten (2x), set (2x), burn up (2x), eat up (2x), feed (1x), heated (1x), took (1x), wasted (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 94x
The KJV translates Strong's H1197 in the following manner: burn (41x), ... away (21x), kindle (13x), brutish (7x), eaten (2x), set (2x), burn up (2x), eat up (2x), feed (1x), heated (1x), took (1x), wasted (1x).
  1. to burn, consume, kindle, be kindled

    1. (Qal)

      1. to begin to burn, be kindled, start burning

      2. to burn, be burning

      3. to burn, consume

      4. Jehovah's wrath, human wrath (fig.)

    2. (Piel)

      1. to kindle, burn

      2. to consume, remove (of guilt) (fig.)

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to kindle

      2. to burn up

      3. to consume (destroy)

    4. (Pual) to burn

      denominative verb
  2. to be stupid, brutish, barbarous

    1. (Qal) to be stupid, dull-hearted, unreceptive

    2. (Niphal) to be stupid, dull-hearted

    3. (Piel) to feed, graze

    4. (Hiphil) to cause to be grazed over

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
בָּעַר bâʻar, baw-ar'; a primitive root; also as denominative from H1198 to kindle, i.e. consume (by fire or by eating); to be (-come) brutish:—be brutish, bring (put, take) away, burn, (cause to) eat (up), feed, heat, kindle, set (on fire), waste.
STRONGS H1197: Abbreviations
† I. [בָּעַר] verb burn, consume (Targum בְּעַר burn; rfib seek out, collect, glean; this apparently earlier meaning) —
Qal Perfect 3rd person feminine singular בָּֽעֲרָה Numbers 11:3 + 2 times, וּבָֽעֲרָה consecutive Isaiah 10:17 + 3 times, בָּֽעֲרוּ Judges 15:14 + 2 times + 2 Samuel 22:13 (but compare De on Psalm 18), וּבָֽעֲרוּ consecutive Isaiah 1:31; Imperfect יִבְעַר Exodus 3:3; Psalm 2:12, etc.; Participle בֹּעֵר Exodus 3:2 + 6 times, בֹּעֵרָ֑ה Isaiah 34:9, בּוֺעֵ֫רָה Hosea 7:4, בֹּעֲרָ֫ה Isaiah 30:33, בֹּעֶ֫רֶת Jeremiah 20:9, בֹּעֲרוֺת Ezekiel 1:13; — burn,
1. (intransitive) specifically begin to burn, be kindled Psalm 18:8 followed by מִן (subject גֶּחָלִים) = 2 Samuel 22:9 (in 2 Samuel 22:13 textual error compare above), Psalm 106:18 (subject אֵשׁ); figurative Psalm 2:12 (subject אַפּוֹ ) compare Jeremiah 44:6 (subject חֵמָה); Isaiah 30:33 (with בְּ, subject נִשְׁמַת י׳), Psalm 39:4 (subject אֵשׁ figurative of grief, distress) compare Jeremiah 20:9.
2. be burning, burn, Judges 15:14 (subject מִּשְׁתִּים, with בָּאֵשׁ), Exodus 3:2 (הסנה, with בָּאֵשׁ), Exodus 3:3 (subject id.); Deuteronomy 4:11; Deuteronomy 5:20; Deuteronomy 9:15 (all subject הר, with בָּאֵשׁ), compare Isaiah 34:9 (זֶפֶת בערה), figurative of destruction Isaiah 1:31 (subject חָסֹן & פֹּעֲלוֹ ); of torch לַפִּיד Isaiah 62:1; of oven תַּנּוּר Hosea 7:4,6 (i.e. heated by fire within it).
3. transitive burn, consume (subject אשׁ, להבה etc., followed by בְּ) Numbers 11:1,3(אשׁ י׳), Job 1:16 (אשׁ אלהים); in smile Ezekiel 1:33 (גחלי אשׁ י׳), Psalm 83:15 (only here transitive with accusative; should תבער be pointed as Pi. ?); figurative (subject wrath of י׳) Isaiah 42:25 compare Lamentations 2:5 (subject fire = fiery trial) Isaiah 43:2.
4. active but absolute, figurative, subject wrath of י׳ Jeremiah 4:4; Jeremiah 7:20; Jeremiah 21:12; Psalm 89:47 compare Isaiah 10:17; Psalm 79:5; Isaiah 30:27 (֗֗֗ בֹּעֵר אַפּוֹ שֵׁם י׳) Malachi 3:19 (היום בא); of human anger Esther 1:12; subject wickedness Isaiah 9:17.
Pi. Perfect בִּעֵר 1 Kings 22:47; 2 Kings 23:24, וּבִעֵר consecutive Leviticus 6:5, בִּעַ֫רְתָּ 2 Chronicles 19:3, וּבִַ ערְתָּ֫ Deuteronomy 13:6 + 9 times in Deuteronomy; וּבִעֲרוּ consecutive Ezekiel 39:9 (twice in verse) (9:a strike out Co after Vrss), etc.; Imperfect יְבַעֵר 1 Kings 14:10; 2rd person masculine singular תְּבַעֵר Deuteronomy 21:9, יְבַעֲרוּ Ezekiel 39:10; 2rd person masculine plural תְּבַעֲרוּ Exodus 35:3, וּנְבַעֲרָ֫ה subordinate Judges 20:13; Participle מְבַעֲרִים Jeremiah 7:18; —
1. kindle, literal with accusative אשׁ Exodus 35:3; Jeremiah 7:18 compare Ezekiel 39:9 (see above) Ezekiel 39:10; figurative of י׳ sending destruction Ezekiel 21:4 compare of human schemes Isaiah 50:11; light, object lamps in temple 2 Chronicles 4:20; compare 2 Chronicles 13:11.
2. burn, literal with accusative עֵצִים Leviticus 6:5, גָּלָל dung 1 Kings 14:10; absolute Isaiah 44:15; compare Isaiah 40:16; Nehemiah 10:35.
3. figurative consume, utterly remove, particular of evil and guilt, with accusative, especially in Deuteronomic phrase ובערת הרע מקרבך (מישׂראלׅ Deuteronomy 13:6; Deuteronomy 17:7,12; Deuteronomy 19:13,19; Deuteronomy 21:21 compare Deuteronomy 21:9; Deuteronomy 22:21,22,24; Deuteronomy 24:7, see also Judges 20:13; further, 1 Kings 22:47; 2 Kings 23:24; 2 Chronicles 19:3; also of devoted (tabooed) things Deuteronomy 26:13,14; of persons (exterminate) 2 Samuel 4:11; followed by אחרי pregnantly 1 Kings 14:10; 1 Kings 21:21; = devour, devastate, greedily enjoy the fruits of, Isaiah 3:14; absolute היה לְבָעֵר be for destruction, be destroyed Numbers 24:22; Isaiah 5:5; Isaiah 6:13; compare רוּחַ בָּעֵר Isaiah 4:4.
Pu. Participle מְבֹעָ֑רֶת Jeremiah 36:22; — burn (i.e. be supplied with fire), of fire-jar, הָאָח.
Hiph. Perfect וְהִבְעַרְתִּ֫י Nahum 2:14; Imperfect וַיַּבְעֵר Judges 15:5; 2 Chronicles 28:3, וַיַּבְעֶר־ Judges 15:5; תַּבְעִיר Ezekiel 5:2; Participle מַבְעִיר 1 Kings 16:3, מַבְעִר Exodus 22:5; —
1. kindle (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb) Exodus 22:5, compare Judges 15:5 אשׁ בלפידים ויב׳ caused fire to burn among the brands.
2. burn up, with accusative Judges 15:5; 2 Chronicles 28:3 (sacrifice of children בָּאֵשׁ) Ezekiel 5:2 (בָּאוּר but compare Co) Nahum 2:14 (בעשׁן).
3. consume = destroy (compare Pi.) 1 Kings 16:3 (followed by אַחֲרֵי).

II. [בָּעַר] verb denominative be brutish
Qal Imperfect יִבְעֲרוּ Jeremiah 10:8 (|| יכסלו) be stupid, dull-hearted, unreceptive; compare Participle plural בֹּעֲרִים Psalm 94:8 (|| כסילים); of inhuman, cruel, barbarous men Ezekiel 21:36 [Ezekiel 21:31].
Niph. Perfect נִבְעַר Jeremiah 10:14; Jeremiah 51:17, נִבְעֲרוּ Jeremiah 10:21; Participle נִבְעָרָ֑ה Isaiah 19:11; — brutish, stupid Isaiah 19:11 (עצה, || אויל); dull-hearted, ignorant of God Jeremiah 10:14,21; Jeremiah 51:17. **Jer 10:14 = Jeremiah 51:17 rather stupefied (by spectacle Jeremiah 10:13 = Jeremiah 51:16).
Pi. Perfect וּבִעֵר consecutive Exodus 22:4 feed, graze (בשׂדה אחר).
Hiph. Imperfect יַבְעֶר־ Exodus 22:4 cause to be grazed over, followed by שׂדה.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:2; 3:2; 3:3; 3:3; 22:4; 22:4; 22:5; 22:5; 35:3; 35:3


6:5; 6:5


11:1; 11:3; 11:3; 24:22


4:11; 5:20; 9:15; 13:6; 13:6; 17:7; 17:12; 19:13; 19:19; 21:9; 21:9; 21:21; 22:21; 22:22; 22:24; 24:7; 26:13; 26:14


15:5; 15:5; 15:5; 15:5; 15:14; 15:14; 20:13; 20:13

2 Samuel

4:11; 22:9; 22:13; 22:13

1 Kings

14:10; 14:10; 14:10; 16:3; 16:3; 21:21; 22:47; 22:47

2 Kings

23:24; 23:24

2 Chronicles

4:20; 13:11; 19:3; 19:3; 28:3; 28:3








2:12; 2:12; 18; 18:8; 39:4; 79:5; 83:15; 89:47; 94:8; 106:18


1:31; 1:31; 3:14; 4:4; 5:5; 6:13; 9:17; 10:17; 10:17; 19:11; 19:11; 30:27; 30:33; 30:33; 34:9; 34:9; 40:16; 42:25; 43:2; 44:15; 50:11; 62:1


4:4; 7:18; 7:18; 7:20; 10:8; 10:13; 10:14; 10:14; 10:14; 10:21; 10:21; 20:9; 20:9; 21:12; 36:22; 44:6; 51:16; 51:17; 51:17; 51:17




1:13; 5:2; 5:2; 21:4; 21:31; 39:9; 39:9; 39:10; 39:10


7:4; 7:4; 7:6

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1197 matches the Hebrew בָּעַר (bāʿar),
which occurs 94 times in 90 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Exo 3:2–Psa 94:8)

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:2 - Then the angel of the LORD appeared to him in a blazing fire from the midst of [fn]a bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush was burning H1197 with fire, yet the bush was not being consumed.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:3 - So Moses said, “I must turn aside and see this [fn]marvelous sight, why the bush is not burning H1197 up H1197!”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:5 - “If someone lets a field or vineyard be grazed H1197 bare and lets his animal loose so that it grazes H1197 in another person’s field, he shall make restitution from the best of his own field and the best of his own vineyard.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:6 - “If a fire breaks out and spreads to thorn bushes, and stacked grain or the standing grain or the field itself is consumed, the one who started H1197 the fire must make restitution.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:3 - “You shall not kindle H1197 a fire in any of your dwellings on the Sabbath day.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:12 - ‘The fire on the altar shall be kept burning on it. It shall not go out, but the priest shall burn H1197 wood on it every morning; and he shall lay out the burnt offering on it, and offer up in smoke the fat portions of the peace offerings on it.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:1 - Now the people became like those who complain of adversity in the ears of the LORD; and the LORD heard them and His anger was kindled, and the fire of the LORD burned H1197 among them and consumed some at the outskirts of the camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:3 - So that place was named [fn]Taberah, because the fire of the LORD burned H1197 among them.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:22 - “Nevertheless Kain will suffer H1197 devastation H1197;
How long will Asshur [fn]keep you captive?”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:11 - “You came forward and stood at the foot of the mountain, and the mountain was burning H1197 with fire to the heart of the heavens: darkness, cloud, and thick gloom.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:23 - “And when you heard the voice from the midst of the darkness, while the mountain was burning H1197 with fire, you approached me, all the heads of your tribes and your elders.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:15 - “So I turned and came down from the mountain while the mountain was burning H1197 with fire, and the two tablets of the covenant were in my two hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 13:5 - “But that prophet or that dreamer of dreams shall be put to death, because he has spoken falsely against the LORD your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt and redeemed you from the house of [fn]slavery, to drive you from the way in which the LORD your God commanded you to walk. So you shall eliminate H1197 the evil from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:7 - “The hands of the witnesses shall be first against him to put him to death, and afterward the hands of all the people. So you shall eliminate H1197 the evil from your midst.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:12 - “But the person who acts insolently by not listening to the priest who stands there to serve the LORD your God, nor to the judge, that person shall die; so you shall eliminate H1197 the evil from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:13 - [fn]You shall not pity him, but you shall eliminate H1197 the guilt for the bloodshed of the innocent from Israel, so that it may go well for you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:19 - then you shall do to him just as he had planned to do to his brother. So you shall eliminate H1197 the evil from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:9 - “So you shall remove H1197 the guilt for innocent blood from your midst, when you do what is right in the eyes of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:21 - “Then all the men of his city shall stone him to death; so you shall eliminate H1197 the evil from your midst, and all Israel will hear about it and fear.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:21 - then they shall bring the girl out to the doorway of her father’s house, and the men of her city shall stone her [fn]to death, because she has committed a disgraceful sin in Israel by playing the prostitute in her father’s house; so you shall eliminate H1197 the evil from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:22 - “If a man is found sleeping with a married woman, then both of them shall die, the man who slept with the woman, and the woman; so you shall eliminate H1197 the evil from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:24 - then you shall bring them both out to the gate of that city and you shall stone them [fn]to death: the girl, because she did not cry out for help though she was in the city, and the man, because he has violated his neighbor’s wife. So you shall eliminate H1197 the evil from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:7 - “If someone is [fn]caught kidnapping any of his countrymen of the sons of Israel, and he treats him as merchandise and sells him, then that thief shall die; so you shall eliminate H1197 the evil from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 26:13 - “And you shall say before the LORD your God, ‘I have removed H1197 the sacred portion from my house, and have also given it to the Levite, the stranger, the [fn]orphan, and the widow, in accordance with all Your commandments which You have commanded me; I have not violated or forgotten any of Your commandments.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 26:14 - ‘I have not eaten of it while mourning, nor have I removed H1197 any of it while I was unclean, nor offered any of it to the dead. I have listened to the voice of the LORD my God; I have acted in accordance with everything that You have commanded me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 15:5 - When he had set H1197 fire to the torches, he released the jackals into the standing grain of the Philistines and set H1197 fire H1197 to both the bundled heaps and the standing grain, along with the vineyards and olive groves.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 15:14 - When he came to Lehi, the Philistines shouted as they met him. And the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon him so that the ropes that were on his arms were like flax that has burned H1197 with fire, and his restraints [fn]dropped from his hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:13 - “Now then, turn over the men, the [fn]worthless men who are in Gibeah, so that we may put them to death and remove H1197 this wickedness from Israel.” But the sons of Benjamin would not listen to the voice of their brothers, the sons of Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 4:11 - “How much more, when wicked men have killed a righteous man in his own house on his bed, shall I not now require his blood from your hands and eliminate H1197 you both from the earth?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:9 - “Smoke went up [fn]out of His nostrils,
And fire from His mouth was devouring;
Coals were kindled H1197 by it.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:13 - “From the brightness before Him
Coals of fire were kindled H1197.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:10 - therefore behold, I am bringing disaster on the house of Jeroboam, and I will eliminate from Jeroboam [fn]every male person, both [fn]bond and free in Israel, and I will make H1197 a clean sweep H1197 of the house of Jeroboam, just as one sweeps H1197 away H1197 dung until it is all gone.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 16:3 - behold, I am going to [fn]burn H1197 Baasha and his house, and I will make your house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:21 - “Behold, I am bringing disaster upon you, and I will utterly H1197 sweep H1197 you away H1197, and will eliminate from Ahab every male, both [fn]bond and free in Israel;
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:46 - And the remnant of the cult prostitutes who remained in the days of his father Asa, he eliminated H1197 from the land.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:24 - Moreover, Josiah removed H1197 the mediums, the spiritists, the [fn]household idols, the idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, so that he might [fn]fulfill the words of the Law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 4:20 - the lampstands with their lamps of pure gold, to burn H1197 in front of the inner sanctuary in the way prescribed;
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 13:11 - “Every morning and evening they [fn]burn to the LORD burnt offerings and fragrant incense, and the showbread is set on the clean table, and the golden lampstand with its lamps is ready to light H1197 every evening; for we perform our duty to the LORD our God, but you have abandoned Him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 19:3 - “But [fn]there is some good in you, for you have removed H1197 the [fn]Asheroth from the land and you have set your heart to seek God.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:3 - Furthermore, he burned incense in the Valley of Ben-hinnom, and burned H1197 his sons in fire, according to the abominations of the nations whom the LORD had driven out from the sons of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 10:34 - Likewise we cast lots for the supply of wood among the priests, the Levites, and the people so that they could bring it to the house of our God, according to our fathers’ households, at set times annually, to burn H1197 on the altar of the LORD our God, as it is written in the Law;
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 1:12 - But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king’s order [fn]delivered by the eunuchs. So the king became very angry, and his wrath burned H1197 within him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 1:16 - While he was still speaking, another came and said, “The fire of God fell from heaven and burned H1197 up H1197 the sheep and the servants and consumed them, and I alone have escaped to tell you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 2:12 - [fn]Kiss the Son, that He not be angry and you perish on the way,
For His wrath may be kindled H1197 quickly.
How blessed are all who take refuge in Him!
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 18:8 - Smoke went up [fn]out of His nostrils,
And fire from His mouth was devouring;
Coals burned H1197 from it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 39:3 - My heart was hot within me,
While I was musing the fire burned H1197;
Then I spoke with my tongue:
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 79:5 - How long, LORD? Will You be angry forever?
Will Your jealousy burn H1197 like fire?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 83:14 - Like fire that burns H1197 the forest,
And like a flame that sets the mountains on fire,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:46 - How long, LORD?
Will You hide Yourself forever?
Will Your wrath burn H1197 like fire?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 94:8 - Pay attention, you stupid H1197 ones among the people;
And when will you understand, foolish ones?

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