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Lexicon :: Strong's H123 - 'ĕḏōm

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אֱדֹם
Transliteration
'ĕḏōm
Pronunciation
ed-ome'
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Part of Speech
proper masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 26e

Strong’s Definitions

אֱדֹם ʼĔdôm, ed-ome'; or (fully) אֱדוֹם ʼĔdôwm ; from H122; red (see Genesis 25:25); Edom, the elder twin-brother of Jacob; hence the region (Idumaea) occupied by him:—Edom, Edomites, Idumea.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 100x

The KJV translates Strong's H123 in the following manner: Edom (87x), Edomites (9x), Idumea (4x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 100x
The KJV translates Strong's H123 in the following manner: Edom (87x), Edomites (9x), Idumea (4x).
  1. Edom = "red"

    1. Edom

    2. Edomite, Idumean - descendants of Esau

    3. land of Edom, Idumea - land south and south east of Palestine

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אֱדֹם ʼĔdôm, ed-ome'; or (fully) אֱדוֹם ʼĔdôwm ; from H122; red (see Genesis 25:25); Edom, the elder twin-brother of Jacob; hence the region (Idumaea) occupied by him:—Edom, Edomites, Idumea.
STRONGS H123:
אֱדֹם noun [masculine] name of a condiment (Arabic إِدَامٌ see Anderson in Di; compare Assyrian adumatu ? DlW) הָאֱ׳ Genesis 25:30 (twice in verse) (J; so read for הָאָ׳ MT; see Di).

אֱדוֺם (†אֱדֹם Ezekiel 25:14) proper name, masculine.
1. Edom (name of a god ? see StaG. 1, 121 RSSem 43; see n.pr. עבדאדם; but BaeRel 10 thinks dialect variant reading of אָדָם, בני אדום = בְנֵי אָדָם) = Esau, elder son of Isaac Genesis 25:30 (J) (where etymology = red, compare Genesis 25:25 (E ?) & below אַדְמוֺנִי Genesis 36:1, 8, 19 (P).
2. collective (masculine but feminine Malachi 1:4) Edomites, Idumeans as descendants of Esau Genesis 36:9, 43 (P); also 1 Samuel 14:47 + 31 times + 2 Samuel 8:13 (for MT ארם; Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version see 1 Chronicles 18:12; Psalm 60:2, We Dr); perhaps also Psalm 60:12 (Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version 1 Chronicles 18:11; MT ארם but see We Dr); also 2 Chronicles 20:2 (see Berthau); א׳ = king of Edom Numbers 20:18, 20, 21; in poetry בְּנֵי א׳ Psalm 137:7 בַּת א׳ Lamentations 4:21, 22
3. land of Edom, Idumaea feminine Ezekiel 32:29; Ezekiel 35:15; and Ezekiel 36:5) south & southeast of Palestine Genesis 36:32, 43 + 32 times (including שְׂדֵה א׳ Genesis 32:4; [Genesis 32:3; אֶרֶץ א׳ Genesis 36:16, 17, 21, 31; Numbers 20:23; Numbers 21:4; Numbers 33:37 +); — uncertain weather 2 or 3 are Exodus 15:15; Numbers 20:14; Numbers 24:18 + 9 times (chiefly in מֶלֶח א׳ etc.) **See now FBuhlGeschichte. d. Edomiter (1893).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

25:25; 25:30; 25:30; 32:3; 36:1; 36:8; 36:9; 36:16; 36:17; 36:19; 36:21; 36:31; 36:32; 36:43; 36:43

Exodus

15:15

Numbers

20:14; 20:18; 20:20; 20:21; 20:23; 21:4; 24:18; 33:37

1 Samuel

14:47

2 Samuel

8:13

1 Chronicles

18:11; 18:12

2 Chronicles

20:2

Psalms

60:2; 60:12; 137:7

Lamentations

4:21; 4:22

Ezekiel

25:14; 32:29; 35:15; 36:5

Malachi

1:4

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H123 matches the Hebrew אֱדֹם ('ĕḏōm),
which occurs 100 times in 93 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 25:30–1Ch 18:13)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:30 - and Esau said to Jacob, “Please let me have a mouthful of [fn]that red stuff H123 there, for I am exhausted.” Therefore he was called [fn]Edom H123 by name.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:3 - Then Jacob sent messengers ahead of himself to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the [fn]country of Edom H123.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:1 - Now these are the records of the generations of Esau (that is, Edom H123).
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:8 - So Esau lived in the hill country of Seir; Esau is Edom H123.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:9 - These then are the records of the generations of Esau the father of [fn]the Edomites H123 in the hill country of Seir.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:16 - chief Korah, chief Gatam, and chief Amalek. These are the chiefs [fn]descended from Eliphaz in the land of Edom H123; these are the sons of Adah.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:17 - And these are the sons of Reuel, Esau’s son: chief Nahath, chief Zerah, chief Shammah, and chief Mizzah. These are the chiefs [fn]descended from Reuel in the land of Edom H123; these are the sons of Esau’s wife Basemath.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:19 - These are the sons of Esau (that is, Edom H123), and these are their chiefs.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:21 - Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These are the chiefs [fn]descended from the Horites, the sons of Seir in the land of Edom H123.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:31 - Now these are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom H123 before any king reigned over the sons of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:32 - [fn]Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom H123, and the name of his city was Dinhabah.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 36:43 - chief Magdiel, and chief Iram. These are the chiefs of Edom H123 (that is, Esau, the father of [fn]the Edomites H123), according to their settlements in the land of their possession.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:15 - “Then the chiefs of Edom H123 were terrified;
The leaders of Moab, trembling grips them;
All the inhabitants of Canaan have despaired.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:14 - From Kadesh Moses then sent messengers to the king of Edom H123 to say, “This is what your brother Israel has said: ‘You know all the hardship that has [fn]overtaken us;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:18 - Edom H123, however, said to him, “You shall not pass through [fn]us, or I will come out with the sword against you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:20 - But he said, “You shall not pass through.” And Edom H123 came out against him with a heavy [fn]force and a strong hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:21 - So Edom H123 refused to allow Israel to pass through his territory; then Israel turned away from him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:23 - Then the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron at Mount Hor by the border of the land of Edom H123, saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:4 - Then they set out from Mount Hor by the way of the [fn]Red Sea, to go around the land of Edom H123; and the [fn]people became impatient because of the journey.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:18 - “And Edom H123 shall be a possession,
Seir, its enemies, also will be a possession,
While Israel performs valiantly.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 33:37 - They journeyed from Kadesh and camped at Mount Hor, at the edge of the land of Edom H123.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 34:3 - ‘Your southern region shall [fn]extend from the wilderness of Zin along the side of Edom H123, and your southern border shall [fn]extend from the end of the Salt Sea eastward.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:1 - Now the lot for the tribe of the sons of Judah according to their families [fn]reached the border of Edom H123, southward to the wilderness of Zin at the extreme south.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:21 - Now the cities at the extremity of the tribe of the sons of Judah toward the border of Edom H123 in the south were Kabzeel, Eder, and Jagur,
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:4 - “LORD, when You went out from Seir,
When You marched from the field of Edom H123,
The earth quaked, the heavens also dripped,
The clouds also dripped water.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:17 - then Israel sent messengers to the king of Edom H123, saying, “Please let us pass through your land”; but the king of Edom H123 would not listen. And they also sent messengers to the king of Moab, but he would not consent. So Israel remained at Kadesh.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:18 - ‘Then they went through the wilderness and around the land of Edom H123 and the land of Moab, and came to the east side of the land of Moab, and they camped beyond the Arnon; but they did not enter the territory of Moab, for the Arnon was the border of Moab.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:47 - Now when Saul had taken control of the kingdom over Israel, he fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, the sons of Ammon, Edom H123, the kings of Zobah, and the Philistines; and wherever he turned, he [fn]inflicted punishment.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 8:14 - He also put garrisons in Edom H123. In all Edom H123 he put garrisons, and all the Edomites H123 became servants to David. And the LORD helped David wherever he went.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 9:26 - King Solomon also built a fleet of ships in Ezion-geber, which is near Eloth on the shore of the [fn]Red Sea, in the land of Edom H123.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 11:14 - Then the LORD raised up an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was of the [fn]royal line in Edom H123.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 11:15 - For it came about, when David was in Edom H123 and Joab the commander of the army had gone up to bury those killed in battle, and had struck and killed every male in Edom H123
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 11:16 - (for Joab and all Israel stayed there for six months, until he had eliminated every male in Edom H123),
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:47 - Now there was no king in Edom H123; a governor served as king.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 3:8 - Then he said, “Which way shall we go up?” And he [fn]answered, “The way of the wilderness of Edom H123.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 3:9 - So the king of Israel went with the king of Judah and the king of Edom H123, and they made a circuit of seven days’ journey. But there was no water for the army or for the cattle that [fn]followed them.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 3:12 - And Jehoshaphat said, “The word of the LORD is with him.” So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat and the king of Edom H123 went down to him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 3:20 - And it happened in the morning about the time of offering the sacrifice, that behold, water came from the direction of Edom H123, and the country was filled with water.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 3:26 - When the king of Moab saw that the battle was too fierce for him, he took with him seven hundred men who drew swords, to break through to the king of Edom H123; but they could not.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:20 - In his days Edom H123 broke away from the [fn]rule of Judah, and appointed a king over themselves.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:21 - Then Joram crossed over to Zair, and all his chariots with him. And he got up at night and struck the Edomites H123 who had surrounded him and the captains of the chariots; but [fn]his army fled to their tents.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 8:22 - So Edom H123 has broken away from [fn]Judah to this day. Then Libnah broke away at the same time.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 14:7 - He [fn]killed ten thousand of the Edomites H123 in the Valley of Salt, and took Sela by war, and named it Joktheel, as it is to this day.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 14:10 - “You have indeed [fn]defeated Edom H123, and your heart [fn]is elated. Enjoy the glory and stay home; for why should you get involved in trouble so that you would fall, you and Judah with you?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 1:43 - Now these are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom H123 before any king from the sons of Israel reigned. Bela was the son of Beor, and the name of his city was Dinhabah.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 1:51 - Then Hadad died.
Now the tribal chiefs of Edom H123 were chief Timna, chief [fn]Aliah, chief Jetheth,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 1:54 - chief Magdiel, and chief Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom H123.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 18:11 - King David also dedicated these to the LORD, with the silver and the gold which he had carried away from all the nations: from Edom H123, Moab, the sons of Ammon, the Philistines, and from Amalek.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 18:12 - Moreover, Abishai the son of Zeruiah [fn]defeated eighteen thousand Edomites H123 in the Valley of Salt.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 18:13 - Then he put garrisons in Edom H123, and all the Edomites H123 became servants to David. And the LORD helped David wherever he went.

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1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 25:30–1Ch 18:13) Gen 25:30–1Ch 18:13


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