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Lexicon :: Strong's H1589 - gānaḇ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 364

Strong’s Definitions

גָּנַב gânab, gaw-nab'; a primitive root; to thieve (literally or figuratively); by implication, to deceive:—carry away, × indeed, secretly bring, steal (away), get by stealth.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x

The KJV translates Strong's H1589 in the following manner: steal (30x), steal away (7x), carry away (1x), brought (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x
The KJV translates Strong's H1589 in the following manner: steal (30x), steal away (7x), carry away (1x), brought (1x).
  1. to steal, steal away, carry away

    1. (Qal) to steal

    2. (Niphal) to be stolen

    3. (Piel) to steal away

    4. (Pual) to be stolen away, be brought by stealth

    5. (Hithpael) to go by stealth, steal away

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
גָּנַב gânab, gaw-nab'; a primitive root; to thieve (literally or figuratively); by implication, to deceive:—carry away, × indeed, secretly bring, steal (away), get by stealth.
STRONGS H1589: Abbreviations
† [גָּנַב] verb steal (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic גְּנַב, bdb017006; Arabic bdb017007 is hurt the side, or put aside, denominative from bdb017008 side) —
Qal Perfect 3rd person feminine singular suffix גְּנָבַתּוּ Job 21:18; Job 27:20, גְּנָבָ֫תַם Genesis 31:22; 2nd person masculine singular גָּנַבְתּ Genesis 31:30; 1st person singular וְגָנַ֑בְתִּי consecutive Proverbs 30:9; גָּנְָֽבוּ Joshua 7:11; 2 Samuel 21:12; suffix גְּנָבוּךָ 2 Samuel 19:42; Imperfect יִגְנָֹֽב־ Exodus 21:37, יִגְנוֺב Proverbs 6:30, וַיִּגְנֹב Genesis 31:20; 3rd person feminine singular וַתִּגְנֹב Genesis 31:19 + 2 times; 2nd person masculine singular תִּגְנֹב Exodus 20:15; Deuteronomy 5:17, וַתִּגְנֹב Genesis 31:26, 27, יִגְנְבוּ Obadiah 5, תִּגְנֹ֑בוּ Leviticus 19:11, נִגְנֹב Genesis 44:8; Infinitive absolute גָּנֹב Exodus 22:11 + 2 times; Participle גֹּנֵב Exodus 21:16 + 2 times, גָּנוּב Genesis 30:33; feminine construct גְּנֻֽֽֽבְתִי Genesis 31:39 (twice in verse); plural גְּנוּבִים Proverbs 9:17; in Hexateuch always J E D, except Leviticus 19:11 (H); — steal with accusative of thing Genesis 31:19, 30, 32; Genesis 44:8; Exodus 21:37; 2 Samuel 21:12 compare passive Genesis 30:33; Genesis 31:39; Proverbs 9:17; with object person Exodus 21:16; Deuteronomy 24:7; 2 Samuel 19:42; = take by stealth (for good purpose) 2 Kings 11:2 2 Chronicles 22:11; absolute Exodus 20:15 = Deuteronomy 5:17; Leviticus 19:11; Joshua 7:11; Proverbs 6:30; Proverbs 30:9; Obadiah 5; Zechariah 5:3, compareInfinitive absolute Hosea 4:2; Jeremiah 7:9 & (with Niph.) Exodus 22:11; גנב לֵב = deceive Genesis 31:20, 26 cf Di; אֹתִי ג׳ Genesis 31:27 id.; of sudden sweeping off by storm, in simile Job 21:18 figurative of destruction of wicked Job 27:20.
Niph. be stolen, subject of thing גָּנֹב יִגָּנֵב Exodus 22:11.
Pi. steal away (transitive) וַיְגַגֵּב אבשׁלום את־לֵב 2 Samuel 15:6; מְגַנְּבֵי דְּבָרַי Jeremiah 23:30.
Pu. be stolen away subject person גֻּנֹּב גֻּנַּבְתִּי Genesis 40:15; subject of thing וְגֻנַּב consecutive Exodus 22:6; be brought by stealth Job 4:12. יְגֻנָּ֑ב.
Hithp. go by stealth, steal away יִתְגַּנֵּב 2 Samuel 19:4, וַיִּתְגַּנֵּב 2 Samuel 19:4. (Syriac bdb017009 steal oneself away; so bdb017010 Genesis 31:27.)
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


30:33; 30:33; 31:19; 31:19; 31:20; 31:20; 31:22; 31:26; 31:26; 31:27; 31:27; 31:27; 31:30; 31:30; 31:32; 31:39; 31:39; 40:15; 44:8; 44:8


20:15; 20:15; 21:16; 21:16; 22:6; 22:11; 22:11; 22:11


19:11; 19:11; 19:11


5:17; 5:17; 24:7


7:11; 7:11

2 Samuel

15:6; 19:4; 19:4; 19:42; 19:42; 21:12; 21:12

2 Kings


2 Chronicles



4:12; 21:18; 21:18; 27:20; 27:20


6:30; 6:30; 9:17; 9:17; 30:9; 30:9


7:9; 23:30




1:5; 1:5



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1589 matches the Hebrew גָּנַב (gānaḇ),
which occurs 40 times in 36 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:33 - “So my [fn]honesty will answer for me later, when you come concerning my [fn]wages. Every one that is not speckled or spotted among the goats, or black among the lambs, if found with me, will be considered stolen H1589.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:19 - Laban had gone to shear his flock, and Rachel stole H1589 the [fn]household idols that were her father’s.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:20 - And Jacob [fn]deceived H1589 Laban the Aramean by not telling him that he was fleeing.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:26 - Then Laban said to Jacob, “What have you done [fn]by deceiving H1589 me and carrying away my daughters like captives of the sword?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:27 - “Why did you flee secretly and [fn]deceive H1589 me, and did not tell me, so that I might have sent you away with joy and with songs, with tambourine and with lyre;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:30 - “Now you have indeed gone away because you longed greatly for your father’s house; but why did you steal H1589 my gods?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:32 - “The one with whom you find your gods shall not live; in the presence of our relatives [fn]point out what is yours [fn]among my belongings and take it for yourself.” Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen H1589 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:39 - “I did not even bring to you that which was torn by wild animals; I took the loss myself. You demanded it of my hand whether stolen H1589 by day or stolen H1589 by night.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:15 - “For I was in H1589 fact H1589 kidnapped H1589 from the land of the Hebrews, and even here I have done nothing that they should have put me into the [fn]dungeon.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:8 - “Behold, the money which we found in the opening of our sacks we have brought back to you from the land of Canaan. How then could we steal H1589 silver or gold from your lord’s house?
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:15 -

“You shall not steal H1589.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:16 -

“Now one who [fn]kidnaps H1589 someone, whether he sells him or he is found in his [fn]possession, shall certainly be put to death.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:1 -

[fn]If someone steals H1589 an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it, he shall pay five oxen for the ox and four sheep for the sheep

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:7 -

“If someone gives his neighbor money or goods to keep for him and it is stolen H1589 from the [fn]neighbor’s house, if the thief is [fn]caught, then the thief shall pay double.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:12 - “But if it is actually H1589 stolen H1589 from him, he shall make restitution to its owner.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:11 -

‘You shall not steal H1589, nor deal falsely, nor lie to one another.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:19 -

‘You shall not steal H1589.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:7 -

“If someone is [fn]caught kidnapping H1589 any of his countrymen of the sons of Israel, and he treats him as merchandise and sells him, then that thief shall die; so you shall eliminate the evil from among you.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:11 - “Israel has sinned, and they have also violated My covenant which I commanded them. And they have even taken some of the things designated for destruction, and have both stolen H1589 and kept it a secret. Furthermore, they have also put them among their own things.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 15:6 - Absalom dealt this way with all Israel who came to the king for judgment; so Absalom stole H1589 the hearts of the people of Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:3 - And the people entered the city surreptitiously H1589 that day, just as people who are humiliated surreptitiously H1589 flee in battle.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:41 - And behold, all the men of Israel came to the king and said to the king, “Why have our brothers, the men of Judah, abducted H1589 you and brought the king and his household and all David’s men with him, over the Jordan?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 21:12 - then David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of his son Jonathan from the citizens of Jabesh-gilead, who had stolen H1589 them from the public square of Beth-shan, where the Philistines had hanged them on the day the Philistines struck and killed Saul in Gilboa.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 11:2 - But Jehosheba, the daughter of King Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah and abducted H1589 him from among the king’s sons who were being put to death, and put him and his nurse in the bedroom. So they hid him from Athaliah, and he was not put to death.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 22:11 - But Jehoshabeath the king’s daughter took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole H1589 him from among the king’s sons who were being put to death, and placed him and his nurse in the bedroom. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of King Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest (for she was the sister of Ahaziah), hid him from Athaliah so that she would not put him to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 4:12 -

“Now a word was brought H1589 to me secretly H1589,

And my ear received a whisper of it.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:18 -

“Are they as straw before the wind,

And like chaff which the storm carries H1589 away H1589?

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 27:20 -

“Terrors overtake him like a flood;

A storm steals H1589 him away H1589 in the night.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 6:30 -

People do not despise a thief if he steals H1589

To satisfy [fn]himself when he is hungry;

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 9:17 -

“Stolen H1589 water is sweet;

And bread eaten in secret is pleasant.”

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 30:9 -

So that I will not be full and deny You and say, “Who is the LORD?”

And that I will not become impoverished and steal H1589,

And profane the name of my God.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:9 - “Will you steal H1589, murder, commit adultery, swear falsely, [fn]offer sacrifices to Baal, and follow other gods that you have not known,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 23:30 - “Therefore behold, I am against the prophets,” declares the LORD, “who steal H1589 My words from each other.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 4:2 -

There is oath-taking, [fn]denial, murder, stealing H1589, and adultery.

They employ violence, so that bloodshed [fn]follows bloodshed.

Unchecked Copy BoxOba 1:5 -

“If thieves came to you,

If [fn]robbers by night

Oh how you will be ruined!—

Would they not steal H1589 only [fn]until they had enough?

If grape-pickers came to you,

Would they not leave some gleanings?

Unchecked Copy BoxZec 5:3 - Then he said to me, “This is the curse that is going forth over the face of the entire [fn]land; everyone who steals H1589 certainly will be purged away according to [fn]the writing on one side, and everyone who swears falsely will be purged away according to [fn]the writing on the other side.
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