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Lexicon :: Strong's H1612 - gep̄en

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to bend
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 372a

Strong’s Definitions

גֶּפֶן gephen, gheh'-fen; from an unused root meaning to bend; a vine (as twining), especially the grape:—vine, tree.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 55x

The KJV translates Strong's H1612 in the following manner: vine (54x), tree (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 55x
The KJV translates Strong's H1612 in the following manner: vine (54x), tree (1x).
  1. vine, vine tree

    1. of Israel (fig.)

    2. of stars fading at Jehovah's judgment (metaph.)

    3. of prosperity

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
גֶּפֶן gephen, gheh'-fen; from an unused root meaning to bend; a vine (as twining), especially the grape:—vine, tree.
STRONGS H1612: Abbreviations
גֶּ֫פֶן noun feminineJudges 9:13 + (masculine only Hosea 10:1, perhaps influence of יִשְׂרָאֵל 2 Kings 4:39) vine (Late Hebrew id., Arabic bdb017203 (Yemen), Assyrian gapnu, compare ZehnpfBAS i. 633; Aramaic גּוֺפַן, גֶּפֶן, bdb017204, plural bdb017205) — ג׳ Genesis 40:9 + 38 times (also construct, as Numbers 6:4; Deuteronomy 32:32; Isaiah 16:8, 9), גָּ֑פֶן Judges 9:12 + 2 times; suffix גַּפְנִי Joel 1:7, גַּפְנְךָ Jeremiah 5:17, גַּפְנוֺ 1 Kings 5:5 + 3 times, גַּפְנָהּ Hosea 2:14, גַּפְנָם Deuteronomy 32:32 + 2 times; plural גְּפָנִים Songs 2:13; Habakkuk 3:17vine (always grape-bearing except 2 Kings 4:39) Genesis 40:9, 10 (in dream) Genesis 49:11; Numbers 20:5; Deuteronomy 8:8; Judges 9:12, 13 (in allegory) 1 Kings 5:5; 2 Kings 18:31 = Isaiah 36:16; Psalm 78:47; Psalm 105:33; Songs 2:13; Songs 6:11; Songs 7:13; Isaiah 7:23; Isaiah 24:7; Isaiah 32:12; Jeremiah 5:17; Jeremiah 8:13; Hosea 2:14; Joel 1:7, 12; Joel 2:22; Micah 4:4; Habakkuk 3:17; Haggai 2:19; Zechariah 2:10; Zechariah 8:12; Malachi 3:11; גֶּפֶן שָׂדֶה a vine bearing poisonous gourds 2 Kings 4:39; גֶּפֶן הַיַּיִן Numbers 6:4 (compare Genesis 40:10; Judges 9:13) Judges 13:14; אֶשְׁכְּלוֺת הַגֶּפֶן Songs 8:9; עֵץ הַגֶּפֶן Ezekiel 15:2, 6; in simile of stars fading away at Yahweh's judgment Isaiah 34:4; in simile of wicked losing early promise Job 15:33; in simile of wife Psalm 128:3; figurative of Israel Psalm 80:9; Psalm 80:15; Ezekiel 17:6 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 17:7, 8; Hosea 10:1 compare Ezekiel 19:10; Jeremiah 2:21; Jeremiah 6:9; also Hosea 14:8; figurative of Israel as easily destroyed Ezekiel 15:2, 6; figurative of godless enemies of Israel Deuteronomy 32:32 compare Di; גֶּפֶן שִׂבְמָה figurative for prosperity of Moab Isaiah 16:8, 9; Jeremiah 48:32. — On the vine in Syria compare AnderlindZPV 1888, 160 ff.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


40:9; 40:9; 40:10; 40:10; 49:11


6:4; 6:4; 20:5


8:8; 32:32; 32:32; 32:32


9:12; 9:12; 9:13; 9:13; 9:13; 13:14

1 Kings

5:5; 5:5

2 Kings

4:39; 4:39; 4:39; 18:31




78:47; 80:9; 80:15; 105:33; 128:3

Song of Songs

2:13; 2:13; 6:11; 7:13; 8:9


7:23; 16:8; 16:8; 16:9; 16:9; 24:7; 32:12; 34:4; 36:16


2:21; 5:17; 5:17; 6:9; 8:13; 48:32


15:2; 15:2; 15:6; 15:6; 17:6; 17:7; 17:8; 19:10


2:14; 2:14; 10:1; 10:1; 14:8


1:7; 1:7; 1:12; 2:22




3:17; 3:17




2:10; 8:12



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1612 matches the Hebrew גֶּפֶן (gep̄en),
which occurs 55 times in 53 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 40:9–Hag 2:19)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:9 - So the chief cupbearer told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, “In my dream, [fn]behold, there was a vine H1612 in front of me;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:10 - and on the vine H1612 were three branches. And as it was budding, its blossoms came out, and its clusters produced ripe grapes.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:11 - [fn]He ties his foal to the vine, H1612
And his donkey’s colt to the choice vine;
He washes his garments in wine,
And his robes in the blood of grapes.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 6:4 - ‘All the days of his [fn]separation he shall not eat anything that is produced by the grape vine, H1612 from the seeds even to the skin.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:5 - “Why have you made us come up from Egypt, to bring us in to this wretched place? It is not a place of [fn]grain or figs or vines H1612 or pomegranates, nor is there water to drink.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 8:8 - a land of wheat and barley, of vines H1612 and fig trees and pomegranates, a land of olive oil and honey;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:32 - “For their vine H1612 is from the vine H1612 of Sodom,
And from the fields of Gomorrah;
Their grapes are grapes of poison,
Their clusters, bitter.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:12 - “Then the trees said to the vine, H1612 ‘You come, reign over us!’
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:13 - “But the vine H1612 said to them, ‘Shall I leave my new wine, which cheers God and men, and go to wave over the trees?’
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:14 - “She should not eat anything that comes from the vine H1612 nor drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean thing; let her observe all that I commanded.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 4:25 - So Judah and Israel lived in safety, every man under his vine H1612 and his fig tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:39 - Then one went out into the field to gather herbs, and found a wild vine H1612 and gathered from it his lap full of wild gourds, and came and sliced them into the pot of stew, for they did not know what they were.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:31 - ‘Do not listen to Hezekiah, for thus says the king of Assyria,[fn]Make your peace with me and come out to me, and eat each of his vine H1612 and each of his fig tree and drink each of the waters of his own cistern,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:33 - “He will drop off his unripe grape like the vine, H1612
And will cast off his flower like the olive tree.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:47 - He [fn]destroyed their vines H1612 with hailstones
And their sycamore trees with frost.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 80:8 - You removed a vine H1612 from Egypt;
You drove out the [fn]nations and planted it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 80:14 - O God of hosts, turn again now, we beseech You;
Look down from heaven and see, and take care of this vine, H1612
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 105:33 - He struck down their vines H1612 also and their fig trees,
And shattered the trees of their territory.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 128:3 - Your wife shall be like a fruitful vine H1612
[fn]Within your house,
Your children like olive plants
Around your table.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 2:13 - ‘The fig tree has ripened its figs,
And the vines H1612 in blossom have given forth their fragrance.
Arise, my darling, my beautiful one,
And come along!’”
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 6:11 - “I went down to the orchard of nut trees
To see the blossoms of the valley,
To see whether the vine H1612 had budded
Or the pomegranates had bloomed.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 7:8 - “I said, ‘I will climb the palm tree,
I will take hold of its fruit stalks.’
Oh, may your breasts be like clusters of the vine, H1612
And the fragrance of your [fn]breath like [fn]apples,
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 7:12 - “Let us rise early and go to the vineyards;
Let us see whether the vine H1612 has budded
And its blossoms have opened,
And whether the pomegranates have bloomed.
There I will give you my love.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 7:23 - And it will come about in that day, that every place where there used to be a thousand vines, H1612 valued at a thousand shekels of silver, will become briars and thorns.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 16:8 - For the fields of Heshbon have [fn]withered, the vines H1612 of Sibmah as well;
The lords of the nations have trampled down its choice clusters
Which reached as far as Jazer and wandered to the deserts;
Its tendrils spread themselves out and passed over the sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 16:9 - Therefore I will weep bitterly for Jazer, for the vine H1612 of Sibmah;
I will drench you with my tears, O Heshbon and Elealeh;
For the shouting over your summer fruits and your harvest has fallen away.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 24:7 - The new wine mourns,
The vine H1612 decays,
All the merry-hearted sigh.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 32:12 - Beat your breasts for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine, H1612
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 34:4 - And all the host of heaven will [fn]wear away,
And the sky will be rolled up like a scroll;
All their hosts will also wither away
As a leaf withers from the vine, H1612
Or as one withers from the fig tree.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 36:16 - ‘Do not listen to Hezekiah,’ for thus says the king of Assyria,[fn]Make your peace with me and come out to me, and eat each of his vine H1612 and each of his fig tree and drink each of the waters of his own cistern,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:21 - “Yet I planted you a choice vine,
A completely faithful seed.
How then have you turned yourself before Me
Into the degenerate shoots of a foreign vine? H1612
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:17 - “They will devour your harvest and your food;
They will devour your sons and your daughters;
They will devour your flocks and your herds;
They will devour your vines H1612 and your fig trees;
They will demolish with the sword your fortified cities in which you trust.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:9 - Thus says the LORD of hosts,
“They will thoroughly glean as the vine H1612 the remnant of Israel;
Pass your hand again like a grape gatherer
Over the branches.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 8:13 - “I will surely snatch them away,” declares the LORD;
“There will be no grapes on the vine H1612
And no figs on the fig tree,
And the leaf will wither;
And what I have given them will pass away.”’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:32 - “More than the weeping for Jazer
I will weep for you, O vine H1612 of Sibmah!
Your tendrils stretched across the sea,
They reached to the sea of Jazer;
Upon your summer fruits and your grape harvest
The destroyer has fallen.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 15:2 - “Son of man, how is the wood of the vine H1612 better than any wood of a branch which is among the trees of the forest?
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 15:6 - “Therefore, thus says the Lord [fn]GOD, ‘As the wood of the vine H1612 among the trees of the forest, which I have given to the fire for fuel, so have I given up the inhabitants of Jerusalem;
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:6 - “Then it sprouted and became a low, spreading vine H1612 with its branches turned toward him, but its roots remained under it. So it became a vine H1612 and yielded shoots and sent out branches.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:7 - “But there was [fn]another great eagle with great wings and much plumage; and behold, this vine H1612 bent its roots toward him and sent out its branches toward him from the beds where it was planted, that he might water it.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:8 - “It was planted in good [fn]soil beside abundant waters, that it might yield branches and bear fruit and become a splendid vine.”’ H1612
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 19:10 - ‘Your mother was like a vine H1612 in your [fn]vineyard,
Planted by the waters;
It was fruitful and full of branches
Because of abundant waters.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 2:12 - “I will destroy her vines H1612 and fig trees,
Of which she said, ‘These are my wages
Which my lovers have given me.’
And I will make them a forest,
And the beasts of the field will devour them.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 10:1 - Israel is a [fn]luxuriant vine; H1612
He produces fruit for himself.
The more his fruit,
The more altars he made;
The [fn]richer his land,
The better [fn]he made the sacred pillars.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 14:7 - Those who live in his shadow
Will [fn]again raise grain,
And they will blossom like the vine. H1612
His renown will be like the wine of Lebanon.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:7 - It has made my vine H1612 a waste
And my fig tree [fn]splinters.
It has stripped them bare and cast them away;
Their branches have become white.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:12 - The vine H1612 dries up
And the fig tree [fn]fails;
The pomegranate, the palm also, and the [fn]apple tree,
All the trees of the field dry up.
Indeed, rejoicing dries up
From the sons of men.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 2:22 - Do not fear, beasts of the field,
For the pastures of the wilderness have turned green,
For the tree has borne its fruit,
The fig tree and the vine H1612 have yielded [fn]in full.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 4:4 - Each of them will sit under his vine H1612
And under his fig tree,
With no one to make them afraid,
For the mouth of the LORD of hosts has spoken.
Unchecked Copy BoxHab 3:17 - Though the fig tree should not blossom
And there be no [fn]fruit on the vines, H1612
Though the yield of the olive should fail
And the fields produce no food,
Though the flock should be cut off from the fold
And there be no cattle in the stalls,
Unchecked Copy BoxHag 2:19 - ‘Is the seed still in the barn? Even including the vine, H1612 the fig tree, the pomegranate and the olive tree, it has not borne fruit. Yet from this day on I will bless you.’”

Search Results Continued...

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