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Lexicon :: Strong's H1644 - gāraš

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 388

Strong’s Definitions

גָּרַשׁ gârash, gaw-rash'; a primitive root; to drive out from a possession; especially to expatriate or divorce:—cast up (out), divorced (woman), drive away (forth, out), expel, × surely put away, trouble, thrust out.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 47x

The KJV translates Strong's H1644 in the following manner: drive out (20x), cast out (8x), thrust out (6x), drive away (2x), put away (2x), divorced (2x), driven (1x), expel (1x), drive forth (1x), surely (1x), troubled (1x), cast up (1x), divorced woman (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 47x
The KJV translates Strong's H1644 in the following manner: drive out (20x), cast out (8x), thrust out (6x), drive away (2x), put away (2x), divorced (2x), driven (1x), expel (1x), drive forth (1x), surely (1x), troubled (1x), cast up (1x), divorced woman (1x).
  1. to drive out, expel, cast out, drive away, divorce, put away, thrust away, trouble, cast up

    1. (Qal) to thrust out, cast out

    2. (Niphal) to be driven away, be tossed

    3. (Piel) to drive out, drive away

    4. (Pual) to be thrust out

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
גָּרַשׁ gârash, gaw-rash'; a primitive root; to drive out from a possession; especially to expatriate or divorce:—cast up (out), divorced (woman), drive away (forth, out), expel, × surely put away, trouble, thrust out.
STRONGS H1644: Abbreviations
† [גָּרַשׁ] verb drive out, cast out (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic גְּרַשׁ Pa. Ithp. of divorce, MI19 ויגרשה) —
Qal Imperfect וַיִּגְרְשׁוּ Isaiah 57:20; Infinitive suffix מִגְרָשָׁהּ Ezekiel 36:5 below; Participle active גֹּרֵשׁ Exodus 34:11; passive feminine גְּרוּשָׁה Leviticus 21:7 + 4 times; — cast our, thrust out, י׳, the Amorites Exodus 34:11 (J E; with מִמְּנֵי); waters, mire and dirt רֶפֶשׁ וָטִיט Isaiah 57:20; passive only of divorced woman Leviticus 21:7 (followed by מֵאִישָׁהּ; elsewhere with אַלְמָנָה widow), Leviticus 21:14; Leviticus 22:13 (all H), Numbers 30:10 (P) Ezekiel 44:22. On מִגְרָשָׁהּ Ezekiel 36:5 as Aramaic Infinitive compare Ges§ 45 1. c.i 166; Co strike out, on internal grounds, compare Greek Version of the LXX
Niph. Perfect נִגְרָ֑שׁ Isaiah 57:20; 3rd person feminine singular וְנִגְרְשָׁה consecutive Amos 8:8; נִגְרַשְׁתִּי Jonah 2:5; — be driven away, followed by מִנֶּגֶד עֵינֶיךָ, i.e. from the presence of Yahweh Jonah 2:5; be driven, tossed, as the Nile Amos 8:8; of the sea Isaiah 57:20 rel. clause, אֲשֶׁר omitted, like the sea that is tossed.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person feminine singular וְגֵרְשָׁה consecutive Exodus 23:28; גֵּרַשְׁתָּ Genesis 4:14, suffix 3rd person masculine plural וְגֵרַשְׁתָּמוֺ consecutive Exodus 23:31; וְגֵרַשְׁתִּ֫י Exodus 33:2, suffix גֵּרַשְׁתִּיהוּ Ezekiel 31:11 (so Targum Vulgate, not Greek Version of the LXX; compare Co's conjecture); וְגֵּרַשְׁתִּיו consecutive Numbers 22:11; 3rd person plural suffix גֵּרְשׁוּנִי 1 Samuel 26:19; Imperfect יְגָרֵשׁ Exodus 11:1, וַיְגָ֫רֶשׁ Genesis 3:24 + 6 times; suffix וַיְגָרֲשֵׁהוּ Psalm 34:1, יְגָָֽרֲשֵׁם Exodus 6:1; 2nd person masculine singular תְּגָרֵשׁ Psalm 80:9, וַתְּגָ֫רֶשׁ Joshua 24:12; אֲגָרֵשׁ Judges 2:3, וָֽאֲגָרֵשׁ Judges 6:9; suffix 3rd person masculine singular אֲגָרְשֶׁנּוּ Exodus 23:29,30; Numbers 22:6; אֲגָֽרֲשֵׁם Hosea 9:15; וַיְגָֽרֲשׁוּ Judges 11:2; יְגָרְשׁוּהָ Zephaniah 2:4, וַיְגָרְשׁוּם Exodus 2:17; 2nd person masculine plural תְּגָֽרֲשׁוּן Micah 2:9, וַתְּגָֽרֲשׁוּנִי Judges 11:7; Infinitive construct לְגָרֵשׁ 1 Chronicles 17:21 + || 2 Samuel 7:23 Gei We Dr, for MT לארצך; לְגָָֽרֲשֵׁנוּ 2 Chronicles 20:11; absolute id. Exodus 11:1; Imperative גָּרֵשׁ Genesis 21:10; Proverbs 22:10; — drive out, away, Hexateuch all J E, including poem Deuteronomy 33; (י׳ subject), Adam from garden Genesis 3:24 compare Cain Genesis 4:14 (followed by מִן local, & so + 21 times), David (men subject) 1 Samuel 26:19, id. (Abimelech subject) Psalm 34:1 (title), Hagar (Abraham subject) Genesis 21:10 compare scorner, Proverbs 22:10 daughters of Reuel (subject shepherds) Exodus 2:17; Moses and Aaron from Pharaoh's presence (indefinite subject) Exodus 10:11; Gaal etc. (subject Zebul) Judges 9:41 (followed by מִן with Infinitive), Jephthah (Gil. subject) Judges 11:2,7; Abiathar (subject Solomon) 1 Kings 2:27 (followed by מִן with Infinitive) wicked from temple (י׳ subject) Hosea 9:15; women from houses (nobles subject) Micah 2:9; often of Canaanites (hornet subject) Exodus 23:28; Joshua 24:12 compare Exodus 23:31 (Israel subject); also (י׳ subject; compare MI19) Exodus 23:29,30; Exodus 33:2; Deuteronomy 33:27; Joshua 24:18; Judges 2:3; Judges 6:9; Psalm 78:55; Psalm 80:9; 1 Chronicles 17:21; of Israel from Egypt (subject Pharaoh) Exodus 6:1; Exodus 11:1 (twice in verse); from land of Moab (subject Balak) Numbers 22:6, 11; Judah from Canaan (subject Moab & Ammon) 2 Chronicles 20:11; Egypt from her land (י׳ subject) Ezekiel 31:11 (but compare text, above); Ashdod (indefinite subject) Zephaniah 2:4.
Pu. Perfect גֹּרְשׁוּ subject Israelites Exodus 12:39; Imperfect יְגֹרָ֑שׁוּ subject despised and miserable outcasts Job 30:5 both followed by מִן local.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:24; 3:24; 4:14; 4:14; 21:10; 21:10


2:17; 2:17; 6:1; 6:1; 10:11; 11:1; 11:1; 11:1; 12:39; 23:28; 23:28; 23:29; 23:29; 23:30; 23:30; 23:31; 23:31; 33:2; 33:2; 34:11; 34:11


21:7; 21:7; 21:14; 22:13


22:6; 22:6; 22:11; 22:11; 30:10


33; 33:27


24:12; 24:12; 24:18


2:3; 2:3; 6:9; 6:9; 9:41; 11:2; 11:2; 11:7; 11:7

1 Samuel

26:19; 26:19

2 Samuel


1 Kings


1 Chronicles

17:21; 17:21

2 Chronicles

20:11; 20:11




34:1; 34:1; 78:55; 80:9; 80:9


22:10; 22:10


57:20; 57:20; 57:20; 57:20


31:11; 31:11; 36:5; 36:5; 44:22


9:15; 9:15


8:8; 8:8


2:5; 2:5


2:9; 2:9


2:4; 2:4

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1644 matches the Hebrew גָּרַשׁ (gāraš),
which occurs 47 times in 45 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:24 - So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden the Cherubim, and the flame of a sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:14 - Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the ground; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer in the earth; and it will come to pass, that whosoever findeth me will slay me.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:10 - Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out this handmaid and her son: for the son of this handmaid shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:17 - And the shepherds came and drove them away; but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 6:1 - And Jehovah said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for by a strong hand shall he let them go, and by a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:11 - Not so: go now ye that are men, and serve Jehovah; for that is what ye desire. And they were driven out from Pharaoh’s presence.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 11:1 - And Jehovah said unto Moses, Yet one plague more will I bring upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:39 - And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt; for it was not leavened, because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victuals.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:28 - And I will send the hornet before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:29 - I will not drive them out from before thee in one year, lest the land become desolate, and the beasts of the field multiply against thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:30 - By little and little I will drive them out from before thee, until thou be increased, and inherit the land.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:31 - And I will set thy border from the Red Sea even unto the sea of the Philistines, and from the wilderness unto the River: for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand: and thou shalt drive them out before thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:2 - and I will send an angel before thee; and I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite:
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:11 - Observe thou that which I command thee this day: behold, I drive out before thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:7 - They shall not take a woman that is a harlot, or profane; neither shall they take a woman put away from her husband: for he is holy unto his God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:14 - A widow, or one divorced, or a profane woman, a harlot, these shall he not take: but a virgin of his own people shall he take to wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 22:13 - But if a priest’s daughter be a widow, or divorced, and have no child, and be returned unto her father’s house, as in her youth, she shall eat of her father’s bread: but there shall no stranger eat thereof.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:6 - Come now therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people; for they are too mighty for me: peradventure I shall prevail, that we may smite them, and that I may drive them out of the land; for I know that he whom thou blessest is blessed, and he whom thou cursest is cursed.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:11 - Behold, the people that is come out of Egypt, it covereth the face of the earth: now, come curse me them; peradventure I shall be able to fight against them, and shall drive them out.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 30:9 - But the vow of a widow, or of her that is divorced, even everything wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall stand against her.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:27 -
The eternal God is thy dwelling-place,
And underneath are the everlasting arms.
And he thrust out the enemy from before thee,
And said, Destroy.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:12 - And I sent the hornet before you, which drove them out from before you, even the two kings of the Amorites; not with thy sword, nor with thy bow.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:18 - and Jehovah drove out from before us all the peoples, even the Amorites that dwelt in the land: therefore we also will serve Jehovah; for he is our God.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:3 - Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be as thorns in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare unto you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:9 - and I delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all that oppressed you, and drove them out from before you, and gave you their land;
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:41 - And Abimelech dwelt at Arumah: and Zebul drove out Gaal and his brethren, that they should not dwell in Shechem.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:2 - And Gilead’s wife bare him sons; and when his wife’s sons grew up, they drove out Jephthah, and said unto him, Thou shalt not inherit in our father’s house; for thou art the son of another woman.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:7 - And Jephthah said unto the elders of Gilead, Did not ye hate me, and drive me out of my father’s house? and why are ye come unto me now when ye are in distress?
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:19 - Now therefore, I pray thee, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant. If it be Jehovah that hath stirred thee up against me, let him accept an offering: but if it be the children of men, cursed be they before Jehovah; for they have driven me out this day that I should not cleave unto the inheritance of Jehovah, saying, Go, serve other gods.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 2:27 - So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto Jehovah, that he might fulfil the word of Jehovah, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 17:21 - And what one nation in the earth is like thy people Israel, whom God went to redeem unto himself for a people, to make thee a name by great and terrible things, in driving out nations from before thy people, whom thou redeemest out of Egypt?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 20:11 - behold, how they reward us, to come to cast us out of thy possession, which thou hast given us to inherit.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:5 -
They are driven forth from the midst of men;
They cry after them as after a thief;
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 34:1 -
A Psalm of David; when he changed his behavior before Abimelech, who drove him away, and he departed.
I will bless Jehovah at all times:
His praise shall continually be in my mouth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:55 -
He drove out the nations also before them,
And allotted them for an inheritance by line,
And made the tribes of Israel to dwell in their tents.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 80:8 -
Thou broughtest a vine out of Egypt:
Thou didst drive out the nations, and plantedst it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 22:10 -
Cast out the scoffer, and contention will go out;
Yea, strife and ignominy will cease.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:20 - But the wicked are like the troubled sea; for it cannot rest, and its waters cast up mire and dirt.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:11 - I will even deliver him into the hand of the mighty one of the nations; he shall surely deal with him; I have driven him out for his wickedness.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 44:22 - Neither shall they take for their wives a widow, nor her that is put away; but they shall take virgins of the seed of the house of Israel, or a widow that is the widow of a priest.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 9:15 - All their wickedness is in Gilgal; for there I hated them: because of the wickedness of their doings I will drive them out of my house; I will love them no more; all their princes are revolters.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 8:8 - Shall not the land tremble for this, and every one mourn that dwelleth therein? yea, it shall rise up wholly like the River; and it shall be troubled and sink again, like the River of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxJon 2:4 -
And I said, I am cast out from before thine eyes;
Yet I will look again toward thy holy temple.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 2:9 - The women of my people ye cast out from their pleasant houses; from their young children ye take away my glory for ever.
Unchecked Copy BoxZep 2:4 - For Gaza shall be forsaken, and Ashkelon a desolation; they shall drive out Ashdod at noonday, and Ekron shall be rooted up.
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