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Lexicon :: Strong's H1644 - gāraš

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 388

Strong’s Definitions

גָּרַשׁ gârash, gaw-rash'; a primitive root; to drive out from a possession; especially to expatriate or divorce:—cast up (out), divorced (woman), drive away (forth, out), expel, × surely put away, trouble, thrust out.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 47x

The KJV translates Strong's H1644 in the following manner: drive out (20x), cast out (8x), thrust out (6x), drive away (2x), put away (2x), divorced (2x), driven (1x), expel (1x), drive forth (1x), surely (1x), troubled (1x), cast up (1x), divorced woman (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 47x
The KJV translates Strong's H1644 in the following manner: drive out (20x), cast out (8x), thrust out (6x), drive away (2x), put away (2x), divorced (2x), driven (1x), expel (1x), drive forth (1x), surely (1x), troubled (1x), cast up (1x), divorced woman (1x).
  1. to drive out, expel, cast out, drive away, divorce, put away, thrust away, trouble, cast up

    1. (Qal) to thrust out, cast out

    2. (Niphal) to be driven away, be tossed

    3. (Piel) to drive out, drive away

    4. (Pual) to be thrust out

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
גָּרַשׁ gârash, gaw-rash'; a primitive root; to drive out from a possession; especially to expatriate or divorce:—cast up (out), divorced (woman), drive away (forth, out), expel, × surely put away, trouble, thrust out.
STRONGS H1644: Abbreviations
† [גָּרַשׁ] verb drive out, cast out (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic גְּרַשׁ Pa. Ithp. of divorce, MI19 ויגרשה) —
Qal Imperfect וַיִּגְרְשׁוּ Isaiah 57:20; Infinitive suffix מִגְרָשָׁהּ Ezekiel 36:5 below; Participle active גֹּרֵשׁ Exodus 34:11; passive feminine גְּרוּשָׁה Leviticus 21:7 + 4 times; — cast our, thrust out, י׳, the Amorites Exodus 34:11 (J E; with מִמְּנֵי); waters, mire and dirt רֶפֶשׁ וָטִיט Isaiah 57:20; passive only of divorced woman Leviticus 21:7 (followed by מֵאִישָׁהּ; elsewhere with אַלְמָנָה widow), Leviticus 21:14; Leviticus 22:13 (all H), Numbers 30:10 (P) Ezekiel 44:22. On מִגְרָשָׁהּ Ezekiel 36:5 as Aramaic Infinitive compare Ges§ 45 1. c.i 166; Co strike out, on internal grounds, compare Greek Version of the LXX
Niph. Perfect נִגְרָ֑שׁ Isaiah 57:20; 3rd person feminine singular וְנִגְרְשָׁה consecutive Amos 8:8; נִגְרַשְׁתִּי Jonah 2:5; — be driven away, followed by מִנֶּגֶד עֵינֶיךָ, i.e. from the presence of Yahweh Jonah 2:5; be driven, tossed, as the Nile Amos 8:8; of the sea Isaiah 57:20 rel. clause, אֲשֶׁר omitted, like the sea that is tossed.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person feminine singular וְגֵרְשָׁה consecutive Exodus 23:28; גֵּרַשְׁתָּ Genesis 4:14, suffix 3rd person masculine plural וְגֵרַשְׁתָּמוֺ consecutive Exodus 23:31; וְגֵרַשְׁתִּ֫י Exodus 33:2, suffix גֵּרַשְׁתִּיהוּ Ezekiel 31:11 (so Targum Vulgate, not Greek Version of the LXX; compare Co's conjecture); וְגֵּרַשְׁתִּיו consecutive Numbers 22:11; 3rd person plural suffix גֵּרְשׁוּנִי 1 Samuel 26:19; Imperfect יְגָרֵשׁ Exodus 11:1, וַיְגָ֫רֶשׁ Genesis 3:24 + 6 times; suffix וַיְגָרֲשֵׁהוּ Psalm 34:1, יְגָָֽרֲשֵׁם Exodus 6:1; 2nd person masculine singular תְּגָרֵשׁ Psalm 80:9, וַתְּגָ֫רֶשׁ Joshua 24:12; אֲגָרֵשׁ Judges 2:3, וָֽאֲגָרֵשׁ Judges 6:9; suffix 3rd person masculine singular אֲגָרְשֶׁנּוּ Exodus 23:29,30; Numbers 22:6; אֲגָֽרֲשֵׁם Hosea 9:15; וַיְגָֽרֲשׁוּ Judges 11:2; יְגָרְשׁוּהָ Zephaniah 2:4, וַיְגָרְשׁוּם Exodus 2:17; 2nd person masculine plural תְּגָֽרֲשׁוּן Micah 2:9, וַתְּגָֽרֲשׁוּנִי Judges 11:7; Infinitive construct לְגָרֵשׁ 1 Chronicles 17:21 + || 2 Samuel 7:23 Gei We Dr, for MT לארצך; לְגָָֽרֲשֵׁנוּ 2 Chronicles 20:11; absolute id. Exodus 11:1; Imperative גָּרֵשׁ Genesis 21:10; Proverbs 22:10; — drive out, away, Hexateuch all J E, including poem Deuteronomy 33; (י׳ subject), Adam from garden Genesis 3:24 compare Cain Genesis 4:14 (followed by מִן local, & so + 21 times), David (men subject) 1 Samuel 26:19, id. (Abimelech subject) Psalm 34:1 (title), Hagar (Abraham subject) Genesis 21:10 compare scorner, Proverbs 22:10 daughters of Reuel (subject shepherds) Exodus 2:17; Moses and Aaron from Pharaoh's presence (indefinite subject) Exodus 10:11; Gaal etc. (subject Zebul) Judges 9:41 (followed by מִן with Infinitive), Jephthah (Gil. subject) Judges 11:2,7; Abiathar (subject Solomon) 1 Kings 2:27 (followed by מִן with Infinitive) wicked from temple (י׳ subject) Hosea 9:15; women from houses (nobles subject) Micah 2:9; often of Canaanites (hornet subject) Exodus 23:28; Joshua 24:12 compare Exodus 23:31 (Israel subject); also (י׳ subject; compare MI19) Exodus 23:29,30; Exodus 33:2; Deuteronomy 33:27; Joshua 24:18; Judges 2:3; Judges 6:9; Psalm 78:55; Psalm 80:9; 1 Chronicles 17:21; of Israel from Egypt (subject Pharaoh) Exodus 6:1; Exodus 11:1 (twice in verse); from land of Moab (subject Balak) Numbers 22:6, 11; Judah from Canaan (subject Moab & Ammon) 2 Chronicles 20:11; Egypt from her land (י׳ subject) Ezekiel 31:11 (but compare text, above); Ashdod (indefinite subject) Zephaniah 2:4.
Pu. Perfect גֹּרְשׁוּ subject Israelites Exodus 12:39; Imperfect יְגֹרָ֑שׁוּ subject despised and miserable outcasts Job 30:5 both followed by מִן local.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:24; 3:24; 4:14; 4:14; 21:10; 21:10


2:17; 2:17; 6:1; 6:1; 10:11; 11:1; 11:1; 11:1; 12:39; 23:28; 23:28; 23:29; 23:29; 23:30; 23:30; 23:31; 23:31; 33:2; 33:2; 34:11; 34:11


21:7; 21:7; 21:14; 22:13


22:6; 22:6; 22:11; 22:11; 30:10


33; 33:27


24:12; 24:12; 24:18


2:3; 2:3; 6:9; 6:9; 9:41; 11:2; 11:2; 11:7; 11:7

1 Samuel

26:19; 26:19

2 Samuel


1 Kings


1 Chronicles

17:21; 17:21

2 Chronicles

20:11; 20:11




34:1; 34:1; 78:55; 80:9; 80:9


22:10; 22:10


57:20; 57:20; 57:20; 57:20


31:11; 31:11; 36:5; 36:5; 44:22


9:15; 9:15


8:8; 8:8


2:5; 2:5


2:9; 2:9


2:4; 2:4

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1644 matches the Hebrew גָּרַשׁ (gāraš),
which occurs 47 times in 45 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:24 - So he drove out H1644 the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:14 - Behold, thou hast driven me out H1644 this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:10 - Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out H1644 this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:17 - And the shepherds came and drove them away: H1644 but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 6:1 - Then the LORD said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out H1644 of his land.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:11 - Not so: go now ye that are men, and serve the LORD; for that ye did desire. And they were driven out H1644 from Pharaoh's presence.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 11:1 - And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely H1644 thrust you out H1644 hence altogether.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:39 - And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out H1644 of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:28 - And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out H1644 the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:29 - I will not drive them out H1644 from before thee in one year; lest the land become desolate, and the beast of the field multiply against thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:30 - By little and little I will drive them out H1644 from before thee, until thou be increased, and inherit the land.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:31 - And I will set thy bounds from the Red sea even unto the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert unto the river: for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand; and thou shalt drive them out H1644 before thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:2 - And I will send an angel before thee; and I will drive out H1644 the Canaanite, the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite:
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:11 - Observe thou that which I command thee this day: behold, I drive out H1644 before thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:7 - They shall not take a wife that is a whore, or profane; neither shall they take a woman put away H1644 from her husband: for he is holy unto his God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:14 - A widow, or a divorced woman, H1644 or profane, or an harlot, these shall he not take: but he shall take a virgin of his own people to wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 22:13 - But if the priest's daughter be a widow, or divorced, H1644 and have no child, and is returned unto her father's house, as in her youth, she shall eat of her father's meat: but there shall no stranger eat thereof.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:6 - Come now therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people; for they are too mighty for me: peradventure I shall prevail, that we may smite them, and that I may drive them out H1644 of the land: for I wot that he whom thou blessest is blessed, and he whom thou cursest is cursed.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:11 - Behold, there is a people come out of Egypt, which covereth the face of the earth: come now, curse me them; peradventure I shall be able to overcome them, and drive them out. H1644
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 30:9 - But every vow of a widow, and of her that is divorced, H1644 wherewith they have bound their souls, shall stand against her.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:27 - The eternal God is thy refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out H1644 the enemy from before thee; and shall say, Destroy them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:12 - And I sent the hornet before you, which drave them out H1644 from before you, even the two kings of the Amorites; but not with thy sword, nor with thy bow.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:18 - And the LORD drave out H1644 from before us all the people, even the Amorites which dwelt in the land: therefore will we also serve the LORD; for he is our God.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:3 - Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out H1644 from before you; but they shall be as thorns in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare unto you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:9 - And I delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all that oppressed you, and drave them out H1644 from before you, and gave you their land;
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:41 - And Abimelech dwelt at Arumah: and Zebul thrust out H1644 Gaal and his brethren, that they should not dwell in Shechem.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:2 - And Gilead's wife bare him sons; and his wife's sons grew up, and they thrust out H1644 Jephthah, and said unto him, Thou shalt not inherit in our father's house; for thou art the son of a strange woman.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:7 - And Jephthah said unto the elders of Gilead, Did not ye hate me, and expel H1644 me out of my father's house? and why are ye come unto me now when ye are in distress?
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:19 - Now therefore, I pray thee, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant. If the LORD have stirred thee up against me, let him accept an offering: but if they be the children of men, cursed be they before the LORD; for they have driven H1644 me out this day from abiding in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, Go, serve other gods.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 2:27 - So Solomon thrust out H1644 Abiathar from being priest unto the LORD; that he might fulfil the word of the LORD, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 17:21 - And what one nation in the earth is like thy people Israel, whom God went to redeem to be his own people, to make thee a name of greatness and terribleness, by driving out H1644 nations from before thy people, whom thou hast redeemed out of Egypt?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 20:11 - Behold, I say, how they reward us, to come to cast us out H1644 of thy possession, which thou hast given us to inherit.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:5 - They were driven forth H1644 from among men, (they cried after them as after a thief;)
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 34:1 - [[A Psalm of David, when he changed his behaviour before Abimelech; who drove him away, H1644 and he departed.]] I will bless the LORD at all times: his praise shall continually be in my mouth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:55 - He cast out H1644 the heathen also before them, and divided them an inheritance by line, and made the tribes of Israel to dwell in their tents.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 80:8 - Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt: thou hast cast out H1644 the heathen, and planted it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 22:10 - Cast out H1644 the scorner, and contention shall go out; yea, strife and reproach shall cease.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:20 - But the wicked are like the troubled H1644 sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up H1644 mire and dirt.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:11 - I have therefore delivered him into the hand of the mighty one of the heathen; he shall surely deal with him: I have driven him out H1644 for his wickedness.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 44:22 - Neither shall they take for their wives a widow, nor her that is put away: H1644 but they shall take maidens of the seed of the house of Israel, or a widow that had a priest before.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 9:15 - All their wickedness is in Gilgal: for there I hated them: for the wickedness of their doings I will drive them out H1644 of mine house, I will love them no more: all their princes are revolters.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 8:8 - Shall not the land tremble for this, and every one mourn that dwelleth therein? and it shall rise up wholly as a flood; and it shall be cast out H1644 and drowned, as by the flood of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxJon 2:4 - Then I said, I am cast out H1644 of thy sight; yet I will look again toward thy holy temple.
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 2:9 - The women of my people have ye cast out H1644 from their pleasant houses; from their children have ye taken away my glory for ever.
Unchecked Copy BoxZep 2:4 - For Gaza shall be forsaken, and Ashkelon a desolation: they shall drive out H1644 Ashdod at the noon day, and Ekron shall be rooted up.
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