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Lexicon :: Strong's H1644 - gāraš

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 388

Strong’s Definitions

גָּרַשׁ gârash, gaw-rash'; a primitive root; to drive out from a possession; especially to expatriate or divorce:—cast up (out), divorced (woman), drive away (forth, out), expel, × surely put away, trouble, thrust out.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 47x

The KJV translates Strong's H1644 in the following manner: drive out (20x), cast out (8x), thrust out (6x), drive away (2x), put away (2x), divorced (2x), driven (1x), expel (1x), drive forth (1x), surely (1x), troubled (1x), cast up (1x), divorced woman (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 47x
The KJV translates Strong's H1644 in the following manner: drive out (20x), cast out (8x), thrust out (6x), drive away (2x), put away (2x), divorced (2x), driven (1x), expel (1x), drive forth (1x), surely (1x), troubled (1x), cast up (1x), divorced woman (1x).
  1. to drive out, expel, cast out, drive away, divorce, put away, thrust away, trouble, cast up

    1. (Qal) to thrust out, cast out

    2. (Niphal) to be driven away, be tossed

    3. (Piel) to drive out, drive away

    4. (Pual) to be thrust out

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
גָּרַשׁ gârash, gaw-rash'; a primitive root; to drive out from a possession; especially to expatriate or divorce:—cast up (out), divorced (woman), drive away (forth, out), expel, × surely put away, trouble, thrust out.
STRONGS H1644: Abbreviations
† [גָּרַשׁ] verb drive out, cast out (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic גְּרַשׁ Pa. Ithp. of divorce, MI19 ויגרשה) —
Qal Imperfect וַיִּגְרְשׁוּ Isaiah 57:20; Infinitive suffix מִגְרָשָׁהּ Ezekiel 36:5 below; Participle active גֹּרֵשׁ Exodus 34:11; passive feminine גְּרוּשָׁה Leviticus 21:7 + 4 times; — cast our, thrust out, י׳, the Amorites Exodus 34:11 (J E; with מִמְּנֵי); waters, mire and dirt רֶפֶשׁ וָטִיט Isaiah 57:20; passive only of divorced woman Leviticus 21:7 (followed by מֵאִישָׁהּ; elsewhere with אַלְמָנָה widow), Leviticus 21:14; Leviticus 22:13 (all H), Numbers 30:10 (P) Ezekiel 44:22. On מִגְרָשָׁהּ Ezekiel 36:5 as Aramaic Infinitive compare Ges§ 45 1. c.i 166; Co strike out, on internal grounds, compare Greek Version of the LXX
Niph. Perfect נִגְרָ֑שׁ Isaiah 57:20; 3rd person feminine singular וְנִגְרְשָׁה consecutive Amos 8:8; נִגְרַשְׁתִּי Jonah 2:5; — be driven away, followed by מִנֶּגֶד עֵינֶיךָ, i.e. from the presence of Yahweh Jonah 2:5; be driven, tossed, as the Nile Amos 8:8; of the sea Isaiah 57:20 rel. clause, אֲשֶׁר omitted, like the sea that is tossed.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person feminine singular וְגֵרְשָׁה consecutive Exodus 23:28; גֵּרַשְׁתָּ Genesis 4:14, suffix 3rd person masculine plural וְגֵרַשְׁתָּמוֺ consecutive Exodus 23:31; וְגֵרַשְׁתִּ֫י Exodus 33:2, suffix גֵּרַשְׁתִּיהוּ Ezekiel 31:11 (so Targum Vulgate, not Greek Version of the LXX; compare Co's conjecture); וְגֵּרַשְׁתִּיו consecutive Numbers 22:11; 3rd person plural suffix גֵּרְשׁוּנִי 1 Samuel 26:19; Imperfect יְגָרֵשׁ Exodus 11:1, וַיְגָ֫רֶשׁ Genesis 3:24 + 6 times; suffix וַיְגָרֲשֵׁהוּ Psalm 34:1, יְגָָֽרֲשֵׁם Exodus 6:1; 2nd person masculine singular תְּגָרֵשׁ Psalm 80:9, וַתְּגָ֫רֶשׁ Joshua 24:12; אֲגָרֵשׁ Judges 2:3, וָֽאֲגָרֵשׁ Judges 6:9; suffix 3rd person masculine singular אֲגָרְשֶׁנּוּ Exodus 23:29,30; Numbers 22:6; אֲגָֽרֲשֵׁם Hosea 9:15; וַיְגָֽרֲשׁוּ Judges 11:2; יְגָרְשׁוּהָ Zephaniah 2:4, וַיְגָרְשׁוּם Exodus 2:17; 2nd person masculine plural תְּגָֽרֲשׁוּן Micah 2:9, וַתְּגָֽרֲשׁוּנִי Judges 11:7; Infinitive construct לְגָרֵשׁ 1 Chronicles 17:21 + || 2 Samuel 7:23 Gei We Dr, for MT לארצך; לְגָָֽרֲשֵׁנוּ 2 Chronicles 20:11; absolute id. Exodus 11:1; Imperative גָּרֵשׁ Genesis 21:10; Proverbs 22:10; — drive out, away, Hexateuch all J E, including poem Deuteronomy 33; (י׳ subject), Adam from garden Genesis 3:24 compare Cain Genesis 4:14 (followed by מִן local, & so + 21 times), David (men subject) 1 Samuel 26:19, id. (Abimelech subject) Psalm 34:1 (title), Hagar (Abraham subject) Genesis 21:10 compare scorner, Proverbs 22:10 daughters of Reuel (subject shepherds) Exodus 2:17; Moses and Aaron from Pharaoh's presence (indefinite subject) Exodus 10:11; Gaal etc. (subject Zebul) Judges 9:41 (followed by מִן with Infinitive), Jephthah (Gil. subject) Judges 11:2,7; Abiathar (subject Solomon) 1 Kings 2:27 (followed by מִן with Infinitive) wicked from temple (י׳ subject) Hosea 9:15; women from houses (nobles subject) Micah 2:9; often of Canaanites (hornet subject) Exodus 23:28; Joshua 24:12 compare Exodus 23:31 (Israel subject); also (י׳ subject; compare MI19) Exodus 23:29,30; Exodus 33:2; Deuteronomy 33:27; Joshua 24:18; Judges 2:3; Judges 6:9; Psalm 78:55; Psalm 80:9; 1 Chronicles 17:21; of Israel from Egypt (subject Pharaoh) Exodus 6:1; Exodus 11:1 (twice in verse); from land of Moab (subject Balak) Numbers 22:6, 11; Judah from Canaan (subject Moab & Ammon) 2 Chronicles 20:11; Egypt from her land (י׳ subject) Ezekiel 31:11 (but compare text, above); Ashdod (indefinite subject) Zephaniah 2:4.
Pu. Perfect גֹּרְשׁוּ subject Israelites Exodus 12:39; Imperfect יְגֹרָ֑שׁוּ subject despised and miserable outcasts Job 30:5 both followed by מִן local.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:24; 3:24; 4:14; 4:14; 21:10; 21:10


2:17; 2:17; 6:1; 6:1; 10:11; 11:1; 11:1; 11:1; 12:39; 23:28; 23:28; 23:29; 23:29; 23:30; 23:30; 23:31; 23:31; 33:2; 33:2; 34:11; 34:11


21:7; 21:7; 21:14; 22:13


22:6; 22:6; 22:11; 22:11; 30:10


33; 33:27


24:12; 24:12; 24:18


2:3; 2:3; 6:9; 6:9; 9:41; 11:2; 11:2; 11:7; 11:7

1 Samuel

26:19; 26:19

2 Samuel


1 Kings


1 Chronicles

17:21; 17:21

2 Chronicles

20:11; 20:11




34:1; 34:1; 78:55; 80:9; 80:9


22:10; 22:10


57:20; 57:20; 57:20; 57:20


31:11; 31:11; 36:5; 36:5; 44:22


9:15; 9:15


8:8; 8:8


2:5; 2:5


2:9; 2:9


2:4; 2:4

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1644 matches the Hebrew גָּרַשׁ (gāraš),
which occurs 47 times in 45 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:24 - So He drove H1644 the man out; and at the east of the garden of Eden He stationed the cherubim and the flaming sword which turned every direction to guard the way to the tree of life.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 4:14 - “Behold, You have driven H1644 me this day from the face of the ground; and from Your face I will be hidden, and I will be a vagrant and a wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:10 - Therefore she said to Abraham, “Drive H1644 out this maid and her son, for the son of this maid shall not be an heir with my son [fn]Isaac.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 2:17 - Then the shepherds came and drove H1644 them away, H1644 but Moses stood up and helped them and watered their flock.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 6:1 - Then the LORD said to Moses, “Now you shall see what I will do to Pharaoh; for [fn]under compulsion he will let them go, and [fn]under compulsion he will drive H1644 them out of his land.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:11 - “Not so! Go now, the men among you, and serve the LORD, for [fn]that is what you desire.” So they were driven H1644 out from Pharaoh’s presence.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 11:1 - Now the LORD said to Moses, “One more plague I will bring on Pharaoh and on Egypt; after that he will let you go from here. When he lets you go, he will surely H1644 drive H1644 you out from here completely.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:39 - They baked the dough which they had brought out of Egypt into cakes of unleavened bread. For it had not become leavened, since they were driven H1644 out of Egypt and could not delay, nor had they [fn]prepared any provisions for themselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:28 - “I will send hornets ahead of you so that they will drive H1644 out the Hivites, the Canaanites, and the Hittites before you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:29 - “I will not drive H1644 them out before you in a single year, that the land may not become desolate and the beasts of the field become too numerous for you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:30 - “I will drive H1644 them out before you little by little, until you become fruitful and take possession of the land.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:31 - “I will fix your boundary from the [fn]Red Sea to the sea of the Philistines, and from the wilderness to the River Euphrates; for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand, and you will drive H1644 them out before you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:2 - “I will send an angel before you and I will drive H1644 out the Canaanite, the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Hivite and the Jebusite.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:11 - [fn]Be sure to observe what I am commanding you this day: behold, I am going to drive H1644 out the Amorite before you, and the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Hivite and the Jebusite.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:7 - ‘They shall not take a woman who is profaned by harlotry, nor shall they take a woman divorced H1644 from her husband; for he is holy to his God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:14 - ‘A widow, or a divorced H1644 woman, or one who is profaned by harlotry, these he may not take; but rather he is to [fn]marry a virgin of his own people,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 22:13 - ‘But if a priest’s daughter becomes a widow or divorced, H1644 and has no child and returns to her father’s house as in her youth, she shall eat of her father’s [fn]food; but no [fn]layman shall eat of it.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:6 - “Now, therefore, please come, curse this people for me since they are too [fn]mighty for me; perhaps I may be able to [fn]defeat them and drive H1644 them out of the land. For I know that he whom you bless is blessed, and he whom you curse is cursed.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 22:11 - ‘Behold, there is a people who came out of Egypt and they cover the surface of the land; now come, curse them for me; perhaps I may be able to fight against them and drive H1644 them out.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 30:9 - “But the vow of a widow or of a divorced H1644 woman, everything by which she has bound herself, shall stand against her.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:27 - “The eternal God is a [fn]dwelling place,
And underneath are the everlasting arms;
And He drove H1644 out the enemy from before you,
And said, ‘Destroy!’
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:12 - ‘Then I sent the hornet before you and it [fn]drove H1644 out the two kings of the Amorites from before you, but not by your sword or your bow.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:18 - “The LORD drove H1644 out from before us all the peoples, even the Amorites who lived in the land. We also will serve the LORD, for He is our God.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:3 - “Therefore I also said, ‘I will not drive H1644 them out before you; but they will [fn]become as thorns in your sides and their gods will be a snare to you.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:9 - ‘I delivered you from the hands of the Egyptians and from the hands of all your oppressors, and dispossessed H1644 them before you and gave you their land,
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:41 - Then Abimelech remained at Arumah, but Zebul drove H1644 out Gaal and his [fn]relatives so that they could not remain in Shechem.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:2 - Gilead’s wife bore him sons; and when his wife’s sons grew up, they drove H1644 Jephthah out and said to him, “You shall not have an inheritance in our father’s house, for you are the son of another woman.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:7 - Then Jephthah said to the elders of Gilead, “Did you not hate me and drive H1644 me from my father’s house? So why have you come to me now when you are in trouble?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:19 - “Now therefore, please let my lord the king listen to the words of his servant. If the LORD has stirred you up against me, let Him [fn]accept an offering; but if it is [fn]men, cursed are they before the LORD, for they have driven H1644 me out today so that I would have no attachment with the inheritance of the LORD, saying, ‘Go, serve other gods.’
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 2:27 - So Solomon dismissed H1644 Abiathar from being priest to the LORD, in order to fulfill the word of the LORD, which He had spoken concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 17:21 - “And what one nation in the earth is like Your people Israel, whom God went to redeem for Himself as a people, to make You a name by great and terrible things, in driving H1644 out nations from before Your people, whom You redeemed out of Egypt?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 20:11 - see how they are rewarding us by coming to drive H1644 us out from Your possession which You have given us as an inheritance.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:5 - “They are driven H1644 from the community;
They shout against them as against a thief,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 34:1 - A Psalm of David when he [fn]feigned madness before [fn]Abimelech, who drove him away and he departed.
I will bless the LORD at all times;
His praise shall continually be in my mouth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:55 - He also drove H1644 out the nations before them
And apportioned them for an inheritance by measurement,
And made the tribes of Israel dwell in their tents.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 80:8 - You removed a vine from Egypt;
You drove H1644 out the [fn]nations and planted it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 22:10 - Drive H1644 out the scoffer, and contention will go out,
Even strife and dishonor will cease.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:20 - But the wicked are like the tossing H1644 sea,
For it cannot be quiet,
And its waters toss H1644 up refuse and mud.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:11 - therefore I will give it into the hand of a [fn]despot of the nations; he will thoroughly deal with it. According to its wickedness I have driven H1644 it away. H1644
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 44:22 - “And they shall not [fn]marry a widow or a divorced H1644 woman but shall take virgins from the offspring of the house of Israel, or a widow who is the widow of a priest.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 9:15 - All their evil is at Gilgal;
Indeed, I came to hate them there!
Because of the wickedness of their deeds
I will drive H1644 them out of My house!
I will love them no more;
All their princes are rebels.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 8:8 - “Because of this will not the land quake
And everyone who dwells in it mourn?
Indeed, all of it will rise up like the Nile,
And it will be tossed H1644 about H1644
And subside like the Nile of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxJon 2:4 - “So I said, ‘I have been expelled H1644 from [fn]Your sight.
Nevertheless I will look again toward Your holy temple.’
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 2:9 - “The women of My people you evict, H1644
Each one from her pleasant house.
From her children you take My splendor forever.
Unchecked Copy BoxZep 2:4 - For Gaza will be abandoned
And Ashkelon a desolation;
Ashdod will be driven H1644 out at noon
And Ekron will be uprooted.
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