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Lexicon :: Strong's H1777 - dîn

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root [comp. אָדוֹן (H113)]
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 426

Variant Spellings

Variant spellings for this word: דין (Strongs and Gesenius) דון (Strongs)

Strong’s Definitions

דִּין dîyn, deen; or (Genesis 6:3) דּוּן dûwn; a primitive root; to rule; by implication to judge (as umpire); also to strive (as at law):—contend contend execute (judgment) judge minister judgment plead (the cause) at strife strive.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 24x

The KJV translates Strong's H1777 in the following manner: judge (18x), plead the cause (2x), contend (1x), execute (1x), plead (1x), strife (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 24x
The KJV translates Strong's H1777 in the following manner: judge (18x), plead the cause (2x), contend (1x), execute (1x), plead (1x), strife (1x).
  1. to judge, contend, plead

    1. (Qal)

      1. to act as judge, minister judgment

      2. to plead a cause

      3. to execute judgment, requite, vindicate

      4. to govern

      5. to contend, strive

    2. (Niphal) to be at strife, quarrel

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
דִּין dîyn, deen; or (Genesis 6:3) דּוּן dûwn; a primitive root; to rule; by implication to judge (as umpire); also to strive (as at law):—contend contend execute (judgment) judge minister judgment plead (the cause) at strife strive.
STRONGS H1777: Abbreviations
דִּין verb judge (compare Arabic دَانَ intransitive to be obedient, submissive, transitive requite, compensate, rule, govern, دِينً obedience, abasement, recompense, دَيَّانً requiter, governor, مَدِينةً city; Assyrian dânu, Imperfect idin, judge AsrbAnn. x. 120 DlHA 49; Aramaic דִּין, NvxD judge, exercise judgment, punish, דַּיָּינָא, axnxyfD, judge, דִּינָא, NyD judgment, aXtncydm city; — on √ עי֞ see NöZMG 1883, 533), synonym שָׁפַט
Qal Perfect דָּן Jeremiah 22:16 etc.; Imperfect יָדִין Genesis 49:16 + 9 times, יָדוֺן Genesis 6:3 compare below, etc.; Imperative דִּין Proverbs 31:9; Job 35:14; דִּינוּ Jeremiah 21:12; Infinitive לָדִין Psalm 50:4 + 2 times; Participle דָּן Genesis 15:14; Jeremiah 30:13; —
1. act as judge, minister judgment, of God ידין עמוֺ Deuteronomy 32:36 (poetry = Psalm 135:14) Psalm 50:4; דין עמים Psalm 7:9; Psalm 96:10; Isaiah 3:13; יָדִין לְאֻמִּים בְּמֵישָׁרִים Psalm 9:9; Messianic king Psalm 72:2.
2. plead the cause,
a. of men, usually with accusative of congnate meaning with verb, אֵיןדָּֿן דִּינֵךְ there is none to plead thy cause Jeremiah 30:13; דִּין יָתוֺם ד׳ plead cause of orphan Jeremiah 5:28; דין עני ואביון ד׳ Jeremiah 22:16; also, accusative of congnate meaning with verb omitted, Proverbs 31:9.
b. of God, דָּנַנִּי אֱלֹהִים God has pled my cause Genesis 30:6 (E).
3. execute judgment, vindicate, in battle against enemies, דָּן יָדִין עַמּוֺ Dan will judge (vindicate as a warrior) his people (see Di) Genesis 49:16 (poetry); the Messianic king בגוים Psalm 110:6; God, בִּגְבוּרָֽתְךָ תְדִינֵנִי in thy might judge me (vindicate me) Psalm 54:3.
4. execute judgment, requite, of man, מִשְׁפָּט לַבֹּקֶר דִּינוּ execute judgment every morning Jeremiah 21:12; of God, upon Egypt Genesis 15:14 (E); עמים by means of powers of nature Job 36:31; אפסי ארץ 1 Samuel 2:10 (poetry)
5. govern, אַתָּה תָּדִין אֶתבֵּֿיתִי thou shalt govern my house Zechariah 3:7.
6. לֹאיֿוּכַל לָדִין עִם he cannot contend with one mightier than he Ecclesiastes 6:10.
Niph. Participle וַיְהִי כָלהָֿעָם נָדוֺן בְּכָלשִֿׁבְטֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל and all the people were at strife throughout all the tribes of Israel 2 Samuel 19:10 (reciprocal, compare Dr.)
Note.לֹאיָֿדוֺן רוּחִי בָֽאָדָם לְעֹלָם Genesis 6:3 compare perhaps bdb112201 continue, do something continually, in modern Egyptian Arabic (SoSK lxvii {1894}, 211 f.).
(1) Greek Version of the LXX Vulgate Syriac Version Onk read ידיר or (Kue) ילון abide in, dwell, — My spirit will not abide in man for ever; this best suits the context, but ידור, as Aramaism, is dubious
(2) Kn De Schr RVm render rule in, supported by Zechariah 3:7 only.
(3) Thes Ew Di render be humbled in, sustained by Arabic usage, but not by Hebrew
(4) strive with of AV RV (compare 6 above) is hardly justified.

[דון] verb dubious; only in יָדוֺן Genesis 6:3, see דין.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H1778.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


6:3; 6:3; 6:3; 15:14; 15:14; 30:6; 49:16; 49:16



1 Samuel


2 Samuel



35:14; 36:31


7:9; 9:9; 50:4; 50:4; 54:3; 72:2; 96:10; 110:6; 135:14


31:9; 31:9






5:28; 21:12; 21:12; 22:16; 22:16; 30:13; 30:13


3:7; 3:7

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1777 matches the Hebrew דִּין (dîn),
which occurs 24 times in 24 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:3 - Then the LORD said, “My Spirit will not [fn]remain H1777 with man forever, [fn]because he is also flesh; [fn]nevertheless his days shall be 120 years.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:14 - “But I will also judge H1777 the nation whom they will serve, and afterward they will come out with [fn]many possessions.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:6 - Then Rachel said, “God has [fn]vindicated H1777 me, and has indeed heard my voice and has given me a son.” Therefore she named him [fn]Dan.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:16 -

“Dan shall judge H1777 his people,

As one of the tribes of Israel.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:36 -

“For the LORD will vindicate H1777 His people,

And will have compassion on His servants,

When He sees that their [fn]strength is gone,

And there is none remaining, bond or free.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:10 -

“Those who contend with the LORD will be terrified;

Against them He will thunder in the heavens,

The LORD will judge H1777 the ends of the earth;

And He will give strength to His king,

And will exalt the [fn]horn of His anointed.”

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:9 - And all the people were quarreling H1777 throughout the tribes of Israel, saying, “The king rescued us from the [fn]hands of our enemies and saved us from the [fn]hands of the Philistines, but now he has fled out of the land from Absalom.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 36:31 -

“For by them He judges H1777 peoples;

He gives food in abundance.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 7:8 -

The LORD judges H1777 the peoples;

[fn]Vindicate me, LORD, according to my righteousness and my integrity that is in me.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 9:8 -

And He will judge the world in righteousness;

He will execute H1777 judgment H1777 for the peoples fairly.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 50:4 -

He summons the heavens above,

And the earth, to judge H1777 His people:

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 54:1 -

For the music director; on stringed instruments. A [fn]Maskil of David, [fn]when the Ziphites came and said to Saul, “Is David not keeping himself hidden among us?”

Save me, God, by Your name,

And [fn]vindicate H1777 me by Your power.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 72:2 -

[fn]May [fn]he judge H1777 Your people with righteousness

And [fn]Your afflicted with justice.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 96:10 -

Say among the nations, “The LORD reigns;

Indeed, the world is firmly established, it will not be moved;

He will judge H1777 the peoples fairly.”

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 110:6 -

He will judge H1777 among the nations,

He [fn]will fill them with corpses,

He [fn]will shatter the [fn]chief men over a broad country.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 135:14 -

For the LORD will judge H1777 His people

And will have compassion on His servants.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 31:9 -

Open your mouth, judge righteously,

And [fn]defend H1777 the H1777 rights H1777 of the poor and needy.

Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 6:10 -

Whatever exists has already been named, and it is known what man is; for he cannot dispute H1777 with the [fn]one who is mightier than he is.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 3:13 -

The LORD arises to contend,

And stands to judge H1777 the people.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:28 -

‘They are fat, they are sleek,

They also [fn]excel in deeds of wickedness;

They do not plead H1777 the cause,

The cause of the [fn]orphan, so that they may be successful;

And they do not [fn]defend the rights of the poor.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 21:12 - house of David, this is what the LORD says:

“Administer H1777 justice [fn]every morning;

And save the person who has been robbed from the [fn]power of his oppressor,

So that My wrath will not spread like fire

And burn, with no one to extinguish it,

Because of the evil of their deeds.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 22:16 -

“He pled H1777 the cause of the afflicted and the poor,

Then it was well.

Is that not what it means to know Me?”

Declares the LORD.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 30:13 -

‘There is no one to plead H1777 your cause;

No healing for your sore,

No recovery for you.

Unchecked Copy BoxZec 3:7 - “The LORD of armies says this: ‘If you walk in My ways and perform My service, then you will both govern H1777 My house and be in charge of My courtyards, and I will grant you [fn]free access among these who are standing here.
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