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Lexicon :: Strong's H188 - 'ôy

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
Probably from אָוָה (H183) (in the sense of crying out after)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 42

Strong’s Definitions

אוֹי ʼôwy, o'-ee; probably from H183 (in the sense of crying out after); lamentation; also interjectionally Oh!:—alas, woe.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 24x

The KJV translates Strong's H188 in the following manner: woe (23x), alas (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 24x
The KJV translates Strong's H188 in the following manner: woe (23x), alas (1x).
  1. woe! alas! oh!

    1. passionate cry of grief or despair

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אוֹי ʼôwy, o'-ee; probably from H183 (in the sense of crying out after); lamentation; also interjectionally Oh!:—alas, woe.
STRONGS H188: Abbreviations
אוֺי interjection (onomatopoetic; compare yuvA, yxv) woe! an impassioned expression of grief and despair: usually with dative אוֺי לִי Isaiah 6:5 woe to me! for I am undone, so Isaiah 24:16; Jeremiah 10:19; Jeremiah 15:10; אוֺי לָנוּ woe to us! 1 Samuel 4:7, 8; Jeremiah 4:13; Jeremiah 6:4; אוֺינָֿא לִי Jeremiah 4:31; Jeremiah 45:3; אוֺינָֿא לָנוּ Lamentations 5:16. With the 2nd or 3rd person often implying a denunciation; אוֺילְֿךָ מוֺאָב Numbers 21:29 (= Jeremiah 48:46) Jeremiah 13:27; Ezekiel 16:23 repeated אוֺי אוֺי לָח; Isaiah 3:9 אוֺי לְנַפְשָׁם Isaiah 3:11; Hosea 7:13; Hosea 9:12 (|| שֹׁד לָהֶם). With a voc. (or implicit accusative) Ezekiel 24:6, 9 אוֺי עִיר הַדָּמִים; absolute Numbers 24:23. Used as a substantive Proverbs 23:29 לְמִי אוֺי (|| לְמִי אֲבוֺי).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


21:29; 24:23

1 Samuel

4:7; 4:8




3:9; 3:11; 6:5; 24:16


4:13; 4:31; 6:4; 10:19; 13:27; 15:10; 45:3; 48:46




16:23; 24:6; 24:9


7:13; 9:12

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H188 matches the Hebrew אוֹי ('ôy),
which occurs 24 times in 23 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:29 - “Woe H188 to you, O Moab!
You are ruined, O people of Chemosh!
He has given his sons as fugitives,
And his daughters into captivity,
To an Amorite king, Sihon.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:23 - Then he took up his discourse and said,
“Alas, H188 who can live except God has ordained it?
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 4:7 - The Philistines were afraid, for they said, “God has come into the camp.” And they said, “Woe H188 to us! For nothing like this has happened before.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 4:8 - “Woe H188 to us! Who shall deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? These are the gods who smote the Egyptians with all kinds of plagues in the wilderness.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 23:29 - Who has woe? Who has sorrow?
Who has contentions? Who has complaining?
Who has wounds without cause?
Who has redness of eyes?
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 3:9 - [fn]The expression of their faces bears witness against them,
And they display their sin like Sodom;
They do not even conceal it.
Woe H188 to [fn]them!
For they have brought evil on themselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 3:11 - Woe H188 to the wicked! It will go badly with him,
For [fn]what he deserves will be done to him.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 6:5 - Then I said,
“Woe H188 is me, for I am ruined!
Because I am a man of unclean lips,
And I live among a people of unclean lips;
For my eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 24:16 - From the ends of the earth we hear songs, “Glory to the Righteous One,”
But I say,[fn]Woe to me! [fn]Woe to me! Alas H188 for me!
The treacherous deal treacherously,
And the treacherous deal very treacherously.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:13 - “Behold, he goes up like clouds,
And his chariots like the whirlwind;
His horses are swifter than eagles.
Woe H188 to us, for we are ruined!”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:31 - For I heard a [fn]cry as of a woman in labor,
The anguish as of one giving birth to her first child,
The [fn]cry of the daughter of Zion gasping for breath,
Stretching out her [fn]hands, saying,
“Ah, woe H188 is me, for [fn]I faint before murderers.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:4 - [fn]Prepare war against her;
Arise, and let us [fn]attack at noon.
Woe H188 to us, for the day declines,
For the shadows of the evening lengthen!
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 10:19 - Woe H188 is me, because of my [fn]injury!
My wound is incurable.
But I said, “Truly this is a sickness,
And I must bear it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 13:27 - “As for your adulteries and your lustful neighings,
The lewdness of your prostitution
On the hills in the field,
I have seen your abominations.
Woe H188 to you, O Jerusalem!
How long will you remain unclean?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 15:10 - Woe H188 to me, my mother, that you have borne me
As a man of strife and a man of contention to all the land!
I have not lent, nor have men lent money to me,
Yet everyone curses me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 45:3 - ‘You said, “Ah, woe H188 is me! For the LORD has added sorrow to my pain; I am weary with my groaning and have found no rest.”’
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:46 - “Woe H188 to you, Moab!
The people of Chemosh have perished;
For your sons have been taken away captive
And your daughters into captivity.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 5:16 - The crown has fallen from our head;
Woe H188 to us, for we have sinned!
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:23 - “Then it came about after all your wickedness (‘Woe, H188 woe H188 to you!’ declares the Lord GOD),
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 24:6 - ‘Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD,
“Woe H188 to the bloody city,
To the pot in which there is rust
And whose rust has not gone out of it!
Take out of it piece after piece,
[fn]Without making a choice.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 24:9 - ‘Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD,
“Woe H188 to the bloody city!
I also will make the pile great.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 7:13 - Woe H188 to them, for they have strayed from Me!
Destruction is theirs, for they have rebelled against Me!
I would redeem them, but they speak lies against Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 9:12 - Though they bring up their children,
Yet I will bereave them [fn]until not a man is left.
Yes, woe H188 to them indeed when I depart from them!
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