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Lexicon :: Strong's H1945 - hôy

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A prolonged form of הוֹ (H1930) [akin to אוֹי (H188)]
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 485

Strong’s Definitions

הוֹי hôwy, hoh'ee; a prolonged form of H1930 (akin to H188); oh!:—ah, alas, ho, O, woe.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 52x

The KJV translates Strong's H1945 in the following manner: woe (36x), Ah (7x), Ho (4x), O (3x), Alas (2x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 52x
The KJV translates Strong's H1945 in the following manner: woe (36x), Ah (7x), Ho (4x), O (3x), Alas (2x).
  1. ah!, alas!, ha!, ho!, O!, woe!

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
הוֹי hôwy, hoh'ee; a prolonged form of H1930 (akin to H188); oh!:—ah, alas, ho, O, woe.
STRONGS H1945: Abbreviations
הוֺי 51 interjection (onomatopoetic; compare bdb022204 = הוֺ הוֺ Amos 5:16 Syriac Version, = הֵידָד Jeremiah 51:14 Syriac Version; also Modern Aramaic ú hú, ú hú (in a lament), SoUrmia-Dial. 102. 4) — expressing usually dissatisfaction and pain, Ah, Alas; Ha (not distinctly Woe! which is אוֺי): used in lamentations, 1 Kings 13:30 and they mourned over him (saying) הוֺי אָחִי Ah, my brother! Jeremiah 22:18 הוֺי אָחִי וְהוֺי אָחוֺת ֗֗֗ הוֺי אָדוֺן וְהוֺי הֹדֹה, Jeremiah 34:5 לָ֑ך יִסְפְּדוּ אָדוֺן וְהוֺי (compare הוֺהֿוֺ Amos 5:16): hence Isaiah 1:4 הוֺי גּוֺי חֹטֵא Ah! sinful nation Isaiah 1:24 Ah! I will ease me of my adversaries; especially preparatory to a declaration of judgment, Isaiah 10:5 אַפִּי שֵׁבֶט אַשּׁוּר הוֺי, Isaiah 17:12; Isaiah 28:1, often followed by a participle Ah! those that..., Isaiah 5:8, 11, 18; Isaiah 29:15; Isaiah 31:1; Isaiah 45:9, 10; Jeremiah 22:13; Amos 5:18; Amos 6:1; Habakkuk 2:6; Habakkuk 2:9; Habakkuk 2:12; Habakkuk 2:15; Habakkuk 2:19; Zechariah 11:17 + (more sympathetic than אוֺי לְ): followed by כִּי Jeremiah 30:7, אֶל Jeremiah 48:1, עַל Jeremiah 50:27; Ezekiel 13:3, לְ Ezekiel 13:18. Sts. hardly more than an exclamation arousing attention Ha! (though perhaps with a touch of sympathy or pity) Isaiah 18:1; Isaiah 55:1; Zechariah 2:10 (twice in verse); Zechariah 2:11; Jeremiah 47:6.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

1 Kings



1:4; 1:24; 5:8; 5:11; 5:18; 10:5; 17:12; 18:1; 28:1; 29:15; 31:1; 45:9; 45:10; 55:1


22:13; 22:18; 30:7; 34:5; 47:6; 48:1; 50:27; 51:14


13:3; 13:18


5:16; 5:16; 5:18; 6:1


2:6; 2:9; 2:12; 2:15; 2:19


2:10; 2:11; 11:17


Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H1945 matches the Hebrew הוֹי (hôy),
which occurs 51 times in 47 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:30 - He laid his body in his own grave, and they mourned over him, saying, “Alas H1945, my brother!”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 1:4 -

Alas H1945, sinful nation,

People heavy with iniquity,

Seed of evildoers,

Sons who act corruptly!

They have forsaken Yahweh;

They have spurned the Holy One of Israel;

They have [fn]become estranged [fn]from Him.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 1:24 -

Therefore the Lord, Yahweh of hosts,

The Mighty One of Israel, declares,

“Ah H1945, I will be comforted concerning My adversaries,

And I will avenge Myself on My enemies.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:8 -

Woe H1945 to those who add house to house and join field to field,

Until there is no more room,

So that you have to live alone in the midst of the land!

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:11 -

Woe H1945 to those who rise early in the morning that they may pursue strong drink,

Who stay up late in the evening that wine may inflame them!

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:18 -

Woe H1945 to those who drag iniquity with the cords of worthlessness,

And sin as if with cart ropes,

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:20 -

Woe H1945 to those who call evil good and good evil,

Who [fn]substitute darkness for light and light for darkness,

Who [fn]substitute bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter!

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:21 -

Woe H1945 to those who are wise in their own eyes

And understanding in their own [fn]sight!

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:22 -

Woe H1945 to those who are mighty men in drinking wine

And valiant men in mixing strong drink,

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 10:1 -

Woe H1945 to those who enact evil statutes

And to those who constantly record [fn]mischief,

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 10:5 -

Woe H1945 to Assyria, the rod of My anger

And the staff in whose hands is My indignation,

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 17:12 -

Alas H1945, the uproar of many peoples

Who roar like the roaring of the seas,

And the rumbling of nations

Who rumble on like the rumbling of mighty waters!

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 18:1 -

Alas H1945, O land of whirring wings

Which lies beyond the rivers of [fn]Ethiopia,

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:1 -

Woe H1945 to the proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim,

And to the fading flower of its glorious beauty,

Which is at the head of the [fn]fertile valley

Of those who are [fn]overcome with wine!

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 29:1 -

Woe H1945, O [fn]Ariel, [fn]Ariel the city where David once camped!

Add year to year, [fn]observe your feasts on schedule.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 29:15 -

Woe H1945 to those who deeply hide their counsel from Yahweh,

And whose deeds are done in a dark place,

And they say, “Who sees us?” or “Who knows us?”

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:1 -

“Woe H1945 to the rebellious children,” declares Yahweh,

“Who execute counsel, but not Mine,

And [fn]make an alliance, but not of My Spirit,

In order to add sin to sin,

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 31:1 -

Woe H1945 to those who go down to Egypt for help

And rely on horses,

And trust in chariots because they are many

And in horsemen because they are very mighty,

But they do not regard at the Holy One of Israel, nor seek Yahweh!

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:1 -

Woe H1945 to you, O destroyer,

While you were not destroyed;

And he who is treacherous, while others did not deal treacherously with him.

As soon as you finish destroying, you will be destroyed;

As soon as you cease to deal treacherously, others will deal treacherously with you.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 45:9 -

“Woe H1945 to the one who contends with his [fn]Maker

An earthenware vessel [fn]among the vessels of earth!

Will the clay say to the [fn]potter, ‘What are you doing?’

Or the thing you are making say, ‘He has no hands’?

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 45:10 -

“Woe H1945 to him who says to a father, ‘What are you begetting?’

Or to a woman, ‘With what are you in labor pains?’”

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 55:1 -

“Ho H1945! Every one who thirsts, come to the waters;

And you who have no [fn]money come, buy and eat.

Come, buy wine and milk

Without money and without cost.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 22:13 -

“Woe H1945 to him who builds his house without righteousness

And his [fn]upper rooms without justice,

Who uses his neighbor’s services without pay

And does not give him his wages,

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 22:18 -

Therefore thus says Yahweh in regard to Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah,

“They will not lament for him:

‘Alas H1945, my brother!’ or, ‘Alas H1945, sister!’

They will not lament for him:

‘Alas H1945 for the master!’ or, ‘Alas H1945 for his splendor!’

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 23:1 -

“Woe H1945 to the shepherds who are [fn]destroying and scattering the sheep of My pasture!” declares Yahweh.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 30:7 -

‘Alas H1945! For that day is great,

There is none like it;

And it is the time of Jacob’s distress,

But he will be saved from it.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 34:5 - ‘You will die in peace; and as spices were burned for your fathers, the former kings who were before you, so they will burn spices for you; and they will lament for you, “Alas H1945, lord!”’ For I have spoken the word,” declares Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 47:6 -

“Ah H1945, sword of Yahweh,

How long will you not be quiet?

Withdraw into your sheath;

[fn]Be at rest and stay still.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:1 -

Concerning Moab. Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the God of Israel,

“Woe H1945 to Nebo, for it has been destroyed;

Kiriathaim has been put to shame, it has been captured;

The lofty stronghold has been put to shame and [fn]shattered.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:27 -

Put all her young bulls to the sword;

Let them go down to the slaughter!

Woe H1945 be upon them, for their day has come,

The time of their punishment.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:3 - ‘Thus says Lord Yahweh, “Woe H1945 to the wickedly foolish prophets who are walking after their own spirit and have seen nothing.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:18 - and say, ‘Thus says Lord Yahweh, “Woe H1945 to the women who sew magic bands on [fn]all wrists and make veils for the heads of persons of every stature to hunt down [fn]souls! Will you hunt down My people’s souls, but preserve your own souls?
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 34:2 - “Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel. Prophesy and say to [fn]those shepherds, ‘Thus says Lord Yahweh, “Woe H1945, shepherds of Israel who have been [fn]shepherding themselves! Should not the shepherds shepherd the flock?
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 5:18 -

Woe H1945, you who are longing for the day of Yahweh,

For what purpose will the day of Yahweh be to you?

It will be darkness and not light;

Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 6:1 -

Woe H1945 to those who are at ease in Zion

And to those who feel secure in the mountain of Samaria,

The distinguished men of the first of the nations,

To whom the house of Israel comes.

Unchecked Copy BoxMic 2:1 -

Woe H1945 to those who devise wickedness,

Who work out evil on their beds!

When the light of the morning comes, they do it,

For it is in the power of their hands.

Unchecked Copy BoxNah 3:1 -

Woe H1945 to the city of [fn]bloodshed, completely full of deception and pillage;

Her prey never departs.

Unchecked Copy BoxHab 2:6 -

“Will not all of these lift up a taunt-song against him,

Even satire and riddles against him

And say, ‘Woe H1945 to him who increases what is not his—

For how long

And makes himself [fn]rich with loans?’

Unchecked Copy BoxHab 2:9 -

“Woe H1945 to him who is greedy for evil gain for his house

To put his nest on high,

To be delivered from the hand of evil!

Unchecked Copy BoxHab 2:12 -

“Woe H1945 to him who builds a city with bloodshed

And founds a town with injustice!

Unchecked Copy BoxHab 2:15 -

“Woe H1945 to you who make [fn]your neighbors drink,

Who mix in your venom even to make them drunk

So as to look on their nakedness!

Unchecked Copy BoxHab 2:19 -

“Woe H1945 to him who says to a piece of wood, ‘Awake!’

To a mute stone, ‘Arise!’

And that is your teacher?

Behold, it is overlaid with gold and silver,

And there is no breath at all inside it.

Unchecked Copy BoxZep 2:5 -

Woe H1945 to the inhabitants of the seacoast,

The nation of the [fn]Cherethites!

The word of Yahweh is against you,

O Canaan, land of the Philistines;

And I will make you perish

So that there will be no inhabitant.

Unchecked Copy BoxZep 3:1 -

Woe H1945 to her who is rebellious and defiled,

The oppressive city!

Unchecked Copy BoxZec 2:6 -

[fn]Ho H1945 there H1945! Flee from the land of the north,” declares Yahweh, “for I have dispersed you as the four winds of the heavens,” declares Yahweh.

Unchecked Copy BoxZec 2:7 - “Woe H1945, Zion! Escape, you who are living with the daughter of Babylon.”
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 11:17 -

“Woe H1945 to the worthless shepherd

Who forsakes the flock!

A sword will be on his arm

And on his right eye!

His arm will be totally dried up,

And his right eye will be utterly dimmed.”

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