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Lexicon :: Strong's H2015 - hāp̄aḵ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 512

Strong’s Definitions

הָפַךְ hâphak, haw-fak'; a primitive root; to turn about or over; by implication, to change, overturn, return, pervert:—× become, change, come, be converted, give, make (a bed), overthrow (-turn), perverse, retire, tumble, turn (again, aside, back, to the contrary, every way).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 94x

The KJV translates Strong's H2015 in the following manner: turn (57x), overthrow (13x), overturn (5x), change (3x), turn... (6x), become (1x), came (1x), converted (1x), gave (1x), make (1x), perverse (1x), perverted (1x), retired (1x), tumbled (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 94x
The KJV translates Strong's H2015 in the following manner: turn (57x), overthrow (13x), overturn (5x), change (3x), turn... (6x), become (1x), came (1x), converted (1x), gave (1x), make (1x), perverse (1x), perverted (1x), retired (1x), tumbled (1x).
  1. to turn, overthrow, overturn

    1. (Qal)

      1. to overturn, overthrow

      2. to turn, turn about, turn over, turn around

      3. to change, transform

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to turn oneself, turn, turn back

      2. to change oneself

      3. to be perverse

      4. to be turned, be turned over, be changed, be turned against

      5. to be reversed

      6. to be overturned, be overthrown

      7. to be upturned

    3. (Hithpael)

      1. to transform oneself

      2. to turn this way and that, turn every way

    4. (Hophal) to turn on someone

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
הָפַךְ hâphak, haw-fak'; a primitive root; to turn about or over; by implication, to change, overturn, return, pervert:—× become, change, come, be converted, give, make (a bed), overthrow (-turn), perverse, retire, tumble, turn (again, aside, back, to the contrary, every way).
STRONGS H2015: Abbreviations
הָפַךְ verb turn, overturn (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic הֲפַךְ, Kfph, Arabic أَفَكَ WSG 47, Assyrian abâku, apâku DlW) —
Qal Perfect Leviticus 13:3 + 13 times; וְהָפַךְ consecutive 2 Kings 21:13; Job 34:25; 3rd person masculine plural הָֽפְכוּ Psalm 78:9; הֲפַכְתֶּם Amos 6:12; Jeremiah 23:36, etc.; Imperfect יַהֲפֹךְ Lamentations 3:3; Jeremiah 13:23; וַיַּהֲפֹךְ Genesis 19:25 + 6 times; וַיַּהֲפָךְֿ 1 Samuel 10:9; suffix וַיַּהַפְכֵהוּ Judges 7:13; 3rd person feminine singular וַתַּהֲפֹךְ 2 Chronicles 9:12; אֶהְפֹּךְ Zephaniah 3:9; וַיַּהַפְכוּ 1 Samuel 25:12; Job 12:15; Imperative הֲפֹךְ 1 Kings 22:34 2 Chronicles 18:33; Infinitive absolute הָפוֺךְ Proverbs 12:7; construct הֲפֹךְ Genesis 19:29; 1 Chronicles 19:3; suffix הָפְכִּי Genesis 19:21; הָפְכָהּ 2 Samuel 10:3; — on הַפְכְּכֶם (so Baer, which see) Isaiah 29:16, see הֶפֶךְ; Participle active הֹפֵךְ Amos 5:8; הַהֹפְכִי Psalm 114:8; plural הַהֹפְכִים Amos 5:7; passive הֲפוּכָה Hosea 7:8; Lamentations 4:6. —
1. transitive
a. turn, turn about, turn over, with accusative: e.g. turn the back (עֹרֶף) Joshua 7:8 (JE); a dish (צַלַּחַת) עַל־פָּנֶיהָ 2 Kings 21:13; the hand, & so the horses of a chariot 1 Kings 22:34 2 Chronicles 18:33; 2 Kings 9:23; but also (followed by בְּ) of hostility Lamentations 3:3; turn a cake (passive) Hosea 7:8; of י׳, שָׂפָה בְּרוּרָה ה׳ Zephaniah 3:9 i.e. restore speech of a pure kind, followed by אֶלעַֿמִּים; לֵב אַחֵר 1 Samuel 10:9 another heart, followed by לוֺ; turn a wind (רוּחַ; i.e. bring from different quarter) Exodus 10:19 (J).
b. overturn, overthrow, followed by accusative Sodom, etc., Genesis 19:21, 25, 29 (J), Deuteronomy 29:22; Jeremiah 20:16; Lamentations 4:6 (compare וגו׳ מַהְפֵּכַת Amos 4:11 see below; also הֲפֵכָה, [מַהְמֵּכָה]); city of Ammon 2 Samuel 10:3 = 1 Chronicles 19:3 (object omitted); mountains Job 9:5; Job 28:9; throne Haggai 2:22 (|| הִשְׁמִיד), chariots Haggai 2:22; tent (אֹהֶל), לְמַ֫עְלָה ה׳ Judges 7:3; object earth (ה׳ = devastate) Job 12:15; wicked men Amos 4:11 (וְאֶת־ אֶת־סְדֹס אֱלֹהִים כְּמַהְפֵּכַת בָּכֶם הָפַכְּתִּי יֲמֹרָה) Proverbs 12:7; Job 34:25 (object omitted).
c. turn = change, transform
(1) followed by accusative = alter; a colour (עֵינוֺ) Leviticus 13:55 (P); skin Jeremiah 13:33; bed (מִשְׁכָּבוֺ see מ׳; Che his lying down) Psalm 41:4 i.e. restore to health;
(2) pervert דִבְרֵי אֱלֹהִים Jeremiah 23:36;
(3) followed by accusative with Infinitive Psalm 105:25 he turned their heart to hate his people;
(4) turn to, into, followed by two accusative Leviticus 13:10; Psalm 114:8 rock into pool of water; usually followed by accusative + לְ, Psalm 66:6 sea into dry land, Psalm 78:44 rivers into blood, compare Psalm 105:29; Jeremiah 31:13 mourning into joy, so Psalm 30:12; Amos 5:7 justice into wormwood, compare Amos 6:12; Amos 8:10 feasts into mourning; Deuteronomy 23:6 = Nehemiah 13:2 curse into blessing; Amos 5:8 death-shade into morning.
2. intransitive
a. turn, turn back, Judges 20:39, 41; 2 Kings 5:26; Psalm 78:9; 2 Chronicles 9:12; followed by לדרך 1 Samuel 25:12;
b. turn = change, change into, followed by predicate adjective לָבָן ה׳ turn white Leviticus 13:3, 4, 13, 20 (all P).
Niph. Perfect נֶהְפַּךְ Exodus 7:15 + 10 times; נֶהְפָּ֑ךְ Job 20:14; וְנֶהְפַּךְ consecutive Leviticus 13:16; נֶהֶפְכָה Lamentations 5:2; 3rd person masculine plural נֶהְפְּכוּ Job 19:19 + 3 times, נֶהֶפְכוּ 1 Samuel 4:19; Daniel 10:16, וְנֶהֶפְכוּ consecutive Exodus 7:17; Isaiah 34:9, etc.; Imperfect יֵהָפֵךְ Isaiah 60:5; Joel 3:4; וַיֵּהָפֵךְ Exodus 14:5; Isaiah 63:10; 2nd person masculine singular תֵּהָפֵךְ Job 30:21; Ezekiel 4:8; וַיֵּהָֽפְכוּ Exodus 7:20; Infinitive absolute נַהֲפוֺךְ Esther 9:1; Participle נֶהְפָּךְ Proverbs 17:20; נֶהְפָּ֑כֶת Jonah 3:4; —
1. reflexive & intransitive.
a. turn oneself, turn, turn back (compare Qal 2 a) Joshua 8:20 (JE); turn aside Psalm 78:57; turn from side to side Ezekiel 4:8; pains turned upon (עַל) her 1 Samuel 4:19 (i.e. came suddenly upon her) compare Daniel 10:16; turn against followed by בְּ Job 19:19; turn to (ward), followed by עַל, Isaiah 60:5 (|| בא לְ).
b. turn = change (oneself) followed by predicate adjective Leviticus 13:25 (P); followed by predicate noun (?), vine turns into degenerate plant Jeremiah 2:21; no predicate expressed Job 20:14 (compare Job 20:14b); of heart turned in compassion Hosea 11:8 (|| נִכְמְרוּ נִחוּמָ֑י), in sorrow, distress, Lamentations 1:20; of heart changed, so as to be favourably disposed toward (followed by אֶל) Exodus 14:5 (J) = change of mind; followed by לְ, of plague spots changing colour Leviticus 13:16, 17 (P); rod changing to serpent Exodus 7:15 (P); faces to paleness Jeremiah 30:6; dance to mourning Lamentations 5:15; comeliness to corruption Daniel 10:8; וַיֵּהָפֵךְ לָהֶם לְאוֺיֵב Isaiah 63:10; Job 30:21.
c. be perverse, only participle used substantive בִּלְשׁוֹנוֹ נֶהפָּךְ Proverbs 17:20 he that is perverse with his tongue.
2. passive,
a. be turned, turned over to followed by לְ, an inheritance to strangers Lamentations 5:2.
b. be reversed Esther 9:1.
c. be turned, changed, followed by לְ, waters into blood Exodus 7:17, 20 (E); Saul into another man 1 Samuel 10:6; streams into pitch Isaiah 34:9; sun to darkness Joel 3:4; stones to chaff Job 41:20; month changed from sorrow to gladness Esther 9:22; compare Psalm 32:4 where complement omitted
d. be overturned, overthrown, of city Nineveh Jonah 3:4.
e. be upturned, of subterran. work of miners Job 28:5 = there is an upturning.
Hithp. Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תִּתְהַפֵּךְ Job 38:14; Participle מִתְהַפֵּךְ Judges 7:13; Job 37:12; מִתְהַפֶּכֶת Genesis 3:24; — reflexive & intransitive:
1. turn this way & that, every way, of the flaming sword Genesis 3:24 (J); storm-cloud Job 37:12; turn over & over Judges 7:13, of bread-cake tumbling into the host of Midian.
2. transform oneself, Job 38:14 of earth under rising dawn.
Hoph. Perfect בַּלָּהוֺת עָלַי הָהְפַּךְ Job 30:15 there have been turned upon me terrors (compare הִתְגַּלְגָּ֑לוּ Job 30:14, of foes).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:24; 3:24; 19:21; 19:21; 19:25; 19:25; 19:29; 19:29


7:15; 7:15; 7:17; 7:17; 7:20; 7:20; 10:19; 14:5; 14:5


13:3; 13:3; 13:4; 13:10; 13:13; 13:16; 13:16; 13:17; 13:20; 13:25; 13:55


23:6; 29:22


7:8; 8:20


7:3; 7:13; 7:13; 7:13; 20:39; 20:41

1 Samuel

4:19; 4:19; 10:6; 10:9; 10:9; 25:12; 25:12

2 Samuel

10:3; 10:3

1 Kings

22:34; 22:34

2 Kings

5:26; 9:23; 21:13; 21:13

1 Chronicles

19:3; 19:3

2 Chronicles

9:12; 9:12; 18:33; 18:33




9:1; 9:1; 9:22


9:5; 12:15; 12:15; 19:19; 19:19; 20:14; 20:14; 20:14; 28:5; 28:9; 30:14; 30:15; 30:21; 30:21; 34:25; 34:25; 37:12; 37:12; 38:14; 38:14; 41:20


30:12; 32:4; 41:4; 66:6; 78:9; 78:9; 78:44; 78:57; 105:25; 105:29; 114:8; 114:8


12:7; 12:7; 17:20; 17:20


29:16; 34:9; 34:9; 60:5; 60:5; 63:10; 63:10


2:21; 13:23; 20:16; 23:36; 23:36; 30:6; 31:13


1:20; 3:3; 3:3; 4:6; 4:6; 5:2; 5:2; 5:15


4:8; 4:8


10:8; 10:16; 10:16


7:8; 7:8; 11:8


3:4; 3:4


4:11; 4:11; 5:7; 5:7; 5:8; 5:8; 6:12; 6:12; 8:10


3:4; 3:4


3:9; 3:9


2:22; 2:22

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2015 matches the Hebrew הָפַךְ (hāp̄aḵ),
which occurs 94 times in 92 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 3:24–Job 37:12)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:24 - So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, H2015 to keep the way of the tree of life.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:21 - And he said unto him, See, I have accepted thee concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow H2015 this city, for the which thou hast spoken.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:25 - And he overthrew H2015 those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:29 - And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew H2015 the cities in the which Lot dwelt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:15 - Get thee unto Pharaoh in the morning; lo, he goeth out unto the water; and thou shalt stand by the river's brink against he come; and the rod which was turned H2015 to a serpent shalt thou take in thine hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:17 - Thus saith the LORD, In this thou shalt know that I am the LORD: behold, I will smite with the rod that is in mine hand upon the waters which are in the river, and they shall be turned H2015 to blood.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:20 - And Moses and Aaron did so, as the LORD commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the river were turned H2015 to blood.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:19 - And the LORD turned H2015 a mighty strong west wind, which took away the locusts, and cast them into the Red sea; there remained not one locust in all the coasts of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:5 - And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned H2015 against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:3 - And the priest shall look on the plague in the skin of the flesh: and when the hair in the plague is turned H2015 white, and the plague in sight be deeper than the skin of his flesh, it is a plague of leprosy: and the priest shall look on him, and pronounce him unclean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:4 - If the bright spot be white in the skin of his flesh, and in sight be not deeper than the skin, and the hair thereof be not turned H2015 white; then the priest shall shut up him that hath the plague seven days:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:10 - And the priest shall see him: and, behold, if the rising be white in the skin, and it have turned H2015 the hair white, and there be quick raw flesh in the rising;
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:13 - Then the priest shall consider: and, behold, if the leprosy have covered all his flesh, he shall pronounce him clean that hath the plague: it is all turned H2015 white: he is clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:16 - Or if the raw flesh turn again, and be changed H2015 unto white, he shall come unto the priest;
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:17 - And the priest shall see him: and, behold, if the plague be turned H2015 into white; then the priest shall pronounce him clean that hath the plague: he is clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:20 - And if, when the priest seeth it, behold, it be in sight lower than the skin, and the hair thereof be turned H2015 white; the priest shall pronounce him unclean: it is a plague of leprosy broken out of the boil.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:25 - Then the priest shall look upon it: and, behold, if the hair in the bright spot be turned H2015 white, and it be in sight deeper than the skin; it is a leprosy broken out of the burning: wherefore the priest shall pronounce him unclean: it is the plague of leprosy.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:55 - And the priest shall look on the plague, after that it is washed: and, behold, if the plague have not changed H2015 his colour, and the plague be not spread; it is unclean; thou shalt burn it in the fire; it is fret inward, whether it be bare within or without.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 23:5 - Nevertheless the LORD thy God would not hearken unto Balaam; but the LORD thy God turned H2015 the curse into a blessing unto thee, because the LORD thy God loved thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:23 - And that the whole land thereof is brimstone, and salt, and burning, that it is not sown, nor beareth, nor any grass groweth therein, like the overthrow of Sodom, and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim, which the LORD overthrew H2015 in his anger, and in his wrath:
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:8 - O Lord, what shall I say, when Israel turneth H2015 their backs before their enemies!
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:20 - And when the men of Ai looked behind them, they saw, and, behold, the smoke of the city ascended up to heaven, and they had no power to flee this way or that way: and the people that fled to the wilderness turned back H2015 upon the pursuers.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:13 - And when Gideon was come, behold, there was a man that told a dream unto his fellow, and said, Behold, I dreamed a dream, and, lo, a cake of barley bread tumbled H2015 into the host of Midian, and came unto a tent, and smote it that it fell, and overturned H2015 it, that the tent lay along.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:39 - And when the men of Israel retired H2015 in the battle, Benjamin began to smite and kill of the men of Israel about thirty persons: for they said, Surely they are smitten down before us, as in the first battle.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:41 - And when the men of Israel turned again, H2015 the men of Benjamin were amazed: for they saw that evil was come upon them.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 4:19 - And his daughter in law, Phinehas' wife, was with child, near to be delivered: and when she heard the tidings that the ark of God was taken, and that her father in law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and travailed; for her pains came H2015 upon her.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 10:6 - And the Spirit of the LORD will come upon thee, and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned H2015 into another man.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 10:9 - And it was so, that when he had turned his back to go from Samuel, God gave H2015 him another heart: and all those signs came to pass that day.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:12 - So David's young men turned H2015 their way, and went again, and came and told him all those sayings.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 10:3 - And the princes of the children of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? hath not David rather sent his servants unto thee, to search the city, and to spy it out, and to overthrow H2015 it?
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:34 - And a certain man drew a bow at a venture, and smote the king of Israel between the joints of the harness: wherefore he said unto the driver of his chariot, Turn H2015 thine hand, and carry me out of the host; for I am wounded.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 5:26 - And he said unto him, Went not mine heart with thee, when the man turned H2015 again from his chariot to meet thee? Is it a time to receive money, and to receive garments, and oliveyards, and vineyards, and sheep, and oxen, and menservants, and maidservants?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:23 - And Joram turned H2015 his hands, and fled, and said to Ahaziah, There is treachery, O Ahaziah.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 21:13 - And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria, and the plummet of the house of Ahab: and I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth a dish, wiping it, and turning H2015 it upside down.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 19:3 - But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? are not his servants come unto thee for to search, and to overthrow, H2015 and to spy out the land?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 9:12 - And king Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all her desire, whatsoever she asked, beside that which she had brought unto the king. So she turned, H2015 and went away to her own land, she and her servants.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 18:33 - And a certain man drew a bow at a venture, and smote the king of Israel between the joints of the harness: therefore he said to his chariot man, Turn H2015 thine hand, that thou mayest carry me out of the host; for I am wounded.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:2 - Because they met not the children of Israel with bread and with water, but hired Balaam against them, that he should curse them: howbeit our God turned H2015 the curse into a blessing.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:1 - Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it was turned H2015 to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them that hated them;)
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:22 - As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned H2015 unto them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day: that they should make them days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:5 - Which removeth the mountains, and they know not: which overturneth H2015 them in his anger.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 12:15 - Behold, he withholdeth the waters, and they dry up: also he sendeth them out, and they overturn H2015 the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 19:19 - All my inward friends abhorred me: and they whom I loved are turned H2015 against me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 20:14 - Yet his meat in his bowels is turned, H2015 it is the gall of asps within him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 28:5 - As for the earth, out of it cometh bread: and under it is turned up H2015 as it were fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 28:9 - He putteth forth his hand upon the rock; he overturneth H2015 the mountains by the roots.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:15 - Terrors are turned H2015 upon me: they pursue my soul as the wind: and my welfare passeth away as a cloud.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:21 - Thou art become H2015 cruel to me: with thy strong hand thou opposest thyself against me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:25 - Therefore he knoweth their works, and he overturneth H2015 them in the night, so that they are destroyed.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 37:12 - And it is turned H2015 round about by his counsels: that they may do whatsoever he commandeth them upon the face of the world in the earth.

Search Results Continued...

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