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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H2015 - hāp̄aḵ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 512

Strong’s Definitions

הָפַךְ hâphak, haw-fak'; a primitive root; to turn about or over; by implication, to change, overturn, return, pervert:—× become, change, come, be converted, give, make (a bed), overthrow (-turn), perverse, retire, tumble, turn (again, aside, back, to the contrary, every way).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 94x

The KJV translates Strong's H2015 in the following manner: turn (57x), overthrow (13x), overturn (5x), change (3x), turn... (6x), become (1x), came (1x), converted (1x), gave (1x), make (1x), perverse (1x), perverted (1x), retired (1x), tumbled (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 94x
The KJV translates Strong's H2015 in the following manner: turn (57x), overthrow (13x), overturn (5x), change (3x), turn... (6x), become (1x), came (1x), converted (1x), gave (1x), make (1x), perverse (1x), perverted (1x), retired (1x), tumbled (1x).
  1. to turn, overthrow, overturn

    1. (Qal)

      1. to overturn, overthrow

      2. to turn, turn about, turn over, turn around

      3. to change, transform

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to turn oneself, turn, turn back

      2. to change oneself

      3. to be perverse

      4. to be turned, be turned over, be changed, be turned against

      5. to be reversed

      6. to be overturned, be overthrown

      7. to be upturned

    3. (Hithpael)

      1. to transform oneself

      2. to turn this way and that, turn every way

    4. (Hophal) to turn on someone

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
הָפַךְ hâphak, haw-fak'; a primitive root; to turn about or over; by implication, to change, overturn, return, pervert:—× become, change, come, be converted, give, make (a bed), overthrow (-turn), perverse, retire, tumble, turn (again, aside, back, to the contrary, every way).
STRONGS H2015: Abbreviations
הָפַךְ verb turn, overturn (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic הֲפַךְ, Kfph, Arabic أَفَكَ WSG 47, Assyrian abâku, apâku DlW) —
Qal Perfect Leviticus 13:3 + 13 times; וְהָפַךְ consecutive 2 Kings 21:13; Job 34:25; 3rd person masculine plural הָֽפְכוּ Psalm 78:9; הֲפַכְתֶּם Amos 6:12; Jeremiah 23:36, etc.; Imperfect יַהֲפֹךְ Lamentations 3:3; Jeremiah 13:23; וַיַּהֲפֹךְ Genesis 19:25 + 6 times; וַיַּהֲפָךְֿ 1 Samuel 10:9; suffix וַיַּהַפְכֵהוּ Judges 7:13; 3rd person feminine singular וַתַּהֲפֹךְ 2 Chronicles 9:12; אֶהְפֹּךְ Zephaniah 3:9; וַיַּהַפְכוּ 1 Samuel 25:12; Job 12:15; Imperative הֲפֹךְ 1 Kings 22:34 2 Chronicles 18:33; Infinitive absolute הָפוֺךְ Proverbs 12:7; construct הֲפֹךְ Genesis 19:29; 1 Chronicles 19:3; suffix הָפְכִּי Genesis 19:21; הָפְכָהּ 2 Samuel 10:3; — on הַפְכְּכֶם (so Baer, which see) Isaiah 29:16, see הֶפֶךְ; Participle active הֹפֵךְ Amos 5:8; הַהֹפְכִי Psalm 114:8; plural הַהֹפְכִים Amos 5:7; passive הֲפוּכָה Hosea 7:8; Lamentations 4:6. —
1. transitive
a. turn, turn about, turn over, with accusative: e.g. turn the back (עֹרֶף) Joshua 7:8 (JE); a dish (צַלַּחַת) עַל־פָּנֶיהָ 2 Kings 21:13; the hand, & so the horses of a chariot 1 Kings 22:34 2 Chronicles 18:33; 2 Kings 9:23; but also (followed by בְּ) of hostility Lamentations 3:3; turn a cake (passive) Hosea 7:8; of י׳, שָׂפָה בְּרוּרָה ה׳ Zephaniah 3:9 i.e. restore speech of a pure kind, followed by אֶלעַֿמִּים; לֵב אַחֵר 1 Samuel 10:9 another heart, followed by לוֺ; turn a wind (רוּחַ; i.e. bring from different quarter) Exodus 10:19 (J).
b. overturn, overthrow, followed by accusative Sodom, etc., Genesis 19:21, 25, 29 (J), Deuteronomy 29:22; Jeremiah 20:16; Lamentations 4:6 (compare וגו׳ מַהְפֵּכַת Amos 4:11 see below; also הֲפֵכָה, [מַהְמֵּכָה]); city of Ammon 2 Samuel 10:3 = 1 Chronicles 19:3 (object omitted); mountains Job 9:5; Job 28:9; throne Haggai 2:22 (|| הִשְׁמִיד), chariots Haggai 2:22; tent (אֹהֶל), לְמַ֫עְלָה ה׳ Judges 7:3; object earth (ה׳ = devastate) Job 12:15; wicked men Amos 4:11 (וְאֶת־ אֶת־סְדֹס אֱלֹהִים כְּמַהְפֵּכַת בָּכֶם הָפַכְּתִּי יֲמֹרָה) Proverbs 12:7; Job 34:25 (object omitted).
c. turn = change, transform
(1) followed by accusative = alter; a colour (עֵינוֺ) Leviticus 13:55 (P); skin Jeremiah 13:33; bed (מִשְׁכָּבוֺ see מ׳; Che his lying down) Psalm 41:4 i.e. restore to health;
(2) pervert דִבְרֵי אֱלֹהִים Jeremiah 23:36;
(3) followed by accusative with Infinitive Psalm 105:25 he turned their heart to hate his people;
(4) turn to, into, followed by two accusative Leviticus 13:10; Psalm 114:8 rock into pool of water; usually followed by accusative + לְ, Psalm 66:6 sea into dry land, Psalm 78:44 rivers into blood, compare Psalm 105:29; Jeremiah 31:13 mourning into joy, so Psalm 30:12; Amos 5:7 justice into wormwood, compare Amos 6:12; Amos 8:10 feasts into mourning; Deuteronomy 23:6 = Nehemiah 13:2 curse into blessing; Amos 5:8 death-shade into morning.
2. intransitive
a. turn, turn back, Judges 20:39, 41; 2 Kings 5:26; Psalm 78:9; 2 Chronicles 9:12; followed by לדרך 1 Samuel 25:12;
b. turn = change, change into, followed by predicate adjective לָבָן ה׳ turn white Leviticus 13:3, 4, 13, 20 (all P).
Niph. Perfect נֶהְפַּךְ Exodus 7:15 + 10 times; נֶהְפָּ֑ךְ Job 20:14; וְנֶהְפַּךְ consecutive Leviticus 13:16; נֶהֶפְכָה Lamentations 5:2; 3rd person masculine plural נֶהְפְּכוּ Job 19:19 + 3 times, נֶהֶפְכוּ 1 Samuel 4:19; Daniel 10:16, וְנֶהֶפְכוּ consecutive Exodus 7:17; Isaiah 34:9, etc.; Imperfect יֵהָפֵךְ Isaiah 60:5; Joel 3:4; וַיֵּהָפֵךְ Exodus 14:5; Isaiah 63:10; 2nd person masculine singular תֵּהָפֵךְ Job 30:21; Ezekiel 4:8; וַיֵּהָֽפְכוּ Exodus 7:20; Infinitive absolute נַהֲפוֺךְ Esther 9:1; Participle נֶהְפָּךְ Proverbs 17:20; נֶהְפָּ֑כֶת Jonah 3:4; —
1. reflexive & intransitive.
a. turn oneself, turn, turn back (compare Qal 2 a) Joshua 8:20 (JE); turn aside Psalm 78:57; turn from side to side Ezekiel 4:8; pains turned upon (עַל) her 1 Samuel 4:19 (i.e. came suddenly upon her) compare Daniel 10:16; turn against followed by בְּ Job 19:19; turn to (ward), followed by עַל, Isaiah 60:5 (|| בא לְ).
b. turn = change (oneself) followed by predicate adjective Leviticus 13:25 (P); followed by predicate noun (?), vine turns into degenerate plant Jeremiah 2:21; no predicate expressed Job 20:14 (compare Job 20:14b); of heart turned in compassion Hosea 11:8 (|| נִכְמְרוּ נִחוּמָ֑י), in sorrow, distress, Lamentations 1:20; of heart changed, so as to be favourably disposed toward (followed by אֶל) Exodus 14:5 (J) = change of mind; followed by לְ, of plague spots changing colour Leviticus 13:16, 17 (P); rod changing to serpent Exodus 7:15 (P); faces to paleness Jeremiah 30:6; dance to mourning Lamentations 5:15; comeliness to corruption Daniel 10:8; וַיֵּהָפֵךְ לָהֶם לְאוֺיֵב Isaiah 63:10; Job 30:21.
c. be perverse, only participle used substantive בִּלְשׁוֹנוֹ נֶהפָּךְ Proverbs 17:20 he that is perverse with his tongue.
2. passive,
a. be turned, turned over to followed by לְ, an inheritance to strangers Lamentations 5:2.
b. be reversed Esther 9:1.
c. be turned, changed, followed by לְ, waters into blood Exodus 7:17, 20 (E); Saul into another man 1 Samuel 10:6; streams into pitch Isaiah 34:9; sun to darkness Joel 3:4; stones to chaff Job 41:20; month changed from sorrow to gladness Esther 9:22; compare Psalm 32:4 where complement omitted
d. be overturned, overthrown, of city Nineveh Jonah 3:4.
e. be upturned, of subterran. work of miners Job 28:5 = there is an upturning.
Hithp. Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תִּתְהַפֵּךְ Job 38:14; Participle מִתְהַפֵּךְ Judges 7:13; Job 37:12; מִתְהַפֶּכֶת Genesis 3:24; — reflexive & intransitive:
1. turn this way & that, every way, of the flaming sword Genesis 3:24 (J); storm-cloud Job 37:12; turn over & over Judges 7:13, of bread-cake tumbling into the host of Midian.
2. transform oneself, Job 38:14 of earth under rising dawn.
Hoph. Perfect בַּלָּהוֺת עָלַי הָהְפַּךְ Job 30:15 there have been turned upon me terrors (compare הִתְגַּלְגָּ֑לוּ Job 30:14, of foes).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:24; 3:24; 19:21; 19:21; 19:25; 19:25; 19:29; 19:29


7:15; 7:15; 7:17; 7:17; 7:20; 7:20; 10:19; 14:5; 14:5


13:3; 13:3; 13:4; 13:10; 13:13; 13:16; 13:16; 13:17; 13:20; 13:25; 13:55


23:6; 29:22


7:8; 8:20


7:3; 7:13; 7:13; 7:13; 20:39; 20:41

1 Samuel

4:19; 4:19; 10:6; 10:9; 10:9; 25:12; 25:12

2 Samuel

10:3; 10:3

1 Kings

22:34; 22:34

2 Kings

5:26; 9:23; 21:13; 21:13

1 Chronicles

19:3; 19:3

2 Chronicles

9:12; 9:12; 18:33; 18:33




9:1; 9:1; 9:22


9:5; 12:15; 12:15; 19:19; 19:19; 20:14; 20:14; 20:14; 28:5; 28:9; 30:14; 30:15; 30:21; 30:21; 34:25; 34:25; 37:12; 37:12; 38:14; 38:14; 41:20


30:12; 32:4; 41:4; 66:6; 78:9; 78:9; 78:44; 78:57; 105:25; 105:29; 114:8; 114:8


12:7; 12:7; 17:20; 17:20


29:16; 34:9; 34:9; 60:5; 60:5; 63:10; 63:10


2:21; 13:23; 20:16; 23:36; 23:36; 30:6; 31:13


1:20; 3:3; 3:3; 4:6; 4:6; 5:2; 5:2; 5:15


4:8; 4:8


10:8; 10:16; 10:16


7:8; 7:8; 11:8


3:4; 3:4


4:11; 4:11; 5:7; 5:7; 5:8; 5:8; 6:12; 6:12; 8:10


3:4; 3:4


3:9; 3:9


2:22; 2:22

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2015 matches the Hebrew הָפַךְ (hāp̄aḵ),
which occurs 94 times in 92 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 3:24–Job 37:12)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:24 - So He drove the man out; and at the east of the garden of Eden He stationed the cherubim and the flaming sword which turned H2015 every direction to guard the way to the tree of life.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:21 - He said to him, “Behold, I grant you this [fn]request also, not to overthrow H2015 the town of which you have spoken.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:25 - and He overthrew H2015 those cities, and all the [fn]valley, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:29 - Thus it came about, when God destroyed the cities of the [fn]valley, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when He overthrew H2015 the cities in which Lot lived.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:15 - “Go to Pharaoh in the morning [fn]as he is going out to the water, and station yourself to meet him on the bank of the Nile; and you shall take in your hand the staff that was turned H2015 into a serpent.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:17 - ‘Thus says the LORD, “By this you shall know that I am the LORD: behold, I will strike [fn]the water that is in the Nile with the staff that is in my hand, and it will be turned H2015 to blood.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:20 - So Moses and Aaron did even as the LORD had commanded. And he lifted up [fn]the staff and struck the water that was in the Nile, in the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants, and all the water that was in the Nile was turned H2015 to blood.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:19 - So the LORD shifted H2015 the wind to a very strong west wind which took up the locusts and drove them into the [fn]Red Sea; not one locust was left in all the territory of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 14:5 - When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled, [fn]Pharaoh and his servants had H2015 a change H2015 of heart toward the people, and they said, “What is this we have done, that we have let Israel go from serving us?”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:3 - “The priest shall look at the mark on the skin of the [fn]body, and if the hair in the infection has turned H2015 white and the infection appears to be deeper than the skin of his [fn]body, it is an infection of leprosy; when the priest has looked at him, he shall pronounce him unclean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:4 - “But if the bright spot is white on the skin of his [fn]body, and [fn]it does not appear to be deeper than the skin, and the hair on it has not turned H2015 white, then the priest shall [fn]isolate him who has the infection for seven days.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:10 - “The priest shall then look, and if there is a white swelling in the skin, and it has turned H2015 the hair white, and there is quick raw flesh in the swelling,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:13 - then the priest shall look, and behold, if the leprosy has covered all his [fn]body, he shall pronounce clean him who has the infection; it has all turned H2015 white and he is clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:16 - “Or if the raw flesh turns again and is changed H2015 to white, then he shall come to the priest,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:17 - and the priest shall look at him, and behold, if the infection has turned H2015 to white, then the priest shall pronounce clean him who has the infection; he is clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:20 - and the priest shall look, and behold, if [fn]it appears to be lower than the skin, and the hair on it has turned H2015 white, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is the infection of leprosy, it has broken out in the boil.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:25 - then the priest shall look at it. And if the hair in the bright spot has turned H2015 white and it appears to be deeper than the skin, it is leprosy; it has broken out in the burn. Therefore, the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is an infection of leprosy.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:55 - “After the article with the mark has been washed, the priest shall again look, and if the mark has not changed H2015 its appearance, even though the mark has not spread, it is unclean; you shall burn it in the fire, whether an eating away has produced bareness on the top or on the front of it.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 23:5 - “Nevertheless, the LORD your God was not willing to listen to Balaam, but the LORD your God turned H2015 the curse into a blessing for you because the LORD your God loves you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:23 - ‘All its land is brimstone and salt, a burning waste, [fn]unsown and unproductive, and no grass grows in it, like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the LORD overthrew H2015 in His anger and in His wrath.’
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:8 - “O Lord, what can I say since Israel has turned H2015 their [fn]back before their enemies?
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:20 - When the men of Ai turned [fn]back and looked, behold, the smoke of the city ascended to the sky, and they had no place to flee this way or that, for the people who had been fleeing to the wilderness turned H2015 against the pursuers.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:13 - When Gideon came, behold, a man was relating a dream to his friend. And he said, “Behold, I [fn]had a dream; [fn]a loaf of barley bread was tumbling H2015 into the camp of Midian, and it came to the tent and struck it so that it fell, and turned H2015 it [fn]upside down so that the tent lay flat.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:39 - Then the men of Israel turned H2015 in the battle, and Benjamin began to strike [fn]and kill about thirty men of Israel, for they said, “Surely they are [fn]defeated before us, as in the first battle.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:41 - Then the men of Israel turned, H2015 and the men of Benjamin were terrified; for they saw that [fn]disaster was [fn]close to them.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 4:19 - Now his daughter-in-law, Phinehas’s wife, was pregnant and about to give birth; and when she heard the news that the ark of God was taken and that her father-in-law and her husband had died, she kneeled down and gave birth, for her pains came H2015 upon her.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 10:6 - “Then the Spirit of the LORD will come upon you mightily, and you shall prophesy with them and be changed H2015 into another man.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 10:9 - Then it happened when he turned his back to leave Samuel, God changed H2015 [fn]his heart; and all those signs came about on that day.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:12 - So David’s young men retraced H2015 their way and went back; and they came and told him according to all these words.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 10:3 - the princes of the Ammonites said to Hanun their lord,[fn]Do you think that David is honoring your father because he has sent consolers to you? Has David not sent his servants to you in order to search the city, to spy it out and overthrow H2015 it?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:34 - Now a certain man drew his bow at random and struck the king of Israel [fn]in a joint of the armor. So he said to the driver of his chariot, “Turn H2015 [fn]around and take me out of the [fn]fight; for I am severely wounded.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 5:26 - Then he said to him, “Did not my heart go with you, when the man turned H2015 from his chariot to meet you? Is it a time to receive money and to receive clothes and olive groves and vineyards and sheep and oxen and male and female servants?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 9:23 - So [fn]Joram [fn]reined H2015 about H2015 and fled and said to Ahaziah,There is treachery, O Ahaziah!”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 21:13 - ‘I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria and the plummet of the house of Ahab, and I will wipe Jerusalem as one wipes a dish, wiping it and turning H2015 it upside down.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 19:3 - But the princes of the sons of Ammon said to Hanun,[fn]Do you think that David is honoring your father, in that he has sent comforters to you? Have not his servants come to you to search and to overthrow H2015 and to spy out the land?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 9:12 - King Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all her desire which she requested besides a return for what she had brought to the king. Then she turned H2015 and went to her own land with her servants.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 18:33 - A certain man drew his bow at random and struck the king of Israel [fn]in a joint of the armor. So he said to the driver of the chariot, “Turn H2015 [fn]around and take me out of the [fn]fight, for I am severely wounded.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:2 - because they did not meet the sons of Israel with bread and water, but hired Balaam against them to curse them. However, our God turned H2015 the curse into a blessing.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:1 - Now in the twelfth month (that is, the month Adar), on the thirteenth [fn]day when the king’s command and edict [fn]were about to be executed, on the day when the enemies of the Jews hoped to gain the mastery over them, it was turned H2015 to the contrary so that the Jews themselves gained the mastery over those who hated them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:22 - because on those days the Jews [fn]rid themselves of their enemies, and it was a month which was turned H2015 for them from sorrow into gladness and from mourning into a [fn]holiday; that they should make them days of feasting and rejoicing and sending portions of food to one another and gifts to the poor.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 9:5 - It is God who removes the mountains, they know not how,
When He overturns H2015 them in His anger;
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 12:15 - “Behold, He restrains the waters, and they dry up;
And He sends them out, and they [fn]inundate H2015 the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 19:19 - “All [fn]my associates abhor me,
And those I love have turned H2015 against me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 20:14 - Yet his food in his stomach is changed H2015
To the [fn]venom of cobras within him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 28:5 - “The earth, from it comes food,
And underneath it is turned H2015 up as fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 28:9 - “He puts his hand on the flint;
He overturns H2015 the mountains at the [fn]base.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:15 - “Terrors are turned H2015 against me;
They pursue my [fn]honor as the wind,
And my [fn]prosperity has passed away like a cloud.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 30:21 - “You have [fn]become H2015 cruel to me;
With the might of Your hand You persecute me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:25 - “Therefore He knows their works,
And He overthrows H2015 them in the night,
And they are crushed.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 37:12 - “It changes direction, turning H2015 around H2015 by His guidance,
That [fn]it may do whatever He commands [fn]it
On the face of the inhabited earth.

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