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Lexicon :: Strong's H2181 - zānâ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root [highly-fed and therefore wanton]
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 563

Strong’s Definitions

זָנָה zânâh, zaw-naw'; a primitive root [highly fed and therefore wanton]; to commit adultery (usually of the female, and less often of simple fornication, rarely of involuntary ravishment); figuratively, to commit idolatry (the Jewish people being regarded as the spouse of Jehovah):—(cause to) commit fornication, × continually, × great, (be an, play the) harlot, (cause to be, play the) whore, (commit, fall to) whoredom, (cause to) go a-whoring, whorish.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 93x

The KJV translates Strong's H2181 in the following manner: ...harlot (36x), go a whoring (19x), ...whoredom (15x), whore (11x), commit fornication (3x), whorish (3x), harlot (with H802) (2x), commit (1x), continually (1x), great (1x), whore's (with H802) (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 93x
The KJV translates Strong's H2181 in the following manner: ...harlot (36x), go a whoring (19x), ...whoredom (15x), whore (11x), commit fornication (3x), whorish (3x), harlot (with H802) (2x), commit (1x), continually (1x), great (1x), whore's (with H802) (1x).
  1. to commit fornication, be a harlot, play the harlot

    1. (Qal)

      1. to be a harlot, act as a harlot, commit fornication

      2. to commit adultery

      3. to be a cult prostitute

      4. to be unfaithful (to God) (fig.)

    2. (Pual) to play the harlot

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to cause to commit adultery

      2. to force into prostitution

      3. to commit fornication

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
זָנָה zânâh, zaw-naw'; a primitive root [highly fed and therefore wanton]; to commit adultery (usually of the female, and less often of simple fornication, rarely of involuntary ravishment); figuratively, to commit idolatry (the Jewish people being regarded as the spouse of Jehovah):—(cause to) commit fornication, × continually, × great, (be an, play the) harlot, (cause to be, play the) whore, (commit, fall to) whoredom, (cause to) go a-whoring, whorish.
STRONGS H2181: Abbreviations
זָנָה verb commit fornication, be a harlot (Arabic زَنَى commit fornication, Aramaic axnz, זנא; compare Ethiopic ዘንየት፡ effusio seminis virilis, seman effusum, Di1055; on this and ዘመወ፡ (compare by Ges and others) see PrätBAS i. 32, Anm.) —
Qal Perfect ז׳ Deuteronomy 31:16, זָֽנְתָה Genesis 38:34 [Genesis 38:24] + 3 times, etc.; Imperfect יִזְנֶ֯ה (Kt) Ezekiel 23:43; תִּזְנֶה Leviticus 19:29 + 4 times; וַתִּ֫זֶן Jeremiah 3:8; Ezekiel 23:5; תִּזְנִי Hosea 3:3; וַתִּזְנִי Jeremiah 3:6 (but read probably וַתִּזְנִי ׃וַתִּזֶן is not Aramaic form of 3rd person feminine singular, see Köi. 540 Kau§ 47 g b) Ezekiel 16:15 + 4 times; וַתִּזְנִים Ezekiel 16:28; יִזְנוּ (Qr) Ezekiel 23:43; וַיִּזְנוּ Judges 8:27 + 4 times; תִּזְנֶינָה Hosea 4:13, 14; וַתִּזְנֶינָה Ezekiel 23:3; Infinitive absolute זָנֹה Hosea 1:2; construct לִזְנוֺת Leviticus 20:5 + 3 times; לִזְנֹת Leviticus 20:6; suffix בִּזְנוֺתֵךְ Ezekiel 23:30; Participle זוֺנֶה Psalm 73:27; Ezekiel 6:9; זֹנֶה Hosea 4:15; plural זֹנִים Leviticus 17:7 + 3 times; זוֺנָה Deuteronomy 23:19 + 25 times; זֹנָה Leviticus 21:7 + 2 times; זוֺנוֺת Proverbs 29:3; זֹנוֺת Hosea 4:14 + 4 times
1. be or act as a harlot, absolute Genesis 38:24 (J), Deuteronomy 22:21 (D), Leviticus 21:9 (H), Hosea 4:13, 14; Amos 7:17; זונה + (ה)אשׁה Joshua 2:1; Joshua 6:22 (J), Leviticus 21:7 (H), Judges 11:1; Judges 16:1; Proverbs 6:26; Jeremiah 3:3; Ezekiel 16:30; Ezekiel 23:44; זוֺנָה Genesis 34:31; Genesis 38:15; Joshua 6:17, 25 (all J), Deuteronomy 23:19; Leviticus 21:14 (H), Proverbs 7:10; Proverbs 23:27; Isaiah 23:15, 16; Joel 4:3; Micah 1:7 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 16:31; נָשִׁים זֹנוֺת 1 Kings 3:16; ז(ו)נות [H2185 1 Kings 22:38]; Proverbs 29:3; Hosea 3:3; Hosea 4:14; Ezekiel 16:33; בית זונה Jeremiah 5:7; commit fornication, man's act אל ז׳ Numbers 25:1 (J); of woman's act Judges 19:2; of land given to harlotry Leviticus 19:29.
2. figurative of improper intercourse with foreign nations (religious reference sometimes involved) את ז׳ Isaiah 23:17; אחרי Ezekiel 23:30; אל Ezekiel 16:26, 28 (twice in verse); תַזְנוּתיה ז׳ Ezekiel 23:43; Nahum 3:4; וַתִּזֶן אָהֳלָה תַחְתָּ֑י and Ohola committed fornication (whilst) under me Ezekiel 23:5 (compare Numbers 5:19).
3. of intercourse with other deities, considered as harlotry, sometimes involving actual prostitution, אחרי ז׳ Exodus 34:15, 16; Deuteronomy 31:16 (all J), Leviticus 17:7; Leviticus 20:5 (twice in verse) (all H), Judges 2:17; Judges 8:27, 33; 1 Chronicles 5:25; Ezekiel 6:9; Ezekiel 20:30; after אֹבֹת, etc. Leviticus 20:6 (H), one's own heart & eyes Numbers 15:39 (H); especially of Israel, Judah, and Jerusalem under figure of lewd woman Ezekiel 16:15 (absolute) Ezekiel 16:16 (על במית), Ezekiel 16:17 (בְ ז׳), Ezekiel 23:3 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 23:19 (absolute), Jeremiah 3:1 (with accusative); Jeremiah 3:6; Jeremiah 3:8 (absolute); absolute elsewhere Hosea 2:7; Hosea 4:15; Isaiah 57:3; Psalm 106:39; as leaving י׳, followed by מֵעַל Hosea 9:1; מאחרי Hosea 1:2 (twice in verse); מתחת Hosea 4:12; followed by מן alone Psalm 73:27; ז(ו)נה Jeremiah 2:20; Ezekiel 16:35, 41; בית זונה Jeremiah 5:7; לִבָּם הַזּוֺנֶה their whorish heart Ezekiel 6:9.
4. זונה of moral defection Isaiah 1:21.
Pu. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular אַהֲרַיִךְ לֹא זוּנָּה fornication was not done (in going) after thee Ezekiel 16:34 (but strike out Co).
Hiph. Perfect 2nd person masculine singular הִזְנֵיתָ Hosea 5:3; 3rd person plural חִזְנוּ Hosea 4:10, 18; Exodus 34:16; Imperfect וַיֶּ֫זֶן 2 Chronicles 21:11; וַתַּזְנֶה 2 Chronicles 21:13; Infinitive absolute הַזְנֵה Hosea 4:18; construct הַזְנוֺת 2 Chronicles 21:13; suffix לְהַזְנוֺתָהּ Leviticus 19:29.
1. cause to commit fornication:
a. sexual Leviticus 19:29 (H).
b. religious Exodus 34:16 (J), 2 Chronicles 21:11, 13 (twice in verse).
2. commit fornication:
a. sexual Hosea 4:10.
b. religious Hosea 4:18 (twice in verse); Hosea 5:3.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


34:31; 38:15; 38:24; 38:24


34:15; 34:16; 34:16; 34:16


17:7; 17:7; 19:29; 19:29; 19:29; 19:29; 20:5; 20:5; 20:6; 20:6; 21:7; 21:7; 21:9; 21:14


5:19; 15:39; 25:1


22:21; 23:19; 23:19; 31:16; 31:16


2:1; 6:17; 6:22; 6:25


2:17; 8:27; 8:27; 8:33; 11:1; 16:1; 19:2

1 Kings


1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

21:11; 21:11; 21:13; 21:13; 21:13


73:27; 73:27; 106:39


6:26; 7:10; 23:27; 29:3; 29:3


1:21; 23:15; 23:16; 23:17; 57:3


2:20; 3:1; 3:3; 3:6; 3:6; 3:8; 3:8; 5:7; 5:7


6:9; 6:9; 6:9; 16:15; 16:15; 16:16; 16:17; 16:26; 16:28; 16:28; 16:30; 16:31; 16:33; 16:34; 16:35; 16:41; 20:30; 23:3; 23:3; 23:5; 23:5; 23:19; 23:30; 23:30; 23:43; 23:43; 23:43; 23:44


1:2; 1:2; 2:7; 3:3; 3:3; 4:10; 4:10; 4:12; 4:13; 4:13; 4:14; 4:14; 4:14; 4:14; 4:15; 4:15; 4:18; 4:18; 4:18; 5:3; 5:3; 9:1







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H2181 matches the Hebrew זָנָה (zānâ),
which occurs 93 times in 81 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 34:31–Eze 16:16)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:31 - But they said, “Should he [fn]treat our sister as a harlot H2181?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:15 - Then Judah saw her, and he thought she was a harlot H2181, for she had covered her face.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:24 -

Now it happened about three months later that it was told to Judah saying, “[fn]Your daughter-in-law Tamar has played H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181, and behold, she is also with child by harlotry.” Then Judah said, “Bring her out and let her be burned!”

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:15 - lest you cut a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they play H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 with their gods and sacrifice to their gods, and one of them invite you [fn]to eat of his sacrifice,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:16 - and you take some of his daughters for your sons, and his daughters play H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 with their gods and cause your sons also to play H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 with their gods.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 17:7 - “And they shall no longer sacrifice their sacrifices to the [fn]goat demons with which they play H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181. This shall be a perpetual statute to them throughout their generations.”’
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:29 -

‘Do not [fn]profane your daughter by making H2181 her a H2181 harlot H2181, so that the land will not fall H2181 to harlotry H2181 and the land become full of lewdness.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:5 - then I Myself will set My face against that man and against his family, and I will cut off from among their people both him and all those who play H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 after him, in playing H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 after Molech.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:6 -

‘As for the person who turns to [fn]mediums and to spiritists, to play H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 after them, I will also set My face against that person and will cut him off from among his people.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:7 - ‘They shall not take a woman who is profaned by harlotry H2181, nor shall they take a woman divorced from her husband; for he is holy to his God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:9 - ‘Also the daughter of any priest, if she profanes herself by harlotry H2181, she profanes her father; she shall be burned with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:14 - ‘A widow or a divorced woman or one who is profaned by harlotry H2181, these he may not take; but rather he shall take a virgin of his own people as a wife,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 15:39 - “And it shall be a tassel for you [fn]to look at and remember all the commandments of Yahweh, so as to do them and not [fn]follow after your own heart and your own eyes, after which you played H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 25:1 -

And Israel remained at Shittim, and the people began to play H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 with the daughters of Moab.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:21 - then they shall bring out the girl to the doorway of her father’s house, and the men of her city shall stone her, and she will die because she has committed a disgraceful act in Israel by playing H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 in her father’s house; thus you shall purge the evil from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 23:18 - “You shall not bring the hire of a harlot H2181 or the wages of a [fn]dog into the house of Yahweh your God for any votive offering, for both of these are an abomination to Yahweh your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:16 - And Yahweh said to Moses, “Behold, you are about to lie down with your fathers; and this people will arise and play H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 with the foreign gods of the land, into the midst of which they are going, and they will forsake Me and break My covenant which I have cut with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 2:1 -

Then Joshua the son of Nun sent two men as spies secretly from Shittim, saying, “Go, see the land, especially Jericho.” So they went and came into the house of a harlot H2181 whose name was Rahab and [fn]lodged there.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:17 - “And the city shall be devoted to destruction, it and all that is in it belongs to Yahweh; only Rahab the harlot H2181 [fn]and all who are with her in the house shall live because she hid the messengers whom we sent.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:22 -

Now to the two men who had spied out the land, Joshua said, “Go into the harlot’s H2181 house and bring the woman and all she has out of there, as you have sworn to her.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:25 - However, Rahab the harlot H2181 and her father’s household and all she had, Joshua preserved alive; and she has lived in the midst of Israel to this day, for she hid the messengers whom Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:17 - Yet they did not listen to their judges either, for they played H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 after other gods and bowed themselves down to them. They turned aside quickly from the way in which their fathers had walked in obeying the commandments of Yahweh; they did not do as their fathers.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:27 - Then Gideon made it into an ephod and placed it in his city, Ophrah, and all Israel played H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 with it there, so that it became a snare to Gideon and his household.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:33 -

Then it happened, as soon as Gideon was dead, that the sons of Israel turned back and played H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 with the Baals and made Baal-berith their god.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:1 -

Now Jephthah the Gileadite was a mighty man of valor, but he was the son of a harlot H2181. And Gilead [fn]became the father of Jephthah.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:1 -

Then Samson went to Gaza and saw a harlot H2181 there and went in to her.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:2 - But his concubine played H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 against him, and she went away from him to her father’s house in Bethlehem in Judah and was there for a period of four months.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 5:25 -

But they acted unfaithfully against the God of their fathers and played H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 after the gods of the peoples of the land, whom God had destroyed before them.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 21:11 - Moreover, he made high places in the mountains of Judah, and caused the inhabitants of Jerusalem to play H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 and drove Judah astray.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 21:13 - but have walked in the way of the kings of Israel, and have caused Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to play H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 as the house of Ahab played H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181, and you have also killed your brothers, [fn]your own family, who were better than you,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 73:27 -

For, behold, those who are far from You will perish;

You have [fn]destroyed everyone who [fn]is unfaithful H2181 to You.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:39 -

Thus they became unclean in their works,

And played H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 in their actions.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 6:26 -

For on account of [fn]a harlot H2181 one is reduced to a loaf of bread,

And [fn]an adulteress hunts for the precious [fn]life.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 7:10 -

And behold, a woman comes to meet him,

Dressed as a harlot H2181 and [fn]cunning of heart.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 23:27 -

For a harlot H2181 is a deep pit

And [fn]a foreign woman is a narrow well.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 29:3 -

A man who loves wisdom makes his father glad,

But he who befriends harlots H2181 destroys his wealth.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 1:21 -

How the faithful city has become a harlot H2181,

She who was full of justice!

Righteousness once lodged in her,

But now murderers.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 23:15 -

Now it will be in that day, that Tyre will be forgotten for seventy years like the days of one king. At the end of seventy years it will happen to Tyre as in the song of the harlot H2181:

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 23:16 -

Take your harp, walk about the city,

O forgotten harlot H2181;

Pluck the strings skillfully, sing many songs,

That you may be remembered.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 23:17 -

And it will be at the end of seventy years that Yahweh will visit Tyre. Then she will go back to her harlot’s wages and will play H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 with all the kingdoms [fn]on the face of the earth.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:3 -

“But draw near, you sons of a soothsayer,

Seed of an adulterer and [fn]a prostitute H2181.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:20 -

“For long ago [fn]I broke your yoke

And tore off your bonds;

But you said, ‘I will not serve!’

For on every high hill

And under every green tree

You have lain down as a harlot H2181.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:1 -

God [fn]says, “If a husband divorces his wife

And she goes from him

And belongs to another man,

Will he still return to her?

Will not that land be completely [fn]polluted?

But you are a harlot H2181 with many [fn]lovers;

Yet you turn to Me,” declares Yahweh.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:3 -

“Therefore the showers have been withheld,

And the [fn]late rain has not [fn]come.

Yet you had a harlot’s H2181 forehead;

You refused to feel dishonor.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:6 -

Then Yahweh said to me in the days of Josiah the king, “Have you seen what faithless Israel did? She went up on every high hill and under every green tree, and she was a harlot H2181 there.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:8 - “And I saw that for all the adulteries of faithless Israel, I had sent her away and given her a certificate of divorce, yet her treacherous sister Judah did not fear; but she went and was a harlot H2181 also.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:7 -

“Why should I pardon you?

Your sons have forsaken Me

And sworn by those who are not gods.

I had satisfied them to the full,

Then they committed adultery

And trooped to the harlot’s H2181 house.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:9 - “Then those of you who escape will remember Me among the nations to which they will be carried captive, how I have been broken over their adulterous H2181 hearts which turned away from Me, and by their eyes which played H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 after their idols; and they will loathe themselves to their own faces for the evils which they have done, for all their abominations.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:15 -

“But you trusted in your beauty and played H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 because of your name, and you poured out your harlotries on every passer-by [fn]who might be willing.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 16:16 - “You took some of your clothes, made for yourself high places of various colors, and played H2181 the H2181 harlot H2181 on them, [fn]which should never come about nor happen.

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